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Template for research papers

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									Manuscript Page Header (APA, 2001, p. 288) Running head: ABBREVIATED TITLE FOR RUNNING HEAD

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(This version of the template published on 27 September 2006) Paper Title Author name Course Teacher Date

(This student details section does not appear in APA. It uses Student Cover Info non APA style) Student Name Street Address City, State, Zip E-mail address Teacher Name

Manuscript Page Header (APA, 2001, p. 288) Abstract A written assignment of 10 pages or more must also include a separate page, following the title page, with up to 120 words of abstract (less than the length of this paragraph). The paragraph style for this is APA Abstract. If you write 10 pages for an eight-page assignment, there is no need to provide an abstract. The title page, abstract page (if present) and reference list do not count toward the page total for a written assignment; see the APA Publication Manual (2001, p. 298) for definitive information. As a rule of thumb, write the abstract after your paper is complete. There is no need to write an abstract from scratch; you may include sentences— sentences you have written, not literal quotations of others‘ writing—copied from your paper. If you need to know what goes into an abstract, consult the APA manual (2001, pp. 12–15).

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Manuscript Page Header (APA, 2001, p. 288) Table of Contents

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Introduction ......................................................................................................................................4 Heading Level 1 ...............................................................................................................................5 Heading Level 3 .......................................................................................................................5 The Table of Contents ..............................................................................................................5 Text Formatting ...............................................................................................................................6 Figure Captions ........................................................................................................................6 Lists of Related Items ..............................................................................................................6 Citations ...................................................................................................................................7 Quotations ................................................................................................................................7 The Reference List ...................................................................................................................8 REFERENCES ................................................................................................................................9

Manuscript Page Header (APA, 2001, p. 288) Paper Title Introduction This template contains formatting and explanatory text in conformance with fifth edition style of the American Psychological Association (APA). Course assignments may specify formatting different from the information given here. Formatting appears as Microsoft Word paragraph and character styles, whose names are underlined for clarity in this document. This underlining is not part of APA style. To save this document as a Word template, use File->Save As and select Document Template. This allows you to create a new APA document with File->New by selecting the

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template on your computer. Text from this document that you remove from the template will not appear in new documents created from the template; all the APA formatting styles will remain. A document template is not a form. It does not let you enter all the required sections of an APA document in sequence. Instead, it offers all the paragraph and character styles necessary to present text in APA format. You, the author, must associate the appropriate paragraph and character styles with the text. The paper‘s title is always at the top of the first page of text. It should be the same as the title—not the running head or the manuscript page header—on the title page. Because the paper‘s title appears identically both on the title page and the first page of text, one paragraph style (APA Title Page) serves both purposes. The template provides automatic page numbering. The text of a paper with an abstract and with no table of contents starts on page 3 (APA, 2001, p. 298).

Manuscript Page Header (APA, 2001, p. 288) Heading Level 1 This template provides three levels of heading for written assignments: levels 1, 3 and 4 (―Format APA headings for your paper,‖ 2004). The centered uppercase and lowercase heading

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is used as the highest level of heading. The paragraph style is APA Heading 1. Do not start a new page when a new heading at the highest level occurs in your paper (APA, 2001, pp. 298–299), unless the heading would otherwise appear at the very bottom of the page. Heading Level 3 The flush left, italicized, uppercase and lowercase side heading is the level of heading below Heading 1. Its paragraph style is APA Heading 3. APA heading 4. The indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period is the level of heading below Heading 3. Unlike other headings, this is part of a text paragraph. Unlike other heading styles, which define entire paragraphs, this is a character style which applies only to selected characters within a paragraph. The style is APA Heading 4. Headings and paper outlines. The outline of a research paper consists of the headings that will appear (APA, 2001, p. 112). For one level of heading, use APA Heading 1. For two levels, use APA Heading 1 and APA Heading 3. For three levels, use APA Heading 1, APA Heading 3 and APA heading 4. For more levels, refer to the APA manual (2001). The Table of Contents Papers should not include a table of contents unless called for by the criteria for the assignment. To automatically update the table of contents with the text and page numbers of level 1 and level 3 headings, select the table of contents and press the F9 key. Level 4 headings do not appear in the table of contents.

Manuscript Page Header (APA, 2001, p. 288) Text Formatting The standard entries on the title page use the paragraph style APA Title Page. The running head for publication (APA, 2001, p. 296), of no more than 50 characters, appears

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immediately below the manuscript page header (APA, 2001, p. 288) and uses the paragraph style APA RUNNING HEAD. This paragraph and those like it are in APA Normal paragraph style. This style has automatic paragraph indentation, double line spacing, etc. Note that use of the APA Normal style prevents the need for two newlines (what you get when you press the Enter key on your keyboard) between each paragraph. Avoid using the Normal paragraph style; use APA Normal instead. All APA paragraph styles inherit characteristics from APA Normal. Figure Captions Figure 1. This is a figure caption, using APA caption and APA caption Figure number. Lists of Related Items APA style specifies two methods to list a number of related items (APA, 2001, p. 116): (a) within a paragraph or sentence, as in this example; and (b) a numbered series of paragraphs. Numbered paragraphs use the paragraph style APA enumerated list, as in the following example of typographical and style considerations: 1. The computer is more than a typewriter. Use Insert->Symbol for special characters, such as é, £, and many others not available on the keyboard. 2. Note the use of the en dash (–) for the numerical range in the citation at the end of the quoted text above. To insert an en dash in Microsoft Word, use the Insert->Symbol menu option.

Manuscript Page Header (APA, 2001, p. 288) 3. Use words (one, two, etc.) for numbers less than 10. For numbers 10 and greater, use numerals. 4. Use smart quotes (‗‘ and ―‖), not typewriter quotes (' and "). In Microsoft Word, you can specify this in Tools->Autocorrect Options->Autoformat As You Type. 5. Do not use italic, bold, underlining, or other font changes for emphasis. Italic text is appropriate in a few specific cases (APA, 2001, pp. 100–103). You may, for emphasis, italicize sparingly in a quotation (APA, 2001, p. 120). Citations

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The citations—in parentheses—in this document model a few of the many rules for citing references in your text (APA, 2001, pp. 207–214). If you quote from a reference source, your citation must specify the pages or paragraphs which contain the quote (APA, 2001, pp. 117, 120– 121). If you cite a work without quoting from it, you may specify the ―specific parts of the source‖ (APA, 2001, p. 213). In most circumstances you should not need to do this; the citations in this document are unusual in their frequent inclusion of page numbers. Quotations Use care when you make literal quotations from other sources. What someone else has thought or written should neither appear as your own work nor substitute for what you yourself could have written. Clearly identify whatever you take from other sources, whether a block quotation or short in-text quotation. In quotations, preserve any non-standard spelling or grammar, as in the block quotation example below. Modify literal quotations to conform to APA typographical conventions, such as the substitution of an em dash (—) for a dash with a space on either side (APA, 2001, p. 291).

Manuscript Page Header (APA, 2001, p. 288) In-text quotations. An example of a short quotation follows. It states APA rules for omitting text in quotations: ―Use three spaced ellipsis points (. . .) within a sentence to indicate that you have omitted material from the original source. . . . Use four points to indicate any omission between two sentences.‖ (APA, 2001, p. 119). Do not use the unspaced ellipsis (...). Block quotations. This format is used for quotes of 40 words or longer (APA, 2001, p.

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117). A block of quoted text follows, using the paragraph style APA Quote. Note that it does not use quotation marks. Man looks at his world through transparent patterns or templets which he creates and then attempts to fit over the realities of which the world is composed. This fit is not always very good. Yet without such patterns the world appears to be such an undifferentiated homogeneity that man is unable to make any sense out of it. Even a poor fit is more helpful to him than nothing at all. (Kelly, 1963, pp. 8–9) The Reference List The reference list should start on a new page with an uppercase heading in APA Heading 1 paragraph style. To force the heading onto a new page, place the cursor at the beginning of the heading and use Insert->Break->Page Break. Each reference list entry uses the paragraph style APA Reference and the character style APA Reference Title. The reference list in the APA manual (2001, pp. 364–367) uses APA format. APA style (APA style, 2006) includes formats for reference list entries, such as online encyclopedia articles, not specified in the APA manual (2001, pp. 215–281). Other resources are available in this case. Perrla (http://www.perrla.com) is inexpensive software that creates and manages citations and reference list entries. At no cost, the online Citation Machine (http://www.citationmachine.net) creates formatted reference list entries.

Manuscript Page Header (APA, 2001, p. 288) REFERENCES

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American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. APA Style. (2006). In Wikipedia [Web]. Retrieved September 7, 2006, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/APA_style Kelly, G. A. (1963). A theory of personality: The psychology of personal constructs. New York: Norton. Format APA headings for your paper. (2004). The Writing Center, University of MadisonWisconsin. Retrieved November 27, 2005, from http://www.wisc.edu/writing/Handbook/DocAPAHeadings.html


								
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