RECTANGULAR SURVEY

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					 RECTANGULAR
    SURVEY
  A system of describing the legal
boundaries of property and property
            ownership.
                       Outline
   Brief history

   How the system works

   Writing a “legal description”

   Calculating area
                    History
   Ownership of property a fundamental right
   “Public Domain” v. Private Ownership
   Metes and Bounds
   Original Rectangular Survey – 1785
   Modified Rectangular Survey – 1785/86
         How the System Works
   Point of Origin (Initial Point)
   Baseline and Principal Meridian
   Standard Parallels and Guide Meridians (24
    miles X 24 miles)
   Townships (6 miles X 6 miles) Township and
    Range designations
   Sections (1 mile X 1 mile), 640 acres, uniform
    numbering
           How the System Works
   Subdivision of the Section
       Fractional breakdown using only ½ or ¼
        fractional components
       Begin with smallest component and work toward
        largest (Section number)
       Use of a comma (,) is read as “and”, when
        preceding section number
             Calculating Area
   Work backward from the Section
   Assume Section to be 640 Acres