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					       Stage 16

    Pluperfect Tense
 How to Form Questions
A Palace for a British King
• 1. From the remains discovered in the
  area of the stonemasons, how do we
  know that the house in Fishbourne was
  very expensive to build?
• 2. What did the smiths contribute to the
  construction of the house?
      Check your answers:
• 1. So many craftsmen lived on the site
  for many years.
• 2. The smiths contributed floors of
  marble and colored stone what had
  been imported from quarries in Italy, a
  Greek island, Asia Minor, and
  elsewhere. Smiths contributed foor-
  hinges, handles, and bolts.
Translate and use the pluperfect
 tense of verbs 1.1
 Form various sorts of questions
 Translate vocabulary from the
 Stage checklists; identify, define,
 and provide concomitant English
 derivatives 1.1; 1.2; 3.1; 3.2; 4.1;
         Check Homework
• The Palace at Fishbourne
• 1. In excavations, what 3 things have been
  found that date back to the time of the Roman
• Remains of earlier wooden buildings
• A granary
• Pieces of metal and a helmet
• Roads
        Check Homework
• 2. Whose soldiers might have been
• Roman soldiers - Second Legion,
  commanded by Vespasian
• 3. What had these soldiers
• Building a harbor when supply ships
• Roads, buildings
         Check Homework
8. List 7 jobs for the Italian craftsmen in
Makers of mosaics, marble-workers,
  plasterers, painters, carpenters, iron-
  smiths, hydraulic engineers to construct
  the fountains,
9. Where was this work carried out?
On the site itself
        Check Homework
• The Palace Gardens
• 1. How were the gardens similar to the
• Planned, laid out, and decorated in the
  most fashionable Italian style
         Check Homework
• 2. No matter who the owner was, what was
  the goal in the construction of Fishbourne
• To be as Roman as possible
• 4. What could have been found growing in
  the bedding trenches that edged the 2 lawns?
• Laom and crushed chalk where shrubs and
  flowers such as roses would probably have
  been planted
         Check homework
• 5. What do the deep-set post holes
  suggest about the eastern side of the
• Support for fruit trees and climbing
• 8. What other elaborate features did the
  gardens have?
• Small marble and bronze statues for
  decoration, paths, drains
         Agenda for Today
• Instruction from Stage 16: Pluperfect
  Tense; Questions; A Palace for a British
                 Participation Grade # 2
                     (Pages 78, 80, 81)
           (2nd half of every set of exercises)

Homework Grade # 1 due
   (Questions to Stage 16)
     Head a Sheet of Paper
• Class work # 2
• Pages 78, 80, 81
  Page 78 - Pluperfect Tense
• Copy #4 in Section C.
• Locate the verbs. Underline the two verbs.
• Circle the subject of the main verb.
• Box in the relative pronoun that is the subject
  in the relative clause.
• Translate.
• 4. Belimicus, qui navem amiserat,
  iratissimus erat.
       Check your answer.
• 4. Belimicus, qui navem amiserat,
  iratissimus erat.
• Circle Belimicus. Box qui.
• Belimicus, who had lost his ship, was
  very angry.

• Now translate # 5.
• Salvius me punivit, quod e villa
       Check your answer
• 5. Salvius me punivit, quod e villa
• Salvius (has) punished me because I
  had fled from the house.
• Punivit = perfect tense
• Fugeram = pluperfect tense
       Page 80 - Questions
• Translate # 4 and # 5.
• Check with a partner after you translate
       Page 80 - Questions
• 4. Bregans isn’t working, is he? (num
  expects a NO answer)
• 5. The king has given that dog to you,
  hasn’t he? (nonne expects a YES
     More Practice, page 81
• Section A: Review Relative Clause from
  the previous Stage 15.
• Copy, select the correct choice of verb,
  and then translate # 6:
• Tu, qui ursam (tractaveras, tractaverat),
  non timebas.
• (Hint: tu is singular) (tu is 2nd person)
    Page 81, Section A, # 6
• Tu, qui ursam (tractaveras,
  tractaverat), non timebas.
• You, who had (dragged) handled the
  bear, were not afraid.
     More Practice, Page 81
• Determine what case, nominative or dative,
  for each noun missing. Copy & write the
  noun that completes the sentence.
• Nominative = subject
• Dative = indirect object; object of certain
• 3. Rex _____ non favebat. Cog Britannis
  vinum pessimum obtulit.
• The king did not favor the Britains. Cog
  offered very bad wine to the Britons.
         Check your answer
• 3. Rex _____ non favebat. Cog Britannis
  vinum pessimum obtulit.
• Britannis - dative with special verbs
• Now complete # 4 -
• 4. Multi ____ erant irati. Mox Britanni et ____
  inter se pugnabant.
• Many Britons were angry. Soon the Britons
  and Romans were fighting among
        Check your answer
• 4. Multi ____ erant irati. Mox Britanni et
  ____ inter se pugnabant.
• Britanni - plural subject (nominative)
• Romani - plural subject (nominative)
  Final Practice, Workbooks
• Page 38 - Number 1-8. Label the page
• I will read out a question in Latin.
• Listen carefully.
• Write the correct answer.
• Translate the correct answer.
  Workbooks, 16.8 (nonne,
• 1. Num servi laborant?
• 2. Nonne Cog senex est?
• 3. Num pueri amphoram portare
• 4. Nonne equus regem delectat?
        Workbooks, page 38
• 1. Num servi laborant? BBBBB
• Minime, servi non laborant. No, the slaves are
  not working.
• 2. Nonne Cog senex est? AAAAAA
• Yes, Cog is an old man.
• 3. Num pueri amphoram portare possunt?
• Minime, amphora gravis est. No, the jar is heavy.
• 4. Nonne equus regem delectat? AAAAAA
• Ita vero, equus regem delectat. Yes, the horse
  pleased the king.
• I can/cannot tell the difference between
  perfect and pluperfect.

• I will read a sentence to you.
• Number from 1-5.
  each number.
• 1. Rufilla ancillas LAUDAVERAT.
• 2. Cog multos flores ex Italia
• 3. Cog Quintum per hortum duxit.
• 4. Belimicus navem in certamine navali
• 5. Dumnorix cachinnans Belimicum
•   1. Rufilla ancillas LAUDAVERAT.
• Pluperfect - had praised Rufilla had praised the slave-girls.
•   2. Cog multos flores ex Italia IMPORTAVERAT.
• Pluperfect - had imported Cog had imported many flowers
    from Italy.
•   3. Cog Quintum per hortum duxit.
• Perfect - led Cog led Quintus through the garden.
•   4. Belimicus navem in certamine navali amiserat.
• Pluperfect - had lost - Belimicus had lost his ship in the naval
•   5. Dumnorix cachinnans Belimicum derisit.
• Perfect - mocked - Smiling Dumnorix mocked Belimicus.
       Preview of December
• In December you will translate:
• The Model Sentences, pages 72-73
• Belimicus Ultor, page 74 - about a dancing
  bear and why it was a gift
• Rex Spectaculum Dat, pages 75-76 - what
  happened at the dinner with the dancing bear
• Quintus De Se, p.79 - Quintus speaks about
• Cogidubnus and Vespasian, p.82 - Cog is
  telling Quintus about his life
            Extra time?
• Look at the Model Sentences, pages
• 1. Cog was leading Quintus through the
  palace. In the palace were many
  pictures, which a Greek painter had
• 2. The king led the young man into the
  garden. In the garden weremany
  flowers which Cog had imported from
     Model Sentences, p.72
• 3. Then they came to the atrium. In the
  middle of the atrium was a marble
  fountain, which Roman craftsmen had
• 4. The king and his guests were dining
  in the palace. The dinner, which Greek
  cooks had prepared, was excellent.
  Slaves placed a big egg on the table.
 Model Sentences, p.72,p.73
• 5. Out of the egg, which the slaves had
  placed on the table, appeared a
• 6. Then the dwarfs, whom the king had
  bought in Italy, entered. The dwarfs
  were throwing/juggling balls.
• Study the vocabulary for Stage 16.
  There will be a quiz. (November 10th)
• Review your class work on the
  – Pluperfect tense
  – Relative clauses
  – Ways to ask questions in Latin
  – The Palace fit for a king

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