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					                                                                                             Ice Dragon Scoring Rubric:
                                                                                           Vocal Music Performance
            QUALITY                                     9-10                                7-8                                  5-6                                 3-4                                 1-2
                                                A piece at this level               A piece at this level                A piece at this level               A piece at this level               A piece at this level
Documentation: the extent to            ---Is documented in depth, with     -- Is documented with a picture of   -- Lists the name and composer of   -- Lists the name and composer of   -- Lists the name and composer of
which the entrant provides              complete descriptions/pictures      original piece including             the piece and provides judges       the piece and provides judges       the piece
written material that explains          from one or more primary or         discussion of period performance     with a copy of sheet music          with a copy of sheet music
what they were trying to                well-known accurate secondary       techniques                           -- Documents the time period and    -- Documents the time period and
produce, the materials used,            sources of the music and            -- Explains how, when, where and     country of origin.                  country of origin.
and the processes followed, as          composer, including discussion of   by what type of performer(s) the     -- Includes bio of the composer     -- Contains a simple bibliography
well as appropriate historical          period performance techniques for   piece would have been sung in        and/or information about other      referencing only secondary
background and source(s) for            this piece                          period.                              similar pieces from the period      sources
the entry                               ---Explains in detail how, when,    ---Describes reasons for changes     -- Contains a bibliography
                                        where and by what type of           & all problems encountered,          referencing multiple sources
                                        performer (s) the piece would       including solutions
                                        have been sung in period            ---Has a bibliography referencing
                                        ---Extensively describes reasons    a multiple sources including some
                                        for changes & all problems          primary
                                        encountered, including solutions
                                        (e.g. use of women instead of boy
                                        sopranos or castrati)
                                        ---Has an annotated bibliography
                                        referencing a wide variety of
                                        primary and secondary sources
Authenticity: the extent to which the   -- Period piece or an original      -- Period piece or an original       -- Period piece or an original      -- Stylistically compatible with    -- Folk or filk piece, out of period
entry uses period materials and         piece written in a style that is    piece written in a style that is     piece written in a style that is    period pieces but may be of folk    in origin and sound
techniques to create an item of any     based on period repertoire          based on period repertoire           based on period repertoire          origin or slightly post-period
specified period (may be influenced
by process, materials, or aesthetics.
                                        --Uses appropriate vocal            --Uses appropriate vocal             --Uses appropriate vocal
                                        techniques (e.g. reduced or         techniques (e.g. reduced or          techniques (e.g. reduced or
                                        eliminated vibrato for early        eliminated vibrato for early         eliminated vibrato for early
                                        liturgical pieces)                  liturgical pieces)                   liturgical pieces)
                                        -- Wears appropriate costume to     -- Helps listeners imagine
                                        match time and place of music       themselves at a performance in a
                                        -- Remains in persona throughout    period setting.
                                        performance and/or “sets the        -- Uses appropriate period
                                        stage” to allow listeners to        instruments to give pitch(es)
                                        imagine themselves at a             (performers with perfect pitch
                                        performance in a period setting.    using voice, or a period–style
                                        -- Uses appropriate period          instrument)
                                        instruments to give pitch(es)
                                        (performers with perfect pitch
                                        using voice, or a period
                                        instrument)
                                                                                                 Ice Dragon Scoring Rubric:
                                                                                               Vocal Music Performance
            QUALITY                                      9-10                                   7-8                                  5-6                                  3-4                                 1-2
                                                 A piece at this level                  A piece at this level                A piece at this level               A piece at this level               A piece at this level
Complexity: the extent to which the      -- Extreme rhythmic complexity:        -- High level of rhythmic            -- Moderate level of rhythmic        -- Simple piece with small          -- Rhythmically, tonally and
entry was difficult to make              changing meters, syncopation,          complexity: changing meters,         complexity: syncopation, change      amounts of rhythmic, tonal or       harmonically simple piece.
(materials used, availability of         multi-part polyphony with parts in     syncopation, multi-part              of meter or multi-part polyphony     harmonic complexity; e.g. a         -- One singer with no
materials, difficulty of style, number
and difficulty of steps, intricate
                                         different rhythms or meters,           polyphony or other challenging       -- Moderate level of tonal           round.                              accompaniment.
details and overall size)                hocket or other challenging            rhythmic features                    complexity: chromaticism or parts    -- One or two singers, or one       -- Language: song is in the
                                         rhythmic features                      -- High level of tonal complexity:   with jumps in pitch                  singer with one instrumental        singer’s native tongue with
                                         -- Extreme tonal complexity:           chromaticism or parts with large     --Some harmonic complexity:          accompanist.                        modern pronunciation.
                                         chromaticism or non-melodic            jumps in pitch                       group performances or solo           -- Language: song is in the         -- Short in duration or a short
                                         parts with numerous large jumps        --High level of harmonic             performance of a highly              singer’s native tongue.             melody repeated many times.
                                         in pitch                               complexity: performances with        chromatic piece, or one that         -- Piece is of moderate length or   -- Performer references sheet
                                         --Extreme harmonic complexity:         dissonance or complex chord          changes key                          involves a small number of          music throughout performance.
                                         group performances with much           structures                           --Moderately complex ensemble:       sections with some repeats
                                         dissonance or very complex chord       --Highly complex ensemble:           includes multiple singers or voice   -- Performer occasionally
                                         structures                             includes multiple singers or voice   parts, one singer per part, or       references sheet music.
                                         --Extremely complex ensemble:          parts, one singer per part, or       instrumental accompaniment
                                         includes a large number of singers     instrumental accompaniment           added; solo performance
                                         or voice parts, one singer per part,   added; solo performance self-        accompanied by an
                                         or instrumental accompaniment          accompanied on a modern              instrumentalist playing a period
                                         added; solo performance that is        instrument                           instrument
                                         self-accompanied on a period           --Language: text is in a foreign     -- Moderately long piece.
                                         instrument or includes other           language and/or early forms (e.g.    -- Memorization; performer(s)
                                         performance features appropriate       Middle English)                      seldom reference sheet music.
                                         to the piece                           -- Long piece with few repeats.
                                         --Language: text is in a foreign       -- Memorization; performer(s) do
                                         language and/or early forms (e.g.      not refer to sheet music.
                                         Middle English)
                                         -- Long piece with few repeats.
                                         -- Memorization; performer(s) do
                                         not refer to sheet music.
                                                                                                 Ice Dragon Scoring Rubric:
                                                                                              Vocal Music Performance
             QUALITY                                      9-10                                   7-8                               5-6                               3-4                              1-2
                                                  A piece at this level                  A piece at this level            A piece at this level             A piece at this level            A piece at this level
Creativity: the extent to which the       --Improvisation of appropriate         --Use of appropriate period       --Expression in performance       -- Music is executed with some   -- Piece executed as written with
artist combined original elements         period embellishments                  embellishments/ornamentation      appropriate to text, including    interpretive expression and/or   no interpretive expression,
and substitutions with a knowledge        /ornamentation                         --Expression in performance       modifying dynamics or tempo,      dynamic or tempo changes.        dynamic or tempo changes, or
of period styles to create a piece that
did not exist in the Middle Ages
                                          --Expression in performance            appropriate to text, including    natural movement to enhance                                        other modifications to the original
                                          appropriate to text, including         modifying dynamics or tempo,      emotion                                                            music.
                                          modifying dynamics or tempo,           natural movement to enhance       --Modified piece to accommodate
                                          facial expressions, gestures,          emotion                           a modern audience
                                          natural movement to convey and         --Modified piece to accommodate
                                          enhance emotion without                a modern audience without
                                          “hamming it up” so much as to be       sacrificing authenticity
                                          annoying                               --Combining multiple compatible
                                          --Modified piece to accommodate        pieces together in a suite
                                          a modern audience without              -- Added some features to
                                          sacrificing authenticity               increase audience appeal
                                          --Combined multiple compatible
                                          pieces together in a suite, in a
                                          manner consistent with period
                                          practice
                                          -- Added several features to
                                          increase audience appeal like
                                          props, audience participation, split
                                          choir, or soloists alternating with
                                          ensemble.
                                          -- Original piece composed by the
                                          performer in a recognizably
                                          period style
                                                                                               Ice Dragon Scoring Rubric:
                                                                                             Vocal Music Performance
            QUALITY                                     9-10                                  7-8                                   5-6                                  3-4                                   1-2
                                                A piece at this level                A piece at this level                 A piece at this level                A piece at this level                 A piece at this level
Workmanship: the extent to which        --Singing is completely on pitch,    --Singing is on pitch                 --Singing is mostly on pitch with    -- Singing is sometimes off-pitch,    -- Singing is off-pitch.
the entrant uses their skill combined   neither sharp nor flat               -- Singing is without modern          few sharp or flat notes. For a       either flat or sharp.                 -- Singing includes modern
with knowledge of materials and         -- Singing is completely without     affectations like sliding between     group, the group may go sharp or     -- Singing has occasional modern      affectations, sounds like a pop .
techniques to produce an entry
                                        modern affectations like sliding     notes or excessive vibrato            flat but remain in tune with each    affectations.                         tune or Broadway show piece
                                        between notes or excessive           -- Entrances are clean and clear      other.                               -- Entrances are sometimes            -- Entrances are early, late or
                                        vibrato                              -- Diction is crisp, with all words   -- Singing is without modern         sloppy.                               hesitant
                                        -- Entrances are all clean and       being audible and understandable      affectations like sliding between    -- Diction is moderately poor,        -- Diction is muddy, words are
                                        clear                                -- Rhythms are accurately             notes or excessive vibrato           with some inaudible final             difficult to understand, final
                                        -- Diction is completely crisp,      rendered                              -- Entrances are mostly clean and    consonants or singing on              consonants are inaudible or S’s
                                        with all words being audible and     -- Tempo is appropriate to period     clear                                consonants instead of vowels.         are sibilant and hissing.
                                        understandable; vowel sounds are     and style of piece                    -- Diction is good, with most        -- Rhythms are occasionally           -- Rhythms are incorrect
                                        rounded and full                     -- Pronunciation is accurate.         words audible and understandable     inaccurate or blurred.                -- Tempo inappropriate; too fast
                                        -- Rhythms are accurately            -- For group performances, the        -- Rhythms are accurately            -- Tempo is acceptable but might      or too slow.
                                        rendered                             singers blend well.                   rendered                             be somewhat fast or slow              -- Pronunciation incorrect.
                                        -- Tempo is appropriate to period    --For group performance,              -- Tempo is appropriate to period    -- Pronunciation is reasonably        -- For group performances, poor
                                        and style of piece, and maintained   ensemble is good; entrances and       and style of piece                   accurate but may have an obvious      blend so that individual voices
                                        throughout the piece except where    endings are together both within      -- Pronunciation is accurate.        American accent                       overpower others or are inaudible.
                                        stylistic considerations indicate    and between parts                     -- For group performances, the       -- For group performances,            -- For group performances, poor
                                        tempo changes, rubato or             -- Tone quality is pleasant and       singers blend acceptably.            somewhat uneven blend, so that        ensemble, with voices beginning
                                        ritardandos.                         suited to the music with good         --For group performance,             one part is inappropriately weaker    and/or ending phrases at different
                                        -- Pronunciation, especially of      resonance.                            ensemble is mostly good;             or stronger than others.              times inappropriately.
                                        foreign languages or earlier forms   -- Notes throughout the singer’s      entrances and endings are            -- For group performance,             -- Tone quality is unpleasant;
                                        of English, is accurate and          range are well executed, without      together for the most part           occasionally sloppy ensemble.         breathy, harsh or raspy.
                                        without American accent (or          obvious “breaks.”                     -- Tone quality is pleasant and      -- Tone quality is moderately         -- Notes through the singer’s
                                        accent of singer’s native tongue).   -- Singer(s) exhibit very good        suited to the music.                 pleasant but deficient in support     range are executed unevenly,
                                        -- For group performances, the       breath control and tonal support.     -- Notes throughout the singer’s     or resonance.                         squeaking at the high end,
                                        singers have excellent blend so no   -- Music is rendered without any      range are moderately well            -- Singer(s) exhibit some             gravelly at the low end or with
                                        voice stands out from the others     obvious errors.                       executed, without obvious            difficulty in executing high or low   obvious breaks.
                                        except where appropriate to the                                            “breaks.” Any difficulties at high   end of range, or have obvious         -- Singer(s) must breathe in the
                                        piece.                                                                     and low ends of range are            breaks.                               middle of phrases and/or have
                                        --For group performance,                                                   minimal.                             -- Singer(s) have moderately poor     poor breath control and support
                                        ensemble is excellent; entrances                                           -- Singer(s) exhibit good breath     breath control, interfering with      -- Music has many errors; singer
                                        and endings are together both                                              control and support.                 the music’s phrasing.                 may get lost and have to stop in
                                        within and between parts                                                   -- Music is rendered without any     -- Music has minor errors but the     the middle of the performance.
                                        -- Tone quality is exceptionally                                           obvious errors.                      singer(s) recover appropriately.
                                        pleasing, suited to the music and
                                        modified appropriately through
                                        the piece.
                                        -- Notes throughout the singer’s
                                        range are very well executed;
                                        resonant but not heavy, and even
                                        throughout the range without
                                        obvious “breaks.”
                                        -- Singer(s) exhibit excellent
                                        breath control and tonal support.
                                        -- Music is rendered completely
                                        without error.
                                                                                                Ice Dragon Scoring Rubric:
                                                                                             Vocal Music Performance
            QUALITY                                    9-10                                   7-8                                    5-6                                   3-4                                   1-2
                                                A piece at this level                 A piece at this level                 A piece at this level                 A piece at this level                 A piece at this level
Aesthetics: the extent to which the     --Overall presentation of the piece   --Overall presentation of the piece   --Overall presentation of the piece   -- Performance is boring but not      -- Performance is painful;
elements of an entry work together      is exceptionally pleasing and         is pleasing and entertaining          is moderately pleasing and            unpleasant.                           audience cannot wait for it to be
to create a pleasing whole while        entertaining                          --The emotional content of the        entertaining, but missing that        -- Singer(s) exhibit minimal          over.
maintaining the "flavor" of a period
piece (may include elements like
                                        --The emotional content of the        lyrics is conveyed well               “spark”                               amounts of expression and             -- Singing is without expression
content, size and shape of piece,       lyrics is conveyed well and with      --The piece is appropriate to the     --The emotional content of the        emotion.                              -- Music is completely unsuited to
proportion, style, historical           empathy                               voice type and range of the           lyrics is conveyed adequately         -- Singers attempt professional       the performer’s voice
accuracy, composition, color choice,    --The piece is well suited to the     singer(s)                             --The performer carries him or        presentation but experience           -- Singer(s) are sloppy and
how it interacts with the viewer, and   voice type and range of the           --The singer(s) are arrayed           herself appropriately..               difficulties                          unprofessional in presentation
overall appeal to the viewer)           singer(s)                             appropriately to the piece, both in   -- Body movements are natural         -- Singer exhibits minor              -- Singer exhibits nervous tics like
                                        --The singer(s) are arrayed           dress and in deportment               and relaxed                           inappropriate body movement           swaying, tapping toes to maintain
                                        appropriately to the piece, both in   --The performer carries him or        -- For group performances, each       like tapping toes to maintain         rhythm or holding body stiffly.
                                        dress and in deportment,              herself professionally.               part is given their note and hums     rhythm or standing stiffly.           -- Performer looks at music,
                                        including posture, gestures, and      -- Body movements are natural         it briefly before the piece begins.   -- Performer makes occasional         ceiling or floor and does not offer
                                        facial expressions.                   and relaxed                           -- The performer(s) offer regular     brief eye contact with audience       eye contact to the audience.
                                        --The performer carries him or        -- For group performances, choir      eye contact with the audience.        -- For group performances, each       -- For group performances, each
                                        herself professionally and in a       is given the root of the opening      -- The performer(s) are audible,      part is given their note and hums     part must be given their note
                                        manner appropriate to the period      chord only. Each part hums their      making allowance for halls with       it for an extended period before      separately, possibly more than
                                        of the piece.                         own pitch quietly and                 difficult acoustics or a great deal   the piece begins.                     once, and hum their notes loudly
                                        -- Body movements are natural         unobtrusively                         of background noise.                  -- Performer is occasionally          before beginning the piece
                                        relaxed and used only to enhance      -- The performer(s) maintain eye                                            inaudible or resorts to harsh tonal   -- Performer is inaudible or
                                        the music                             contact with the audience.                                                  quality in order to be heard.         resorts to harsh tonal quality in
                                        -- No humming of starting             -- The performer(s) are audible                                                                                   order to be heard.
                                        pitches.                              without resorting to harsh,
                                        -- The performer maintains eye        shouting tonal quality, making
                                        contact with the audience,            allowance for halls with difficult
                                        engaging the listeners in the piece   acoustics or a great deal of
                                        -- The performer is audible           background noise.
                                        without resorting to harsh,
                                        shouting tonal quality

				
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