MLA CITATION FORMAT th Based on 5 edition of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers See also the MLA Web site at: http://www.mla.org Periodical Articles (Journals, Magazines, Newspapers) Essential components: Author(s), if named, including first name(s); title of article in quotation marks; title of periodical, underlined; volume (followed by a period and then issue number, if given); date of article (often year only needed) in parentheses and followed by a colon; pages of article. If no author is named, begin the citation with the title of the article. Use underlining rather than italics for titles of periodicals. _____________________________. “_________________________________________.” _________ Author(s)—Last name(s), First name(s), MI Title of article, in quotation marks Title of Per- ___________________________ _____ ( _ _ _ _ ): ___________. iodical (underlined) Vol..Issue Date of vol. Pages of article Full-text online from database (such as ScienceDirect) —with more than 3 authors Citation must include all of the above AND the name of the database used, underlined, where the database was accessed, the date the article was retrieved, and the URL of the database’s homepage, if known. If there are more than three authors, all are named, OR et al. is used for all others after the first. EXAMPLE Kendler, Kenneth S., et al. “The Genetic Epidemiology of Irrational Fears and Phobias in Men.” Archives of General Psychiatry 58.3 (March 2001): 257-270. InfoTrac Expanded Academic ASAP Plattsburgh State University Library. 20 Nov. 2002 <http://www.infotrac.galegroup.com>. Journal article—copied from or read in paper or microform, identified through use of a periodicals database such as PsychINFO, ERIC or Social Sciences Abstracts) Citation must NOT include the name of the database used. EXAMPLE Ollendick, Thomas H., Neville J. King, and Peter Muris. “Fears and Phobias in Children: Phenomenology, Epidemiology, and Aetiology.” Child & Adolescent Mental Health 7.3 (2002): 98-106. Magazine article Citation must include all of the above (see top paragraph on this page) AND the date of the article must be the complete date of the issue, but the volume number is not included. EXAMPLE Martinez, Carlos. “Phobics Face Virtual Reality to Overcome Their Fears." San Fernando Valley Business Journal 15 April 2002. 17. Abstract (of journal article)—Entire article not read—with “Path” rather than URL Citation must include all of the above, AND the word “Abstract,” the date of retrieval, source of the abstract, and how to find it (not its URL)—used when the database was accessed through a library. EXAMPLE Ollendick, Thomas H., Neville J. King, and Peter Muris. “Fears and Phobias in Children: Phenomenology, Epidemiology, and Aetiology.” Child & Adolescent Mental Health 7.3 (2002): 98-106. Abstract. PsycINFO 1887-Present Feinberg Lib., Plattsburgh State Univ. 22 Oct. 2002 Path: Plattsburgh State University; Library; Alphabetical Database Menu; PsycINFO. OVER for Web Sites & Books Carla List-Handley MLA F02 Web Sites Citation must include the name of the site’s author, if s/he/it can be identified; the title of the page, underlined; the date the page was last updated (preferred) or the date it was created, if either can be found; the date it was retrieved and used by the person citing the page; and the page’s complete URL (in angle brackets). “…writers must often settle for citing whatever information is available to them.” th MLA Handbook, 5 ed. Web Site with author and date ______________________________________. ________________________________. _ _ _ _ _. _ _. Author—might be corporation, association, organization. Title of page (underlined) Date of page ________________ <______________________________>. Date retrieved (viewed) Complete URL (Web address) EXAMPLE Social Phobia/Social Anxiety Association. Fact Sheet. 1996-2002. 18 Oct. 2002 <http://www.socialphobia. org/facts.html>. Web site, no author identified, no date given EXAMPLE MyWebHealthCenter Phobias. 18 Oct. 2002 <http;phobias.mywebhealthcenter.com>. Books Citation must include author(s), if named, last & first name(s) w/middle initial(s) if given (editors can be considered authors); title of book—with edition only if other than first; city of publication and state if necessary (2-letter abbreviation); name of publisher—shortened if possible; date of book, year only. ________________________________. __________________________________________. ____ Author(s)—Last name(s), First name(s), MI(s) Title of book, underlined, all important words capitalized City _____________________: ______________, _ _ _ _. of publication, state, if necessary Publisher Year of publication Book, entire EXAMPLE Barlow, David H. Anxiety and Its Disorders: The Nature and Treatment of Anxiety and Panic. 2nd ed. New York: Guilford, 1988. Chapter in an edited book Citation must include all of the above AND the author(s) and title of the chapter and its inclusive page numbers at the end of the citation. Notice that the editor(s) of the book are named, using “Ed.” EXAMPLE Velting, Olivia N., et al. “Anxiety Disorders.” Handbook of Serious Emotional Disturbance in Children and Adolescents. Ed. Diane T. Marsh & Mary A. Fristad. New York: Wiley, 2002. 204-227. Information from online Reference book Citation must include all of the above AND the date retrieved, the Web site used, its URL or “path.” EXAMPLE Turkington, Carol A. “Phobias.” Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. 1999. 18 Oct. 2002 Path: Plattsburgh State University; Library; Full-Text Menu; Health Reference Center-Academic. Information from print Reference book Citation must include all elements as in “Chapter in an edited book” except page numbers. EXAMPLE rd Belkin, Gary S. “Phobias.” The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology and Behavioral Science. 3 ed. Ed. W. Edward Craighead and Charles B. Nemeroff. 3 vols. New York: Wiley, 2001.