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Busy bees—honey_ wax_ pollen_ an


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									IB1090911 Busy bees—honey, wax, pollen, and propolis
February 13, 2009, Pages 72-81
1. To produce a kilogram of honey (2.2 lb) requires on average how many loads of nectar?
a. 100        b. 1,000       c. 100,000             d. 1,000,000

2. True or false: When a forager returns to the hive, nectar in the honey stomach goes directly into a
wax cell to “cure.” Nectar is transferred from a forager to a worker in the hive via mouth-to-mouth
exchange (trophallaxis).

3. What are two things that bees do to turn nectar into honey?
a. Repeatadly regurgitate to evaporate water b. Wing fanning to help evaporate water/ concentrate
nectar. c. Biochemical conversion of sucrose into glucose and fructose.

4. Of the following sugars, which is least sweet-tasting?
sucrose        fructose               glucose

5. What is not present in honey in significant quantities?
a. vitamins    b. minerals            c. enzymes             d. lipids

6. Most substances in honey are health-promoting; name two types of substances that can potentially
cause injury; a. Terpenoids and alkaloids from plants b. botulinum toxin from bacterial spores

7. Honeydew honey is made from:
a. exudations from honeydew melon b. dew that appears on flowers in the morning
c. soft beech scale excrement     d. nectar from the honey flower Lambertia formosa

8. From what era do the oldest depictions of honey gathering date?
 a. 80,000 years ago         b. 8,000 years ago            c. 800 years ago

9. What is mead? Fermented honey wine

10. When were skeps in widespread use?
a. in ancient Egypt between 2400 and 600 BC           c. in medieval Europe, around 1200 AD
b. in Rome in the first century BC                    d. in modern times, since the 19th century

11. How long has the movable frame hive been in use?
a. since ancient Egypt, starting between 2400 and 600 BC
b.since Rome, starting in the first century BC
c. since medieval Europe, starting around 1200 AD
d. in modern times, starting in the nineteenth century

12. Reverend L.L. Langstroth’s principal contribution to apiculture was
a. developing methods for artificially inseminating queens
b. introducing Apis mellifera scutellata to North American
c. inventing the movable frame hive
d. patenting the centrifugal honey extractor
13. What is “bee space”? Approximately 0.25-0.375 inch, the space which bees leave open for moving
within the colony
14. What are two reasons honey is widely used in the baking industry?
a. Tastes Sweet         b. hygroscopic
15. List two ways, other than in baking, that honey is used today:
a. cosmetics (soaps and skin care) b. beer c. medicines d. candies e. cooking ham
16. Why might honey be considered a “nutraceutical”? (What is a nutraceutical?)
A nutraceutical is a food that provides health benefits in addition to basic nutritional function. Honey is
full of antibacterial and antioxidant compounds.
16. Manuka honey has FDA approval for treatment of
a. sore throats b. stomach ulcers      c. cataracts   d. MRSA infections

17. Name two of the leading honey-producing countries in the world:
a. China       b. United States
18. What contaminant has been found in imported Chinese honey?
a. ciprofloxacin       b. chloramphenical c. corn syrup d. all of the above

19. Beeswax is a secretion of glands located on the ventral side of the honey bee’s abdomen.
20. To produce one pound of wax a colony consumes how much honey?
a. one pound                         b. ten pounds                         c. fifty pounds

21. List three attributes of beeswax that make it such useful material:
a. Low melting point b. Resists weathering c. Repels water d. non-poisonous

22. Explain how wax is used in the following artistic media:
a. batik protects fabric from dye, removed by heating and re-applied in different pattern with second
b. lost wax casting sculpted and covered in plaster, removed by heating and molten metal is poured into
the space left behind to produced sculpture or metal tools
c. pysanky protects eggshell from dye in the same way as fabric is protected in batik

23. True or false: In Asia, the economic value of royal jelly exceeds the value of honey.

24. Royal jelly
a. restores youth      b. enhances the sex drive      c. prolongs life       d. none of the above

25. True or false: Only larvae destined to become queens are fed royal jelly
26. Royal jelly is secreted from the
a. Nasanov gland       b. hypopharyngeal gland     c. wax glands           d. flowers

27. Why do people purchase and consume bee pollen? Clever marketing and perceived health benefits.
28. Propolis is produced by bees from Tree resin. In the colony it is used to Seal cracks.
Commercially it is sold in health food stores because of its high content of antioxidants

29. For what commercial purpose have dead adult bees been used? Bug-in-an-ice-cube novelty gift

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