Horticulture by Levone

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									               Horticulture
Unit 1
To obtain an overview of the
horticulture industry and jobs
available in the field so that a career
choice can be made
                         Definitions
• Horticulture: The processing,      • Floriculture: The science and
  cultivation, and sale of fruits,     practice of growing,
  vegetables, nuts, ornamental         harvesting, storing, designing,
  plants, and flowers.                 and marketing flowering
• Pomology: The science and            plants.
  practice of growing,               • Landscape and Nursery
  harvesting, handling, storing,       Industry: The science and
  processing and marketing fruit       practice of propagating,
  trees                                maintaining, and using
• Olericulture: The science and        grasses, annual plants, shrubs,
  practice of growing,                 and trees in the landscape.
  harvesting, storing, processing
  and marketing vegetables.
Careers in Horticulture
•   Greenhouse worker: Screen, mix, and         •   Maintenance employee: Cares for the
    sterilize soil, sow seed, start cuttings,       area surrounding industrial bldg,
    and transplant seedlings and plants.            businesses, churches, schools,
    Water, weed, prune, thin, fertilize and         airports, etc. Responsible for planting
    spray growing plants. Involves a great          and care of lawns and ornamental
    deal of manual labor. Qualifications            plants. Mostly outdoor work.
    are a high school diploma with                  Qualifications include being able to
    vocational courses in agriculture.              work alone, enjoying working with
•   Nursery Employee: Grows seedlings               plants, tools and small garden
    and plants for landscaping, fruit               equipment. Should have high school
    production and forest plantings.                diploma.
    Mostly works outside and in the             •   Golf course employee: Responsible for
    greenhouse. Includes manual labor.              the overall maintenance of golf
    Qualifications are HS diploma, plant            courses. Care for the turf, install
    knowledge.                                      irrigation and drainage equipment,
•   Garden Center Employee: Caring for              clean and maintain sand traps, change
    plants, moving plants and supplies for          location of cups, prune shrubs and
    display, selling, and arranging                 trees, replace soil and repair
    displays. Qualifications include HS             equipment as needed. Qualifications
    diploma, plant knowledge and good               are good health, enjoy working
    people and communication skills                 outdoors, get along with others and a
                                                    high school education.
                                   • Opportunities for College
                                     Graduates:
• City, State or National Park
                                   • Each year, there are about
  Employee: A park employee
  does the work necessary for        14% more jobs in
  maintenance of the park.           agriculture than there are
  Includes maintaining trees,        graduates to fill them.
  shrubs, flowers, and lawns.        Included are: landscape
  Work will include mowing           architect, teacher, plant
  grass, edging, planting,           breeder, sales, greenhouse
  pruning, and caring for trees,     manager, garden center
  shrubs, hedges, lawns and          manager, pesticide specialist,
  flower beds, controlling           consultant, researcher, officer
  insects, diseases, weeds and       supervisor, plant disease
  caring for the soil. Work is       specialist, nursery manager,
  outdoors and manual labor.         pest control specialist,
  Qualifications include HS          landscape contractor, forester,
  diploma and health.                etc.
The Future of the Horticulture
Industry
• The horticulture industry is in a   • Inspection services by
  state of rapid growth. It is full     governmental agencies for
  of career opportunities and is        both fresh and processed
  making use of the newest              product will employ more
  technology.                           workers. Private firms will also
• Production of horticulture            employ field inspectors to spot
  crops will increase in demand.        diseases and insect outbreaks.
• Service Industries such as          • Teaching and extension
  production of seeds, fertilizers,     workers will be needed to work
  insecticides, fungicides,             with producers with the quickly
  growth regulators, hand tools,        changing technologies.
  and equipment are needed.           • Research demands will greater
• Marketing and distribution of         as more plants species are
  horticulture products will            developed.
  increase in volume.
Student Activities

1. Using the telephone book, make a list of horticulture businesses in
   our area.
2. Using the local newspaper, list the horticulture jobs advertised in
   the classified.
3. Select one business and interview the owner and several
   employees. Write a paper on the jobs available and the duties and
   working conditions involved with each job.
4. Write to your local agriculture college (or e-mail) and ask about
   jobs offered to its graduates in horticulture and the colleges
   placement services.
5. Complete the self evaluation at the end of the chapter

								
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