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					                                                Example Risk Assessment – Childrens Nursery (6 weeks – 5 years)




Hazard             Who Might    Existing Control Measures                                                                     Further Actions required
                   be harmed?
First Aid          Children     Nominated first aiders always available on shift.                                             Set up procedure for checking telephone
Procedures.                     First aid box available in all activity rooms, in the kitchen and in main office.             system so that we ensure easy
Hazard of                       First aid box taken on outings.                                                               communication with parents and the
incorrect                       Location of first aid boxes included in staff induction.                                      emergency services at all times.
medication being                First aid boxes are checked and refilled on a regular basis so that is kept well stocked.     Ensure mobile phones have adequate
administered and                Nominated first aiders receive regular retraining.                                            reception and batteries are charged at all
allergies to                    All nominated first aiders will ensure a written note is made of any accidents in the         times.
medications.                    accident book and that parent’s sign against this when collecting children to confirm they
                                have been informed.
                                Parents to provide written detail of any illness or conditions which children suffer on a
                                permanent basis together with appropriate medication and instructions on how to
                                administer e.g. asthma inhalers.
                                Parents are required to provide a list of any medication their child is allergic to.
                                We will administer medication to control the effects of a non-serious illness or where a
                                doctor has prescribed medication but only after receiving prior written instruction and
                                consent from the parent.
                                Each time medication is given a written record will be kept of this together with a witness
                                signature. Details of medication, dosage and time given recorded.
                                Expiry date of medication checked before administering.
                                We will administer sun-cream and nappy cream if necessary, unless parents instruct us
                                otherwise. All other medication will not be administered without specific written
                                instruction from the parents.
                                Medication will be stored in a safe locked cupboard that only the first aiders have access
                                too.
                                No child is allowed to keep any tablets, medicine or creams in their bags. But staff to
                                ensure children have access to their emergency medication at all times.
                                Parents required to inform staff of any medication administered by them before the start of
                                the session.
                                In cases of emergency the pre-school/ nursery reserves the right to remove a child to
                                hospital. Parents advised of emergency procedures in parent contract.
                                Staff medication stored separately from children’s medication.
                                Existing injuries when a child arrives recorded.




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                                                         Example Risk Assessment – Childrens Nursery (6 weeks – 5 years)




Health Protection   Children and        Parents to keep children at home if they have any infections and to inform manager as to        All staff immunisation history to be checked
Hazard of the       Staff, especially   the nature of the infection to enable other parents to be alerted.                              and all women of childbearing age will be
spread of           expectant           Any child obviously unwell will not be accepted. If child is unwell during the course of the    advised to have rubella injection if
infectious          mothers being       day their parents will be contacted, and if necessary, asked to collect. In the meantime they   necessary.
diseases.           exposed to          will be taken to the first aid room where they will stay with a member of staff for comfort     Individual risk assessment to be carried out
                    German measles      and reassurance.                                                                                for pregnant staff, this must cover whether
                                        Restrictions required (this applies to staffs as well as children) for various illnesses,       they have had rubella injection. If not they
                                        include:                                                                                        may need to be restricted from working.
                                        Gastric upset - child excluded for 24/48 hrs after last attack of diarrhoea/sickness.
                                        Conjunctivitis – not return until course of treatment has finished and eye clear.
                                        Fever/Throat – 24hrs after fever gone down.
                                        Hand, foot & mouth – not return till treatment given and spots cleared.
                                        Head lice – not return until treated.
                                        Impetigo – exclusion necessary until all scabs have cleared from infected area.
                                        Chicken pox – min. exclusion is 7 days from onset of rash. All spots must be dry and
                                        scabbed over before child returns.
                                        Verrucae – must be covered with rubber sock, waterproof plaster or clear nail varnish
                                        when foot is going to become wet or damp.
                                        Threadworms – return once treatment started.
                                        Measles – min. exclusion is 4 days from onset of rash.
                                        Mumps – min. exclusion 9 days after swelling subsides.

Clinical Waste      Staff, children     Staff given training on handling, packaging and labelling clinical waste i.e. nappies.          Set up system of health surveillance for use
Hazard of           and visitors.       Instructions given on how to clear up and disinfect a spillage of body fluid. This includes     of latex-gloves and latex sensitisation.
infection                               how to mop up the spillage, preparing the chemicals and applying to spillage site, and the
                                        final clearing up.                                                                              Have procedure for dealing with spillage’s
                                        Clinical waste stored in yellow and black striped sacks and kept in an designated area that     written down and kept with spillage
                                        is enclosed and only trained staff have access to.                                              kit/chemicals for disinfecting.
                                        Waste is collected regularly so does not accumulate.
                                        Cuts/grazes to staff must be covered with a waterproof plaster before commencing work.
                                        Good personal and environmental hygiene standards maintained including thorough
                                        washing of hands after contact with body fluids and cleaning & disinfecting of equipment
                                        e.g. changing mats after use.
                                        Disposable gloves, disposable apron etc. worn for high risk/messy activities.
                                        Spare sets of clothing available for children and staff.




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                                                  Example Risk Assessment – Childrens Nursery (6 weeks – 5 years)




Hygiene            Staff and      Nursery, including toilets and kitchen, cleaned by cleaning staff before children arrive and   None required
Procedures         children       care staff required to maintain cleanliness during sessions.
Hazard of                         Surfaces cleaned between activities.
infection                         Cleaning routine to be followed throughout day to ensure hygiene is maintained.
                                  Toilets checked regularly and cleaned if necessary.
                                  Training on hygiene procedures included in staff induction.
                                  Regular checks carried out on all sandpits and sand changed when appropriate, area closed
                                  to children until sand changed.
                                  Regular checks carried out on ball pit and balls cleaned when necessary, area closed to
                                  children until cleaning has occurred.
                                  Rota for cleaning toys, dress-up clothes and other equipment followed.
                                  Toys made of cleanable and safe natural materials.
                                  Staff and children to wash hands after using the toilet and before handling food.
                                  Staff and children to wash their hand’s on return from outdoor play or trips out.
                                  Children taught about: hand washing, cleaning their teeth, nose wiping and disposal of
                                  tissue, spread of infection through coughing and sneezing, and using the toilet correctly.
Laundry            Children       Laundry situated away from where children eat, sleep and play.                                 None required
                                  Children not allowed access to laundry room
                                  Clean and dirty linen kept separate to avoid cross-contamination.
COSHH.             Cleaner,       Cleaning products stored in locked cabinet which children do not have access to.               Identify all hazardous substances. Substitute
Exposure to        children and   Medication stored in locked cabinet that only trained and competent staffs i.e. nominated      all hazardous products with a non-hazardous
cleaning           staff.         first aiders have access to.                                                                   product where possible. Obtain hazard data
chemicals, craft                  Gardening equipment (including pesticides and petrol) kept in locked shed which only           sheets from the supplier for those identified
materials.                        competent staffs have access to.                                                               that can not be substituted and assess risks to
                                  Non-hazardous craft paint and glues used and children supervised to ensure they don’t          staffs and children.
                                  attempt to consume the paint/glue! These are stored in a locked cupboard that children do      Provide first aiders with details of
                                  not have access to unless supervised.                                                          emergency procedures and access to data
                                                                                                                                 sheets in case of incident.
                                                                                                                                 Inform cleaner of instructions for correct
                                                                                                                                 use, including dilution, and what to do in
                                                                                                                                 case of spillage.
                                                                                                                                 Provide any protective equipment/clothing
                                                                                                                                 required as specified in the data sheet.
                                                                                                                                 Manager to monitor procedures followed.




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                                                          Example Risk Assessment – Childrens Nursery (6 weeks – 5 years)




Food/Drink           Children            Children and staff to wash hands before eating, with the anti-bacterial soap provided and       Those preparing food and drinks for children
Procedures                               dry hands using paper towels.                                                                   to attend a ‘basic food hygiene’ course. To
Hazard from food                         Children not allowed to swap food with others in case of food allergies.                        be arranged within the next 6 months.
allergies and food                       Parents required to provide details in writing of any food allergies suffered by their
poisoning.                               children, including any hyperactivity related to certain additives and/or colourings.
                                         List of childrens’ allergies displayed on kitchen wall and all staff made familiar with it.
                                         Children offered drinks regularly and encouraged to ask for drinks.
                                         Children individually monitored to ensure drinking and eating enough, taking into account
                                         temperature and activity levels. Record of babies’ food intake kept for parents.
                                         Good nutrition promoted, especially to parents providing packed lunches.
                                         Parents providing food advised what can be stored safely.
                                         Baby feeding equipment sterilised, all staff trained in procedure.
                                         Food & baby bottles stored in safe & hygienic manner, clearly labelled where appropriate.
                                         Baby milk never heated using microwave, baby bottle warmer used and temperature
                                         tested.
                                         Formula prepared to manufacturer’s instructions.
Kitchen Health &     Staff preparing     Kitchen kept clean and tidy with ‘Clean-as-you-go’ philosophy used.                             None required
Safety               food and bottles.   Kitchen surfaces are made of hard wearing, non-porous materials that can be kept clean.
                                         Rubbish bins emptied regularly.
                                         Pest-control contract in place.
                                         Temperature of fridge’s checked daily and recorded. Maintained at 0-5oC
                                         Knives stored on racks and washed up straight away so not left in sink where they might
                                         not be seen.
Child Protection.    Children            Company committed to child protection.                                                          None required
Hazard of abuse.                         All staff advised of their responsibilities in child protection matters and steps to be taken
                                         when concern is raised.
                                         We have a designated member of staff for child protection liaison.
                                         See ‘Child Protection Policy’ (which is a document legally requirement by all nurseries).
                                         This covers issues of physical, sexual, emotional abuse and neglect.
                                         It details the safety checks required before staffs commence employment, including use
                                         and selection of agency staffs.
                                         It details danger signs for staff to look out for and identifies when they should contact
                                         social services.
                                         It details how and under what circumstance’s parents will be informed about concerns, and
                                         how confidentiality will be maintained.




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                                                      Example Risk Assessment – Childrens Nursery (6 weeks – 5 years)




Security              Children       Door handles at height most children cannot reach and restrictors are on windows                Promote staff awareness of the whereabouts
Hazard of child                      All doors, accept fire doors, locked. Fire doors alarmed.                                       of other people in the building and of other
abduction of                         Security systems such as intercoms and name badges in place.                                    users or strangers on the premises.
children in our                      Information about the need for security and the systems in place e.g. posters displayed for     Seek advice from crime prevention officer.
care.                                parents and visitors.
                                     Staff advised of arrangements for answering the door and the questions to ask.
Collecting and        Children       All parents must complete a registration form before their child starts at the nursery giving   Contact numbers should be checked daily
Lost Children                        three emergency contact telephone numbers.                                                      when parents register their child at the start
Procedures.                          All staff aware of where emergency telephone numbers are kept                                   of the session.
Hazard of                            Parents must also state in writing on the registration sheet who will be collecting the child
abduction of                         after each session and inform us if there is to be any changes in advance.                      Ensure all parents have contact telephone
children in our                      Parents are advised it is essential that all children be collected promptly. If parents are     number of nursery.
care.                                more than 30mins late, all contact tel. numbers will be tried. If necessary the child will be
                                     taken home by a member of staff and a note left on the door to this effect.
                                     If child goes missing whilst in our care the premises and surrounding areas will be
                                     thoroughly searched immediately. If child cannot be found at this point, then telephone
                                     calls will be made, first to the parents to see if the child has gone home, and thereafter to
                                     the police if necessary.
                                     Obtain information about who has legal access to a child (where appropriate)
Behaviour             Children and   Policy of rewarding good behaviour and encouraging respect.                                     Review if becomes an issue.
Management            care staff,    We encourage responsibility e.g. tidying-up.
Hazards of            especially     Clear and consistent boundaries are set that are appropriate to age and stage of
physical assaults     expectant      development.
on child from         mothers.       Use of positive control methods e.g. good role modelling, play therapy.
another child or                     No physical punishment, humiliation or frightening methods implemented.
adult from a child.                  Adult intervention and redirection used where necessary to prevent disagreements
                                     developing that children couldn’t handle.
                                     Where restraining is unavoidable, the minimum amount is used consistent with
                                     maintaining the safety of the child and others.
                                     Staff trained in how to restrain.
                                     Expectant mothers advised not to restrain and ask for assistance from other staff members.
                                     Any incidents of unwanted behaviour are handled in a calm and controlled manner.
                                     Persistent problems of unwanted behaviour are promptly and accurately recorded, then
                                     reported to parents/carers, colleagues or professionals, as appropriate, and advice sort.
                                     Training and support in behaviour management is available to staff.




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                                                    Example Risk Assessment – Childrens Nursery (6 weeks – 5 years)




Staff Deployment    Children       Staff to children ratio assessed by company, taking into account: security, size and location   Managers to monitor how space is used
and Space                          of premises inside and outside, location of facilities such as toilet and nappy changing        during sessions
                                   areas, ages and abilities of children, qualification and experience of staff and volunteers,
Hazard of too                      activities offered, structure of day, and children’s pattern of attendance.
many children for                  Students are not taken into account when determining staffing levels, though regular and
staff to manage                    reliable volunteers are.
safely.                            Adequate levels of staffing always provided.
                                   Use agency or bank staff or managers to help out when there are staffing problems to
                                   ensure minimum ratios maintained.
                                   If we are unable to bring in extra staff then we will reduce the number of children we
                                   accept, so minimum ratios are maintained.
                                   Ratio’s required for specific activities may differ from general requirements so these are
                                   looked into when planning activities.
                                   Staffs are deployed to make best use of space available.
                                   Calculations of space available for use by children, excluding cloakrooms and toilets, have
                                   been conducted and this information has been used to work out the maximum number of
                                   children we can accept (<2 yrs 3.5 sq.m; 2 yrs 2.5 sq.m and 3-7 yrs 2.3 sq.m).
                                   Staff advised how to adapt where children play and the activities they are involved in to
                                   remain within space limits.
Stress              Staff,         Appropriate recruitment and staff selection process to correctly match skills and ability       None required at present. Reassess if staff
                    particularly   requirements to the job.                                                                        reported continued stress after action(s)
                    expectant      Aim to reduce the need for agency staff by improving staff retention, so that all staffs are    taken.
                    mothers        comfortable with each other and know how the nursery systems work.
                                   Staff roles clearly defined.
                                   Allocation of work monitored.
                                   Staff supported by management and organisation, ‘Open communication policy’ with
                                   grievance procedure in place.
                                   Reports of stress taken seriously and action taken.
                                   Staff consulted and involved in changes that may affect them.
                                   Regular staff and management meetings are held.
                                   Induction training and job change training given and refresher training available.
                                   Inexperienced staff always supervised until deemed competent by the manager.
                                   Regular appraisals conducted, where skills and competencies assessed, so further support
                                   can be given where required.
                                   Staff discouraged from working excessive hours.
                                   Working hours reduced, where necessary, for expectant mothers.




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                                                      Example Risk Assessment – Childrens Nursery (6 weeks – 5 years)




Fire              Children, staff    Exits and fire exits clearly marked.                                                           Manager to ensure fire doors are not locked
                  and all visitors   Access to all exits and fire extinguishers kept clear at all times.                            while building occupied.
                                     Maintenance contract for extinguishers in place, so they are checked annually and replaced     Regular checks on exits for easy opening.
                                     as necessary.
                                     Staff trained how and when to use fire-fighting appliances.
                                     We have nominated fire officers.
                                     They ensure regular fire drills are carried out, approximately every three months.
                                     Drills carried out at various times and days to ensure all children and staffs take part.
                                     Details of any problems during the drill recorded and managers advised. These are looked
                                     into as a matter of urgency and proposed solutions recorded.
                                     They are responsible for collecting register and completing role calls.
                                     They regularly check smoke detectors and fire control equipment (weekly) and record this
                                     in a logbook.
                                     Emergency lighting also checked monthly and recorded.
                                     Procedures that are to be followed in event of a fire are displayed where staff, parents and
                                     children can read it and at each fire alarm point.
                                     All staff aware of their responsibility and roles in event of a fire.
                                     No smoking is permitted in the building by parents and staff.
                                     No smoking signs prominently displayed.
                                     Staff who wish to smoke are allowed to during break-time, outside the building and not in
                                     view of the children.
                                     Rubbish is not allowed to accumulate.
Electrical        Children and       Plug sockets have been raised out of children’s reach and plug sockets not in use are          All appliances to be listed and the date they
                  staff              covered with plug-dummies.                                                                     were checked recorded. All new appliances
                                     Cables covered so children can’t trip over or pull on them.                                    will be added to this list as and when
                                     Fixed wiring tested every five years and all portable appliances tested annually by a          purchased, so that no items are missed
                                     suitably qualified electrician.                                                                during the annual testing.
                                     Electrical repairs and alterations carried out by an electrician.
                                     Staff regularly visually inspects equipment and any suspected faults reported to the           Ensure first aiders trained in treatment of
                                     manager straight away. Equipment removed so cannot be used until checked and deemed            electric shock.
                                     okay.
                                     Electrical appliances turned off at night.
                                     RCD used when using electrical equipment outdoors.

Trapped fingers   Children           Doors are fitted with finger strips so that children cannot get their fingers trapped          None required




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                                                          Example Risk Assessment – Childrens Nursery (6 weeks – 5 years)




Manual               Staff, especially   Lifting avoided where possible, especially expectant mothers.                                   Reduce load by using smaller toy boxes and
Handling.            expectant           Expectant mothers may need to temporarily move where they work e.g. restricted from             filling the larger toy boxes with lighter items
Hazard of injury     mothers             working in the baby room.                                                                       such as soft toys rather than play bricks.
while picking up                         Not all manual handling can be eliminated so individual manual handling assessments
children, heavy                          have been carried out. In particular staff advised not to rotate the trunk during lifts.
awkward                                  Changing mats used on floor.
toys/play                                Two staffs required when lifting or moving tables i.e. moving them around the room or
equipment.                               stacking for storage.
                                         Comfortable chairs provided for staff who may spend a lot of time holding and feeding
                                         babies.
Muscular-            Staff               Adults use their own seats, e.g. at reading time. They are not to use the children’s chairs.
skeletal Injuries
Created from staff
crouching to meet
child’s level

Storage              Staff and           Tables stacked a maximum of six high, to ensure stability.
Hazard of being      children
hit by falling
objects

Slips, trips and     Children and all    Children’s coats and bags stored on rack in hallway.                                            Set-up a contract with a company that
falls from           staff.              Passageways kept free from obstruction.                                                         specialised in playground soft surfacing to
heights.             Contractors and     Carpeting kept well maintained, with any holes, lifted edges dealt with as soon as is           have the area regularly checked to ensure the
                     visitors.           practically possible.                                                                           materials used maintain the required
E.g. tripping over                       Spillages dealt with straight away.                                                             thickness.
toys/obstacles                           Main entrance hall (tiled floor) dried as soon as possible when children enter with wet
indoors                                  shoes.
                                         Non-slip matting at entrance/exit.
Also see                                 Handrail in place on ramp leading to the entrance.
‘contractors’ and                        All toys and play equipment to be stored, in suitable containers where necessary, in
‘playground’                             designated storage areas e.g. cupboard or toy box, when not in use.
sections                                 We have small circular tables, in case of a child falling, so they don’t hit their heads on a
                                         corner.




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                                                   Example Risk Assessment – Childrens Nursery (6 weeks – 5 years)




Doors, glass and    Children       Low glass panels in doors made with toughened glass                                         None required
windows                            Windows have inhibitors to restrict opening.

Outside area        Children       Soft surfacing under the climbing frame and slide in the playground.                        Wooden play equipment maintained in good
Hazard of falling                  Children restricted to indoor play when raining, or other adverse weather conditions.       condition to ensure children cannot get
over in                            Children restricted from using the climbing frame and slide if equipment wet.               splinters. Consider replacing older wooden
playground or off                  Boundaries and gates are secure and in good repair, with no climbing aids such as trees     equipment with plastic to eliminate splinters
of climbing                        adjoin the boundary.
frame/slide.                       Playground surface in good condition.
                                   Equipment kept well maintained and surfaces as suitable and safe as practically possible.
Children running                   Strip of playground next to the windows is not allowed to be used by children as they may
into open                          catch their heads on an open window.
windows                            Adequate staffing arrangements maintained.
                                   Access restricted to strangers.
Security issues.                   Children not allowed outside in adverse weather conditions, or if safe to be allowed out,
                                   they are required to wear appropriate clothing e.g. coat and hat.
Water play          Children       All water activities thoroughly supervised i.e. adults with the children at all times and   None required
Hazard of                          appropriate ratios of staff to children maintained. If not enough staff the session is
drowning                           cancelled.
                                   Written permission from parents for water activities taking place off the premises.
                                   Weight bearing covers on all drains, ponds etc.
                                   Babies fully supervised one-on-one while being bathed and are never left alone.
                                   Bath water emptied as soon as finished with.
Toys                Children       Toys and equipment age appropriate, with babies not allowed access to toys with small or    None required
Hazard of                          detachable parts.
choking,                           All conform to BS EN standards. All second hand toys checked to make sure they comply.
infection.                         Made of a range of materials that can be quickly and hygienically cleaned.
Cut’s, Burns or     Children and   Children do not have access to the kitchen area or staff room.                              Check all surfaces of radiators and
Scalds.             staff          Plastic cups provided for drinks.                                                           pipework. Heated surfaces (e.g. radiators,
E.g. cut’s during                                                                                                              pipes, and panel convectors) should not
craft activities                   Bathing water temperature checked with thermometer before child placed in water.            exceed 43 degrees C.
from scissors or                   Boiled water, cooled before serving to babies.                                              Risk of burns may be reduced by:
scalds from hot                    Formula temperatures checked before serving.                                                a) reducing flow temperatures;
bathing water.                     Children’s safety scissors used.                                                            b) guarding heated areas; and
                                                                                                                               c) low surface temperature heat emitters.




                                                                                   9
                                                   Example Risk Assessment – Childrens Nursery (6 weeks – 5 years)




Animals.           Children and   Permission for children to handle the animals must be gained in writing from the parents.        Children that have handled animals may
Hazard of bites    staff          Parents advised animals present on premises and before taking on new animals.                    carry allergens on their clothing, so set up
and scratches.                    Children supervised when handling and caring for animals.                                        system of wearing aprons that are removed
Hygiene issues                    The pets are kept in an area that only children with permission can enter; therefore             on leaving the animal area.
and allergies.                    children with allergies are separated from the animals.
                                  Children and staff to wash hands after handling any animals.
                                  Animals free of disease and have regular/appropriate health checks.
                                  Litter trays and feeding bowls are not generally accessible to children.
Sleep Time         Children       Quiet areas provided with appropriate furniture for children to rest or sleep.                   None required
Hazard of Sudden                  Staff trained about SIDS regarding bed linen, mattresses, sleeping positions, frequency of
Infant Death                      checking children, room temperature and children’s clothing.
Syndrome                          We have rotas and procedures that include: who will check the baby, how they will be
                                  checked, how often, information recorded, how information is shared with the parents, and
                                  the deployment of staff.
Outings and        Children and   Organisation consults with children, parents/carers and staff before planning an event or        None required
Special Events     staff.         outing.
                                  Children’s ages, ability and stage of development will be considered when organising an
                                  event.
                                  Staff ratio calculated before trip and staff levels maintained.
                                  Organisation will carry out a risk assessment identifying potential hazards relating to the
                                  journey and at the location. If appropriate the organisers may do a pre-visit to the location.
                                  Detailed information about the event will be distributed to all parents/carers.
                                  Organisation ensures all necessary consent forms and relevant documents completed and
                                  returned.
                                  Organisation ensures that staffs involved have the appropriate experience to organise
                                  events.
                                  First aid kit, necessary records, spare clothing taken on trip.
                                  Staffs have access to working mobile phone.
                                  Insurance on vehicles used checked to make sure it covers business use.
                                  Records of all vehicles and drivers kept, including licenses and MOT certificates.
                                  Harnesses, seatbelts, child seats and booster seats provided
                                  Maximum seating never exceeded.
                                  Children monitored to ensure they can get in and out of vehicles safely, and assisted where
                                  necessary.




                                                                                     10
                                                       Example Risk Assessment – Childrens Nursery (6 weeks – 5 years)




Temperature        Children,          Heating turned on when cleaners arrive to ensure ready for when children start.              None required
                   especially non-    Temperature of all rooms monitored with thermometers, especially in summer.
                   mobile children,   Draughts minimised.
                   and staff          Parents informed if system breaks down.
                                      Non-mobile children monitored.
Contractors        Contractors,       Contractors advised of health and safety issues that may impact on their work, for example   Ask for copy of risk assessment and details
Hazard of falls    children, staff    details of fragile roofing when cleaning the gutters.                                        of safe working practices before any work
from height        and public.        Contractors given copy of Health and Safety policy.                                          start so that management and organisation
                                      Contractors advised of the fire emergency procedure.                                         can assess the impact on staff and children
                                      Maintenance workers given copy of asbestos report.                                           and make suitable arrangements to reduce
                                      Contractors monitored to ensure they are displaying required safety signage.                 any risks identified.
                                                                                                                                   Ensure contractors using a safe system when
                                                                                                                                   workings at heights e.g. appropriate ladder
                                                                                                                                   that is secured in place and placed on level
                                                                                                                                   ground etc.
Visitors           Visitors,          Visitors supervised while on site.                                                           None required
                   children and       Visitors required to sign attendance register both on entering and leaving.
                   staff.             Identification required.

Agency and Bank                       Aim to reduce the need for agency staff by increasing staff retention.                       None required
Staff.
Hazards arising
from lack of
knowledge of
procedures and
other staff not
used to the way
they work.

Car park           Children, staff    Speed restrictions and ramps in car park.                                                    None required
Hazard of moving   and visitors       Parents required to supervise their child when dropping them off and collecting.
vehicles                              Car park surface kept well maintained with holes repaired as soon as practicably possible.




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