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					Chapter 8 Weathering & Erosion • Vocabulary
carbonic acid          landslide                    soil
chemical weathering    mass movement                soil erosion
creep                  mechanical weathering        soil profile
erosion                mudflow                      subsoil
exfoliation            oxidation                    topsoil
hydrolysis             parent material              transported soil
ice wedging            residual soil                weathering

Chapter 9 Water Below Ground • Vocabulary
aquifer               hydrosphere                   water budget: usage / deficit
artesian formation    impermeable                                 recharge / surplus
evapotranspiration    permeability                  water cycle
geysers               porosity                      water table

Chapter 10 Surface Water • Vocabulary
Abrasion              divide                        meanders
alluvial fan          drainage basin or watershed   oxbow lake
base level            flash flood                   pothole
bed load              flood plain                   solution
carrying power        gully                         stream piracy
delta                 headward erosion              suspension
discharge             levees                        water gap

Chapter 11 Glaciers • Vocabulary
arête                 glacial trough                nunataks
calving               glacier                       outwash
cirque                horn                          outwash plains
continental glacier   ice caps                      roches moutonnees
crevasses             ice front                     rock flour
drumlins              ice sheet                     snow line
erratics              kames                         striations
eskers                kettles                       till
firn                  moraine                       valley glacier

Chapter 12 Wind & Waves • Vocabulary
atoll                 dune                          refraction
backwash              dust storm                    rip current
barrier island        fetch                         sandbar wave height
barrier reef          fiord                         sea cliff
beach                 fringing reef                 swash
blowouts              lagoon                        tsunami
corals                loess                         ventifact
deflation             longshore current             wavelength
desert pavement       period

				
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