Unit eight Cookery, Food and Culture Unit 8 • Section 1 Talking Face to Face • Section 2 Being A ll Ears • Section 3 Maintaining A Sharp Eye • Section 4 Trying Your Hand Section 1 Talking Face to Face Being All Ears Listen and Decode Listen and Respond Listen and Complete Listen and Judge Listen and Read Listen and Match Listen to Dialogue 1 and decode the message by finding the correct choices in the blanks according to what you have heard. Mike and his wife (Jean, Joan, Jane) are going to dine out. They have trouble deciding which restaurant to eat in . Mike mentions a new Italian (palace, place, plant), but his wife says Italian dishes are too (heavy, salty, fishy) for her. Then they look into the dining guide in the newspaper and see that the Spanish seafood restaurant has good (views, reviews, rewards). However, Mike thinks the restaurant will only serve fish dishes. Listen and Decode He prefers Mexican food. But his wife doesn’t like (hot, roast, pot) food. And she doesn’t want to go for a pizza either. Finally, they decide to go to a Chinese restaurant called Golden (Dreamer, Lantern, Dragon). It’s said that this restaurant has something for everybody’s taste. They may also enjoy some Chinese folk ( milk , music, meal ) there. Listen to the dialogue again and answer the following questions orally. 1. What was Mike’s suggestion? He suggested that they go out for dinner/eat out that night 2. What did they do before going out? They tried to agree on where to go 3. Did they go to a Italian restaurant? Why or why not? No. Jane said the Italian dishes were too heavy for her 4. Did they go to a Spanish seafood restaurant? Why or why not? No. Mike thought the Spanish seafood restaurant only serves fish dishes 5. Did they go to have some Mexican food? Why or why not? No. Jane didn’t like hot and spicy Mexican food. 6. Did they go to have some pizza? Why or why not? No. Jane thought pizza was too close to junk food. 7. Where did they finally decided to go? Finally they decided to go to a Chinese restaurant. Listen and Complete 1. It seems Lin and Jack are _________________. 2. Lin will hold _____________________at home. 3. It seems that Lin has just moved into ____________. 4. Jack is _______ to accept Lin’s invitation to the party. 5. Jack will bring with him a bottle of _______________. 6. Jack will go to Lin’s house earlier to give her ________. Listen and Judge 1. Lin will hold a party at home to ________. a celebrate her moving into a new house b celebrate her birthday c celebrate Jack’s birthday d welcome Jack to her new house 2. The party will be held on __________. a Saturday afternoon b Sunday afternoon c Saturday evening d Sunday evening 3.Jack could _________for the party. a dress up b dress formally c wear something elegant d wear casual dress 4. Jack will mostly probably arrive at Lin’s house somewhere near _______. a 6:00 p.m. b 7:00 p. m c 8 p. m d 9:00 p. m Listen and Read A traditionally dinner in England starts with 1 (what?) _______ . When you have drunk up the soup, 2 ( who? )___ will bring you the main course. This dish typically consist of 3(what?) ______. You might have roast beef, boiled or mashed potatoes, carrots, and everything 4(doing what?) _______ in the thick soup. There are usually many different things to eat, and if you want you can help yourself to more food from the large plates 5(where?) _____ After you have finished , there will be a sweet course called 6 (what?) ______.You might have apple pie, and then some cake. 7(who?) ______ love sweet things, so don’t be surprised if you are given some chocolate to eat. 8 (when?)_____, you will have tea or coffee. During dinner, your host will push to have more and more . If you 9(how? ) want to stop eating, you should say something like this, “ It’s very delicious . But I’m 10 (how?) ____ that I can’t eat any more. ” Listen and Read---- keys 1. a bowl of soup 2. your host 3. meat and two vegetables 4. swimming 5. in the center of the table 6. dessert 7. English people 8. Finally 9. really 10. so full Listen and Match Column A Column B 1.The best title of the a. Dinner Manners in passage might be England. b. Hospitality of English c. Traditional English Dinner d. What food English People like. 2. The typically a. tea or coffee, sequence main course, desert, of an English soup. dinner is b. soup, main course, dessert, tea or coffee. c. main course, dessert, soup, tea or coffee d. soup, main course, tea or coffee, dessert 3. The dessert may a. apple pie only. be b. cake only. c. chocolate only. d. apple pie, cake and even chocolate. a. your host will ask 4. “… your host will you to eat more food. push you to have more b. your host will have and more” means that you feel at home c. your host will push the dishes closer to you. d. your host will urge you to come more often. Script Dialogue 1 Mike: Hey, Jane. Shall we go out for a dinner tonight? Jane: Good idea, Mike. Where do you feel like going? Mike: My friends told me there is a new Italian place. Jane: No, Italian dishes are too heavy for me. Mike: Let’s look at the dining guide in the newspaper. Jane: The Spanish seafood restaurant has good reviews. Script Mike: Too much fish and nothing else. How about some Mexican food? Jane: That spicy food? Oh, forget it. It’s too hot. Mike: Or pizza? Jane: pizza? No, too close to junk food. Mike: Oh, look here. The Chinese Golden Dragon. Jane: Yes, let’s go there. They say they have something for everybody’s taste. Mike: Great! We may also enjoy some Chinese folk music there. Script Dialogue 2 Lin: Hey, jack! I’ve been looking all over for you. Jack: Oh, Ms. Lin. What’s up? Lin: Well. We are having some people over Saturday night. Jack: To celebrate someone’s birthday? Lin: No, just a housewarming party. It’s sort of our custom Jack: Oh, your new house is ready? It must be wonderful. Script Lin: So I was wondering if you’d like to come. Jack: That sounds good. I’d like to join you What time? Lin: About eight. But if you’re free, can you come a bit earlier to give me a hand? Jack: No problem. Can I take anything? Lin:If you want to bring a bottle of wine, that would be fine. Jack: OK. I have a bottle of French red wine. Lin: Great! Oh, Jack, you don’t need to dress yourself formally. It won’t be anything fancy. Jack: OK. See you then. Keys Listen and Decode 1. Jean 2. place 3. heavy 4. reviews 5. hot 6. Dragon 7. music Listen and Complete 1.very good friends________________ 2.a house warming party 3.a new house 4.happy 5.French red wine 6. a hand Back Keys Listen and Judge 1. a，2. c, 3. d, 4.b Listen and Match CBDA Section 3 Maintaining A Sharp Eye • Passage I Eating in Canada Related Information 1. Canada is a big country with a number of different ethnic groups and many immigrants from different cultures. In Canada it is common to see restaurant which serve food with various flavors and originated from different countries. So besides employment, eating in Canada will also prove to be a valuable experience to learn about different countries. 2. A potluck Dinner(凑份聚餐). • • It is a kind of informal dinner party, which is usually held outdoors in the mild weather. It may also be given at one’s backyard. Relatives, neighbors and friends will enjoy the happy get-together in the open air. As a rule, everybody is supposed to contribute something, such as a dish , some drinks, some fruits, or homemade cookies or cakes to the dinner party. 3. A Buffet (自助餐) Dinners at a buffet will not be required be sit at the table. They simply hold a tray and serve themselves from a table that is set with a variety of foods. Then they may move around to meet, talk, and eat with others as they like. Text Para.1 Food likes and dislikes vary from culture to culture. It can also be a source of intense personal prejudice. Canadians are generally considered to be conservative in their tastes but, because of the many different ethnic groups in Canada , they have also learned to appreciate many different kinds of cuisine. Actually, the ability to enjoy different kinds of foods is highly regarded in Canada. A Canadian family may eat Italian food one night, Chinese food the next – then Greek or Japanese food. Eating in Canada will provide you a good chance to enjoy various cuisines and get in touch different cultures. Studying the cuisine of different cultures is not only fun, but also a valuable learning experience. Canadians often entertain by inviting people to dinner. It’s customary to arrive on time for a Dinner party and to bring along a bottle of wine or a small impersonal gift , such as flowers and candy. Food is not brought unless especially asked for by the host as, for example ,at a pot- luck dinner. As a general rule, everybody contributes some food to a potluck. Some meals may include appetizers, soup or salad before the main course. A typical main course includes meat or fish, potatoes or rice, or one or two vegetables. Dessert is usually served with coffee or tea at the end of the meal. Sometimes a dinner is served as a buffet: people then serve themselves from a table that is set with a variety of foods. To show that you enjoy a meal, it is polite to compliment the quality of the food. The hostess often feels happy if you are interested in the recipe of a certain dish. Be sure to accept a second helping if you like the food and are not full; a Canadian host will usually offer it only once. In some other countries, however, it is polite to refuse up to three times before accepting a second helping. Important Words • 1 vary v. be different, change 不同，变换 • E.g.: The teaching methods vary from teacher to teacher. • 2 source n. starting point, place from which something comes or is got 源头，起源，根源 • E.g.: Where does the Yellow River have its source? • 3 prejudice n. opinion or idea formed before one has adequate knowledge 偏见 • E.g.: Many people have a prejudice against modern jazz. • 4 appreciate v. understand and enjoy, put a high value on 珍惜，懂得，喜欢 • E.g.: They appreciated the opportunity to apply the knowledge to practice. • 5 regard v. consider, think of 认为 • E.g.: He is regarded as a hero by the people in his country. • 6 entertain v. receive and treat as guests, amuse 招待，接 待，使娱乐 • E.g.: I enjoy being a hostess and entertaining my friends at home. • 7 contribute v. join with others in giving help for a common cause 贡献 • E.g.: They were busy contributing food and clothes to the Red Cross. • 8 Be sure to accept a second helping if you like the food and are not full; a Canadian host will usually offer it only once. • Analysis: In the imperative sentence, be sure to … means “确保，一定要” in Chinese. The second part of the compound sentence, a Canadian host will usually offer it only once, is used to explain the reason why you should Be sure to… • E.g.: Be sure to hand in your homework on time if you want to get a good grade; the professor is usually very strict with the students. • 9 Sometimes a dinner is served as a buffet: people then serve themselves from a table that is set with a variety of foods. • Analysis: The sentence can be paraphrased like this: Sometimes a dinner party may be given in the form of a buffet, at which people can take the food from a table set with different kinds of food. • 10 Food is not brought unless especially asked for by the host as, for example, at a potluck dinner. • Analysis: It is omitted after the word unless. As is used here to introduce an adverbial of manner. • 11 It’s customary to arrive on time for a dinner party and to bring along a bottle of wine or a small impersonal gift, such as flowers or candy. • Analysis: Here it is used as a formal subject. The actual subject is made up of two infinitive phrases to arrive on time …and to bring …, which is too long to keep the sentence in good balance if it were put at the beginning of the sentence. Applied Writing Read and Simulate Stimulate and Create Read the following two samples of recipes and learn to write your own. Apple and Walnut Muffin(松糕) Ingredients: 1 egg, beaten ¼ cup of orange juice ¾ cup of milk 1 apple, grated (捣碎的) 2 teaspoons of oil ¼ cup of sugar 1 cup self-raising flour(自发粉） 1 cup of whole meal (全发粉)self-raising flour ½ chopped walnuts Instructions: Mix egg, orange juice, milk, apple, oil and sugar. Combine flour, and walnuts. Gently fold in the first mixture. Spoon into lightly greased muffin pans and baked at 200 c for 25 minutes. 苹果胡桃松糕 成分： 鸡蛋一只， 打散 1/4 杯橘子汁 3/4 杯牛奶 苹果一个， 檫碎 2 匙油 1/4 杯砂 糖 1杯自发粉 一杯全麦自发粉 1/2 胡桃，剁碎 操作过程： 将鸡蛋，橛子汁，牛奶，苹果，油和糖混合在一起， 加入面粉和胡桃，轻轻搅和均匀。用勺子舀起面糊 轻轻放入涂了薄薄一层油的松饼烤锅内，用200度 的温度烘烤25分钟即可。 Sentence Writing Write Through Translating 1. 大盘子中盛放着一些美味的中国食品。 2. 一个世纪以前，在那个国家黑人不准进入 私立学校学习。 3. 他们的谋生方法多种多样。 4. 有钱人不一定总比穷人快乐。 5. 结果好就什么都好。 6. 旅客中谁也没有意识到危险。 7. 数学是那所大学里的一门必修课。 8. 这条牛仔裤是昨天刚刚买来的。 Write Through Describing a Picture Chinese food is popular in the world. Wherever you go, you will find Chinese restaurants here and there. You may see many foreigners in the restaurants, enjoying the food a great deal. You may also find Chinese and foreigners sitting at the same table and enjoy one kind or another of Chinese food. Chinese people are hospitable by nature. They like to invite friends, and also foreigners, to have dinner at home or in a restaurant on important occasions or during festivals. It is unusual for a Chinese to go Dutch with his friends. It makes them happy to treat those who come to enjoy Chinese cookery and to share their happiness.