Eli Whitney The cotton gin invented a could do the work machine that of 50 people; could cotton could now separate be grown at a cotton seeds huge profit. from fibers. Planters Slavery spread needed new further throughout land and the south. began to move west. Conditions In other areas for growing southerners raised cotton were rice, sugar cane, limited to tobacco, and certain areas livestock in the south. Rich planters Southern industry invested in remained small land and scale. slaves. The south Southerners depended on resented their the North dependency on and Europe the North. for almost all of its manufactured goods. Cotton gin – Machine that separated cotton seeds from cotton fibers. Cotton Kingdom – area in which cotton was the major crop, from South Carolina to Texas. Southerners found planting cotton in the same soil year after year wore out the soil.