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MLA Citation Format

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					                     MLA CITATION FORMAT
                                  th
                      Based on 5 edition of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers
                                 See also the MLA Web site at: http://www.mla.org

             Periodical Articles (Journals, Magazines, Newspapers)
Essential components: Author(s), if named, including first name(s); title of article in quotation marks;
title of periodical, underlined; volume (followed by a period and then issue number, if given); date of
article (often year only needed) in parentheses and followed by a colon; pages of article. If no author is
named, begin the citation with the title of the article. Use underlining rather than italics for titles of
periodicals.

_____________________________. “_________________________________________.” _________
Author(s)—Last name(s), First name(s), MI        Title of article, in quotation marks              Title of Per-

         ___________________________ _____ ( _ _ _ _ ): ___________.
        iodical (underlined)                 Vol..Issue Date of vol. Pages of article


Full-text online from database (such as ScienceDirect) —with more than 3 authors
Citation must include all of the above AND the name of the database used, underlined, where the
database was accessed, the date the article was retrieved, and the URL of the database’s homepage, if
known. If there are more than three authors, all are named, OR et al. is used for all others after the first.

EXAMPLE
Kendler, Kenneth S., et al. “The Genetic Epidemiology of Irrational Fears and Phobias in Men.” Archives
        of General Psychiatry 58.3 (March 2001): 257-270. InfoTrac Expanded Academic ASAP
        Plattsburgh State University Library. 20 Nov. 2002 <http://www.infotrac.galegroup.com>.

Journal article—copied from or read in paper or microform, identified through use
of a periodicals database such as PsychINFO, ERIC or Social Sciences Abstracts)
Citation must NOT include the name of the database used.
EXAMPLE
Ollendick, Thomas H., Neville J. King, and Peter Muris. “Fears and Phobias in Children: Phenomenology,
        Epidemiology, and Aetiology.” Child & Adolescent Mental Health 7.3 (2002): 98-106.

Magazine article
Citation must include all of the above (see top paragraph on this page) AND the date of the article must
be the complete date of the issue, but the volume number is not included.

EXAMPLE
Martinez, Carlos. “Phobics Face Virtual Reality to Overcome Their Fears." San Fernando Valley Business
        Journal 15 April 2002. 17.


Abstract (of journal article)—Entire article not read—with “Path” rather than URL
Citation must include all of the above, AND the word “Abstract,” the date of retrieval, source of the
abstract, and how to find it (not its URL)—used when the database was accessed through a library.
EXAMPLE
Ollendick, Thomas H., Neville J. King, and Peter Muris. “Fears and Phobias in Children: Phenomenology,
        Epidemiology, and Aetiology.” Child & Adolescent Mental Health 7.3 (2002): 98-106. Abstract.
        PsycINFO 1887-Present Feinberg Lib., Plattsburgh State Univ. 22 Oct. 2002 Path: Plattsburgh
        State University; Library; Alphabetical Database Menu; PsycINFO.




                                OVER for Web Sites & Books
                                                                                               Carla List-Handley
                                                                                                        MLA F02
                                                         Web Sites
Citation must include the name of the site’s author, if s/he/it can be identified; the title of the page,
underlined; the date the page was last updated (preferred) or the date it was created, if either can be
found; the date it was retrieved and used by the person citing the page; and the page’s complete URL (in
angle brackets). “…writers must often settle for citing whatever information is available to them.”
                   th
MLA Handbook, 5 ed.

Web Site with author and date
______________________________________. ________________________________. _ _ _ _ _. _ _.
Author—might be corporation, association, organization.                    Title of page (underlined)                  Date of page

         ________________ <______________________________>.
          Date retrieved (viewed)              Complete URL (Web address)

EXAMPLE
Social Phobia/Social Anxiety Association. Fact Sheet. 1996-2002. 18 Oct. 2002 <http://www.socialphobia.
        org/facts.html>.

Web site, no author identified, no date given
EXAMPLE
MyWebHealthCenter Phobias. 18 Oct. 2002 <http;phobias.mywebhealthcenter.com>.

                                                              Books
Citation must include author(s), if named, last & first name(s) w/middle initial(s) if given (editors can be
considered authors); title of book—with edition only if other than first; city of publication and state if
necessary (2-letter abbreviation); name of publisher—shortened if possible; date of book, year only.

________________________________. __________________________________________. ____
  Author(s)—Last name(s), First name(s), MI(s)            Title of book, underlined, all important words capitalized         City

         _____________________: ______________, _ _ _ _.
         of publication, state, if necessary      Publisher         Year of publication


Book, entire
EXAMPLE
Barlow, David H. Anxiety and Its Disorders: The Nature and Treatment of Anxiety and Panic. 2nd ed. New
        York: Guilford, 1988.

Chapter in an edited book
Citation must include all of the above AND the author(s) and title of the chapter and its inclusive page
numbers at the end of the citation. Notice that the editor(s) of the book are named, using “Ed.”

EXAMPLE
Velting, Olivia N., et al. “Anxiety Disorders.” Handbook of Serious Emotional Disturbance in Children and
         Adolescents. Ed. Diane T. Marsh & Mary A. Fristad. New York: Wiley, 2002. 204-227.

Information from online Reference book
Citation must include all of the above AND the date retrieved, the Web site used, its URL or “path.”

EXAMPLE
Turkington, Carol A. “Phobias.” Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. 1999. 18 Oct. 2002 Path: Plattsburgh
        State University; Library; Full-Text Menu; Health Reference Center-Academic.

Information from print Reference book
Citation must include all elements as in “Chapter in an edited book” except page numbers.
EXAMPLE
                                                                                           rd
Belkin, Gary S. “Phobias.” The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology and Behavioral Science. 3 ed. Ed.
        W. Edward Craighead and Charles B. Nemeroff. 3 vols. New York: Wiley, 2001.

				
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