Docstoc

bl

Document Sample
bl Powered By Docstoc
					            THE BRITISH LIBRARY



Open Access Institutional Repositories –
Leadership, Direction & Launch

January 26, 2005
AGENDA



 Conclusion
 British Library’s Role In Research
 Information Chain, Trends & Open Access
 British Library Open Access Projects
 Conclusion Revisited
CONCLUSION



 BL Has a UK Statutory Responsibility To Collect, Preserve & Provide Long Term Access
    To Research Information
   Open Access Models (Institutional Repositories Specifically) are Still Emerging,
    Developing & Maturing
   We Must Consider All Segments Of the Information Chain When Developing Policy For
    Institutional Repositories
   The BL Is Working On A Number Of Pilot & Experimental Projects To Explore Different
    Models For Open Access Publishing
   We Are Seeking Partners For Collaborative Projects To Share Expertise, Risks & Costs
    Of Experimentation
AGENDA



 Conclusion
 British Library’s Role In Research
 Information Chain, Trends & Open Access
 British Library Open Access Projects
 Conclusion Revisited
THE 10-YEAR SCIENCE & INNOVATION INVESTMENT
FRAMEWORK – E-INFRASTRUCTURE

“The growing UK research base must have ready and efficient
access to information of all kinds…This is the life blood of
research and innovation.

The Government will therefore work with interested funders
and stakeholders to consider the national e-infrastructure
(hardware, networks, communications technology) necessary
to deliver an effective system. These funders and stakeholders
include the British Library, which plays an important role in
supporting scientific research and potential, including
providing benefits to smaller business in the UK through
access to science, engineering and technology information
sources”
                       Science & Innovation investment framework 2004-2014
             THE BRITISH LIBRARY

                                                                         Accommodation for >1200 readers
National library of the UK, established by                               at St Pancras and the largest
the British Library Act 1972                                             document supply service in the
                                                                         world



Renowned internationally as one of the                                   Generates value to the UK economy
world’s leading research libraries                                       each year of 4.4 times public funding




Over 250 years of collecting. Beneficiary                                Receives £85m a year in Grant-in-aid
of legal deposit, and £14.9m annual                                      from DCMS; earned annual trading
acquisitions budget. ~150m items in many                                 income in 2002/03 of £27m
formats


                                              Helping people advance
Serves researchers, business, libraries,                                  63% of users are academics. 80%
                                             knowledge to enrich lives
education and the general public                                          of the UK’s top R&D companies are
                                                                          BL customers
    UNIQUE FEATURES OF THE BRITISH LIBRARY

             The British Library is the only organisation with a statutory public good remit to collect, preserve and
 Remit       provide long-term access to research information for the whole of the UK
             We are guardians of the scientific intellectual property generated by others – we do not generate intellectual
             property

             Have by far the largest collection of information in UK, reflecting 250 years of unbroken collecting
             Beneficiary of UK legal deposit and UK’s biggest purchaser of material
Collection   Collect all published formats, including both print and digital. In addition to journals and books, have
             largest collection of patents, conference proceedings and theses in world
             Collect from all types of sources from UK and overseas, including commercial publishers, non-profit learned
             societies etc
             Collect across all disciplines, including Science/Technology/Medicine, Social Sciences, and Arts &
             Humanities

             Unparalleled range of information services including:
                World’s largest remote supplier of research material
                Through reading rooms provide unparalleled access to breadth of resources, including print and digital
                sources
Services
AGENDA



 Conclusion
 British Library’s Role In Research
 Information Chain, Trends & Open Access
 British Library Open Access Projects
 Conclusion Revisited
                 THE INFORMATION CHAIN – KEY PLAYERS
                                                                                                                                                           The British Library’s
                                                                                                                                                           role


                                        Submission
             Knowledge                                               Certification/                                           Dissemin-
                                        and                                                       Production                                           Aggregation
             creation                                                peer review                                              ation
                                        accreditation

                Researchers            Researchers                  Referees (expert             Publishers                 Publishers                 Libraries
                                       Publishers                   researchers)                 Printers                   Intermediaries             Intermediaries (e.g., e-
                                                                                                 Database managers                                     communities)
                                                                                                                                                       Booksellers



                                     Enabling               Rights
            Storage &                                                             Enabling                Interpret-                                     Resource
                                     resource               manage-                                                               Research
            preservation                                                          access                  ation                                          usage
                                     discovery              ment


             National libraries     A&I services            Libraries               Libraries              Researchers             Researchers             Researchers
             Library consortia      Intermediaries          Publishers              Publishers             Libraries (curators)    Research services
                                    (e.g., Google)          Intermediaries          Intermed-iaries        Education organisations
                                    Libraries               DRM software cos.

* Note that (a) in reality this is not a simple linear process, and (b) the process varies somewhat by format of information (e.g. data is different from a journal article)
AGGREGATION - TRENDS


    Number Of Scientific Publications Worldwide
                                                              Aggregation

600,000




500,000




400,000
      1985           1990               1995           2000
             Science and Engineering Indicators 2002
                  National Science Foundation
AGGREGATION – OPEN ACCESS ISSUES


 Where/Who Do We Collect From?                             Aggregation

       Institutional Repositories
       Discipline Based Repositories
       Open Access Journals
       Traditional Publishers
   Authentic Copy & Duplication
       Preprints
       Author Versions
       Persistent Identifiers For Open Access Resources?
   What Should We Collect?
       Text
       Data
       Other Media
                 THE INFORMATION CHAIN – KEY PLAYERS
                                                                                                                                                           The British Library’s
                                                                                                                                                           role


                                        Submission
             Knowledge                                               Certification/                                           Dissemin-
                                        and                                                       Production                                           Aggregation
             creation                                                peer review                                              ation
                                        accreditation

                Researchers            Researchers                  Referees (expert             Publishers                 Publishers                 Libraries
                                       Publishers                   researchers)                 Printers                   Intermediaries             Intermediaries (e.g., e-
                                                                                                 Database managers                                     communities)
                                                                                                                                                       Booksellers



                                     Enabling               Rights
            Storage &                                                             Enabling                Interpret-                                     Resource
                                     resource               manage-                                                               Research
            preservation                                                          access                  ation                                          usage
                                     discovery              ment


             National libraries     A&I services            Libraries               Libraries              Researchers             Researchers             Researchers
             Library consortia      Intermediaries          Publishers              Publishers             Libraries (curators)    Research services
                                    (e.g., Google)          Intermediaries          Intermed-iaries        Education organisations
                                    Libraries               DRM software cos.

* Note that (a) in reality this is not a simple linear process, and (b) the process varies somewhat by format of information (e.g. data is different from a journal article)
STORAGE & PRESERVATION - TRENDS
UC Berkeley School of Information Management & Systems.
    New Stored Information Grew 30%/Year Between 1999 and 2002.          Storage &
    92% Of New Information Is Stored On Magnetic Media                   Preservation

    Email Generates 400 Petabytes (10^15) Of New Information Each Year



                           World Computer Disk Storage 1990 – 1999
                                       Michael Lesk
STORAGE & PRESERVATION – OPEN ACCESS ISSUES


                                                             Storage &
   Who Is Responsible For Long Term Preservation & Access?   preservation
       Funding
       Metadata For Long Term Preservation
       Migration/Emulation When Necessary
   Can Any Quantity Of Material Be Placed In A Repository?
       Current Publishing Process Filters Material
       Text & Data?
       Who Decides, Financial Constraint?
   Links To Other Resources
       Who Will Maintain Links?
       Will Links Persist Over The Long Term?
           Trusted Repositories?
                 THE INFORMATION CHAIN – KEY PLAYERS
                                                                                                                                                           The British Library’s
                                                                                                                                                           role


                                        Submission
             Knowledge                                               Certification/                                           Dissemin-
                                        and                                                       Production                                           Aggregation
             creation                                                peer review                                              ation
                                        accreditation

                Researchers            Researchers                  Referees (expert             Publishers                 Publishers                 Libraries
                                       Publishers                   researchers)                 Printers                   Intermediaries             Intermediaries (e.g., e-
                                                                                                 Database managers                                     communities)
                                                                                                                                                       Booksellers



            Storage,
                                     Enabling               Rights
            preservation                                                          Enabling                Interpret-                                     Resource
                                     resource               manage-                                                               Research
            & conserv-                                                            access                  ation                                          usage
                                     discovery              ment
            ation

             National libraries     A&I services            Libraries               Libraries              Researchers             Researchers             Researchers
             Library consortia      Intermediaries          Publishers              Publishers             Libraries (curators)    Research services
                                    (e.g., Google)          Intermediaries          Intermed-iaries        Education organisations
                                    Libraries               DRM software cos.

* Note that (a) in reality this is not a simple linear process, and (b) the process varies somewhat by format of information (e.g. data is different from a journal article)
                 ENABLING RESOURCE DISCOVERY - TRENDS

             Crossref
                   Passes 10 Million DOIs in January 2004
                                                                                   Enabling
                   265 Publishers, 218 Libraries, 36 Vendors                       resource
                                                                                   discovery

      Methods For Finding Scientific Articles
60%



40%                                                            Citations Linkage
                                                               Online Search
                                                               Colleagues
20%                                                            Browsing Journals


0%
  1990           1995                2000

                                       Various Sources
RESOURCE DISCOVERY – OPEN ACCESS ISSUES


                                                                               Enabling
                                                                               resource
    Search                                                                     discovery
        Will Author Provided Metadata Create An Effective Search Experience?
        Will Distributed Search Work With Author Provided Metadata?
        Can Full Text Be Harvested From Repositories?
        Will All Repositories Use The Same Standards, Formats, Retrieval
        Mechanisms?
        Should We Just Use Google?
    Links To Find Additional Resources
        How Are Links To Other Resources Created And Maintained?
        Should These Resources Be Harvested As Well?
                 THE INFORMATION CHAIN – KEY PLAYERS
                                                                                                                                                           The British Library’s
                                                                                                                                                           role


                                        Submission
             Knowledge                                               Certification/                                           Dissemin-
                                        and                                                       Production                                           Aggregation
             creation                                                peer review                                              ation
                                        accreditation

                Researchers            Researchers                  Referees (expert             Publishers                 Publishers                 Libraries
                                       Publishers                   researchers)                 Printers                   Intermediaries             Intermediaries (e.g., e-
                                                                                                 Database managers                                     communities)
                                                                                                                                                       Booksellers



            Storage,
                                     Enabling               Rights
            preservation                                                          Enabling                Interpret-                                     Resource
                                     resource               manage-                                                               Research
            & conserv-                                                            access                  ation                                          usage
                                     discovery              ment
            ation

             National libraries     A&I services            Libraries               Libraries              Researchers             Researchers             Researchers
             Library consortia      Intermediaries          Publishers              Publishers             Libraries (curators)    Research services
                                    (e.g., Google)          Intermediaries          Intermed-iaries        Education organisations
                                    Libraries               DRM software cos.

* Note that (a) in reality this is not a simple linear process, and (b) the process varies somewhat by format of information (e.g. data is different from a journal article)
RIGHTS MANAGEMENT – OPEN ACCESS ISSUES


                                                                        Rights
                                                                            manage
   What Licencing Regime Will Be Used For Institutional Repositories?       -ment
     Who Owns IP & Can The Content Be Reused?
         Text
         Data
     Do ‘Open-Access’ Sources Always Allow Unfettered Harvesting,
     Preservation & Access?
     Document Supply & Other Secondary Business Models?
         Can Open Access Materials Be Redistributed?
         Can Operational Costs Be Recovered?
                 THE INFORMATION CHAIN – KEY PLAYERS
                                                                                                                                                           The British Library’s
                                                                                                                                                           role


                                        Submission
             Knowledge                                               Certification/                                           Dissemin-
                                        and                                                       Production                                           Aggregation
             creation                                                peer review                                              ation
                                        accreditation

                Researchers            Researchers                  Referees (expert             Publishers                 Publishers                 Libraries
                                       Publishers                   researchers)                 Printers                   Intermediaries             Intermediaries (e.g., e-
                                                                                                 Database managers                                     communities)
                                                                                                                                                       Booksellers



            Storage,
                                     Enabling               Rights
            preservation                                                          Enabling                Interpret-                                     Resource
                                     resource               manage-                                                               Research
            & conserv-                                                            access                  ation                                          usage
                                     discovery              ment
            ation

             National libraries     A&I services            Libraries               Libraries              Researchers             Researchers             Researchers
             Library consortia      Intermediaries          Publishers              Publishers             Libraries (curators)    Research services
                                    (e.g., Google)          Intermediaries          Intermed-iaries        Education organisations
                                    Libraries               DRM software cos.

* Note that (a) in reality this is not a simple linear process, and (b) the process varies somewhat by format of information (e.g. data is different from a journal article)
ENABLING ACCESS - TRENDS

          Number Of Authors For Mathematics Papers
                                                                                 Enabling
100%                                                                                access

75%                                            One Author

                                               Two Authors
50%
                                               Three or more     The future of scientific
25%                                            Authors          communication – Andrew
                                                                        Odlzko
 0%
   1940         1960       1980       2000


 Driven By Specialised Knowledge
 Better Communication Channels
 Researchers Have More Opportunities & Methods To Collaborate
 All Disciplines?
ENABLING ACCESS – OPEN ACCESS ISSUES


                                                                           Enabling
  Locating Sources                                                            access

     Is There A Comprehensive List Of Institutional Repositories?
     Who Maintains?
  Should A Distributed Search Service Be Created For These Institutional
  Repositories?
  How Does This Content Relate To Other Repositories & Traditional
  Publishers?
  Should We Create A Persistent Identifier Scheme For Open Access
  Publications?
THE INFORMATION CHAIN – SUMMARY


  Open Access Models Still Evolving
  It Remains Unclear How Several Parts Of The Information Chain Are
  Going To Work
  More Information Sources Will Likely Give Rise To Less Conformance To
  Standards
  How Are We Going To Create More Structured, Standards Based
  Resources That Researchers Can Actually Use?
AGENDA



 Conclusion
 British Library’s Role In Research
 Information Chain, Trends & Open Access
 British Library Open Access Projects
 Conclusion Revisited
COLLABORTIVE OPEN ACCESS PROJECTS



  Sherpa
     Repository For The Unaffiliated Researcher
  Preserv – Led By Southampton University
     To Build and Test an Exemplar OAI-based Preservation Service.
  eTheses
     Creating a National Resource for Electronic Theses
  Digital Preservation Projects
  Metadata Projects
  Digitisation Projects
AGENDA



 Conclusion
 British Library’s Role In Research
 Information Chain, Trends & Open Access
 British Library Open Access Projects
 Conclusion Revisited
CONCLUSION


 BL Has a UK Statutory Responsibility To Collect, Preserve &
Provide Long Term Access To Research Information
 Open Access Models (Institutional Repositories Specifically) are
Still Emerging, Developing & Maturing
 We Must Consider All Segments Of the Information Chain When
Developing Policy For Institutional Repositories
 The BL Is Working On A Number Of Pilot & Experimental Projects
To Explore Different Models For Open Access Publishing
 We Are Seeking Partners For Collaborative Projects To Share
Expertise, Risks & Costs Of Experimentation

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Stats:
views:7
posted:3/23/2010
language:English
pages:27