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12 Total Educational Spending Per Capita

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					1      Financial Resources Allocated to Education
1.2 Total Educational Spending Per Capita

  n 1998-1999, total educational spending per capita 1 was estimated at $2 058,
I higher than the Atlantic Provinces ($1 837), Ontario ($2 005) and Western
Canada ($2 039). Graph 1.2 shows the relative change in total educational
                                                                                                In 1998-1999, total educational
                                                                                                spending per capita was slightly
                                                                                                higher in Québec than in the rest of
spending per capita for these regions between 1976 and 1998.                                    Canada.

Table 1.2a shows the data on total spending per capita by level of education in 1998-1999.2 These figures indicate the
distribution of educational spending between the levels of education for the regions in question. The differences in
spending per capita observed between regions for a given level of education are explained in part by the organizational
differences between the education systems. Thus, the fact that total per-capita spending at the elementary and secondary
levels is lower in Québec than in the rest of Canada (with the exception of the Atlantic Provinces) is explained in part by
the shorter duration of studies in Québec (11 years in Québec, and generally 12 years in the rest of Canada). Conversely,
total spending per capita at the college level is higher in Québec than in the rest of Canada, because of the unique
characteristics of our college network (including the mandatory two years of college before entering university).3

Table 1.2b shows data on the direct sources of funds for financing total educational spending. These figures indicate that
in Québec, provincial subsidies make up a large part of the financing for education (73.8%). This percentage is higher
than in the Atlantic Provinces (69.6%), Ontario (57.2%), and Western Canada (54.3%).




1.   Total educational spending includes the operating and capital expenses of all levels of public and private education, the Ministère’s
     administrative expenses, government contributions to employee pension plans, the cost of student financial assistance and other
     education expenses (as defined by Statistics Canada).
2.   The category “Other” in Table 1.2a includes education financed by Human Resources Development Canada, federal spending on
     language courses, vocational education offered in federal and provincial correctional institutions, various federal and provincial training
     programs (for example, Emploi Québec) and expenses of private trade schools, art schools, music schools, etc. (as defined by
     Statistics Canada).
3.   Regarding the organizational differences at the college level, see also Section 1.3.
In the other provinces, financing sources other than the government are higher for one or more of the following reasons:
local funding is more significant, tuition fees are higher or the educational organizations of the other regions are in a better
position to seek out other sources of funding.4

In 1999-2000, tuition fees for university students in Québec are less than half ($1 690) the fees required in the rest of
Canada ($3 727).5 Furthermore, unlike in Québec, students in the other provinces enrolled at a level equivalent to college
may be required to pay tuition fees. Thus, according to a survey of technical colleges in Ontario, conducted by telephone
in the fall of 1999, the average annual cost of education (tuition fees and other expenses) applicable to Canadian citizens
and permanent residents was $2 221. In Québec, the only fees required of students enrolled in college-level technical
education are for school supplies, photocopies and registration—generally around $100 to $300 per year.




4.   It must be noted, however, that there are comparatively more private schools in Québec than in the rest of Canada, and that the
     tuition fees paid to the schools are included in the other sources of funding.
5.   See Section 1.15.
Table 1.2a
Total educational spending per capita: Québec and other regions of Canada,
1998-1999e ($)
                                         Elementary and       Pre-university 1          University          Other2    Total
                                             secondary

 Québec                                            1 135                 254                 437             232     2 058
 Canada, excluding Québec                          1 284                 129                 413             201     2 027
   Atlantic Provinces                              1 048                  72                 457             260     1 837
   Ontario                                         1 334                 124                 400             147     2 005
   Western Canada                                  1 262                 145                 411             221     2 039
 Canada                                            1 248                 159                 419             208     2 034
Table 1.2b
Direct sources of funds for total educational spending: Québec and other
regions of Canada, 1998-1999e (%)
                                               Provincial           Federal                  Local   Other sources    Total
                                             government         government             government

 Québec                                             73.8                  9.1                 5.9            11.2    100.0
 Canada, excluding Québec                           57.0                10.7                 19.1            13.2    100.0
   Atlantic Provinces                               69.6                15.6                  3.3            11.5    100.0
   Ontario                                          57.2                 7.8                 21.7            13.3    100.0
   Western Canada                                   54.3                11.5                 20.4            13.8    100.0
 Canada                                             61.1                10.3                 15.9            12.7    100.0

e:   Estimates
1.   Regarding the organizational differences at the college level, see Section 1.3.
2.   See Note 2 at the bottom of the text.
Graph 1.2
Total educational spending per capita: Québec, Ontario and Western
Canada (current dollars)



                 $2 200

                 $2 000

                 $1 800

                 $1 600

                 $1 400

                 $1 200

                 $1 000
      Québec
                  $800
      Ontario
                  $600
      Western
      Canada      $400
                     1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998

				
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