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					                                            The Pipeline
  Volume 15 Issue 2                   H. Petterson and T. Holden, Co-Editors     February 2008
          NEWSLETTER OF THE EAST TENNESSEE SECTION OF AIChE
Local section website                                                          Local section mailing address
http://www.tnengineering.net/AICHE/                                    PO Box 3488 Kingsport, TN 37664-3488



                                  March AIChE Meeting
 What: Joint Meeting with ACS, ―Impact‖ – A Geologist’s View of Meteor
 Impacts on Earth

 Who: Steven Dutch Ph.D., University of Wisconsin—Green Bay

 When: March 14th, 2008, Dinner Meeting

 Where: Eastman Employee Center, B-310

 RSVP: Michael Brannon 423-229-5622. (mbrannon@eastman.com)
       by noon on March 7.
The age of planetary exploration has revealed that meteor
impact is a fundamental process in the evolution of planets,
and the discovery of evidence that a large meteor impact may
have triggered the extinction of the dinosaurs has raised
awareness of the role of impact on the earth. Several times a
year the earth is struck by objects packing the energy of a
small nuclear weapon. These objects break up in the
atmosphere and are seen as brilliant fireballs. Fragments often
survive to reach the surface as meteorites. Perhaps once a
century objects hit the surface hard enough to dig small
craters, and once every few thousand years objects with megaton energies, capable of
making kilometer sized craters, strike the earth. Much larger impacts are possible. The
physics of large impacts is simply astounding. The forces involved are so far beyond the
yield strength of rock that the rock behaves as if it has no strength at all, and some of the
best analogs of cratering mechanics are slow-motion photographs of droplets splashing.
The kinetic energy of the impacting object converts instantaneously into heat, and the
impacting object and large amounts of target material are melted and vaporized. The
resulting crater is about 30 times the diameter of the impacting object. Multi-kilometer
meteors can have global effects. Radiant heat and blast effects can cause damage for
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hundreds of kilometers, and the impact fireball can create vast quantities of nitrogen
oxides. Ejecta blasted into space can subject the entire earth to intense radiant heat.
Stratospheric dust can block sunlight and volatiles liberated from the target rocks can
have important climatic effects. As one impact researcher put it: "The problem isn't
figuring out how a large impact can cause a mass extinction. It's figuring out how
anything survives." This talk can be presented at a popular level for general audiences or
at a moderately technical level for audiences comfortable with back of the envelope
calculations.

Brief Bio
Steven Dutch is a geologist who got his bachelor's degree (and a ringside seat for the
unrest of the 1960s) from the University of California at Berkeley. He did his doctoral
research at Columbia University, with a break for military service that included a year in
Turkey. The subject of his thesis was the geology of the Sudbury, Ontario area, but in
1975, he also participated in a Columbia expedition to Antarctica. Since 1976, he has
been at the University of Wisconsin at Green Bay, where he holds the rank of professor
and teaches "hard rock" geology: mineralogy, petrology, structural geology, and plate
tectonics. His principal research interests are the Precambrian geology of the Great Lakes
region, the development of computer programs for earth science education, and the
relationships between science and society, particularly as expressed in pseudoscience
movements. He is the author of an earth science textbook. In 1982, Dr. Dutch resumed
his military career by joining the 432nd Civil Affairs Battalion of the U.S. Army Reserve.
He spent six months in the Persian Gulf and Kurdistan in 1991 and six months with the
peacekeeping mission in Bosnia in 1996, and retired from the military in 2001.

Agenda
6:00 PM Social gathering
6:30 PM Dinner
7:00 PM Presentation

Menu
Stuffed Shells
Chicken and broccoli
Salad
Breadsticks
Tea
Dessert (Tiramisu and cheese cake)

The cost for the meal is $20. Make check to "NETSACS" Indicate number in your party.
RSVP's are fine with the understanding that payment will be made at the meeting. No
cost to attend the lecture only.
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Please RSVP by noon on March 7          Michael Brannon
Please reply to:                        Eastman Chemical Company
Michael Brannon 423-229-5622            B-231, PO Box 511
mbrannon@eastman.com                    Kingsport, TN 37662-5231


Directions to the Toy Reid Eastman Employee Center (B-310)
    From Johnson City, take I-26 West.
    From Interstate 81, take exit 57 toward Kingsport. This is now called I-26 West
      (used to be I-181N).
    Stay on I-26 West for 4.3 miles to Exit 4 (Wilcox Drive/TN-93).
    At the end of the exit 4 off-ramp, go straight through the traffic light to get onto S.
      Wilcox Drive.
    Drive 2 ½ miles on S. Wilcox, and the Eastman Employee Center will be on the
      left (i.e. after crossing the Holston River and then proceeding through one traffic
      light beyond the river).
__________________________________________________________________________________

                   Message from the Chair, Tim Nolen
Why Do I Belong to AIChE?
Why would a chemical engineer want to pay the national dues to be a
member of AIChE? People often answer this question with a laundry
list that includes access to publications, online resources, insurance,
discounts, etc. These are good reasons, but for me, there are two more
important reasons I have been an AIChE member for 25 years:
       AIChE has supported, shaped, and been an advocate for my
        profession and is worthy of my support.
       I want to participate in my profession to enhance my own career.
So how does AIChE support, shape, and promote chemical engineering? Here are a few
ways:
    The ABET accreditation program for chemical engineering departments is a direct
      outgrowth of AIChE's pioneering efforts in the 1930s.
    AIChE meetings and publications have continued to define and carve out a
      profession with enormous impact distinct from industrial chemistry.
    The advocacy efforts to influence government policy give my profession a voice.
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     Its research initiatives directly address important needs, such as safety and physical
      properties, that are common to industrial companies.
The second reason I support AIChE is that I want to go beyond my employer to improve
my career through opportunities to learn, grow, lead, contribute, and connect with others.
The local section offers ample opportunities for this as well as the national organization.
Consider the following: "A recent Monster.com survey of hiring managers and
headhunters revealed that a whopping 79% see job applicants who are involved with
professional associates as "high quality candidates" than those who aren't." –as quoted by
Annie Fisher, Fortune Magazine, Feb. 22, 2005.

The national dues that I pay are such a tiny sum compared to my salary that it is an easy
decision for me to participate in AIChE, my chemical engineering professional
association.

I hope you will consider joining if you are not already a member, and spread the word
among others about the critical importance of the Institute to the development of
chemical engineering, our communities of practice, and our own careers.

--Tim
2008 East Tennessee Section Chair
__________________________________________________________________________________

                        Report on January Meeting
 The Sipchem Jubail Acetyl Complex (JAC), an Eastman Acetyl Licensing Project
Presented by Ty Earls, Principal Chemical Engineer, Eastman Chemical Company

Our January 2008 local section program was attended by more than 100 people in the
Eastman Research Auditorium in Kingsport.

Eastman, a chemical company in headquartered Kingsport, Tennessee with 11,000
employees and $7 billion in sales revenue, was approached in 2002 by Sipchem who was
interested in obtaining technology to construct an acetyls complex in Jubail, Saudi
Arabia. Sipchem is "Saudi International Petrochemical Company," founded in 1999.
Sipchem currently has a new 1 million metric ton / year methanol plant, a tetrahydrofuran
/ butanediol plant, and is currently constructing the acetyl complex based on Eastman
technology. In addition, engineering has begun for a large olefins and derivatives
complex. All these facilities are in Saudi Arabia.
5                                                                         The Pipeline
Eastman agreed to supply acetyls technology. The technology is a variation of that
Eastman has developed for its own use, but re-optimized to produce primarily acetic acid
rather than acetic anhydride. Eastman provided a complete basic engineering package in
2005. The plant will produce acetyls via methyl acetate carbonylation using carbon
monoxide and methanol "across the fence" from Sipchem's natural gas steam reforming
plant. The primary market for acetic acid will be to produce vinyl acetate monomer.
Eastman will market all the acetic anhydride produced. The Jubail Acetyl Complex
(JAC) will include a 340K metric ton/yr CO facility, 460KMT/y acetyl plant (Eastman),
300KMT/y VAM plant (DuPont), plus utilities and port facilities.

The entire complex is motivated by Saudi Arabia's desire to reinvest oil income into
higher value products to provide jobs for a rapidly-expanding population. The raw
material is natural gas, most of which would otherwise be flared as it is "stranded" from
suitable markets. The location in Jubail, which is on the Persian Gulf, is convenient for
bulk shipping of the commodity products. Jubail itself is an ancient fishing village which
has been transformed by huge investments in a new "industrial city." The sea water used
for cooling is the warmest in the world, and is cooled in a lengthy man-made canal.
Unfortunately, the weather gets cold enough in the winter to still require heat tracing to
prevent freezing of acetic acid. Summertime temperature peak near 50 degrees C, or 122
F!




The layout of the industrial city is shown below. The JAC is located in the lower right
corner of the purple industrial area shown below.
6                                                                        The Pipeline




The execution of the project presented many challenges. The basic engineering package
was created by Eastman in Kingsport, Tennessee. The detailed engineering and hazard
reviews were conducted by contractors in Reading, England and in Calgary, Alberta,
Canada. Further work was done in Greenville, South Carolina. The Eastman engineers
had to travel the world to conduct the design and reviews with Sipchem, Foster Wheeler,
and Fluor. Engineering design had to be applied to 400 pieces of equipment, and 200
P&IDs. The chemical hazards and highly corrosion resistant alloys caused the
technology to be covered under U.S. Export Control laws, which of course was another
challenge. Operators for the plant are being trained by Eastman in Kingsport, Tennessee.
Eastman will also provide commissioning and start-up support.

Even though the project was difficult because of culture and geography, Eastman
engineers and others have gained enormously valuable experience, extra pay, and some
good stories! Eastman Chemical Company will gain licensing revenues, and have a
source of acetic anhydride in the Middle East to sell to expanding markets.
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Thanks, Ty, for sharing a fascinating story of chemical engineering in our globalized
world! Below is Ty in a different style of clothing than he was used to from his native
Arkansas.




--Tim Nolen
2008 East Tennessee Section Chair
__________________________________________________________________________________


                              Upcoming Events
                                    March, 2008

What: 2008 Egg Drop Contest, Call for Volunteers

When: Saturday, March 8th 2008, 1:00pm -3:00pm

Where: Fort Henry Mall, Belk Court--Kingsport, TN

RSVP: Lauren Moyer email: lmoyer@eastman.com

March 8, 2008 the Holston Section of ASME and other professional organizations and
community partners are once again bringing to our community the world famous Egg
Drop Contest. Designed to promote engineering and science in the Tri-Cities community,
it's also an excellent opportunity to encourage students to consider math, science, and
other technical fields/disciplines as career options.
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The Egg Drop contest encourages local students to put their math and science skills to
work in a fun and challenging way as they design protective cases for eggs, and then drop
the eggs from 22 feet onto a target. Contestants earn points based on how many parts
their cases comprise, how close to the target the egg lands (and, of course, whether the
egg lands safely), and how much the case weighs. The top three winners in each of 5
categories will be receiving cash prizes.

Last year was a tremendous success with over 100 participants. Participants vary in age
from child to adult and participants can participate as a single entrant or as a team.

The event will be held in the Fort Henry Mall in Kingsport, TN at 1PM on Saturday
March8, 2008.

At this point we need several volunteers to help prepare for the event and during the day
of the event. This will include gathering supplies before the event, registration and many
other activities during the event. If you want to help with this incredible outreach please
contact Lauren Moyer at lmoyer@eastman.com.

For more info about the contest see http://www.asme-eggdrop.org/ .


                                       May, 2008

What: eChemExpo

When: Thursday, May 1st, 2008, 8:30 a.m. -1:00 p.m.

Where: Meadowview Convention Center in Kingsport, TN

RSVP: Visit http://www.echemexpo.com/ for registration information.

The next eChemExpo Solutions Marketplace will be held Thursday, May 1st, 2008 at
Meadowview Convention Center in Kingsport Tennessee. This one-day exposition and
Technology Innovations Conference will feature over eighty solution providers
demonstrating hundreds of products and services to save you time, increase profitability,
and streamline plant operations. This year's theme is Innovative Technology as the
Strategic Enabler of Future Growth. Exhibitors are challenged to demonstrate
breakthrough developments which improve:
    Energy efficiency
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       Capital intensity
       Capability enhancement
       "Greener" process
Visit http://www.echemexpo.com/ for registration information and a list of the vendors
and exhibits. For further information contact (626)396-9470 or (626) 255-6462 or email:
kingsport@eChemExpo.com
__________________________________________________________________________________

                   Keep Up With the Local Section Online
Up to date information about East Tennessee Section of the American Institute of
Chemical Engineers can be found on our website (www.tnengineering.net/AICHE). The
website includes the Local Section Bylaws, List of Officers from 1945 to present, and an
archive of Pipeline Newsletters - to mention only a few aspects of the information
covered. Photos from past events can be found, along with contact information for the
Local Board. Review the site occasionally and keep up with the local section!

__________________________________________________________________________________

                    2008 Local Section Officers, Directors, & Support Staff
Chair:                                   Tim Nolen                  229-8287
Chair-Elect and Program Committee Chair: Luke Stewart               229-5173
Secretary:                               Maria A. Edwards           229-7260
Treasurer:                               Noah McMillan              229-8114
Directors:                               Burts Compton              229-8526
                                         Steve Miller               224-7350
                                         Heather McNabb             229-3102
Local Section Webmaster:                 Tim Nolen                  229-8287
Short-Course Coordinator:                Mark Shelton               229-4753
Professional Development Coordinator:    Joe Parker                 229-3850
AIChE Pipeline Newsletter Editors:       Heather Petterson    743-9141 x 1473
                                         Tyler Holden               229-1667
ETEAC Representative:                    Joey Watson                229-6486
__________________________________________________________________________________
American Institute of Chemical Engineers
PO Box 3488
Kingsport, Tennessee 37664-3488

				
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