Glossary of Social Media Terminology Source: http://www.scribd.com/doc/11644716/Enabling-Collaboration-Three-Priorities-for-New-Administration Aggregation—Gathering information from multiple websites, typically via RSS. Aggregation lets websites remix the information from multiple websites, for example by republishing all the news related to a particular keyword. Bliki—A combination of the two Internet concepts of a blog and wiki. It combines features from both: as with blogs, posts or articles appear in reverse chronological order on the front page, with the most recent one at the top; but editing is done in wiki style, with a version history for each page and special markup tags. Blog—Originally short for “weblog,” a blog is a web page that contains entries in reverse chronological order, with the most recent entry on top. It is usually updated more frequently than a website with static content, and often solicits and displays comments from readers. Blogroll—A list of recommended sites that appears in the sidebar of a blog. These sites are typically sites that are either on similar topics, sites that the blogger reads regularly, or sites that belong to the blogger's friends or colleagues. del.icio.us—A social bookmarking web service for storing, sharing, and discovering web bookmarks. Users can create individual feeds which then aggregate the most popular items to prominent status on the site's front page. Digg—A community-based popularity website that combines social bookmarking, blogging, and syndication with a form of non-hierarchical, democratic editorial control. News stories and websites are submitted by users, and then promoted to the front page through a user-based ranking system. Discussion Board—A web application for holding discussions and posting user generated content. The term may refer to the entire community or to a specific sub-forum dealing with a distinct topic. Messages within these sub-forums are then displayed either in chronological order or as threaded discussions. Facebook—A popular social networking website originally aimed at college students, but beginning to be more widely used by the general population. Flickr—An online community platform built around users uploading, sharing, tagging, and commenting on photos taken by users. Folksonomy—The practice and method of collaboratively creating and managing tags to annotate and categorize content. Google Earth—A version of Google Maps that offers a three-dimensional view of maps and terrain along with some enhanced functionality. Google Maps—A free application and development platform that provides online maps. It offers street maps, a route planner, and an urban business locator for numerous countries around the world. Instant Messaging—A form of real-time communication between two or more people in which typed text is conveyed via computers connected over a network such as the Internet. LinkedIn—A business-oriented social networking site used mainly for professional networking. Mashup—A web service or software tool that combines two or more tools to create a whole new service. A leading example is ChicagoCrime, which merges Google Maps with the Chicago police department's crime tracking website to offer a map of crime in different parts of Chicago. MMS—Multimedia Messaging Service; a version of SMS that allows for the conveyance of media such as sounds, videos, and still images. Moblogging—Short for mobile blogging, moblogging refers to posting blog updates from a cell phone, camera phone or PDA (personal digital assistant). Mobloggers may update their websites more frequently than other bloggers, because they don't have to be at their computers in order to post. MySpace—A popular social networking website known for allowing users to customize their homepages with elaborate design elements, multimedia content, and photos of other friends in their myspace social network. Newsreader/Feedreader—A newsreader gathers the news from multiple blogs or news sites via RSS, allowing readers to access all their news from a single website or program. Online newsreaders are Websites that let you read RSS feeds from within your web browser. Desktop newsreaders download the news to your computer, and let you read your news inside a dedicated software program. Open-Source—A type of software for which the source code is available to the general public to build on or modify. Phonecast—A version of a podcast designed to be broadcast to cellular phones and other mobile devices. Plaxo—An online address book service that relies on social networking to maintain and distribute current contact, schedule, and other types of information. Podcast—An audio blog, typically updated weekly or daily. Podcasts take their name from having originally been designed for iPods, but you can also listen to podcasts on a desktop computer, or many other digital audio players. RSS—Really Simple Syndication; A format for storing online information in a way that makes that information readable by lots of different kinds of software. Many blogs and Websites feature RSS feeds: a constantly updated version of the site's latest content, in a form that can be read by a newsreader or aggregator. Second Life—An Internet-based virtual world launched in 2003, which users can access via a downloadable client program called the Second Life Viewer. It enables its users to interact with each other through motional avatars, providing an advanced level of social networking, and residents can explore, meet other users, socialize, participate in individual and group activities, and create and trade items (virtual property) and services with one another. Semantic Web—An evolving extension of the World Wide Web in which web content can be expressed not only in natural language, but also in a format that can be read and used by software agents, thus permitting them to find, share and integrate information more easily. SMS—Short Message Service; a platform for sending short text messages of no more than 160 characters between mobile telephony devices such as cell phones. Social Bookmarking—The collaborative equivalent of storing favorites or bookmarks within a web browser, social bookmarking services let people store their favorite websites online. Social bookmarking services also let people share their favorite websites with other people, making them a great way to discover new sites or colleagues who share your interests. Social Networking—Social networking sites help people discover new friends or colleagues by illuminating shared interests, related skills, or a common geographic location. Leading examples include Facebook and MySpace. Tags—Keywords that describe the content of a website, bookmark, photo or blog post. You can assign multiple tags to the same online resource, and different people can assign different tags to the same resource. Tag- enabled web services include social bookmarking sites (such as del.icio.us), photo sharing sites (like Flickr) and blog tracking sites (like Technorati). Tags provide a useful way of organizing, retrieving and discovering information. Technorati—A site that provides a search engine specifically for blog content, relying on social bookmarking and tagging to promote popular items to the site's front page. Thumbcast—The mobile delivery of text, picture, audio, or video content via SMS, MMS, or other mobile distribution mechanism. Twitter—A free social networking and moblogging service that allows users to send "updates" (or "tweets"; text-based posts, up to 140 characters long) to the Twitter website, via SMS, instant messaging, or a third-party application. Videocast—A version of a podcast in which video content, rather than audio content, is broadcast. VoIP—Voice over Internet Protocol; a protocol optimized for the transmission of voice through the Internet or other packet switched networks. VOIP is increasingly taking the place of traditional land-line telephony services. Voting/Polling—An electronic means for gathering data on users' opinions or ratings of various items. This data is often aggregated into overall ratings. Web 2.0—A trend in web design and development towards a second generation of web-based communities and hosted services, which aim to facilitate creativity, collaboration, and sharing between users. These interactions generate content that is published, managed and used by these communities and the general public. Wiki—A collaboratively edited web page. The best known example is Wikipedia, an encyclopedia that anyone in the world can help to write or update. Wikis are frequently used to allow people to write a document together, or to share reference material that lets colleagues or even members of the public contribute content. Wikipedia—A free online encyclopedia created, edited, and maintained by users in a collaborative fashion. YouTube—A video sharing website where users can upload, view, share, and comment and vote on video clips.
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