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Green Tech Movement & Impact on Global Environment

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					Green Technology Movement
   and Impact on Global
       Environment
                COMM 12
                Fall 2007
    Erica Eaton, Page Nichols, Kate Devlin
                                         1
What is Green Technology?
Environmental
technology or “green
technology” is the
application of the
environmental sciences
to conserve the natural
environment and
resources, and by
curbing the negative
impacts on human
involvement               2
The 7 R’s of Green Technology:




                           3
Who is involved in the Green
Technology Movement?
 With rising energy costs and the threat of
 global warming, any businesses are now
 recognizing the benefits of using
 technology to reduce their carbon footprint
 and minimize waste
 Go to:
 http://www.earthday.net/footprint/index.as
 p# and see what your carbon footprint is.
                                       4
…continued who is involved
 As “Green” becomes trendy, businesses
 benefit from becoming part of the
 movement
 “Green” products sell = overall revenue
 increases
 THE EXPERTS! Those most familiar with
 the material who can teach the technologies
 to push for a greener world
                                      5
Why are companies choosing to
go Green?
 Because people are requesting
 environmental technologies
 Example: hybrid versus non-hybrid most
 people want the hybrid for a variety of
 reasons
  Green is a trend that is going to be around
 for a while. It will stay important as long as
 climate change is an issue
                                         6
…continued why companies
are going Green:
  Companies benefit from going Green
  because:
•         a) it’s a trend so it sells
•         b) although the cost of going
  green may be high, the cost of staying
  green is significantly cheaper in the
  long run
                                    7
How are companies going
Green?
  By working with experts who know the
  material well
  Using sustainable building plans
  Implementing restrictions on waste
•           -example: Wal-Mart has been
  aggressively pursuing a variety of
  environmentally friendly strategies over the
  past few years. The impact on the retailer
  and it’s suppliers could be significant. Wal-
  Mart suppliers are required to meet certain
  waste standards.                         8
GREEN SYNDICALISM
 “green syndicalists have understood
 that labor struggles and ecological
 struggles are not separate.”

 Definition: a radical political
 movement that advocates bringing
 industry and government under the
 control of federations of labor unions
 by the use of direction such as general
 strikes and sabotage.             9
…continued Syndicalism
               Green syndicalists
               insist that overcoming
               ecological devastation
               depends on shared
               responsibilities towards
               developing convivial
               ways of living in which
               relationships of
               affinity, both within
               our own species and
               with other species, are
                                 10
               nurtured.
GREEN BUILDING
 Green Building is the practice of increasing
 the efficiency of buildings and their use of
 energy, water and materials and reducing
 building impacts on human health and the
 environment through better citing, design,
 construction, operation, maintenance and
 removal - the complete building life cycle.




                                       11
Daily Water Waste:
Some Facts:
Dishwashers use 14-
18 gallons of water
per cycle
Top loading washers
use 45 gallons per
wash
A dripping faucet
wastes 15-21 gallons
of water per day       12
How people can contribute to
Green Building:
 Think small
 Heat with the sun
 Use renewable energy
 Conserve water
 Use local/natural materials
 Recycle materials
                               13
Renewable/ Alternative
Energy Sources
Energy obtained from sources that are
essentially inexhaustible.
Have less of an impact on the
environment




                                14
Solar Power
  Heat Transfer
•     oil in a pipe is heated, then runs
  through reservoir of water. Heat from oil
  causes water to boils, creating steam
  which turns turbines.
  Photovoltaic (common solar panel)
•     photons from sunlight knock electrons
  into higher sates of energy causing
  potential voltage difference (electricity).

                                        15
Solar Power
CIS Tower, Manchester
England. Was covered
in mosaic tiles, which
with photovoltaic panels
turned grey due to
pollution.
Tiles replaced, costing
£5.5 million.
Began feeding National
Grid in 2005.
                           16
Water Power: Tidal Flux
    Captures energy of waves in the
    ocean or large lakes
    Repairs are more costly at sea


•


                                  17
Water Power:
Hydroelectricity
Rivers are dammed, and water is
released slowly
Force of rushing water creates
electricity
Environmental concerns of building
dams


                                 18
Wind
 Wind rotates turbines to create
 electricity.
 Has potential to take over all of our
 electricity needs (on 13% of all land
 area)




                                   19
Geothermal
 Pipes are routed near geothermal
 activity. Boiling creates steam, which
 turns turbines.




                                  20
Why are businesses going
green?

 Saving energy = saving money
 Gaining consumer confidence
 Managing dependence on oil and
 other fuels that could spike in price, or
 become regulated.


                                     21
 What are businesses
doing?
 Wal-Mart recently began cleaning
 up its environmental practice,
 dropping customer complaints by
 10%
 GE spent $1.5 billion on new
 technology to help reduce waste
 products and energy consumption

                             22
What are businesses doing?
FedEx Corp. and United Parcel
Service have invested in vehicles that
run at least partly on alternative fuels.
DuPont, a chemical company, was
once America’s main producer of
greenhouse gasses. Now, they are
slowly reducing their production of
carbon emissions.
                                    23
Triple Bottom Line

 Businesses are taking into account their
 effects on the environment.
 CLP Group, a Hong Kong based power
 plant operating company, now includes
 data in its annual reports such as “waste
 produced” and “effectiveness of
 environmental programs”.


                                      24
Green Business?
 Big business is a leading producer of
 greenhouse gasses, but according to
 Janet Ranagathan, the director of the
 World Resources Institute,
 businesses voluntary reducing waste
 and energy consumption is the fastest
 way to curb greenhouse gasses
 Many companies claim to be “green”,
 while only making unsubstantial 25
 changes
Hybrid Vehicles
                          Chevy Tahoe
Honda Civic
                          Dodge Durango (2008)
Honda Accord              GMC Yukon
Ford Escape               Lexus RX 400h
Volkswagon                Toyota Highlander
Chevy Malibu              Mercedes ML 450 (2009)
Honda Subcompact (2009)   Mercury Mariner
Hyundai Accent (2009)     Porsche Cayenne (2010)
Lexus GS 450h             Saturn Vue Green Line
Lexus LS 600H L           Toyota Sienna Minivan
Saturn Aura Green Line
Nissan Altima             Pick-up trucks coming in
                          December:
Toyota Camry              Chevy Silverado
Toyota Prius              GMC Sierra             26
Driving Trends
 Since 1770, miles increased
 150% while population
 increased 40%

 200 million vehicles in the
 U.S.

 700 million in the world

 By 2008, one million hybrid
 gas-electric cars in the U.S.
                                 27
Vehicles and the Environment
    1 gallon of gas weighs 6 pounds

•                When burned…

    Carbon + Oxygen = 20 pounds of CO2

    CO2 is the dominant greenhouse gas
    causing global warming!
                                         28
Connect the Dots
Driving is our most air polluting activity

We spend an hour per day in the car (on average)
 That’s 8 BILLION hours per year collectively

3 out of 4 people drive to work alone

Families take about 10 vehicle trips per day

Less than 5% use public transportation

Health care from transportation pollution costs $60
                                              29
billion per year
Health Effects
Automobile pollutants have an impact on health
and the environment

  Respiratory problems

  Impair the body’s immune system

  Increase a person’s risk of cancer

  Birth defects, low birth weight, infant deaths

                                                   30
  Asthma
Total Impact of Green Vehicles

                 Smaller, lighter cars

                 Fewer materials

                 Decreases emissions

                 Eases environmental
                 impact
                 No proven reduction in
                 car’s safety!  31
Solar Power
• * power from the sun *




                           32
Benefits




 Reduces local air pollution

 Offsets greenhouse gases

 Conserves energy

                                            33
 Reduces the need for dry-cell battery disposal
The Green Grid
 The Green Grid is a global consortium dedicated to
 developing and promoting energy efficiency for data
 centers and information service delivery

 How?

   By defining user-centric models and metrics,

   Developing standards , measurement methods, &
   new technologies to improve performance,

   Promoting adoption of new energy efficient
                                              34
   standards
Conclusion?
More and more corporations are
jumping on the green bandwagon.

  It’s trendy
  It’s important!
  It’s good for the environment
  It saves companies money
  It benefits our health          35
Bibliography
 HybridCars.com, Bradley Berman. "HybridCars.com." Hybrid Cars. 2007. 5
 Nov. 2007 <http://www.hybridcars.com/about.html>.
 Solar Electric Light Fund. "Solar Electricity in the Devloping World form the
 Solar Electric Light Fund." Benefits of Solar: Environment. 2007. 4 Nov. 2007
 <http://www.self.org/shs_envir.asp>.
 “The Conde Nast Building at Four Times Square.” Building Green. Accessed
 on 2 November 2007.
 http://www.buildinggreen.com/hpb/overview.cfm?projectid=32
 “Green Syndicalism.” Answers.com. Accessed 5 November 2007.
 http://www.answers.com/topic/green-syndicalism?cat=technology
 Green Technology Forum. Accessed on 4 November 2007.
 http://www.greentechforum.net/index.php
 Simon, Timothy A. “Curbing Global Warming.” Green Technology. Accessed
 on 4 November 2007. http://www.green-
 technology.org/green_technology_magazine/simon_oped.htm
 http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/17969124/page/2/
 http://home.utah.edu/~ptt25660/tran.html
 http://edition.cnn.com/2006/BUSINESS/12/14/environment/index.html
 http://www.darvill.clara.net/altenerg/index.htm                   36
Images Used for Educational Purposes:
  Solar Panels grid tied roof.jpg
  Traffic Jam 060801_trafficJams_hmed_1p.hmedium.jpg
  Sun sun_main.jpg
  Honda Prius prius.jpg
  Lexus Hybrid SUV 96_1.jpg
  Solar building solarwww.hartleynature.org/.../ buildingbest.jpg
  7 R’s www.jwri.osaka-u.ac.jp
  GreenTech www.alrdesign.com
  Oragnic Farmers www.orcasrec.com
  Solar panel
  http://www.caseelectricalservices.co.uk/images/solar-panel-
  1.jpg
  Wind turbine
  http://thefraserdomain.typepad.com/photos/uncategorized/wind
  _turbines_html_html_62376622.gif
                                                                    37
  geothermal http://www.rise.org.au/info/Tech/geo/image002.jpg
GO GREEN!

        38