Opened to traffic Width of each tunnel roadway Operating headroom External diameter of tunnel Maximum depth from mean high water to roadway Length of tunnel (portal to portal): North tube South tube Number of toll lanes November 13, 1927 20 feet 12 feet, 6 inches 29 feet, 6 inches 93 feet, 5 inches 8,558 feet 8,371 feet 9*
Holland Tunnel Interesting Facts
* All toll lanes are equipped to accept E-ZPass as a form of toll payment.
The Port Authority is committed to the safety and security of our facilities and the customers who use them. We have dedicated substantial portions of our capital resources to security enhancements. These safety measures are similar to those being taken by all agencies nationwide to thwart potential terrorists and are constantly updated utilizing intelligence gathered from the Port Authority Police, state and local authorities, and various federal agencies.
CONNECTING THE REGION
www.panynj.gov For the latest construction closures or information, please call our Customer Connection at (800) 221- 9903. The Customer Connection is a service of the Tunnels, Bridges & Terminals Department – Customer Relations Division.
The first Hudson River vehicular crossing …
the Holland Tunnel is a vital, historical and highly-valued underwater tunnel that helps the bistate region thrive. A critical part of The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey’s dedication to providing the region with essential connections, the Holland Tunnel is among the many facilities we maintain to help people reach their destinations.
> DEDICATED ENGINEERING
The Holland Tunnel, which connects Canal Street in Manhattan with 12th and 14th Streets in Jersey City, New Jersey, is considered an outstanding engineering achievement. As a tribute to this great feat, it bears the name of its first chief engineer, Clifford M. Holland. He and his team surmounted many previously unsolved tunnel engineering problems. Unfortunately, Holland died before the tunnel’s completion, and his successor, Milton Freeman, died five months later. The tunnel was finished under the leadership of the project’s third chief engineer, Ole Singstad. keeping air quality well within established safety limits. This innovation made the Holland Tunnel the first mechanicallyventilated underwater vehicular tunnel. The methods used to design and build it still form the basis for the construction of many underwater vehicular tunnels throughout the world.
> NATIONAL LANDMARK
In 1984, because of its valuable contribution to tunnel design and construction, the Holland Tunnel was designated a National Historic Civil and Mechanical Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Civil and Mechanical Engineers. And in 1993, it was designated a National Historic Landmark by the United States Department of the Interior.
> CONTINUING ENHANCEMENTS
The Holland Tunnel has been in service for 77 years, and we are constantly making improvements so that it will continue to serve the public well into the future. In November 2003, a direct exit to Varick Street was opened at the Holland Tunnel New York Rotary, improving flow to both southbound and eastbound traffic. Current projects include the continuing modernization of the in-tunnel water supply for fire-fighting equipment and the rehabilitation of 14th Street, from the Holland Tunnel New Jersey exit portal west to Jersey Avenue. It is a priority of the Port Authority that the Holland Tunnel, one of the area’s most revered transportation structures, be a reliable and efficient link between New York and New Jersey.
> GROUNDBREAKING INNOVATION
One of the most significant challenges was how to ventilate the 1.6-mile tunnel. With the dawn of the automobile age, it was imperative to find a way to remove potentially dangerous automobile fumes. Singstad’s solution was to design a circular tunnel with an automatic ventilation system. Four ventilation buildings, two on each side of the Hudson River, house 84 immense fans that provide a change of air every 90 seconds,
< The Holland Tunnel was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1993 and celebrated its 75 th anniversary in 2002.
Holland Tunnel Profile