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Weather warfare


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									                                                            CLIMATE CHANGE

                                 Weather warfare
  Beware the US military’s experiments with climatic warfare, says Michel Chossudovsky

                  arely acknowledged in the            banned ‘military or other hostile use of           located either at or close to the HAARP site’.
                  debate on global climate change,     environmental modification techniques having          But Rosalie Bertell, president of the
                  the world’s weather can now be       widespread, long-lasting or severe effects.’       International Institute of Concern for Public
                  modified as part of a new            It defined ‘environmental modification             Health, says HAARP operates as ‘a gigantic
                  generation of sophisticated          techniques’ as ‘any technique for changing –       heater that can cause major disruptions in the
  electromagnetic weapons. Both the US and             through the deliberate manipulation of natural     ionosphere, creating not just holes, but long
  Russia have developed capabilities to                processes – the dynamics, composition or           incisions in the protective layer that keeps
  manipulate the climate for military use.             structure of the earth, including its biota,       deadly radiation from bombarding the planet’.
     Environmental modification techniques             lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere, or        Physicist Dr Bernard Eastlund called it ‘the
  have been applied by the US military for more        of outer space.’                                   largest ionospheric heater ever built’.
  than half a century. US mathematician John              While the substance of the 1977 Convention         HAARP is presented by the US Air Force as a
  von Neumann, in liaison with the US                  was reasserted in the UN Framework                 research programme, but military documents

  Department of Defense, started his research          Convention on Climate Change                                 confirm its main objective is to ‘induce
  on weather modification in the late 1940s at         (UNFCCC) signed at the 1992                                       ionospheric modifications’ with
  the height of the Cold War and foresaw ‘forms        Earth Summit in Rio, debate                                          a view to altering weather
  of climatic warfare as yet unimagined’.              on weather modification            HAARP is a                           patterns and disrupting
     During the Vietnam war, cloud-seeding             for military use has            weapon of mass                           communications and radar.
  techniques were used, starting in 1967 under         become a scientific                                                         According to a report
  Project Popeye, the objective of which was to        taboo. Military analysts      destruction, capable                        by the Russian State
  prolong the monsoon season and block enemy           are mute on the subject.        of destabilising                          Duma: ‘The US plans to
  supply routes along the Ho Chi Minh Trail.           Meteorologists are not                                                    carry out large-scale
     The US military has developed advanced            investigating the matter        agricultural and                         experiments under the
  capabilities that enable it selectively to alter     and environmentalists are      ecological systems                       HAARP programme [and]
  weather patterns. The technology, which is           focused on greenhouse gas                                             create weapons capable of
  being perfected under the High-frequency             emissions under the Kyoto           globally                       breaking radio communication
  Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP), is          Protocol. Neither is the possibility                          lines and equipment installed on
  an appendage of the Strategic Defense Initiative     of climatic or environmental manipulations as      spaceships and rockets, provoke serious
  – ‘Star Wars’. From a military standpoint,           part of a military and intelligence agenda,        accidents in electricity networks and in oil and
  HAARP is a weapon of mass destruction,               while tacitly acknowledged, part of the broader    gas pipelines, and have a negative impact on
  operating from the outer atmosphere and              debate on climate change under UN auspices.        the mental health of entire regions.’
  capable of destabilising agricultural and                                                                  An analysis of statements emanating from
  ecological systems around the world.                 The HAARP Programme                                the US Air Force points to the unthinkable: the
     Weather-modification, according to the US         Established in 1992, HAARP, based in Gokona,       covert manipulation of weather patterns,
  Air Force document AF 2025 Final Report,             Alaska, is an array of high-powered antennas       communications and electric power systems
  ‘offers the war fighter a wide range of possible     that transmit, through high-frequency radio        as a weapon of global warfare, enabling the US
  options to defeat or coerce an adversary’,           waves, massive amounts of energy into the          to disrupt and dominate entire regions.
  capabilities, it says, extend to the triggering of   ionosphere (the upper layer of the atmosphere).       Weather manipulation is the pre-emptive
  floods, hurricanes, droughts and earthquakes:        Their construction was funded by the US Air        weapon par excellence. It can be directed
  ‘Weather modification will become a part of          Force, the US Navy and the Defense Advanced        against enemy countries or ‘friendly nations’
  domestic and international security and could        Research Projects Agency (DARPA).                  without their knowledge, used to destabilise
  be done unilaterally… It could have offensive           Operated jointly by the Air Force Research      economies, ecosystems and agriculture. It can
  and defensive applications and even be used          Laboratory and the Office of Naval Research,       also trigger havoc in financial and commodity
  for deterrence purposes. The ability to              HAARP constitutes a system of powerful             markets. The disruption in agriculture creates
18generate precipitation, fog and storms on            antennas capable of creating ‘controlled local     a greater dependency on food aid and
  earth or to modify space weather… and the            modifications of the ionosphere’. According to     imported grain staples from the US and other
  production of artificial weather all are a part      its official website, www.haarp.alaska.edu,        Western countries.
  of an integrated set of [military] technologies.’    HAARP will be used ‘to induce a small, localized      HAARP was developed as part of an Anglo-
     In 1977, an international Convention was          change in ionospheric temperature so physical      American partnership between Raytheon
  ratified by the UN General Assembly which            reactions can be studied by other instruments      Corporation, which owns the HAARP patents,

                                                                                                    email: comments@theecologist.org

and British Aerospace Systems (BAES). The
HAARP project is one among several
collaborative ventures in advanced weapons
                                                                                      MAkING do
systems between the two defence giants.
   The HAARP project was initiated in 1992 by
Advanced Power Technologies, Inc. (APTI), a
subsidiary of Atlantic Richfield Corporation
                                                                 The truth will out
(ARCO). APTI (including the HAARP patents)
was sold by ARCO to E-Systems Inc, in 1994.
   E-Systems, on contract to the CIA and US
Department of Defense, outfitted the ‘Doomsday
Plan’, which ‘allows the President to manage a
                                                    T      en months in and no
                                                           turning back, not even
                                                           secretly. I just can’t get
                                                    away with it.
                                                       Earlier this year I was
                                                                                                                  of a looming crisis. I don’t post
                                                                                                                  many letters but I can see I am
                                                                                                                  not going to make it to the end of
                                                                                                                  December with what I have left.
                                                                                                                    Apart from the shock of being
nuclear war’. Subsequently acquired by              driving back from a day’s                                     caught out by the man in the
Raytheon Corporation, it is among the largest       recording on Scrapheap                                        garage, it’s the fact that more
intelligence contractors in the World.              Challenge and the car was                                     people seem to be finding out
   BAES was involved in the development of          covered in dust from the location. I couldn’t     about what I’m up to. Other than a little
the advanced stage of the HAARP antenna             see out of the rear window, so when I             video log on YouTube and this column, it’s
array under a 2004 contract with the Office of      stopped to buy petrol (new thing, surely) I       been for the most part an internal, personal
Naval Research. The installation of 132 high-       also paid £2.50 for a drive-through car           venture – but news of it has slowly leaked
frequency transmitters was entrusted by             wash. A couple of days later someone left a       out. When it was my birthday in March a
BAES to its US subsidiary, BAE Systems Inc.         comment on my YouTube channel. It was             neighbour gave me a beautiful art book. I
The project, according to a July report in          the young man who had served me in the            was really thrilled, never considering the
Defense News, was undertaken by BAES’s              garage questioning whether a car wash             fact that she had bought it. She then proudly
Electronic Warfare division. In September it        counted as a buying something new. He was         told me that, in keeping with my non-
received DARPA’s top award for technical            very supportive of what I was trying to do,       consumer stance, she didn’t buy it new; it
achievement for the design, construction and        and merely having a little fun at my              was one of her favourite old books. I was
activation of the HAARP array of antennas.          expense. Busted!                                  amazed and moved, as this woman shops
   The HAARP system is fully operational and           His comment started a little discussion        more often than I knew was possible.
in many regards dwarfs existing conventional        among the small group of people who have             Then, yesterday, I was just walking out of
and strategic weapons systems. While there is       been following my ‘making do’ project. The        the local shop with some milk when another
no firm evidence of its use for military            prevailing opinion seemed to be that a car        neighbour told me she thought what I was
purposes, Air Force documents suggest HAARP         wash was a service, not a consumer item, so       doing was marvellous and wished me luck
is an integral part of the militarisation of        maybe it was okay.                                with it. I have never spoken to her about it
space. One would expect the antennas already           I am now trying to argue with myself           and wonder if she heard through the high-
to have been subjected to routine testing.          that stamps fall into the same category, as I     speed communication device known as
   Under the UNFCCC, the Intergovernmental          am about to run out. I was lucky enough to        village gossip. It’s possible that one of her
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has a mandate        have a small sheet of stamps left over from       teenage sons has seen me on YouTube, but if
‘to assess scientific, technical and socio-         last year’s Christmas cards and instead of        my teenage son is anything to go by they
economic information relevant for the               leaving them in the messy kitchen drawer          are far more likely to be watching a man
understanding of climate change’. This              where they traditionally reside, I secreted       swearing at his cat. I was touched by what
mandate includes environmental warfare.             them in my office.                                she said, but I’m really not sure why it
‘Geo-engineering’ is acknowledged, but the             This has become something of an                makes people feel this way. Maybe it’s more
underlying military applications are neither        obsession: sticky tape, envelopes, A4                   significant than I first realised; it

the object of policy analysis or scientific         paper, batteries, all the things                                 certainly has been for me.
research in the thousands of pages of IPCC          that my wife and children                                               Maybe I have finally
reports and supporting documents, based on          occasionally pop into my                                               learned that actions do
the expertise and input of some 2,500 scientists,   office for have been       Other than a video                            indeed speak louder
policymakers and environmentalists.                 secretly      stashed     log and this column,                            than     words      –
   ‘Climatic warfare’ potentially threatens the     away. My usual                                                             something I will have
future of humanity, but has casually been           snippy comment –         this journey has been                             to try and apply in
excluded from the reports for which the IPCC        ‘Go and buy your         an internal, personal                             many other areas of
received the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize.                own, I can’t buy any                                                      my life.
                                                    until January!’ – has      venture – but news
Michel Chossudovsky is a Professor of               not gone down well           of it has slowly   Robert Llewellyn is
Economics at the University of ottawa and           with my family.                                an author, actor and
an editor at the Centre for Research on                So the stamp thing is a bit leaked out television presenter.
Globalization, www.globalresearch.ca


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