Your Federal Quarterly Tax Payments are due April 15th Get Help Now >>

Visitor Management Policy of Protected Areas in Canada and - PowerPoint by xnv73456

VIEWS: 20 PAGES: 12

									 Visitor Management Policy of
           Protected
Areas in Canada and the United
             States

          By Kris Hyslop
      Advisor: Dr. Paul Eagles
             ERS 491
         Introduction
Purpose: To determine whether or
not visitor policy exists, what type,
and the policy environment of each
type of protected area management
agency
Definition of ‘visitor’
Definition of ‘policy’
        Methodology
Initial literature search including
agency websites
Search for suggested visitor
management policies
Creation of Table 1 – Visitor
Management Policy
Locate policy documents
Review of findings
               History
Similar histories of national parks
  Similar purposes
  Initially divergent strategies
Legal separation of wildlife areas
  Main function
Current protected areas
management
  4 responsible agencies
Findings – Parks Canada
Main sources of policy information
  Guiding Principles and Operational
  Policies
  Agency reports and a guide for
  managers
22 of 30 visitor policy topics
addressed
Ability to attain agency objectives
  Education opportunities
  Expansion of system
Findings – U.S. National
      Park Service
Main sources of policy information
  Management Policies 2001
24 of 30 visitor policy topics
addressed
Ability to attain agency objectives
  Substantial budget and staff numbers
  Visitor tracking and surveys
 Findings – Canadian
National Wildlife Areas
Main sources of policy information
  Canadian Nature Federation document
  Planning and policy documents
6 of 30 visitor policy topics
addressed
Ability to attain agency objectives
  Critical lack of funding and staff
  Inability to maintain or expand system
Findings – U.S. National
   Wildlife Reserves
Main sources of policy information
  Policy document
  Document regarding refuge use
15 of 30 visitor policy topics
addressed
Ability to attain agency objectives
  Limited funding and staff numbers
  Lack of clear goals
Conclusions: Table 2 – Agency
Policy and Resources
                                                  Parks Canada                   U.S. National Park                 Canadian Wildlife   U.S. Fish and Wildlife
                                                                                         Service                           Service            Service (NWRs)
                                                                                                                           (NWAs)

Number of Visitor
    Management Policies
    Addressed (of a                                       21                                23                                 6                 15
    possible 26)


Number of Units in System
                                                         190                               388                                143                542

                                2
Total Physical Area (km )
                                                      256,385                            209,986                             115,000           388,498

Annual Budget ($000)                              500,000 (CDN)                    2,361,000 (U.S.)                     1,744 (CDN)        387,657 (U.S.)

Number of Staff                                         5,500                            20,000                          14.5 (FTE)          2,980 (FTE)

Annual Number of Visitors (in
    millions)                                             26                               277                                N/A                39

*The numbers in this chart are the same as those used in the in-text calculations for this report, as displayed in Table 3
Conclusions: Table 3 – Resources
Available to Each Agency
                                                Parks Canada        U.S. National Park      Canadian Wildlife   U.S. Fish and Wildlife
                                                                         Service             Service (NWAs)        Service (NWRs)




Number of Employees per                               28.9                   52                    0.1                5.5 or 2.4*
Unit

                                                                                                                $715,234 or $255,142
Funding per Unit                            $2.632 million (CDN)    $6.085 million (U.S.)    $12,196 (CDN)
                                                                                                                       (U.S.)*


Funding per Square                              $884.19 (CDN)         $11,244 (U.S.)          $15.17 (CDN)      $997.84 or $356 (U.S.)*
Kilometre

                                               $5.29 or $19.23
Funding per Visit                                                       $8.52 (U.S.)              N/A           $9.94 or $3.55 (U.S.)*
                                                   (CDN)*


Number of Visits per                                 4,727                13,850                  N/A             13,087 or 30,421*
Employee




*See sections 3.3 and 6.3 for explanations of these discrepancies
          Conclusions
Positive correlation between
resources available and quality of
visitor policy
Visitor policy often difficult to locate
  Single documents more comprehensive
  Multiple documents were piece-meal
Link between encouraged visitation
and increased funding
     Acknowledgments
Thank you to Dr. Paul Eagles for his
multiple reviews and help with
finding sources.

Thank you also to Dr. Mary-Louise
McAllister for her assistance.

								
To top