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Policies for the Broadband Digital Migration

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					Policies for the Broadband
Digital Migration

Barbara A. Cherry
Senior Counsel
Office of Strategic Planning & Policy Analysis
Federal Communications Commission
<bcherry@fcc.gov>


August 2004
    Old Rules and Assumptions
   Old Rules based upon distinct industry and
    regulatory structures
   Old Rules based upon non-competitive model
       Based upon/assumed scarcity
          Required licenses

       Assumed natural monopolies or regulated oligopolies
          Entry and price regulation

       Government protected incumbents--ensuring scarcity
       Barriers to entry where government decided winners and losers




     Barbara A. Cherry                          Policies for The Broadband Digital Migration -2-
Revolution in Communications
Technology: Convergence Precursors
   Technology: analog         digital
   Network: circuit-switched        packet-switched
   Packetization/digitization       convergence of
    video, voice and data
   The Broadband Digital Migration




      Barbara A. Cherry               Policies for The Broadband Digital Migration -3-
               Broadband Digital Migration
                                                             Voice; Video
                                                            Data; Audio; Etc.
     Voice        Video      TV/
                            Radio                     APPLICATIONS

                                                       PLATFORMS
                                                       Cable      3G
                                                       DSL        FTTH
     Copper         Coax    Spectrum                   Power      Satellite
                                                       Laser      Wi-Fi
                                                       Fixed      Mesh
                                                       DTV        UWB




Analog World                                                    Digital World
                                       Transition
Narrowband                                                      Broadband




        Barbara A. Cherry                           Policies for The Broadband Digital Migration -4-
Potential Competing Platforms
          Cable               DTV
          DSL                 FTTH
          Powerline           Satellite
          Free space          WiFi
           optics              Mesh
          Fixed wireless       networks
          UWB                 3G
                               ???



  Barbara A. Cherry                Policies for The Broadband Digital Migration -5-
           2004 Emerging Realities
   Competition
       CLECs
       Cable TV
       Mobile wireless
       VoIP
   Consolidations
   Spinoffs/Divestitures
   New all fiber/IP-based networks/backbones




    Barbara A. Cherry            Policies for The Broadband Digital Migration -6-
Emerging Realities: Mobile Wireless
    1993 Deregulation
    1994 Auctions
    Very Competitive
           Six nation-wide competitors
           Long distance substitution
           Beginning to see local substitution
    Consumer benefits
           Among lowest prices in the world
           Nation-wide calling areas
           Death of roaming
           VERY High MOU
           Wireline substitution


     Barbara A. Cherry                            Policies for The Broadband Digital Migration -7-
Emerging Realities: The
Broadband Migration
   The next phase in the Internet’s development
   Global recognition of broadband’s importance
   Framing the debate
     What is “broadband”?
     How should we measure progress and success?
       Deployment/availability (supply) v. adoption
       (demand)?
   How do we get there?



     Barbara A. Cherry               Policies for The Broadband Digital Migration -8-
                  Broadband Trends
   First generation broadband (cable modems
    and DSL) available to 85-90% US households
   28% of U.S. households subscribe to DSL or
    cable Modems
   50% of online U.S. households
   Japan and Korea have higher penetration
        Value proposition
        High cost of dial-up
        Voice over IP as driver
   What’s the value proposition?


    Barbara A. Cherry               Policies for The Broadband Digital Migration -9-
                    VoIP Developments
   Why we care
   Industry developments
          FROM VoIP to EoIP
   State regulatory action/court actions
   Petitions to FCC
   FCC VoIP Forum
   FCC IP Working Group—EoIP
   IP Enabled Services Proceeding
   FCC decisions/actions
          Pulver.com
          Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
          Solutions summits
          CALEA petition/proceeding
    Barbara A. Cherry                      Policies for The Broadband Digital Migration -10-
             Policy Questions When
              Everything’s over IP
   What, if anything gets regulated?
          Applications?
          Access for content providers?
   Who, if anyone, regulates?
   How to achieve social goals?
   Consumer protections?
   What about legacy economic models/revenue
    flows and assumptions?
   What about old definitions?
          What is “video programming” or “cable system”?
          What is “broadcasting”?
    Barbara A. Cherry                           Policies for The Broadband Digital Migration -11-
    The Broadband Digital World: An
          Agenda for Change
   Do NOT assume a problem
   Separate economic regulation and social policy
       Finding new ways to maintain critical social policy goals
          Universal Service

          Emergency service—E911

          Support law enforcement—CALEA

          Disability access

   Market solutions must be allowed to develop
   Facilitate facilities-based broadband competition
       The importance of spectrum and market-based spectrum policies
   Need new thinking and new rules for new realities
        Barbara A. Cherry                           Policies for The Broadband Digital Migration -12-
        Viele Danken



Barbara A. Cherry   Policies for The Broadband Digital Migration -13-

				
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