合作校协议书 - DOC by tyndale

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									绝密 ★ 启用前

                   2008 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试

                                 英语(北京卷)



  本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。第Ⅰ卷 1 至 15 页,第Ⅱ卷 16 至

17 页,共 150 分。考试时间 120 分。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。



注意事项:

1.答题前,务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡规定的位置上。

2.答选择题时,必须使用 2B 铅笔将答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦擦

干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。

3.答非选择题时,必须使用 0.5 毫米黑色签字笔,将答案书写在答题卡规定的位置上。

4.所有题目必须在答题卡上作答,在试题卷上答题无效。



                               第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共 120 分)

  第一部分:听力理解(共两节,30 分)

  第一节(共 5 小题:每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分)

     听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳

选项。听完每段对话后,你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回签有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话你将

听一遍。

  例:What is the man going to read?

  A.A newspaper.

  B.A magazine.

  C.a book.


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  答案是 A。

  1.What did the man win in his dream?

  A.A holiday.

  B.A new car.

  C.Some money.

  2.Will the woman come to the party?

  A.Maybe.

  B.No.

  C.Certainly.

  3.How long has the woman been an author?

  A.About 30 years.

  B.About 40 years.

  C.About 70 years.

  4.What does the woman want?

  A.A radio.

  B.Some pens.

  C.Some batteries.

  5.What is the woman doing?

  A.Asking for information.

  B.Asking for an apology.

  C.Asking for help.



  第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 22.5 分)

      听下面 6 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个

选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有 5 秒钟的时间阅读每小题。听完后,每小题

将给出 5 秒钟的做答时间。每段对话或独白你将听两遍。

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          听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。

6.How many coats does the woman want?

A.25                               B.30               C.50

7.What is the order unmber for gloves?

A.P25G5.                           B.P26T5.           C.P28D5.

          听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 9 题。

8.Which city has the woman visited recently?

A.New York.                        B.London.                 C.Paris.

9.What does the woman like about the city?

A.City life.                       B.Weather.                C.Environment.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 11 题。

10.When will it rain?

A.In the morning.

B.In the afternoon.

C.At night.

11.What will cause delays for traffic coming into town?

A.Rain.                            B.A fog.                  C.Bridge repairs

听第 9 段材料,回答第 12 至 14 题。

12.Why did the woman go to the bank?

A.To buy a new house.

B.To meet the manager.

C.To make an appointment.

13.What happened in thek parking lot?

A.The woman quarreled with a stranger.

B.The woman failed to get her car parked in time.

C.The woman backed her car into the wrong place.

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14.What did the woman think of the man when she first saw him?

A.Selfish.                    B.Clever.                 C.Respectful.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 15 至 17 题。

15.How does the woman think about her work?

A.It is very good.

B.It is hard to say now.

C.It keeps her very busy.

16.Where does the woman live now?

A.In her workplace.

B.In the city center.

C.In a big apartment.

17.What are the two speakers talking about?

A.The woman’s life in a new city.

B.The woman’s travel experience.

C.The woman’s co-workers.

听第 11 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。

18.What is the woman’s view on smell?

A.It is personal.

B.It is concrete.

C.It is strange.

19.What is special about smells?

A.They are as pleasant as music.

B.They can last about thirty days.

C.They make things more memorable.

20.What is the woman’s most favorite smell?

A.Smell of the sea.

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B.Smell of her gardent.

C.Smell of aircraft fuel.

第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分)

第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题:每小题 1 分,共 15 分)

   从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将

该项涂黑。

例:It’s so nice to hear from her again._______.we last met more            than thirty years ago.

A.What’s more                                       B.That’s to say

C.In other words                                    D.Believe it or not

答案是 D。

21.John promised his doctor he_____not smoke,and he has never smoked ever since.

A.might                     B.should                C.could                    D.would

22. —Have you read a book called Waiting for Anya?

     —Who______it?

A.writes                    B.has written           C.wrote                    D.had written

23. —Did you return Fred’s call?

     —I didn’t need to______I’ll see him tomorrow.

A.though                                      B.unless

C.when                                        D.because

24.______that she was going off to sleep,I asked if she’d like that little doll on her bed.

A.Seeing                                      B.To see

C.See                                         D.Seen

25.It was hard for him to learn English in a family,in which_______of the parents spoke the language.

A.none                                        B.neither

C.both                                        D.each

26.After the long joumey,the three of them went back home,______.

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A.hungry and tiredly                            B.hungry and tired

C.hungrily and tiredly                          D.hungrily and tired

27.The hotel wasn’t particularly good,but I______in many worse hotels.

A.was staying                                   B.stayed
C.would stay                                    D.had stayed

28.l’ll give you my friend’s home address,                    I can be reached most evenings.
    A.which                 B.when                C.whom                D.where
29.No decision           about any future appointment until all the candidates have bee interviewed.
    A.will be made          B.is made             C.is being made       D.has been made
30.The companies are working together to create                 they hope will be the bes means of transport in
           st
    the 21 century.
    A.which                 B.that                C.what                D.who
31.-Did the book give the information you needed?
    -Yes. But         it,I had to read the entire book.
    A.to find               B.find                C.to be finding       D.finding
32.I feel greatly honored             into their society.
    A.to welcome            B.welcoming           C.to be welcomed D.welcomed
33.If you really have to leave during the meeting, you’d better leave                the bac door.
    A.for                   B.by                  C.across              D.out
34.I’m sorry you’ve been waiting so long, but it’ll still be some time                     Brian get back.
    A.before                B.since               C.till                D.after
35.It is worth considering what makes “convenience” foods so popular,and                          better ones of
   your own.
    A.introduces            B.to introduce        C.introducing         D.introduced
第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分)
      阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在
答题卡将该项涂黑。
      When I entered Berkeley, I hoped to carn a scholarship. Having been a Straight-A student, I
believed I could        36       tough subjects and really learn something. One such course was World
Literature given by Professor Jayne. I was extremely interested in the ideas he           37
in class.
      When I took the first exam, I was         38       to find a 77, C-plus, on my test paper,    39
English was my best subject. I went to Professor Jayne, who listened to my arguments but remained
40     .
      I decided to try harder, although I didn’t know what that              41     because school had always
been easy for me. I read the books more carefully, but got another 77 Again, I            42     with Professor
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Jayne. Again, he listened patiently but wouldn’t change his           43 .
      One more test before the final exam. One more             44     to improve my grade. So I redoubled
my efforts and, for the first time,        45      the meaning of the word “thorough”,But my               46
did no good and everything         47       as before.
      The last hurdle(障碍)was the final. No matter what                48      I got, it wouldn’t cancel three
C-pluses. I might as well kiss the       49       goodbye.
      I stopped working hard. I felt I knew the course material as well as I ever would.The night before
the final, I even      50     myself to a movie. The next day I decided for once I’d have
    51       with a test.
      A week later, I was wurprised to find I got an A. I hurried into Professor Jayne’s office. He
    52       to be expecting me. “If I gave you the As you                                t
                                                                    53 , you wouldn’ continue to work as
hard.”
      I stared at him.    54      that his analysis and strategy (策略)    were correct. I had worked my head
55     , as I had never done before.
      I was specchless when my course grade arrived:A-plus. It was the only A-plus given. The next year
I received my scholarship. I’ve always remembered Professor Jayne’s lesson:you alone nust set your
own standard of excellence.
36.A.take                  B.discuss                   C.cover             D.get
37.A.sought                B.presented                 C.exchanged         D.obtained
38.A.shocked               B.worried                   C.scared            D.anxious
39.A.but                   B.so                        C.for               D.or
40.A.unchanged             B.unpleasant                C.unfriendly        D.unmoved
41.A.reflected             B.meant                     C.improved          D.affected
42.A.quarreled             B.reasoned                  C.bargained         D.chatted
43.A.attitude              B.mind                      C.plan              D.view
44.A.choice                B.step                      C.chance            D.measure
45.A.memorized             B.considered                C.accepted          D.learned
46.A.ambition              B.confidence                C.effort            D.method
47.A.stayed                B.went                      C.worked            D.changed
48.A.grade                 B.answer                    C.lesson            D.comment
49.A.scholarship           B.course                    C.degree            D.subject
50.A.helped                B.favored                   C.treated           D.reiaxed
51.A.fun                   B.luck                      C.problems          D.tricks
52.A.happened              B.proved                    C.pretended         D.seemed
53.A.valued                B.imagined                  C.expected          D.welcomed
54.A.remembering           B.guessing                  C.supposing         D.realizing
55.A.out                   B.over                      C.on                D.off
第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,共 40 分)
      阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该
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项涂黑。
                                                      A
     Twenty years ago, I drove a taxi for a living. One night I went to pick up a passenger at 2:30 AM.
When I arrived to collect, I found the building was dark except for a single light in a ground floor
window.
     I walked to the door and knocked.“Just a minute.”answered a weak, elderly voive.
     After a long pause. A small woman in her eighties stood before me. By her side was a small
suitcase.
     I took the suitcase to the car, and then returned to help the woman. She took my arm and we
walked slowly toward the car.
                                            “ s
     She kept thanking me for my kindness. It’ nothing,” told her. “I just try to treat my passengers
                                                            I
the way I would want my mother treated.”
     “Oh, you’re such a good man,”she said. When we got into the taxi, she gave me an address, and
then asked,“Could you drive through downtown?”
     “It’s not the shortest way.”I answered quickly.
     “Oh, I’m in no hurry.”she said.“I’m on my way to a hospice(临终医院).I don’t have any
family left. The doctor says I don’t have very long.”
     I quietly reached over and shut off the meter(计价器).
     For the next two hours, we drove through the city. She showed me the building where she had once
worked, the neighborhood where she had lived, and the furniture shop that bad once been a ballroom
where she had gone dancing as a girl.
     Sometimes she’d ask me to slow down in front of a particular building and would sit staring into
the darkness,saying nothing.
     At dawn, she suddenly said,“I’m tired. Let’s go now.”
     We drove in silence to the address she had given me.
     “How much do I owe you?”she asked.
     “Nothing,”I said.
     “You have to make a living.”she answered.“Oh,there are other passengers,”I answered.
     Almost without thinking,I bent and gave her a hug. She held onto me tightly. Our hug ended with
her remark.“You gave an old woman a little moment of joy.”
56.The old woman chose to ride through the city in order to           .
    A.show she was familiar with the city
    B.see some places for the las time
    C.let the driver earn more money
    D.reach the destination on time
57.The taxi driver did not charge the old woman because he              .
    A.wanted to do her a favor
    B.shut off the meter by mistake
    C.had received her payment in advance
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   D.was in a hurry to take other passengers
58.What can we learn from the story?
   A.Giving is always a pleasure.
   B.People should respect each other.
   C.An act of kindness can bring people great joy.
   D.People should learn to appreciate others’concern.

                                                      B
      Domestic(驯养的) horses now pull ploughs, race in the Kentucky Derby, and carry police. But
early horses weren’t tame(驯服的) enough to perform these kinds of tasks. Scientists think the first
interactions humans had with horses were far different from those today.
      Thousands of years ago, people killed the wild horses that lived around them for food. Over time,
people began to catch the animals and raise them. This was the first step in domestication.
      As people began to tame and ride horses. they chose to keep those animals that had more desirable
characteristics. For example, people may have chosen to keep horses that had a gentle personality so
they could be ridden more easily. People who used horses to pull heavy loads would have chosen to
keep stronger animals. Characteristics like strength are partly controlled by the animals’ genes. So as the
domesticated horses reproduced, they passed the characteristics on to their young. Each new generation
of horses would show more of these chosen characteristics.
      Modern day horse breeds come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. This variety didn’t exist in
the horse population before domestication. The Shetland horse is one of the smallest breeds-typically
reaching only one meter tall. With short, strong legs, the animals were bred to pull coal out of mine
shafts(矿井) with low ceilings. Huge horses like the Clydesdale came on the scene around 1700. People
bred these heavy, tall horses to pull large vehicles used for carrying heavy loads.
      The domestication of horses has had great effects on societies. For example, horses were important
tools in the advancement of modern agriculture, Using them to pull ploughs and carry heavy loads
allowed people to farm more efficiently. Before they were able to ride horses, humans had to cross land
on foot. Riding horses allowed people to travel far greater distances in much less time. That encouraged
populations living in different areas to interact with one another. The new form of rapid transportation
helped cultures spread around the world.
59.Before domestication horses were________.
    A. caught for sports                            B. hunted for food
    C. made to pull ploughs                          D. used to carry people
60.The author uses the Shetland horse as an example to show_______.
    A. it is smaller than the Clydesdale horse
    B. horses used to have gentle personalities
    C. some horses have better shapes than others
    D. horses were of less variety before domestication
61.Horses contributed to the spread of culture by______.
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    A. carrying heavy loads
    B. changing farming methods
    C. serving as a means of transport
    D. advancing agriculture in different areas
62.The passage is mainly about_______.
    A. why humans domesticated horses
    B. how humans and horses needed each other
    C. how human societies and horses influenced each other
                                                      C
Dear Hamilton,
     We are fortunate that in such a large, high-pressure office we all get along so well. You are one of
the people who keep the social temperature at such a comfortable setting. I don’t know anyone in the
office who is better liked than you.
     You can perhaps help with this. The collection of contributions towards gifts for employees’
personal-life events is becoming a little troubling. Certainly, the group sending of a gift is reasonable
now and then. In the past month, however, there have been collections for two baby shower gifts, one
wedding shower gift, two wedding gifts, one funeral(葬礼) remembrance, four birthday gifts, and three
graduation gifts.
     It’s not only the collected-from who are growing uncomfortable(and poor), but the collected-for
feel uneasy receiving gifts from people who don’t know them outside the office. Who wouldn’t even
recognize their graduating children, their marrying daughters and sons, or their dead relatives.
     This is basically a kind gesture(and one that people think well of you for), but the practice seems to
have become too wide-ranging and feels improper in today’s office setting.
     Thank you for understanding.
63.The underlined word“contributions” probably means _______.
    A. money                                   B. suggestions
    C. reports                                 D. understanding
64.Hamilton is expected to__________.
    A. show more kindness
    B. discontinue the present practice
    C. quit being the organizer for gift giving
    D. now more about co-workers’ families
65.This is basically a letter of________.
    A. apology                  B. sympathy            C. appreciation            D. dissatisfaction
                                                      D
     When it comes to friends, I desire those who will share my happiness, who possess wings of their
own and who will fly with me. I seek friends whose qualities illuminate(照亮) me and train me up for
love. It is for these people that I reserve the glowing hours, too good not to share.
     When I was in the eighth grade, I had a friend. We were shy and “too serious”about our studies
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when it was becoming fashionable with our classmates to learn acceptable social behaviors. We said
little at school, but she would come to my house and we would sit down with pencils and paper, and one
of us would say:“Let’s start with a train whistle today.” We would sit quietly together and write
separate poems or stories that grew out of a train whistle. Then we would read them aloud. At the end of
that school year, we, too, were changed into social creatures and the stories and poems stopped.
       When I lived for a time in London, I had a friend. He was in despair(失望) and I was in despair.
But our friendship was based on the idea in each of us that we would be sorry later if we did not explore
this great city because we had felt bad at the time. We met every Sunday for five weeks and found many
excellent things. We walked until our despairs disappeared and then we parted. We gave London to each
other.
       For almost four years I have had a remarkable friend whose imagination illuminates mine. We
write long letters in which we often discover our strangest selves. Each of us appears, sometimes in a
funny way, in the other’s dreams. She and I agree that, at certain times, we seem to be parts of the same
mind. In my most interesting moments. I often think:“Yes, I must tell…”We have never met.
       It is such comforting companions I wish to keep. One bright hour with their kind is worth more to
me than the lifetime services of a psychologist(心理学家), who will only fill up the healing(愈合的)
silence necessary to those darkest moments in which I would rather be my own best friend.
66.In the eighth grade, what the author did before developing proper social behavior was to ______.
     A. become serious about her study
     B. go to her friend’s house regularly
     C. learn from her classmates at school
     D. share poems and stories with her friend
67.In Paragraph 3,“We game London to each other”probably means__________.
     A. our exploration of London was a memorable gift to both of us
     B. we were unwilling to tear ourselves away from London
     C. our unpleasant feelings about London disappeared
     D. we parted with each other in London
68.According to Paragraph 4, the author and her friend_______.
     A. call each other regularly
     B. have similar personalities
     C. enjoy writing to each other
     D. dream of meeting each other
69. In the darkest moments, the author would prefer to_____.
     A. seek professional help                 B. be left alone
     C. stay with her best friend               D. break the silence
70. What is the best title for the passage?
     A. Unforgettable Experiences
     B. Remarkable Imagination
     C. Lifelong Friendship
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   D. Noble Companions
                                                         E
                                    The Diet Zone: A Dangerous Place
      Diet Coke, diet Pepsi, diet pills, on-fat diet, vegetable diet… We are surrounded by the word“diet”
everywhere we look and listen. We have so easily been attracted by the promise and potential of diet
products that we have stopped thinking about what diet products are doing to us. We are paying for
products that harm us psychologically and Physically(身体上).
      Diet products singnificantly weaken us psychologically.On one level,we are not allowing our
brains to admit that our weight problems lie not in actually losing the weight,but in controlling the
consumption of fatty,high-calorie,unhealthy foods.Diet products allow us to jump over the thinking
stage and so straight for the seale(秤)instead.Al we have to do is to swallow or recognize the word
“diet”in food labels.
      On another level,diet products have greater psychological cffects.Every time we have a
zero-calorie drink,we are telling ourselves without our awareness that we don’t have to work to get
results.Diet products make people believe that gain comes without pain,and that life can be without
resistance and struggle.
      The danger of diet products lies not only in the psychological effects they have on us,but also in
the physical harm that they cause.Diet foods can indirectly harm ourbodies because consuming them
instead of healthy foods means we are preventing our bodies from having basic nutrients(营养成分)          ,
Diet foods and diet pills contain zero calorie only because the diet industry has created chemicals to
produce these wonder products.Diet products may not be nutritional,and the chemicals that go into diet
products are potentially dangerous.
      Now that we are aware of the effects that diet products have on us,it is time to seriously think
about buying them.Losing weight lies in the power of minds,not in the power of chemicals.Once we
realize this,we will be much better able to resist diet products,and therefore prevent the psychological
and physical harm that comes from using them.
      71.From Paragraph 1,we learn that                 .
      A. diet products fail to bring out people’s potential
      B. people have difficulty in choosing diet products
      C. diet products are misleading people
      D. people are fed up with diet products
      72.One psychological effect of diet products is that people tend to           .
      A. try out a variety of diet foods
      B. hesitate before they enjoy diet foods
      C. pay attention to their own eating habits
      D. watch their weight rather than their diet
      73.In Paragraph 3,“gain comes without pain”probably means                       .
      A. losing weight is effortless
      B. it costs a lot to lose weight
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  C. diet products bring no pain
  D. diet products are free from calories
  74.Diet products indirectly harm people physieally because such products   .
  A. are over-consumed
  B. lack basic nutrients
  C. are short of chemicals
  D. provide too much energy
  75.Which of the following show the structure of the passage?




                 Sp:Sub-point(次要点)
  CP:Central Point P:Point         C:Conclusion
                        第Ⅱ卷(共 35 分)
  第四部分:书面表达(共两节,35 分)
    第一节 情景作文(20 分)
    假设你是红星中学高三一班的学生李华,为校刊英语园地写一篇题为“Our Spring
    Outing”的英文稿件。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,叙述上周你们班从准备春游到春
    游结束的完整过程。
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    注意:词数不少于 60。
    提示词:游乐园 amusement park
        垃圾箱 bin




    第二节 开放作文(15 分)
    请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于 50。
    In an English speech competition,you are asked to deseribe the following picture and explain
    to the judges how you understand it.




    (请务必将开放作文写在答题卡Ⅱ第二页指定区域内)
    绝密★考试结束前
                   2008 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试
                         英语(北京卷)参考答案
    第一部分:听力理解(共两节,30 分)
    第一节(共 5 小题:每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分)
    1.A       2.A           3.B    4.C                                  5.C
    第二节(共 5 小题:每小题 1.5 分,共 22.5 分)
    6.B       7.C           8.A    9.A                                  10.C
    11.C      12.B          13.B   14.A                                 15.B
    16.B      17.A          18.A   19.C                                 20.B
    第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分)
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         第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题:每小题 1 分,共 15 分)
         21.D         22.C   23.D    24.A                                     25.B
         26.B         27.D   28.D    29.A                                     30.C
         31.A         32.C   33.B    34.A                                     35.C
         第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题:每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分)
         36.A         37.B   38.A    39.C                                     40.D
         41.B         42.B   43.B    44.C                                     45.D
         46.C         47.B   48.A    49.A                                     50.C
         51.A         52.D   53.C    54.D                                     55.D
         第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,共 40 分)
         56.B         57.A   58.C    59.B                                     60.D
         61.C         62.D   63.A    64.B                                     65.D
         66.D         67.A   68.C    69.B                                     70.D
         71.C         72.D   73.A    74.B                                     75.B
         第四部分:书面表达(共两节,35 分)
         第一节 情景作文(20 分)
              一、内容要点:
                1. 讨论
                2. 爬山
                3. 捡拾别人(或收拾自己)的垃圾
                4. 投放垃圾
              二、说明:
              内容要点可用不同方式表达。
                三、One possible version:
             Last Thursday,we had a class meeting to discuss where to go for our spring outing.We came
up with several choeces such as going boating,climbing a mountain,and going to an amusement
park.Finally,we decided to go mountain climbing.
             The next day,we set off early in the moring .While climbing the mountain.we enjoyed the
warm sunshine and a beautiful view.However.when we reached the top,we were shocked to see litter
here and there,such as bottles and banana peels.Then we started to pick up the litter.Afterwards,we put
the rubbish into the nearby recycling bin and non-recycling bin respectively.
             We were tired but happy.
          第二节 开放作文(15 分)
          One possible version:
              From the picture I can see a pair of proud compasses and a hard-working pencil.The
          compasses are big,drawing a circle with ease,while the pencil is small,drawing a line with
          great effort.I think the compasses are reasonable to be proud because no one else can do the
          job better.At the same time,however,he should realize the pencil has his own advantages.The
          pencil can do other shapes better than the compasses,even pictures.So in my opinion,while we
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    are confident in ourselves,we should recognize strengths in other and show due respect for
    them.




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