UNIDO Green Industry Newsletter by maclaren1


									               UNIDO Green Industry Newsletter
                                                  Issue One, September 2008

Renewable Energy
Message from the Director-General

Solar Energy to Fight Poverty

Zero-Emission Power Centre Lights Up Kenya

Heating Nicaragua With Solar Thermal Energy

Sisal Waste to Produce Organic Fertilizer and Green Electricity

Local Manufacturing of Small Wind Turbines

Creating Wealth from Rice Husk Waste

Conference on Renewable Energy in Africa

Workshop on Renewable Energy in the Carpathians

Global Renewable Energy Forum

International Energy Conference


                                                Demonstration Projects
                                                Solar Energy to Fight                            quality llama yarn is finer than alpaca yarn,
                                                                                                 which is widely considered a valuable
                                                Poverty                                          commodity in the global textile market.
                                                Southwest Bolivia
                                                                                                   “It is our highest priority to
                                                Llama-farming communities in this remote             replicate this experience
                                                region of the country have long been obtain-
                                                ing low quality wool, with correspondingly
                                                                                                   in the entire Aymara region
Message from the DG                             low returns on their product. This has              in Bolivia, Peru, and Chile
                                                been due to the absence of an energy                     with the support of
At the last meeting of the Industrial           supply and the weak transportation                    local, regional, national
Development Board, I stated that we             infrastructure of the region. These factors
would soon be launching an initiative
                                                                                                         governments and
                                                have caused farmers to make use of such
on green industry. As I said then,                                                                international organizations.”
                                                rudimentary tools as pieces of tin can,
international standards for emissions           broken glass or kitchen knives to shear              Mr. Alejandro Choque Castro,
and other environmental regulations             wool - their primary source of income.                           Head
are an increasing fact of life.A
                                                                                                    Rural Municipalities Association
                                                From 2005 to 2006, the Bolivian
In addition, the increasing concerns about      government enlisted UNIDO’s help in              In addition to the benefits gained by
climate change will place ever stronger         addressing the question of how to improve        the llama-farming associations, some
pressures on industry worldwide to make         shearing practices. UNIDO’s solution was         240 families now also have access to a
fundamental changes to their energy usage       to introduce a technological package. This       modern source of energy via the solar
patterns. As part of this new initiative, and   solution would use renewable energy to           home systems provided to them through
to ensure that UNIDO’s ongoing work             power shearing equipment and ultimately          this project. What makes the system
on greening of industry reaches a wider         help pave the path out of extreme                sustainable is that the solar home system
audience, I have decided to launch a            poverty for thousands of rural Bolivians.        is used for shearing during only one or
quarterly Green Industry Newsletter.                                                             two days each year. This productive
                                                The package consisted of a solar cell            use pays for each family’s basic energy
Each issue will cover one of the aspects of     system for each farm and portable shears         supply for the remainder of the year.
UNIDO’s work in this field. I am pleased        for each association of llama farmers. The
to forward to you the first issue, which is     improvement of shearing practices using          Around 750 other families in the region have
focused on UNIDO’s efforts to promote           the equipment introduced by UNIDO                similarly improved their shearing practices
the use of renewable energy by industry.        yielded an immediate result: better crude        due either to technical assistance from the
                                                fibres that could be sold at higher prices.      project or imitation of the project innova-
It is our hope that you will find the           Fibre production had thereby become              tions. By using solar energy, roughly one
information it contains interesting and         more attractive, with a sample of artisa-        thousand Bolivian families can now enjoy
useful. We welcome any feedback                 nal llama yarn exported to Italy with good       an improved means of creating a livelihood
you might have, to make future                  market acceptance. The potential for a           for themselves without having to make
editions of the Newsletter even better.         large section of rural Bolivia to participate    recourse to health- and environmentally-
                                                in the global economic market is there-          hazardous diesel fuels as would
                                                fore high. It is a little known fact that good   commonly have been the case.

Dr. Kandeh K. Yumkella
UNIDO Director-General

2    Green Energy Newsletter, Issue One, September 2008
Zero-Emission Community Power Centre Lights                                                         Heating Nicaragua With
Up Kenya                                                                                            Solar Thermal Energy
Kirinyaga, Kenya                                                                                    Nicaragua
Rural communities in the Kirinyaga district       villagers are concentrating on making             Solar thermal energy has become the
are for the first time enjoying the benefits of   productive use of the electricity rather          energy of choice for heating water in
various modern energy services thanks to          than just consuming it. This, she said,           hotels, food processing companies,
the first zero-emission Community Power           will help them own the project and make           student residences and a hospital
Centre in Kenya developed through a               it sustainable. “The community has to             in Nicaragua as a result of UNIDO’s
community initiative supported by UNIDO           own the project and the more business             NICATEC project. This project has helped
and the Kenyan Ministry of Energy.                ideas they have, the better,“ said Ms.            build up Nicaragua’s national capacity to
                                                  Wangechi. Some of the low-energy                  design and install solar thermal systems.
                                                  micro-enterprises that are currently being
                                                  run in the Community Power Centre                 The Hotel Mansión Teodolinda, where
                                                  include a poultry hatchery, a soap-making         two solar thermal systems were installed
                                                  venture, fruit juice production and maize         by engineers trained in the NICATEC
                                                  meal milling. The community is also               programme, has already won two national
                                                  planning to start a fish farm at a dam            awards for its innovative heating system.
                                                  located at the power generation site.             “Aside from the large economic benefits
                                                                                                    from the project, the unforeseen benefit
                                                  Thanks to the electricity available at the        has been the publicity that the hotel
                                                  Centre, the community now also has a              has gained because of the installation
                                                  variety of services such as mobile phone          of the solar thermal system,” said Mr.
                                                  charging, light-emitting diode (LED) lamp         Neville Cross, the owner of the hotel.
                                                  recharging, computer and internet facilities
                                                  at hand. Previously, Kibai villagers would
                                                  have had to walk for an entire day to
                                                  obtain such services. They now save
Kenya‘s first zero-emission Community             significant time and money, which can
Power Centre                                      be devoted to other productive activities.

The Kibai Community Power Centre was              Additionally, the green energy generated
inaugurated on 26 May 2008, in Kibai              and distributed by the Centre is positively
village, Kerugoya division, Kirinyaga             impacting the health of the villagers and their
district. In her keynote address, Hon.            surrounding environment. For instance,
Martha Karua, Legislator and Minister             it curbs the use of hazardous kerosene
for Justice, Constitution and National            lamps and instead promotes the use of LED         Installation of the solar thermal system at
Cohesion, praised the concept of the Centre       lamps, which can be recharged on site.            Hotel Mansión Teodolinda
and noted that many areas in the country                                                            As a general result of UNIDO’s project,
would gain from a replication of this project.                                                      Nicaraguans have gained the capacity
                                                                                                    to design, install, and maintain solar
 “The potential for generating                                                                      thermal systems. Fifteen engineers are
    electricity in Kenya with                                                                       now competent in installation and fifteen
      water resources alone                                                                         others in design and layout, while five
  is around 3,000 megawatts,                                                                        national solar companies are now able
           three times                                                                              to design and install solar thermal sys-
                                                                                                    tems. Before the project was launched,
     the installed capacity.”                                                                       solar energy had been used only to
        Mr. Alexander Varghese,                                                                     generate electricity. This project has
         UNIDO Representative                                                                       demonstrated that solar energy is just as
           Kenya and Eritrea                                                                        effective, if not more so, in producing heat.

The Community Power Centre uses                   Hon. Martha Karua, Minister for Justice and       Based on the positive results achieved,
solar and micro hydro-power (the latter           National Cohesion, and Hon. Henry Kosgey,         the project has been extended in scope to
obtained from the nearby Mukengeria               Minister of Industrialization, donate LED         promote legislation designed to improve
River), to offer a variety of services. These     lamps to local villagers                          access to subsidies for solar energy
services help to stimulate and develop                                                              companies in Nicaragua. It is expected
the sustainable growth of communities             As only ten per cent of Kenya’s rural             that the Congress will debate the “Law for
and their micro-economies by providing            population has access to electricity,             Promotion of Energy Generation Using
the most crucial growth element – power.          the Kibai Community Power Centre                  Renewable Sources’’ by the end of the
                                                  is a bright example of the possibilities          year. This piece of legislation will pave
The project‘s socio-economic co-ordinator,        and rewards that the use of renewable             the way for the solar energy industry to
Ms. Cecilia Wangechi, said the Kibai              energy in rural industry can offer.               lead the energy economy of Nicaragua.

                                                                                                            Demonstration Projects                3

Sisal Waste to Produce Organic Fertilizer                                                          Local Manufacturing of
and Green Electricity                                                                              Small Wind Turbines
Korogwe, Tanzania                                                                                  Egypt
                                                                                                   “We need UNIDO assistance to find out
                                                                                                   how to introduce our products into Europe
                                                                                                   and to gain the know-how to employ local
                                                                                                   materials in manufacturing for our local
                                                                                                   market and Europe. In this way, we can find
                                                                                                   solutions in areas where there is no local
                                                                                                   distribution of electricity”, says Mr. Sameir
                                                                                                   Soliman of HIDELECO, an Egyptian hydro
                                                                                                   power company now looking to expand
                                                                                                   into small wind turbine manufacturing.

                                                                                                   Remote areas in Egypt typically suffer fre-
                                                                                                   quent power outages due to an unreliable
                                                                                                   power supply leading most consumers in
                                                                                                   these areas to use mainly diesel and kero-
                                                                                                   sene to generate power. As the prices of
                                                                                                   these fuels are rising rapidly, wind energy,
                                                                                                   with its financial and environmental
                                                                                                   benefits, is becoming increasingly
                                                                                                   attractive. Yet, the price and lack of
                                                                                                   technical knowledge remain barriers to
                                                                                                   the spread of renewable energy tech-
                                                                                                   nology in developing countries. Local
Tanzanian sisal plantation                                                                         manufacturing      of    hardware     would
                                                                                                   help develop technical capacity as
Tanzania is one of the world’s leading          are using the locally-produced organic
                                                                                                   well as reduce costs, thus enabling a
producers of sisal fibre, made from the         fertilizer, sold at very affordable prices,
                                                                                                   direct transition to renewable energy.
sisal plant. The customary industry prac-       to increase productivity of the land while
tice is to throw away 96% of the sisal plant    conserving the soil. Instead of having to          Since February 2006, UNIDO’s Investment
and use up to 10,000 gallons of water per       depend on an unreliable power supply               and Technology Promotion Office (ITPO) in
hour to push the waste to dumps. This           generated from fossil fuels, the nearby            Italy, with financial support from the Italian
results in intensive water consumption,         hammer mill is now self-sufficient thanks          government, has been identifying and
ground and surface water contamination,         to green electricity. Furthermore, the water       promoting environmentally-friendly invest-
as well as atmospheric pollution.               used to push the waste to the dumps is             ment projects in collaboration with the of-
                                                saved, thus eliminating the associated             fices in Egypt and Morocco. UNIDO gives
To increase productivity and to reduce          ground and surface water contamination.            technical assistance to viable proposals,
pollution, the Tanzanian government
                                                                                                   which includes negotiation and busi-
requested        UNIDO’s      expertise    in
                                                                                                   ness plan preparation advice, as well as
implementing a pilot project to produce
                                                                                                   assistance in locating sources of funding.
electricity and fertilizer from sisal waste.
On 17 July 2008, this effort resulted in the                                                       As a result of this effort, UNIDO’s Invest-
world’s first sisal waste-based power plant                                                        ment Promotion Unit in Egypt and the ITPO
that uses discarded sisal residue to produce                                                       Italy collaborated to assist HIDELECO in
organic fertilizer and green electricity.                                                          finding an Italian partner to produce small
                                                                                                   wind turbines in Egypt. An Italian company
    “The launch of the plant                                                                       joined HIDELECO to participate in the
  heralded the culmination of                                                                      Sahara International Exhibition in Cairo
   efforts to add value to the                  World‘s first sisal biogas plant
                                                                                                   where they presented a small turbine and
crop and contributes to efforts                                                                    reported excellent results in evaluating the
   to solve the longstanding                    The sisal waste, which otherwise                   market potential for wind turbines. With
                                                would degrade in a landfill and produce            UNIDO’s support, the two companies are in
  energy problem, which also                    methane, a major greenhouse gas, is                the process of negotiating a formal agree-
 affected the [sisal] industry.”                now being used productively. In addition,          ment of partnership for manufacturing and
      H. E. Mr. Jakaya Kikwete,                 14 local engineers have been trained and           assembling small wind turbines in Egypt.
                                                have gained technical experience to help
                                                maintain the project. In the future, it is hoped
     United Republic of Tanzania
                                                that this total utilization of the crop - and
The people and the environment of the           the multiple benefits derived from this - will
Korogwe District have already been              revive the sisal fibre industry in Tanzania
benefiting from the project. Farmers            and other sisal producing countries.

4    Green Energy Newsletter, Issue One, September 2008
Creating Wealth from
Rice Husk Waste                                Global Forum Activities
Ebonyi state, Nigeria
The Ebonyi state government recently           International Conference on Renewable Energy
approached UNIDO, due to its experience        in Africa
with successful rice husk power plant
projects in Southeast Asia, to help build a    Dakar, Senegal
rice-husk fired power plant in the Abakaliki   The African Union (AU), the German              Senegal noted that “renewable energy
rice mill cluster. The cluster runs 700 rice   Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation       is an indisputable alternative [to oil] for
mills, discarding approximately 50,000 tons    and Development, the Government of              the future and the conference demon-
of rice husks each year. The project that      Senegal and UNIDO jointly organized the         strates the partnership between the
is currently being developed aims to turn      International Conference on Renewable           African Union, Germany, and Senegal
these mountains of rice husk into a natural    Energy in Africa on 16-18 April 2008            to share and contribute to this vision for
source of energy for the entire region.        in Dakar, Senegal. In view of the very          [renewable energy] in Africa’s future.”
                                               low level of energy access and security,
                                               discussions at this landmark conference         Dr. Kandeh Yumkella, Director-General of
                                               focused on promoting market-based               UNIDO, stated that the “Time is ripe for
                                               scaling up of renewable energy in               a strong political sign and commitment...
                                               Africa. The conference brought together         It is critically important to have political
                                               500 participants, mainly high-level             commitment at the highest level to lead
Mountains of rice husk define the landscape    representatives of various stakeholders.        the way. In our opinion, a ministerial body
                                                                                               is needed to provide leadership and to
The energy generated by the rice husk          In    opening      the    conference,    the    guide the process to develop the vast
waste would be used to power the               President of the Republic of Senegal,           renewable energy potential of the region.”
nearby rice mills, which currently lack        H.E. Mr. Abdoulaye Wade, stated that
an affordable energy source and are            the conference contributes to the de-           The watershed conference made use
spending around two million US dollars         velopment of renewable energy and               of experiences from various projects
every year for diesel fuel. Furthermore, the   the alleviation of poverty in Africa.           implemented in Africa to develop results-
rice husk ash from the generator makes         Discussions to develop human resourc-           oriented    recommendations.      During
for a useful industrial catalyst, and can      es and equip research laboratories in           the ministerial segment, these recom-
be sold for around 50 US dollars per ton.      order to create a favourable institution-       mendations were consolidated into a
                                               al environment for renewable energy             Plan of Action: the “Dakar Declaration
The community will be able to benefit                                                          on Scaling Up Renewables in Africa”.
                                               development in Africa is crucial to this
financially from savings resulting from
                                               end. Mr. Wade also reiterated the need to
use of this new source of energy and                                                           The Plan of Action hinges on the need to
                                               plan for Africa’s future energy needs today.
the income generated from the sales                                                            scale up renewable energy investments
of the ash. In addition, the reduction         Mr. Samuel Sarr, Minister of Energy of          to US$10 billion between 2009-2014 and
in carbon dioxide emissions resulting
from using rice husk as fuel is also
of significant environmental value.

The project has already attracted the
interest of the Austrian government
as a development partner since it
qualifies as a Clean Development
Mechanism       (CDM)      project   under
the Kyoto Protocol. CDM allows
industrialised countries with a greenhouse
gas reduction commitment to invest in pro-
jects that reduce emissions in developing
countries in order to earn Certified
Emission Reduction credits that can be
counted towards meeting Kyoto targets.

For the people of the Ebonyi state
and the rice cluster, the rice husk
power plant would mark a significant
step towards meeting the Millennium
Development Goals of poverty reduction,
education,    women’s      empowerment,
health and the environment by ensuring
a green electricity supply to businesses,
households, schools and hospitals.             Panel members and participants of The International Conference on Renewable Energy in Africa

                                                                                                        Global Forum Activities          5

... continuation from page 5                    Regional Workshop on Renewable Energy in the
proposes five key programme dimensions          Carpathians
to achieve this vision. In addition, the
Plan of Action recommends that the AU           Lviv, Ukraine
and UNIDO, in collaboration with other
relevant development partners, establish        The Regional Workshop on Renewable          will include inputs from the member
a ministerial level policy advocacy             Energy in the Carpathians held in           states collected at the Workshop and
group, supported by a coordination unit.        Lviv, Ukraine on 6-7 May 2008,              will be available in the summer of 2008.
                                                provided a platform where EU and
In closing, Mr. Cheikh Soumaré, Prime           non-EU countries of the Carpathian          As a further outcome of the workshop,
Minister of Senegal, congratulated              region could share knowledge and            UNIDO is currently developing a joint
the organizers of the conference and            exchange experiences on the cur-            project with FAO, UNEP and regional
reiterated the need to translate the high       rent status, barriers and opportunities     partners. The aim of this EU-funded proj-
quality conclusions and recommendations         to harness the vast potential of            ect will be to enhance renewable energy
from the conference into programmes and         renewable energy sources in the region.     development in the Carpathian region.
projects that would assist African countries
to cope with the current energy crisis. He      The Interim Secretariat of the Carpathian
also underlined the need for financial          Convention, hosted by the UNEP
and technical assistance in harness-            in Vienna, requested the support of
ing Africa’s renewable energy potential.        UNIDO in organizing the workshop
                                                funded by the Government of Hungary.
                                                The regional workshop brought together
                                                over 60 representatives from the
                                                governments of the Carpathian Convention
                                                countries, research institutions, private
                                                companies, universities and NGOs
                                                active in the field of renewable energy.

                                                Following the workshop, UNIDO is
                                                preparing a baseline report on renewable
                                                energy policies and financial instruments
                                                in the EU and non-EU member countries
Some of the conference‘s 1,500 participants     of the Carpathian Convention. The report    Regional workshop participants

Global Renewable Energy Forum                                                               Mining and Industry, Senegal, who
                                                                                            noted: “This Global Renewable Energy
Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil                                                                       Forum is a great opportunity for us to
                                                                                            confirm and see with our own eyes that
The Global Renewable Energy Forum                                                           an alternative to fossil fuels is viable.”
held in Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil, from
18-21 May 2008, jointly organized by the                                                    Mr. Thomas Stelzer, Assistant Secretary-
Brazilian Ministry of Mines and Energy,                                                     General      for   Policy   Coordination
Eletrobrás, Itaipu Binacional and UNIDO,                                                    and     Inter    Agency    Affairs,   UN
brought together over 1500 participants                                                     Department of Economic and Social
from a wide range of backgrounds                                                            Affairs (UN DESA), recognized that “the
in the fields of energy and industry.                                                       Global Forum advanced the objective
                                                                                            of increasing access to energy and
The Brazilian representatives found                                                         reducing poverty, which is key to achiev-
the Forum a valuable platform to share                                                      ing sustainable development and the
experiences and exchange information.                                                       Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)”.
Mr. Edison Lobão, the Brazilian Minister of
                                                Hon. Edison Lobão, Minister of Mines and
Mines and Energy, remarked: “I recently                                                     One of the many promising outcomes of
                                                Energy, Brazil
noted some criticisms about Brazil’s                                                        the event is that UNIDO and Itaipu are
ethanol policy, which I believe is a major      inaugurates a new phase for find-           working on the establishment of a strong
success, not just as an alternative fuel sup-   ing solutions in the energy sector,         concordance that allows not only for an
ply, but also as a project to reduce green-     especially through public and private       externalization of Itaipu’s best experiences
house gas emissions and combat cli-             sector partnerships. Solutions for global   in renewables, but would also promote
mate change. This Global Forum is               environmental problems will come            renewable energy technologies worldwide.
a great opportunity to show to the              from sharing knowledge and ideas
world our successful experience with            on wind, water, plants, and the sun.”       To this end, UNIDO and Itaipu are
renewable energy here in Itaipu.”                                                           working together to establish a bridge
                                                Other participants who learned from         between Brazil and Africa to exchange
Mr. Paulo MacDonald Ghisi, Mayor of             the Brazilian experience included Ms.       experiences and knowledge and to
Foz do Iguaçu, noted: “This meeting             Ousmane Alioune Ngom, Minister of           promote interregional investment projects.

6    Green Energy Newsletter, Issue One, September 2008
International Energy Conference                                                                  Mr. Graeme Preston of the European
                                                                                                 Commission noted the Montenegran
Kolasin, Montenegro                                                                              commitment to the environment in the
                                               the preparation of an Energy Strategy and         conference: “Projects within the EU are
                                               the Action Plan to implement this strategy.       required to undergo strict Environmental
                                                                                                 Impact assessments and I welcome the
                                               Investors and donors viewed the                   commitment of Montenegro to require
                                               conference as a welcome opportunity to            the same. We cannot obtain energy
                                               personally witness the commitment of the          security at the expense of our future.”’
                                               government to attract foreign investment.
                                                                                                 Mr. Tomáš Vyskocil of RPG, a Czech
                                               Mr. Stefan Marouschek of Voith-Siemens            industrial investment company, would
                                               Hydro Power Generation remarked: “I               like to see the conference replicated in
                                               very much enjoyed the open mind of the            other countries. “This is a very useful
                                               Montenegran government and I’m posi-              event and I wished other countries in the
Hon. Djukanovic, Prime Minister of             tively impressed that they have a broad           region would do the same. We can get an
Montenegro, delivering the opening speech      approach to energy development. I’m con-          overview of all the initiatives and plans the
                                               vinced that they will be very professional.”      government has in the near future”, he said.
Some 100 international investors gath-
ered in Kolasin, Montenegro from 10-13         Ms. Dragica Sekulic of KfW Bankengruppe
July 2008 to learn about investment            noted: “It is an important conference
opportunities in that country’s energy sec-    in the sense that the government is
tor. UNIDO, as the co-organiser of the con-    committed to promoting reform of the
ference, has in the past two years assisted    energy sector and that it is keen and will-
the Ministry of Economic Development in        ing to co-operate with the private sector.”

Knowledge Management Tools
                                                                                                 Guidebook on Modern Bioenergy
                                                                                                 Technologies in Africa

                                                                                                 Given its high dependency on mostly
                                                                                                 traditional biomass use, Africa stands
                                                                                                 to benefit immensely from widespread
                                                                                                 deployment     of   modern    bioenergy
                                                                                                 conversion technologies. To this end,
                                                                                                 the first high-level Biofuels Confer-
                                                                                                 ence in Africa, organized by the African
                                                                                                 Union and UNIDO in 2007, recom-
                                                                                                 mended that a Guidebook on Modern
                                                                                                 Bioenergy Technologies in Africa be
                                                                                                 prepared to provide comprehensive infor-
                                                                                                 mation and accumulated knowledge on
                                                                                                 modern bioenergy conversion technolo-
                                                                                                 gies applicable to countries in Africa.

                                                                                                 Online Information
                                                                                                 Biomass Conversion Technology On-
                                                                                                 Line Information Platform (BIOTIP)
Books Under                                   bioenergy. The Sourcebook will cater to the
                                                                                                 In 2007, UNIDO commissioned a study
                                              needs of the policymaking community and
Preparation                                   deliver the necessary information for effective    to thoroughly assess existing informa-
                                              bioenergy policy choices. The sourcebook           tion sources on biomass conversion
The Bioenergy Sourcebook                      is part of the larger Bioenergy Capacity           technologies available to develop-
                                              Building Project (BIOCAB). BIOCAB will de-         ing countries. Recommendations were
The Bioenergy Sourcebook will provide         velop a comprehensive training package for         also made on what role UNIDO could
full analysis, practical and clear informa-   policymakers and entrepreneurs to enhance          play in improving information flows.
tion for policymakers faced with having       their engagement in shaping a sustainable          Simultaneously, UNIDO approached its
to understand the key issues surrounding      bioenergy industry in developing countries.        network of Cleaner Production Centres

                                                                                                Knowledge Management Tools                7

to determine what technological informa-
                                                                                             Readers are invited to send their
tion an entrepreneur would require. The
outcome of these studies led to the prepa-                                                   comments and opinions to:
ration of a project for the establishment
                                                                                             Mr. George Assaf
of a Biomass Conversion Technology
On-Line Information Platform (BIOTIP).                                                       Chief
                                                                                             Public Advocacy and
BIOTIP (which is scheduled for release                                                       Communications Unit
in 2009) will become a one-stop-shop on                                                      Vienna International Centre
commercially available bioenergy tech-
                                                                                             P.O. Box 300, 1400 Vienna
nologies for entrepreneurs interested
in implementing a biomass conver-                                                            Austria
                                             Hon. Jorge Lepra, Minister of Industry of
sion system in a developing country.         Uruguay, welcomes conference participants       Telephone: (+43-1) 26026-3073
The project addresses capacity build-                                                        E-mail: G.Assaf@unido.org
ing and information sharing as well as       The initiative dates back to September
technology transfer issues in detail.        2006, when the General Secretariat for          Mr. Pradeep Monga
                                             the Iberoamerican Summit (SEGIB), the           Chief
                                             Government of Uruguay and UNIDO
                                                                                             Renewable and Rural Energy Unit
                                             organized the Iberoamerican Ministerial
                                                                                             Vienna International Centre
                                             Meeting on “Energy Security in Latin
                                             America: Renewable Energy as a Viable           P.O. Box 300, 1400 Vienna
                                             Alternative” in Montevideo. One of the          Austria
                                             main achievements of this meeting was           Telephone: (+43-1) 26026-3609
                                             a ministerial declaration that highlighted      E-mail: P.Monga@unido.org
                                             the need to increase the utilization of
                                             renewable energy in Latin America and the
                                             Caribbean and encouraged governments
                                             to establish a Regional Observatory on
                                             Renewable Energy. Today, in addition
                                             to the 13 countries that signed the
                                             declaration, endorsement letters have
                                             been received from the authorities              UNITED NATIONS
                                             of another eight Latin American and             INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
                                             Caribbean countries, helping them move          ORGANIZATION
                                             towards a prosperous and secure future.
                                                                                             Vienna International Centre
                                                                                             P.O. Box 300, 1400 Vienna
                                             Training Packages                               Austria
                                                                                             Telephone: (+43-1) 26026-0
                                             Bioenergy training manual                       Fax: (+43-1) 2692669
                                                                                             E-mail: unido@unido.org
BIOTIP Sample Templates                      In the context of the Bioenergy Capacity
                                                                                             Internet: http://www.unido.org
                                             Building Project (BIOCAB), an expert
The Observatory for Renewable                group meeting was recently held in
Energy in Latin America and the              Vienna to assemble a bioenergy training
                                             manual. Bioenergy training experts and          This document has been produced without
Caribbean                                                                                    formal United Nations editing. The designations
                                             representatives of cleaner production
By establishing an information exchange      centres and technical centres from              employed and the presentation of the material in
platform and thereby fostering substantial   developing countries discussed the              this document do not imply the expression of any
increases in investments in the renewable    contents of the manual. Various means           opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat
energy field, the Observatory for            of making this training easily available        of the United Nations Industrial Development
Renewable Energy in Latin America and        to as many entrepreneurs, industrial            Organization (UNIDO) concerning the legal sta-
the Caribbean strives to unify efforts       associations and policy-makers work-            tus of any country, territory, city or area or of its
inside and outside the region to alleviate   ing within the bioenergy industry               authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its
poverty and increase energy security.        as possible were also considered.               frontiers or boundaries, or its economic system
                                             It was eventually decided that the five areas   or degree of development. Designations such as
To improve the access of different           of technologies, policy and socio-economic      “developed”, “industrialized” and “developing”
players in the energy sector to know-        issues, financial and project development       are intended for statistical convenience and
how within their area, an internet-          issues, sustainability and environment          do not necessarily express a judgment about
based portal was established. The            issues and industrial applications for          the stage reached by a particular country or
portal eases the exchange of information     productive use were to be developed             area in the development process. Mention
on aspects of the renewable energy in-       into training clusters that would in the        of firm names or commercial products does
dustry such as: technology, legislation,     future provide a basis for entrepreneurs        not constitute an endorsement by UNIDO.
policy, education, research and finance.     to make realistic business decisions.

8   Green Energy Newsletter, Issue One, September 2008

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