SEVENTH DAY ADVENTIST CHURCH

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					                                                                                    Adventist Church
                                                                                    Seventh-day
                                                  An open Bible, a cross, and the
                                                  burning flame of the Holy Spirit is
                                                  the symbol of the Adventist Church.




SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTIST CHURCH

The Seventh-day Adventist Church was born out of a movement influenced by the
writings of William Miller (1782-1849), an American Baptist lay leader. The writings of
Ellen White, a second key figure, are also highly regarded by Church members. The
movement, commonly called the Adventist Church, is regarded as a Christian movement
with some unique beliefs and the Christian Bible is the key holy book of the faith.


The movement has a worldwide membership of approximately 15 million people in over
two hundred countries and territories that are ethnically and culturally diverse.


This Church, commonly known as the Adventist Church, has always taken a special
interest in health concerns, including playing a major role in health research.


Clergy are called pastors.


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Summary of Essential Practice Points:
Please refer to the full text of the highlighted points related to the following summary points.




         Profile of the Seventh-day                                    Cleaning and touching the body:
    1    Adventist Church in Ireland:                            5
About 20% of Adventist members are Irish and                     The normal washing and preparation procedure
other large numbers of members come from                         can be carried out.
African countries, Brazil and the Philippines. Some
Adventist congregations are led by pastors from
Minority Ethnic Communities, and some services                   6     Initiation ritual/infant baptism:
are in Romanian and Portuguese.
                                                                 Baptism, the initiation ritual common to Christian
                                                                 traditions, is conducted by full immersion after the
         Religious contacts and religious                        age of accountability. Therefore, baptism of infants
    2    practices:                                              is not practised even in the case of imminent threat
                                                                 to life.
The contact details for all Adventist clergy in Ireland
are available at the website address at the end of
the section. While Adventists restrict activity during
the weekly Sabbath (similar to Jewish observance),
clergy will be available as needed.


    3    Food and the content of medicine:

Adventists avoid unclean foods:

•       Adventists are likely to follow a vegetarian or
        vegan diet and not consume alcohol. Food
        needs should be clarified with the person.

•       Jewish kosher rules may apply to medicines
        and these should be free of gelatine, blood
        and pig products. If no alternative is available
        the person should be informed so that they
        can make an informed decision.


    4    Death-related religious rituals:

In times of critical illness or imminent death an
Adventist pastor should be called so that the person
and family can receive the spiritual support that
they need.




                                                           196
Profile of the Seventh-day                                      develop a local Adventist contact for religious
Adventist Church in Ireland                                     services for members and relationship
                                                                building with the community.

                                                            •   The person is likely to wish to see an
The Seventh-day Adventist Church has had a
                                                                Adventist pastor for religious and spiritual
presence in Ireland since the late 1800s.
                                                                support.


 Essential Practice Point
                                              1             •   Adventists observe Saturday as their
                                                                weekly Sabbath (from Friday sunset to
                                                                Saturday sunset) and restrict activity during
                                                                this time. Adventist clergy will be available
 Adventist representatives indicate that the                    as needed.
 Church has approximately 500 members in the
                                                            •   The Adventist Church, relatively speaking,
 Irish State and has a number of congregations
                                                                places less emphasis on religious
 throughout the country. About 20% of members
                                                                ceremony, rituals and symbols. The
 are Irish and the other large numbers of members
                                                                Sacrament of Holy Communion, common
 come from African countries, Brazil, and the
                                                                in many Christian churches, is usually
 Philippines. All congregations are of mixed
                                                                administered by an Adventist pastor or
 ethnicity, some are led by pastors from Minority
                                                                lay elder of the church. If the sacrament is
 Ethnic Communities and some services are held
                                                                administered by clergy from another church
 in the Portuguese and Romanian languages.
                                                                wine must be non-alcoholic, for example
                                                                pure grape juice.


Care of the ill                                            Food and the content of medicine

Beliefs about the treatment of illness
                                                            Essential Practice Point
                                                                                                          3
Adventists emphasise the relationship between
spirit, body and mind and place importance on the
well-being of the whole person.                             •   Adventists, similar to Jews, avoid unclean
                                                                foods. Adventist representatives indicate
Religious contacts and religious                                that followers are more likely to follow a
                                                                vegetarian or vegan diet and not consume
practices
                                                                alcohol. A kosher diet (as in Judaism) is not
                                                                likely to be requested. Food needs should

 Essential Practice Point
                                              2                 be clarified with the person.

                                                            •   Kosher rules may apply to medicines and
                                                                these should be free of gelatine, blood and
 •    The contact details for all Adventist clergy              pig products. If no alternative is available
      in Ireland are available at the website                   the person should be informed so that they
      address at the end of the section. This can               can make an informed decision.
      be used to



                                                     197
Ablutions and washing                                       Postmortem requirements

Some Adventists may request water for washing               There is no religious objection to postmortem.
before the Sabbath, sunset Friday to sunset
Saturday.                                                   Interment ritual

Blood Transfusion and Organ                                 Both burial and cremation are acceptable generally.
Transplantation

There are no religious objections to these                  Religious Icons and Symbols
procedures.

                                                            Personal and religious items
Care of the dying
                                                            Adventists may carry a copy of the Christian
                                                            Bible, while there are no other particular items of
Death-related religious rituals                             a religious nature worn by members.

                                                            Use of religious symbols
 Essential Practice Point
                                              4
                                                            •   A plain cross is appropriate in the mortuary
                                                                area.
 •   In times of critical illness or imminent death
                                                            •   It is not appropriate to display a crucifix,
     an Adventist pastor should be called so
                                                                images of Mary (the Mother of Jesus), saints
     that the person and family can receive the
                                                                or icons from other traditions in a mortuary
     spiritual support that they need.
                                                                area where a deceased Adventist is laid out.
 •   Family may request that the pastor anoint
                                                            •   Candles are not necessary.
     the person which comprises a short
     ceremony including the placing of a small
     amount of oil on the forehead, a prayer and
     a short reading.


Cleaning and touching the body


 Essential Practice Point
                                              5

 The normal washing and preparation procedure
 can be carried out.




                                                      198
Additional Notes on Maternity                                     Developing an Seventh-day
and Paediatric Care                                               Adventist Church Contact

Initiation ritual/infant baptism                                  Adventist clergy:
                                                                  The names and contact details of Adventist clergy
                                                                  in Ireland are available at the website address
    Essential Practice Point
                                                   6              www.irish.adventistchurch.ie/congregations

                                                                  For information contact:
                                                                  Irish Mission Office, 9 Newry Road, Banbridge,
    Baptism, the initiation ritual common to Christian
                                                                  County Down, BT32 3HF.
    traditions, is conducted by full immersion after
                                                                  Tel: (from the Republic of Ireland) 0044 28406 26361
    the age of accountability, preceded by instruction
    and a personal acceptance of Christian teaching.
    Therefore, baptism of infants is not practised
    even in the case of imminent threat to life.
                                                                  Contributors

Foetal, infant and child death                                    Pastor Douglas McCormack, former Pastor for
                                                                  the Dublin and Drogheda areas, provided the
•      There are no particular religious requirements             initial information for the section. Pastor David
       in relation to foetal death and stillbirth. The            Neal, President, Irish Mission Office reviewed and
       pastor will be willing to lead a ritual or service         approved the final version.
       if requested by the family.

•      Normally a service is held for other infants
       and children, while the nature of the service
       depends on the age of the child and the
       parents’ wishes.


Memento of a deceased child

There are no restrictions on giving a memento of
a child.




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