VOLUNTARY SECTOR

					                           VOLUNTARY SECTOR
        Voluntary Organizations can effectively strengthen the development role of the
state and mitigate the effects of the market at the local level. Karnataka has more than
500 voluntary organisations/Non governmental organisations dedicated to service in the
area of education, health, reproductive and child health, rural development , social
welfare, development of women & children, tribal welfare, dead diction, environmental
sanitation etc. They are serving in needy areas of both urban and rural pockets of the
state with a majority of them with proven satisfactory track record. There is growing
legitimacy for NGOs with the increased government funding for anti-poverty
programmes through them.           There are now hundreds of registered voluntary
organizations engaged in a wide variety of initiatives in the state and they have acquired a
certain degree of credibility and legitimacy of late. Thus, the current scenario of
voluntary organizations in the state presents a rich tapestry of variety, colour pluralism
and service.

        The voluntary sector has a vital role in national development due to their
experience and knowledge of local needs, strengths, problems and resources. Voluntary
Organizations/Non-Government Organizations (VOs & NGOs) are said to be effective,
because they are not bound by the rigidities of the bureaucratic system and have a sense
of commitment and service. The Voluntary Sector is observed to function with much
greater flexibility and bases its activities on the felt needs of the community.

        In Karnataka, initiatives have been taken to facilitate people‟s participation in
governance and to involve NGOs in the implementing several schemes of the Central and
State Governments. Societies, organizations, associations, trusts or companies registered
under the Societies Registration Act, Religious and Charitable Institutions Act, the Indian
Trust Act are considered VOs/NGOs. However, many voluntary organizations are to be
found in the grant-in-aid sector of various departments where they receive grants to run
educational institutions, hostels, crèches or provide health care. A few NGOs work at the
grass roots with the most vulnerable sections of society in villages and urban slums.

Social welfare & Backward Classes and Minorities:        There are 275 pre-metric and
87 grant in aid hostels in the state, serving 15180 & 7210 students respectively. The
scheduled caste students in these hostels are also provided boarding charges as per
prescribed norms. During 2003-04, a sum of Rs.232.23 lakhs was provided for this
scheme.

Assistance to voluntary organizations to construct Hostel Buildings: Government
assists voluntary organizations in the construction of SC Hostel buildings being run by
them. For the year 2003-04 an amount of Rs.10 lakhs has been spent.

       Government recognized hostels run by the voluntary organization which are
housed in the rented in the rented buildings, financial assistance will be provided to
construct their own building for the benefit of the hostel inmates. Department of



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scheduled Tribe Welfare has spent for the purpose an amount of Rs.2.00 lakhs during
2003-04.

Grant in aid to private hostels: The voluntary organisations who are interested in
running the hostels for the benefit of scheduled Tribes are given grants towards
maintenance. At present there are 24 grant in aid institutions benefiting 1221 students.
The financial assistance is provided at the rate of Rs.350/- per student per month towards
food charges. During the year 2003-04 an amount of Rs.19.54 lakhs is spent under this
programme.

Grant-in-aid to minority orphanages: Orphanages run by the minority voluntary
organisations have been transferred to the department of minorities from the year 2000-
01. The inmates of these orphanages studying between 1st Std to 10th Std are entitled for
the monthly boarding grant of Rs.150/- per month for 10 months. There are 39 minority
orphanages in the state with a sanctioned strength of 3439 students. An amount of
Rs.38.70 lakhs (Non-plan) will be spent during 1003-04. This programme is being
implemented by the concerned Zilla Panchayaths and is a district sector programme.


DEPARTMENTS OF WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND DISABLED
WELFARE

      In the Women and Child Development department the following seven major
schemes are implemented through NGOs.

       1.Santhana
       2. Scheme for care and maintenance of destitute and orphan children
        (Destitute cottages)
       3.Creches for children of working mothers
       4. Fit Institutions
       5. Hostels for girls
       6. Scheme for construction of hostels for working women
       7.State Homes for women

SWANTHANA: The scheme of “ Swanthana” is being implemented at 27 district
headquarters and in 18 taluks through NGOs to provide temporary shelter to women who
are victims of sexual abuse, rape and dowry harassment.

       The Scheme was sanctioned during the year 200-01. The main objective of this
scheme is to assist women who are victims of domestic violence, rape, sexual abuse and
dowry harassment by providing temporary shelter, financial relief and training to enable
them to be self reliant.

        The scheme is implemented through NGOs by setting up women Help lines. Toll
free telephone number 1091 has been installed in these centers. Considering the gravity
of the problem, women are provided assistance and other rehabilitative facilities


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including financial help if required as decided by the District level committee constituted
under the Chairmanship of the Deputy Commissioner depending upon the merits of each
case. An amount ranging from Rs.2000/- to a maximum of Rs.10,000/- is sanctioned as
financial relief if the woman is in immediate need of financial help. The scheme is
implemented in all the 27 districts and also in 18 taluks. An amount of Rs.49.59 lakhs
was spent under the scheme during 2003-04.

 Scheme for care and maintenance of destitute and orphan children (destitute
cottages): Financial assistance is given to a registered voluntary organisation working in
the field of child welfare for at least 3 years in the past to start a destitute cottage for the
care and maintenance of destitute children with a unit of 25 children. Government
sanctions amount to the extent of 90% of the schematic pattern and the remaining 10%
has to be borne by the organisation concerned. The organisation is eligible for
maintenance charge at the rate of Rs.400/-p.m. per child (including the salary of the staff
approved in the scheme) and rent at the rate of Rs.50/-p.m. per child.

        During the year 2003-04, an amount of Rs. 217.67 lakhs was sanctioned to 292
destitute cottages.

 Creches for the children of working mothers: Assistance is provided through Zilla
Panchayats to Mahila Mandals and voluntary organisations to start creches for children
of working women who are engaged in agriculture and other occupations in rural areas.
The scheme provides day care services for children in the age group 0-3 years. Services
included health care, supplementary nutrituion, facilities for children to sleep,
immunization, play and recreation. During 2003-04 an amount of Rs.38.42 lakhs was
allocated of which Rs.27.57 lakhs was spent to assist 375 creches.

Fit Institutions: Few Voluntary organization have been recognized as Fit Institutions
under Juvenile Justice Act for providing care, protection and rehabilitation to deserted,
orphaned infants and young children. These Fit Institutions receive grants at the rate of
Rs. 300/- per month per child towards maintenance. At present, there are 18 such
institutions. As at the end of March 2004, 607 children are housed in these institutions.

 Hostels for girls: Hostel for girls have been started in the backward areas of the State
with an objective to enable girls from rural areas to pursue higher education. Theses
hostels are run through voluntary organisations. Admissions to the hostels are available
for students residing in rural areas, whose family income is less than Rs.10,000p.a and
are studying in 6th Std. and above upto post-matric courses in the institutions run by
Govt., or NGOs permitted by Government
 4 Girls Hostels are functioning in the State of which 10 are run by NGOs and 4 by the
department. During 2003-04, 560 girls were admitted to these hostels and an amount of
Rs.34.36 lakhs expenditure was incurred.

Financial assistance to NGOs for construction of hostels for working women:In order
to provide accommodation to women at their respective working place Government of
India provides financial assistance to NGOs for construction of hostels for working


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women to the extent of 75% of the cost. 12.5% is met by the state government and the
balance of 12.5% is to be borne by the organization. So far 74 NGOs have availed
assistance under the scheme.

 State Homes for Women: There are 8 state Homes for Women in the state where
women in need of care and protection are admitted. In coordination with the NGO called
4S Foundation training has been given to women in these institutions in various trades to
make them economically independent. So far 115 inmates have been given training.
Involvement of NGOs as resource persons in various training programmes:

        Stree Shakti scheme was launched throughout the state in October2000. By the
end of March,2004, one lakh groups were formed in the state. The aim of the Stree
Shakti Project is to empower rural women financially and socially through self help
groups. Through these self-help groups, rural women have come together and have
shown a tremendous progress in handling financial matters. The scheme has made rural
women more strong economically besides providing a platform for getting involved in
social issues for their own benefit and the community at large. As of now, there are 14.80
lakh women members enrolled is one lakh self help groups and these groups have so far
saved Rs.176.60 crores.

       To strengthen Stree Shakthi groups, the department organised various training
programmes for group members in (1) Book Keeping (2) Credit Management and (3)
Social issues. By the end of the year, 67093 groups have been trained in Credit
Management, 57134 groups in Book Keeping and 45117 groups in Social issues. Active
NGOs with expertise in the above fields are involved in the training programmes for
SHGs as resource persons.

Child Line Services This is a scheme of Government of India. The service was
introduced in the State in co-ordination with Child India Foundation, Mumbai, a
Government of India undertaking. Under this, any child in distress can call up the Toll
Free Number 1098 for support services. This service is provided through identified
voluntary organizations. A City Advisory Board has been constituted for proper
functioning and transparency in the system.

Programme for the welfare of the persons with disabilities –Under this scheme, the
old and infirm persons are given food, shelter and clothing at the old age hone run by
Non governmental Organizations. NGOs are run with financial assistance of state and
central government. Under state scheme there are about 27 old age homes at present.
During the year 2003-04 Rs.44 lakhs state grant in aid is sanctioned to NGOs.

        About 117 voluntary organisations are running schools for the hearing impaired,
orthopaedically, and visually handicapped and mentally retarded children all over the
state. The state government gives grant in aid code upto 100% towards salaries of the
teaching staff and 50% towards the salaries of the non teaching staff and for the
maintenance of special schools VTC and TTC run by voluntary organization as per the
grant in aid code of 1982. The other 85 voluntary organisations are recommended to


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Government of India for grants under the scheme of financial assistance to voluntary
organisations for the disabled persons.

Community based Rehabilitation Services (CBR): C.B.R work is implemented in 1
districts. CBR is a cost effective, culturally most suitable strategy proved services like
education, training and economic rehabilitation to the persons with disabilities. For the
implementation of the scheme financial assistance was given to 108 Non governmental
organisations during the year 2003-04 and the expenditure incurred was Rs.32.80 lakhs.

Training cum production Centre for the disabled sheltered workshop:Hosahejje:

        Voluntary Organisations for the cause of old, infirm and disabled: Under this
scheme, old and infirm persons are offered food, shelter and clothing at the old age
homes run by Non Governmental Organizations with financial assistance of state and
central Government.

        Under this scheme, financial assistance will be given to NGOs to set up Training
cum Production Units for the disabled persons. The objective is to provide economic
rehabilitation to needy disabled persons. The selection Committee selects eligible NGOs
to implement this scheme, which is headed by the Principal Secretary, Dept. of Women
& Child Development has conducted a meeting and selected the NGOs. During the year
2003-04 Rs. 1.00 lakh expenditure incurred under this scheme.

STEP: (Support for Training & Employment Programme):

         The Department of Women and Child Development, Government of India is
implementing the scheme through reputed NGO‟s/Public Sector undertakings in
Karnataka State with KSWDC as the Nodal Agency. Under this programme women in
traditional sectors like Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Dairying, Fisheries, Social
Forestry, handlooms and handicrafts, etc., are assisted to pursue their profession.
Financial assistance is available to establish training cum production centers. During
2002-2003, two project proposals were recommended to the Government Of India for a
total financial assistance of Rs.85.72 lakhs.

Health and Family Welfare: The National Health Policy recognizes voluntary
organizations as a potential partner in the delivery of health services. It states in very
clear terms:

       “The services and support of voluntary organizations active in the health field
should be utilized and integrated with governmental efforts”.

        The voluntary organisations‟ efforts in Health and Family Welfare as they exist
are:

Specialized Community Health Programmes-These are decentralized, cost effective,
community based programmes for prevention of diseases, health education and


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community involvement, besides promotion of local village health workers. A few of
them also organize income-generation programmes for the needy in the community and
encourage kitchen gardens, to meet the basic nutritional needs.

Health care: Voluntary organizations are running hospitals, dispensaries and organizing
outreach programmes to cater to the health needs of the people. These concentrate on
treatment of diseases. They have taken up support services such as immunization,
vaccination, sterilization camps etc., depending upon their ability in a particular area.
Some of them have adopted certain areas to provide these services.

Health Education: This is one area where the Voluntary Organizations are very
enthusiastic in which demand generation and creating awareness for health services are
the activities. There is a felt need to upgrade health education amongst the citizens.

Monitoring, Evaluation and Disease surveillance: These tasks are taken up by
Voluntary Organizations possessing technical expertise and professional competence. As
far as disease surveillance is concerned, reporting of incidence diseases or making people
aware that reporting these diseases to health authorities is important, is being done. This
has significantly contributed to knowledge of disease incidence in the community.

Health Care for Special groups: This includes orphanages, rehabilitation centers for the
disabled/handicapped, destitute women etc., Their emphasis is on education,
rehabilitation and care. These specialized agencies are playing an important role in view
of the fact that hardly any government infrastructure exists in this sector of health care.

Reproductive and child health services: The reproductive and child Health
programmes was initiated in 1997 in India and in 1999 in Karnataka, lays emphasis on a
comprehensive approach which includes package of services for the prevention and
management of unwanted pregnancies, promotion of safe motherhood and child survival,
nutritional services for vulnerable groups; services for the prevention and management of
reproductive tract infections, and reproductive health services for adolescents.

      The grass root level voluntary organizations that have been identified as field
NGOs by the mother NGOs, are working in various activities of the RCH programme
mentioned above.

Control of Communicable diseases: Prevention of communicable diseases is a major
public sector activity. Many of the voluntary organization have remarkably contributed
to prevention, control treatment and eradication of certain communicable diseases.

Environmental sanitation: The community is encouraged to dig soakage pits for the
drainage of wastewater and advise on the disposal of garbage in the compost pit. It is
informed about the use of sanitary latrines and is motivated to build the same

Mental Health: Some of the activities taken up by the voluntary organizations in the area
of mental health: are mobilizing public support and demand for services, provision of


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„crisis intervention‟ supporting the families of the mentally ill and mentally retarded
persons, referral training, counseling and running rehabilitation centers.

School Health Programme. A few of the voluntary organizations are into school health
wherein training of teachers, child-to-child awareness programmes etc, are carried out.

HIV infection & AIDS : Voluntary organizations have helped to provide hope in the
face of the unprecedented challenges posed by AIDS. They can fill the void, tackle
issues and deal with needs that others may not even recognize, are unable or unwilling to
face. Many of them are involved in training, education and counseling services by
sensitizing and motivating the community to take active participation in AIDs related
activities, development of IEC materials etc. Some of them are also functioning as care
centers.

Health researchers and activists. The efforts of these groups are usually directed
towards writing occasional papers, organizing meetings,colloquia, workshops etc on
conceptual aspects of health care and analyse government policy through their
journals/news letter.

Campaign groups. These groups of voluntary organizations are working on specific
issues such as rational drug policy, amniocentesis, feticide, infanticide, girl child, child
legal issues, social issues, women issues, bonded labor, tobacco etc.

Dead diction. A few of the voluntary organizations especially those in urban areas are
running de addiction centers for both chemical (drugs) and alcohol problems.

Training of Panchayat/Elected representatives. Voluntary organizations in some
places have emerged as an important training ground of the panchayat members. They
have taught them accountability, management, selection process of beneficiaries‟ etc
besides identifying their role and power, infusing confidence in them to function
properly.

        Some of the voluntary organizations have adopted villages and tried to convert
them into model units. They have provided Infrastructural facility, helped the local
people to augment their income and maintain the amenities or services that have been
created

Disasters. The role of Voluntary organizations in disasters has gradually expanded from
providing emergency relief and rehabilitation to educate people about disaster
preparedness, including involvement in training and assessment of probable future
needs.

Networking. A Few of the voluntary organizations are into networking which has
helped them exchange and use their experiences and energies in diverse situations and to
deal with common issues and concerns which could not be dealt with efficiently and
effectively by the individual organizations.


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       NGOs are playing a major role in the AIDS Control Programme. There are 29
voluntary Counseling and Testing Centres in Karnataka. The six old VCTs are attached
to Microbiology Departments of Medical colleges. The 23 new VCTs in the District
Hospitals started functioning during 2002. They provide pre test, Post Test, counseling &
HIV Testing for Diagnosis & Surveillance purposes.

       Targeted interventions for vulnerable population: Targeted interventions through
NGOs is a very crucial component of NCAP II. Under this programme, the State AIDS
society has been successful in reaching out to vulnerable populations not reachable
through government system.

       NGO are being supported financially and technically to reach and intervene with
these vulnerable populations. Voluntary organizations are involved in the National
Leprosy Eradication Programme. These organizations are also providing health care for
special groups, which include orphanages, rehabilitation centers for the
disabled/handicapped, destitute women etc.

       Quite a number of voluntary organizations are identifying, conserving, growing
and promoting the use of herbal medicinal plants to be used at the primary health care
level. Some of them have also ventured into preparation of herbal medicines. Women‟s
groups are encouraged to grow and maintain kitchen Medicinal plants and are imparted
with the knowledge regarding their use.

RURAL DEVELOPMENT

       In Karnataka rural development is being pursued through a mixture of state
administration , local Governments and NGO‟s initiative.

       In the implementation of several rural development programmes such as
formation of self-help groups under Swarna Jayanthi swarozgar Yojana, Water Shed
Committees, User Shed Committes, User Awareness Committees, innovative water
harvesting, construction of big check-dams and nala to harvest rainwater, they are
engaged.

       Swarna Jayanthi Swarojgar Yojana and Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana are
also included under Voluntary Sector. Continuous efforts are being made and
encouragement provided to create a sense of awareness among the general public through
the NGOs/VOs in rural and backward areas and urban slums in the implementation of
various programmes. They have been involved in organizing skill development training
and awareness in the fields of women and child development, social welfare, health,
education, water shed development programmes,etc.




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EDUCATION

Participation of Voluntary Sector in the Development of Education - voluntary
agencies are helping in the department‟s initiatives to improve educational attainments of
children. Under Learning Guarantee Scheme, 1888 Government primary schools in
North East Karnataka Voluntarily participated in the programme and of them 896 schools
were evaluated. Enrolment and attendance in all the selected schools were uniformly
high but the key differentiator was “ learning levels”. Under the Accelerated Learning
Programme launched in August 2002, out of the total number 55,000 children in 7
districts of North East Karnataka, 38,000 children have been mainstreamed. Computer
Assisted Learning Centers have been established in 225 selected primary schools.
Besides, APF is also assisting in the policy planning of the department.

        Education Development Center (EDC) is an international non-profit, pioneer
organization, in building bridges between research, policy and practice. EDC is chosen
to execute the dot – EDUTA project in the country. These projects aim at improving the
quality of primary education and reach it out to currently unserved groups. Karnataka is
one of the states selected by them. EDC has given studio equipment free of cost.

       Besides, MYRADA is assisting Zilla Panchayats in the construction of
classrooms in selected places. UNICEF is also assisting the State Government in selected
blocks in the school sanitation project. “STREE SHAKTI” groups are helping in
Akshara Dasoha programme by undertaking cooking activities. Akshaya Patra Scheme
under ISCON is supplying hot, cooked meals to around 36,000 school children in
Bangalore City.

        The State Government is spending substantial amount on the aided schools at all
levels of education. These schools are run by private management.

        Non-Government institutions are getting aid for the specific activities under the
identified schemes from Government. The schemes are- running Girls Hostels,
Strengthening Culture and Values, Experimental and        innovative programmes of
Environmental Education and opening of Jana Shikshana Samsathans.

        The State has already created an environment conducive to the growth of
voluntary sector. It has involved Voluntary Organisations in mobilizing community
participation in implementing several programmes under Women and Child
Development, Social Welfare, Welfare of Backward Classes and Minorities, Education,
Health etc. as mentioned above. Action is being taken to set up State Joint Machinery to
redress the grievances of Voluntary Organisations at the state level as per the
recommendations of the All India Conference on the role of voluntary sectors in National
Development. Other recommendations Viz., adopting a decentralized committee based
on sanction, procedure, simplification of rules and procedures for providing project
support to Voluntary Organisations, creating transparency and accountability in the
working of Voluntary Organisations are under the active consideration of the
Government.


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