Angol középfok Mintateszt társalKODÓ 1. Nyelvtan és szókincs 1 Az alábbi szövegben 15 kihagyott helyet talál. Olvassa el a szöveget és egészítse ki a kihagyásokat a szöveg után található négy-négy lehetséges megoldás közül a helyessel. A legelső kihagyásnál a megoldást példaként feltüntettük. A Perfect “Nine” You’ve heard of the Weight Watchers diet. Here, for the first time, is the Antonio Banderas diet. It starts every morning with fried eggs and bacon, __ 0 __ by Banderas himself. “I have to do the right amount of oil,” he says. “That greasy thing allows __ 1 __ singing in the morning.” He also eats potato chips by the bagful. On the __ 2 __ hand, cheese and milk are out. Does this all help? Not really. To save his voice for his Broadway debut in the musical “Nine”, Banderas __ 3 __ at all during the day. “You have to become a monastic for the theater,” he says, “__ 4 __ the play is going to eat you alive.” Not that Banderas is complaining. For one thing, he __ 5 __ surrounded by so many beautiful women in “Nine” that it’s a wonder his wife, Melanie Griffith, let him __ 6 __ the job. “Nine” is the musical adaptation of Fellini’s film “8½”, about an egocentric, infantile, womanizing movie director having a midlife crisis. For Banderas, giving __ 7 __ cheese has been the easy part. “I __ 8 __ overcome psychologically the fact that it was going to be in front of 1,300 people every night, talking in a language __ 9 __ is not mine and doing something I’ve never done before. You don’t want to fraud the people,” he says. In fact, Banderas is wonderful in “Nine”. He sings beautifully and isn’t frauding __ 10 __. Banderas is expecting thirty friends and relatives from Spain __ 11 __ his opening night, including his parents. “They know how __ 12 __,” he says. “And they are theatre enthusiasts. They know what they are watching.” Banderas is __ 13 __ talking about extending his run in “Nine” into the fall. To really bring him all the comforts of home, he says that Griffith is considering taking over as Roxie in the Broadway production of “Chicago”. It __ 14 __ that “Chicago” plays across the street from “Nine”. “The theater is right there!” he says. Griffith has never done Broadway either, but that’s probably not the point. If you __ 15 __ married to Antonio Banderas, would you let him out of sight? Newsweek 0. A. cooking B. cooked C. having cooked D. is cooked 1. A. you to start B. that you start C. you starting D. that you can start 2. A. one B. second C. first D. other 3. A. doesn’t talk B. isn’t talking C. hasn’t talked D. didn’t talk 4. A. even if B. although C. or else D. in case 5. A. has B. has been C. is D. is being 6. A. to take B. taking C. take D. taken 7. A. in to B. away C. over D. up 8. A. have to B. had to C. must have D. should have 9. A. , which B. that C. , what D. what 10. A. anyone B. someone C. no-one D. everyone 11. A. for B. on C. in D. at 12. A. this is special B. special is this C. is this special D. special this is 13. A. usually B. still C. already D. never 14. A. happens so B. just so happens C. happens just so D. so happens 15. A. are B. were C. would be D. had been 2. Nyelvtan és szókincs 2 Az alábbi szövegben 15 kihagyott helyet talál. Olvassa el a szöveget és egészítse ki a kihagyásokat a szöveg után található kifejezések listájából, amelyek alakján változtatni nem lehet. A 20 lehetséges megoldásból csak 15-öt lehet felhasználni. Egy kifejezés csak egyetlen helyre írható. A legelső kihagyásnál a megoldást példaként feltüntettük After Midnight The other night the young lady in my life had a desire for hot chocolate. The only problem was, it was well past midnight and __ there _ 0 __ was no milk in the fridge. In many other cities around the world, there _ 1 _ have been only one outcome of the story: no hot chocolate. But not in New York. It was the _ 2 _ of a moment to walk downstairs and stroll into the corner supermarket, which is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. I was even _ 3 _ to pick up a packet of French fries to go with the young lady’s drink. Few aspects of American life are as puzzling to the outsider as the elimination of the clock as a source of limitations on _ 4 _ possible. In 1989 I moved to New York from Switzerland, where _ 5 _ groceries closed for lunch and then shut their door for the day at six, well _ 6 _ I left work in the evening. My Swiss friends explained that shopping hours _ 7 _ based on the idea that men had wives to shop for them; working women or male bachelors had to do their shopping on Saturday. The convenience of living in America, where stores are open long hours on weekdays and _ 8 _ days on weekends, was unbelievably comfortable. Then it kept _ 9 _ better when enterprising Korean immigrants added the luxury of the all- night greengrocer, where New Yorkers could drown their thirsts if not their sorrows - and pick up essential supplies. As the population of “the city _ 10 _ never sleeps” embraced the 21-hour greengrocers, the supermarket chains _ 11 _ they could not afford to lose out _ 12 _ this clientele. Today, the sun never sets on the New York supermarket. Older Americans tell me this is new for them, too. “Sure, you could find a Sunday paper at the corner drugstore,” a friend explained, “but otherwise everything _ 13 _ to be closed on Sunday.” It seems hard to _ 14 _ today, but earlier America was a more religious society, in which to observe the seventh day as the Sabbath was _ 15 _ seriously. Until the 1960s it was illegal in most American states to sell alcohol on a Sunday. But that, as Americans like to say, was then. Newsweek A. able F. believe K. most P. the B. all G. both L. on Q. there C. any H. can M. realized R. used D. be I. could N. taken S. were E. before J. getting O. that T. what U. work 3. Írott szöveg értése 1 A következő feladatban két szöveget talál. Olvassa el az első szöveget, majd ennek alapján értelemszerűen egészítse ki annak rövid összefoglalását (a második szöveget), amelyből néhány információt kihagytunk. Minden zárójelbe tett sorszám után annyi szót kell beírni, amennyi vonalat az adott helyen talál. A rövid összefoglalást ki lehet egészíteni az első szövegben szereplő, illetve az abban nem szereplő, de értelemszerűen odaillő szavakkal is. A feladat megoldásához szótárt nem használhat. Első szöveg: Languages in Australia With just over one-fifth of all existing languages, the Pacific basin is one of the most linguistically diverse regions in the world. Since European colonization though, the number of native languages has dwindled considerably. Australian Aborigines endured a policy of cultural and linguistic assimilation. For many Aboriginal people, the disappearance of their traditional language still leaves a painful gap in their sense of self. ”You feel lost without it,” says Rhonda Inkamala, 36, a language coordinator at the bilingual Yapirinya school. ”You feel left out.” To make sure Aboriginal children are not deprived of their linguistic heritage, Inkamala helps organize a program through which students at the Yapirinya school spend two days a week on cultural excursions into the surrounding area with local tribal elders. Aboriginal languages are distinctive for the rich vocabularies they use to describe the natural world. The evocative imagery they contain expresses how closely Aboriginal clans are linked to the land. One traditional song in the threatened Ngiyampaa language of New South Wales, for example, describes a bird whose tail twitches like a walu, which is a ”strip of bark dangling from a tree.” But the value of Aboriginal languages does not lie in their poetic beauty alone. Nicholas Evans, a famous linguist, credits these little-known tongues with advances in science. Botanists are discovering new species of flora by researching the different Aboriginal names given to seemingly identical plants. The study of these languages can also shed new light on the migrations of early populations and the origins of cultural innovations. ”The process has just began of correlating linguistic with archeological facts,” says Evans. Time Rövid összefoglalás: The number of spoken languages in the Pacific basin is about (1) ________ of the 4,000 languages of the world, but native Australian languages are (2) ________ out continuously. Some Aboriginal children, who attend Yapirinya school where the subjects are taught in (3) ________ ________, visit (4) ________ ________ ________ so that they should not forget their past. Aboriginal words show people’s relationship to their (5) ________. Scientists learn a lot from Aboriginal languages because they realize that plants that seem to be (6) ________ are indeed (7) ________. Specialists dealing with (8) ________ of different people also benefit from the study of ancient languages. 4. Írott szöveg értése 2 Olvassa el figyelmesen az alábbi szöveget. A szöveg után hat befejezetlen állítást talál három- három lehetséges befejezéssel, amelyek közül a helyeset kell kiválasztania. A feladat megoldásához szótárt nem használhat. Fasten Your Seatbelts Two weeks ago the voyage was a short one for Air Senegal’s new Dash 8 airplane. The engine revved, the plane shuddered forward – and crashed in front of the hangar. Last week, after another accident killed 23 people, Air Senegal was left with only one other plane. In the last five years, about 50% of Air Senegal’s planes have broken down or crashed. Director general Gerard Diop says the airline’s planes all meet regional safety standards. Do they really? “Management’s attitude is that as long as the engine can turn over, the plane is flyable, “ says one former pilot. “The rest is up to God.” Now it’s up to the United States, which has launched a campaign to improve safety at airlines throughout Africa. Last week, U.S. Secretary of Transportation, Rodney Slater officially kicked off the Safe Skies Initiative, part of the Clinton administration’s push to end the continent’s economic marginalization. Like American efforts to spur development through regional cooperation in the banking and military sectors, the Safe Skies scheme aims to get African nations sharing information and expertise. Air safety, said Slater, is a precondition for trade and investment. “In the next few years we are expecting air travel in Africa to expand explosively,” said one U.S. transport official. “And as the number of flights rises so do the risks.” There are plenty of risks already. The chances of a fatal plane crash are 15 times greater in Africa than in the United States, and twice what they are anywhere else. Out of the 49 countries south of the Sahara, only South Africa, Ghana and Ethiopia meet U.S. aviation safety standards. Airlines pay huge fees to governments for navigational aid, but the money rarely gets spent on safety upgrades. South African pilots have proposed a central collection system for fees, which they hope will force countries to spend funds on safety. Though Regional Aviation* Safety Bodies do exist in Africa, says an official, “we want them to have teeth”. Under the Safe Skies Initiative, Slater hopes the number of African airports that meet U.S. standard will double in the next three years. The Americans aren’t the first to try to unify Africa’s skies. In 1961, France created Air Afrique, which it owns with its former colonies; four of its new airbuses, however, were recently grounded, because of financial debates with its creditors, like Credit Lyonnaise. America’s efforts toward Africa’s safety are driven partly by economic self-interest. American airlines could gain lucrative destinations, its aircraft manufacturers would gain a new market. “If Africa became accessible by air, the U.S.’s relationship to the continent would change dramatically,” says one State Department economist. That’s the rosy future Slater hoped to project last week in a speech at the Dakar airport. He began by calling the airport’s renovations ”impressive”. Then the microphone sputtered out, making it impossible for Slater to continue his speech. But Slater could take comfort: he flew home on an American plane from there. Time * = aviation = flying 1. According to the text, the management of Air Senegal… a. do not share the opinion of the pilots. b. say their airplanes meet US safety standards c. believe in God 2. Which is the only thing Americans do NOT expect Safe Skies Initiative to do? a. to make all African airports safe b. to sell more airplanes to Africa c. to make US airlines richer 3. According to the text… a. African governments have spent an increasing amount of money on air safety recently. b. Airlines in Africa spend more money on air safety than governments do. c. Some African pilots are unhappy with the present system of collecting money for air safety 4. What do we learn about Air Afrique from the article? a. that it helps France to control her former colonies b. that its relation to the banks is not perfect c. that it is a strong competitor of Safe Skies Initiative 5. Regional Aviation Safety Bodies in Africa... a. are funded by African governments. b. are not very efficient. c. were created by South African pilots. 6. The new airport in Dakar... a. does not receive and start American planes yet. b. is the place where Mr Slater had a long speech. c. still needs some improvement. 5. Íráskészség Az alábbi feladatok közül EGYET kell megoldania. Az irányítási szempontok mindegyikérõl írnia kell, de Ön dönti el, hogy a szempontokat milyen sorrendben foglalja írásába. A feladat megoldása során azonban ügyeljen arra, hogy fogalmazása mind szerkezeti, mind tartalmi szempontból egységes egészet alkosson. Az eredeti szövegből idézhet, ez azonban nem számít bele az elvárt terjedelembe, ami 200-250 szó. A feladat megoldásához nyomtatott szótár használható. Kérjük olvashatóan írjon. A vizsga titkossága érdekében ne használja saját nevét és címét a feladatban. 1. You have read the following in a newspaper: Five secondary schools in Manchester want to install cameras in every classroom so that they could keep an eye on the students. They say it is because of those whose parents do not believe that their children disturb classes and behave really badly. In my opinion, this is a good way of regulating students. (The Sun) Write a LETTER to the editor of the magazine in which you react to the topic by talking about your own classmates; discuss the advantages of the idea; discuss the disadvantages of the idea; clearly state your opinion about this idea. 2. You have read the following in a magazine: In England there is a new system of attending secondary schools, which is called flexi-time schooling. It means that students can go to school for four or fewer days a week and for the rest of the week they are taught at home through the Internet. At school they have classes like PE, drama, singing and project activities, which they can do together, while at home they study maths, literature, history etc. on their own. (Time) Write a LETTER to the editor of the magazine in which you clearly state your opinion about flexi-time schooling; give possible advantages of flexi-time schooling; discuss possible disadvantages of flexi-time schooling; express your hope that your school will/will not introduce flexi-time schooling. 3. You have read the following in a magazine: ”According to the 2000 American census, nearly 4 million people between the ages of 25 and 34 live with their parents. And there are signs that even more moms and dads will be welcoming their graduated kids back home. Last week in an online survey 60% of college students reported that they planned to live at home after higher education studies -- and 21% said they planned to remain there for more than a year. This new breed of child is called the adultolescent.” (Newsweek) Write a LETTER to the editor of the magazine in which you react to the article by talking about your situation / your plans for the future write about its advantages; write about its disadvantages; express your hope about reading on similar topics in the magazine.