Women and Their Rights in the United States by hyu67824

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									Women and Their Rights
       in the
   United States

      Prepared by
     Ms. Zelkowitz
         5-512
In the beginning…

 Women came to the United States in
 the earliest colonial times
 In colonial days, women were
 responsible for the 4 Cs…



Can you guess them?
Cooking

Cleaning

Childcare

Clothing
The Salem Witchcraft Trials



 One of the first instances of
 discrimination specifically against
 women
 Women in Boston, Salem, and other
 New England villages were accused
 of being witches and
 hanged/burned/tortured
Women in the Revolutionary War
 Margaret Corbin
   Operated a cannon when her husband
   was killed
   The first woman wounded on the
   battlefield in the Revolutionary War
 Molly Pitcher
   Brought water to thirsty men at the
   Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey
 Sybil Ludington
   The female “Paul Revere,” she rode 40
   miles on horseback to alert a
   Connecticut militia that the British were
   attacking Danbury, CT
         The Early
 Nineteenth Century (1800s)
Women began to work in factories,
especially in the garment (clothing) industry
Women could also be teachers or nurses,
but that was about it
Women participated in abolition activities
(getting rid of slavery)
The Early Women’s Movement
 In the 1830s, Lucretia Mott, a Quaker
 woman, tried to argue that women should
 be represented in government as well
 In 1848, Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote the
 “Declaration of Sentiments,” modeled after
 the Declaration of Independence, in
 connection with the Seneca Falls
 convention
 Later, Susan B. Anthony fought for
 women’s rights in addition to temperance
 (a ban on alcohol)
The Seneca Falls Convention

 Took place in 1848 in upstate
 New York
 Organized by Elizabeth Cady
 Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and
 William Lloyd Garrison
 Aimed to raise awareness about
 women’s rights and wants
 First suggested that women
 should be given the right to vote
      Women’s Suffrage
Suffrage = the right to vote
Victoria Woodhull argued that the 14th
Amendment to the Constitution (equal
protection) guarantees women suffrage
along with former slaves
Finally, in 1919, the 19th Amendment
gave women the right to vote
•Which of these cartoons are
pro-suffrage?
•Which are against?
•How can you tell?
In the 20th Century… (the 1900s)
 Women could still work in factories, as
 teachers, as nurses
 Women started to work as secretaries as
 well
 Women did increasingly more jobs when
 men went off to fight in World War II


                   What might this famous
                   political cartoon,
                   created during World
                   War II, symbolize?
           Today…




More women than men go to college
Women are professionals: doctors,
lawyers, teachers, engineers, etc.
Women can choose what they want to
do with their lives
    Famous
American Females
   and Firsts
         Anne Bradstreet
Anne Bradstreet's
book of poems,
The Tenth Muse
Lately Sprung Up
in America, is
published in
England in 1650,
making her the first
published
American woman
writer.
           Betsy Ross




American legend has it that Betsy Ross, a
Quaker seamstress, sewed the first
American flag at George Washington’s
request in May or June of 1776
     Elizabeth Blackwell

In 1849,
Elizabeth
Blackwell was
the first woman
to receive a
medical degree
and become a
doctor in the
United States
Shirley Chisolm
            In 1969, Shirley
            Chisolm
            becomes the first
            African-American
            woman in the US
            Congress.
            Her motto is,
            "Unbought and
            unbossed."
            She served in the
            U.S. House of
            Representatives
            for 14 years.
   Sandra Day O’Connor




In 1981, O’Connor was appointed
by President Ronald Reagan to
be the first female justice of the
Supreme Court
       Madeleine Albright
In 1997, she
becomes the first
female Secretary of
State for the United
States
Holding this
position, she was
the highest-ranking
female government
official

								
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