Center Township Review
Publisher: Ms. Mollys Volume II
Editor: Pam LaRue Issue XI
Upcoming Events and Specials:
Now announcing: Ms. Mollys‟ reviews can now be read at www.msmollys.com.
Ms. Mollys would like to welcome Mrs. Haley‟s class, family and friends to visit the art
gallery located on the south side of the store.
Feb. 10, Sunday, Sharpless Antique/Flea Market, Sharpless Auctions, I-80 Exit 249, Iowa
Feb. 15-17, Fri. – Sun. Antique & Collectable Show, Sycamore Mall, Iowa City, IA.
March 11 – April 15, Tuesday nights, Antique Classes, Wheatland Ag. Center,
Wheatland, IA. Registrations call Pam Hartwig at 563-890-2316.
Chair caning: $0.60 per hole plus supplies. $5.00 charge if cane needs to be removed.
Or if your chair has a prewoven cane seat, we can do that also.
Celebrate Black History Month in Cedar County. See south window display for more
Help us celebrate the 49th Anniversary of the unscheduled stop at the Meet and Eat of
Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and J. P. Richardson, the “Big Bopper”. Display items
from this time can be viewed in the large display case.
Stop by and see the large selection of German and American Valentines on display.
Did you know?
CIVIL WAR FOOD IDEAS
Eggs may be roasted by standing them on end in hot ashes. They may be boiled hard to
carry in the pockets on forced marches.
A trick to keep in mind: If you have any tea left, do not throw it away. Fill your
canteens with it. It is infinitely more refreshing than almost any other drink upon a hot, weary
march. If, instead of filling your canteen with fresh water, you boil it in the morning before
starting, with enough tea to flavor it and keep it from becoming insipid when warmed by the
sun, it would be a thousand times more healthy, and the best prevention of dysentery. Water
which has been boiled is free of the bad effects it frequently has. The southern people boil their
lemonade, and allow it to cool before using it. Learn from your enemies how to protect
yourselves in their climate –A soldier‟s diary, Civil War Camp.
THE USE OF PEPPER
(From the “Military Handbook”)
If you will learn to use cayenne pepper in place of black you will find it a
preventative of dysentery, and a cure for colds. An extra pinch of it in your breakfast will often
break up a cold caught during the night, and a smart sprinkle of it in your liquid will relieve
sickness caused by bad drinking water. Black pepper produces inflammation – red pepper heals
CIVIL WAR FACTS
February 1: Texas secedes from the Union
February 8: The seven seceded states adopted a constitution and setup a provisional
February 18: Jefferson Davis is inaugurated President of the Confederate States of
February: Julia Ward Howe‟s “The Battle Hymn of the Republic” appears in the
February issue of the Atlantic monthly.
February 13-16: Union Troops under Ulysses S. Grant force the surrender of 15,000
Confederates at Fort Donnellson, Tennessee.
February 22: Jefferson Davis is inaugurated as President of the Confederacy.
Congress establishes the Arizona territory, separating it from the New Mexico territory.
February 27: Andersonville prison opens near Americus, Georgia
February 18: Sherman‟s Union Troops occupy Charleston, South Carolina.
February 26: Congress passes the 15th amendment, guaranteeing African-American men
the right to vote.
ORIGIN OF PLANTS
Maddar came from the East.
Celery originated in Germany.
The chestnut came for Italy.
The onion originated in Egypt.
Tobacco is a native of Virginia.
The nettle is a native of Europe.
The citron is a native of Greece.
The pine is a native of America
Oats originated in North Africa.
The poppy originated in the East.
Rye came, originally, from Sardinia.
The pear and apple are from Europe.
Spinach was first cultivated in Arabia.
The sunflower was brought from Peru.
COLLECTORS AND COLLECTABLES
When spring housecleaning started and the heating stove was taken down for the warm
weather season, the unsightly hole where the stove pipe joined the chimney was hidden with
an attractive flue cover. They were made with a colorful litho print behind glass with a
chain for hanging. In 1929 catalog, they were advertised at $0.16 or six for $0.80. Although
scarce today, some scenes were actually reverse painted on the glass itself. The most
popular motifs were floral, children, animals and lovely ladies. Occasionally flue covers
were made in sets of three-one served a functional purpose, while the others were added to
provide a more attractive wall arrangement. They range in size from 7” to 14”, but 9” is the
Malchite is a type of art glass that exhibits strata-like layering in shades of green, similar
to the mineral in its natural form. Some examples have an acid-etched mark of
Moser/Carlsbad, usually on the base. However, it should be noted that in the past fifteen
years there have reproductions for Czechoslovakia with paper label.
MAPS AND ATLASES
Maps are highly collectable, not only for historical value but also for their sometimes
elaborate artwork, legendary information, or data that since they were printed has been
proven erroneous. There are many types of maps including geographical, military, celestial,
road and railroad. Nineteenth-century maps, particularly of U.S. areas, are increasing in
popularity and price. Rarity, area depicted (i.e. Texas is more sought after than North
Dakota), and condition are major price factors.
ADVANCE-RUMELY THRESHER COMPANY
The roots of this popular vintage tractor company can be traced back as far as 1852,When
Meinard Rumely opened his blacksmith shop. Melnard and his brother John started M. and
J. Rumley company in 1856 and operated under this name until 1882 when Meinard bought
out his brother‟s interest. Sometime in the early 1900‟s Edward a Rumely, Meinard‟s
grandson took over the company and immediately surrounded himself with some of the
day‟s brightest minds. This list included John A. Secor, William H. Higgins and Rudolph
Diesel. Rumely, Secor, and Higgins worked together to develop the famous Rumely Oil
Pull. An interesting design note was their attempt to build a tractor operated with a pair of
reins, called a “line – drive”. This unit was designed to mimic driving horses, however it
never became successful. During 1913, the company encountered devastating financial
difficulties and was placed in receivership with a new firm. The Rumely family lost
majority control of the Advance Rumely Company. Many buyouts of smaller companies
and competitors took place and advance-Rumely continued to produce “Oil pulls” until
1929, when the Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company acquired them.
TRACTORS MADE BY ADVANCE-RUMELY
MODEL YEARS MADE
All Purpose (8-16) 1916-1918
All Purpose (12-24) 1916-1917
Gas Pull 20-40 1911-1915
Kerosene Annie 1909-1910
Oil Pull B (25-45) 1910-1912
Oil Pull E (30-60) 1910-1923
Oil Pull F (18-35) 1911-1918
Oil Pull G (20-40) 1918-1924
Oil Pull H (16-30) 1917-1924
Oil Pull K (12-20) 1918-1924
Oil Pull L (15-25) 1924-1927
Oil Pull M (20-35) 1924-1927
Oil Pull R (25-45) 1924-1927
Oil Pull S (30-60) 1924-1928
Oil Pull W (20-30) 1928-1930
Oil Pull X (25-40) 1928-1930
Oil Pull Y (30-50) 1929-1929
Oil Pull Z (40-60) 1929-1929
Rumely 6A 1930-1931
DID YOU KNOW…..?
A FALSE HISTORIAL IMPRESSION
Abigail Adams is best remembered as the lady who hung out the family wash in the East
room of the White House. Many people believe that Mrs. Adams was such a thrifty
housewife that she did her own washing. Such an idea is contrary to the fact. Before her
marriage to John Adams, she was Miss Abigail Smith, daughter of a proud congregational
minister in New England, who was quite upset when his accomplished daughter was married
to an unknown lawyer. There was no foretelling the eminence that was to come to John
Adams, or that He and his wife would be the first occupants of the President‟s House as it
was then called. Then came a biographer who exonerates Mrs. Adams from the menial task
of hanging out her own washing in the White House. He says the work was done by two
servants whose names were Esther and Polly.
MOTION PICTURE HISTORY
The following chronology of motion picture history is from the Motion Picture Almanac:
1877 – Photography of object in actual motion
1887 – Edison-Dickson experiments begin on motion photography with film.
1889 - First Eastman film
1894 – First Kinetoscope peep-show opened by Holland Brothers at 1155
Broadway New York.
1897 – Corbett-Fitzsimmons fight filmed by Enoch J. Rector.
1903 – “The Great Train Robbery” Hale‟s Tours. “Nickelodeons” spread.
1909 – “Buffalo Bill” three-reel feature. Nine thousand film theaters in U.S.
1910 – Pathe weekly, first American newsreel subsequent to Pathe Journal in
France. Tom Mix becomes film cowboy. Production begins transfer from New
York and Chicago to California.
AUTOMOBILES IN 1939
Motorist pay one out of every seven tax dollars
The gasoline consumption per car for one year in the United States is about 650 gallons
Eighty-five percent of the farm families in the United States own cars.
In 1903, it took 61 days to make the first automobile trip from San Francisco to New
York. The car was a one-cylinder, 9-horse power Packard called the Old Pacific. Today
the trip can be made in a few days, depending on the number of hours per day and the
speed at which a motorist to drive.
All of the automobile speed kings who have driven cars at speeds in excess of 300 miles
per hours are Britich subjects. They are Sir Malcolm Campbell, Captain George Eyston
and Mr. John Cobb.
IOWA 1939 LICENSE PLATE COLOR WAS WHITE ON DARK BLUE.
RAILROADS IN IOWA 1860
The railroad in the state, with the number of miles completed, are as follows.
Dubuque and Pacific 46 miles
Dubuque and Western 35 miles
Chicago, Iowa and Nebraska from Clinton to Cedar Rapids 82 miles
Mississippi and Missouri from Davenport to Iowa City 56 miles
Mississippi and Missouri from Davenport to Muscatine 41 miles
Mississippi and Missouri from Muscatine to Washington 40 miles
Muscatine and Tipton 13 miles
Burlington and Missouri 75 miles
Keokuk and Des Moines 40 miles
Keokuk and Mount Pleasant 30 miles
Average income $2,126.00
New Car $ 295.00
New House $7,400.00
Loaf of bread $ 0.09
Gallon of gas $ 0.12
Gallon of milk $ 0.56
STORIES OF INTEREST
WORLD NEWS IN 1923
Decline of German Mark called Desperate
Rare Treasures found in Tut‟s Tomb
Sahara Desert crossed by Automobile for the First Time
Britain Launches the X-1 Submarine, The Largest Vessel of Its Kind
Nazi Party Hold First Congress in Munich
U. S. Troops are Withdrawn from Germany.
NATIONAL NEWS 1923
First Non-stop Flight made Across County in 27 Hours
President Harding dies from Stroke
“Dancing until you drop” contests are the rage
Oklahoma Uses Martial Law Against KKK
First Sound – On – Film movie show using Phonofillm
Teapot dome Scandal disclosures Begin.
The Weekly New Magazine “Time” is Founded in New York.
Average income $2,126.00
New Car $ 295.00
New House $7,400.00
Loaf of bread $ 0.09
Gallon of gas $ 0.12
Gallon of milk $ 0.56
What’s old in Cedar County?
BLACK HISTORY MONTH
A HISTORY OF LIVING 1836 – 1980
DONALD FRANKLIN STOUT
DOROTHY JEAN MILLER STOUT
The Negro immigration to Cedar Co. was a flow difficult to comprehend and nigh
impossible to document. The 1870 census listed 42 Negros and then only 3 years later in 1873
the total had dropped dramatically to 19.
The colored people in Cedar seemed to fall into the categories of laborers and domestic
help with none or only few years of schooling. There were a few exceptions, one being Frank
“Kinney” Holbrook who was without peer as a football player at Tipton High School. On 9-
17-1895 Frank Holbrook went to Iowa City with other students from Tipton, where he enrolled
at the university. In October 1895, he won a position on the SUI (Iowa Hawkeye) football
team, the first freshman who ever made the varsity. He continued to become one of the great
Negro football players of Iowa.
Dan Young was a former slave and through diligent efforts acquired a 40-acre farm
across from the Masonic Cemetery. The balance of his estate of $5,000.00 was gifted to the
Piney Wood County Life School at Braxton, Mississippi. His Tombstone is inscribed “Born a
Slave, Died a Man”.
S. R. Grubbs, a young man from Sugar Creek township. Was the first colored man to
serve on a petit jury in Cedar County in February 1874. In 1889, he received a government
patent for a fence guard.
George Lewis was in constant demand by the ladies of Tipton for his house cleaning
abilities especially at house cleaning time. He gave the major portion of his estate to the
Booker T. Washington Institute at Tuskegee, Alabama.
Thomas W. Jenkins. In his early years, he fled from the south after an argument where
he whipped his master in an argument. The flight was made during the nighttime with the
North Star as a guide, hiding in corn fields during the day and eating raw corn, reaching
Springdale in November 1859. His tombstone inscribed “Uncle Tom – Thomas W. Jerkins –
Called as a Slave „Richard Lewis‟ – Died 12-9-1902 – Aged 83 years.”
Frederick Douglass lectured at the Congregational Church on 4-19-1867, tickets were 50
cents. Many of the early day Negroes in Tipton attended the Congregational Church. In pre-
Civil War days and during the war, it was sometimes referred to as “the wooly church” and the
pastor “ a black abolitionist”. Some of the white members Father Daniels, Dr. Maynard, Ethan
Smith, S. P. Daniels and others had seen service on the “underground railroad”. This church
seemed to attract the causes that were shunned by other churches.
In July 1866, Alexander White working in a Mechanicsville livery stable at a prior agreed
upon wage after a period of time decided to go else where and asked for his wages. To his
surprise he was informed y his employers that there was nothing due to him. White, a plucky
man, convinced that he had shaken off the shackles of slavery, promptly hauled the pair to a
justice of the peace. Confident of their importance, the defendant requested a trail by jury
which they received, but the verdict was in favor of White. This was the first instance in which
a Negro had been a plaintiff in a suit in Cedar County. As the final coup-de-grace, the
defendant‟s attorney told them the verdict was no surprise to him, for he had no confidence in
men who would hide in the mountains to avoid serving their country in time of war.
Copperheads with their natural resentment of Negro freedom, were not as uncommon in Cedar
County as you might think.
Fun and Games:
CIVIL WAR TRIVIA
1. When did U. S. Grant quit trimming his beard and for a short time permitted it to grow
2. Of the many signals transmitted to cavalry units by buglers, which one alerts them for
march or combat?
3. What engagement is generally considered to have been Robert E. Lees‟ final offensive of
4. How many guns were expected to be fired as a salute to the U.S. flag when Fort Sumter
5. What milk product, patented in 1856, became an important part of the Union Soldiers‟
6. From what site was the last large Federal land campaign launched?
7. Jefferson David regarded what site in his home state as The Gibraltar of the West”?
8. Where did Joseph E. Johnston, S.C.A. surrender his army to William Tecumseh Sherman,
THE FATTENING DEFINITIONS
1. A famous swashbuckling trio of old
2. Elmer Fudd‟s sleight of hand or magical maneuvers
3. Usually on the back of domesticated, large, solid-hoofed, herbivorous mammals
4. A broad, luminous, irregular band of astral lights that encompasses the stellar sphere.
5. Crimson-color libidinous craving
6. a celestial body fourth in order from the sun, conspicuous for the redness of it light
7. Author William Sidney Porter‟s pseudonym
8. Multiple expressions of mirth, joy, or scorn in a covert or suppressed manner
9. An idiom, used singularly, employed to describe one whose dexterous deficiency denies
proficiency in getting a grip on goods
10. Possessive clone alphabetical characters
11. name of a renowned baseball player
12. Celebrated street in the Big Apple
13. Labial Massage
14. The 24-hour part of the week set aside to compensate for labor or toil
15. A sluggish jab
16. Ebony-colored country critter
17. Lactic flogs
18. The jubilant sensation of an ellipsoidal and edible nut
19. Label on the body bag containing the remains collected after a cat named “Reese” was
run over by a mower.
20. To rotate several members of the cylindrical-shaped component to the vowel family
1. There are four words in the English language that don‟t rhyme with anything – what are
they? Month, orange, silver and purple
2. On a keyboard what is the longest word that can be typed using only the letters on one
3. What is the only word in the English language that ends with the letters “mt”? Dreamt
4. What is the longest word in the English language that can be typed on a keyboard with
only the left-hand? Stewardesses
5. What is the longest word in the English language that can by typed on the keyboard with
only the right-hand? Lollipop
Answer the questions with the name of a Flower
1. What was she? American beauty
2. What color were her eyes? Violet
3. What did she call him? Sweet William
4. What was her name? Rose, Violet, or Lily
5. How did he propose to her? Aster
6. With what did he seal his proposal? Tulips
7. Whose consent did they have to have? Poppy
8. What kind of candy did he bring her? Candy Tuft
9. What did her former boyfriend say? Forget – Me – Not
10. What kind of life did they expect? Heart of Ease
11. What did her former sweetheart hear? Blue Bells
12. What time were they married? Four O‟clock
13. Who married them? Jack in the Pulpit
14. What didn‟t the groom have anymore? Bachelor Buttons
15. What color was her dress? Pinks
16. What flowers did she have? Bridal Wreath
17. What did they throw after her? Lady Slipper
18. What kind of LOVE did they expect? Everlasting
Answers to Civil War Trivia
1. When he was made Colonel of the Twenty-first Illinois in June 1861.
2. “Boots and Saddles”
3. Fort Stedman, Virginia, March 29,1865
4. One hundred, but the firing stopped after the fiftieth gun exploded
5. Gail Borden‟s condensed milk
6. Fort Morgan, Alabama
7. Vicksburg, Mississippi
8. Durham Station, North Carolina, seven miles West of today‟s Durham, April 26,1865
Stop by and learn more about your past. For more information call Yvonne Gregory at
563-946-3551 or Ms. Mollys at 563-886-6288.
What could be going on upstairs? The woodworks off, doors are removed and the ceiling
is coming down!!!!