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					                                    UNITED STATES-CANADA TRUSTED TRAVELER PROGRAMS OVERVIEW

                                                                               NEXUS
NEXUS is a joint customs and immigration program for frequent travelers that both the Canadian and American governments have implemented. The program is
designed to simplify cross-border travel for pre-approved, low-risk travelers. It allows pre-screened and approved travelers faster processing at designated highway
lanes in high-volume border crossing locations, at a NEXUS kiosk at Vancouver International Airport and in Toronto Pearson International Airport, and at certain
marine reporting locations in the Great Lakes and Seattle regions.

NEXUS was established in 2002 as part of the Shared Border Accord, a partnership between the two countries that creates open channels of dialogue and working
groups committed to the mutual goals of securing our shared border, while promoting the legitimate trade and travel that is vital to both economies. In February 2007,
Canadian Public Safety Minister Stockwell Day announced that NEXUS will be expanded to Montreal, Ottawa, Calgary, Edmonton, Winnipeg and Halifax in the next
several months. NEXUS membership also fulfills the travel document requirements of the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative, which since January 23, 2007, has
required a passport or other secure travel document by all travelers seeking entry or re-entry into the U.S. by air. It is anticipated that NEXUS membership also will be
acceptable when the requirement is extended to land and sea travel. NEXUS is an integrated program, but individuals who joined as Marine or Highway members
must undergo an iris scan in order to have their membership accepted at airports.


                                                       Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terror
Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terror (C-TPAT) is a voluntary government-business initiative to build cooperative relationships that strengthen and improve
overall international supply chain and U.S. border security. C-TPAT recognizes that U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) can provide the highest level of cargo
security only through close cooperation with the ultimate owners of the international supply chain such as importers, carriers, consolidators, licensed customs brokers,
and manufacturers. Through this initiative, CBP is asking businesses to ensure the integrity of their security practices and communicate and verify the security
guidelines of their business partners within the supply chain.

                                                                    Free and Secure Trade
The Free and Secure Trade (FAST) program is a Border Accord Initiative between the United States, Mexico, and Canada designed to ensure security and safety
while enhancing the economic prosperity of each country. In developing this program, Mexico, Canada and the United States have agreed to coordinate, to the
maximum extent possible, their commercial processes for clearance of commercial shipments at the border. This will promote free and secure trade by using common
risk-management principles, supply chain security, industry partnership, and advanced technology to improve the efficiency of screening and clearing commercial
traffic at our shared borders.

FAST aims to increase the integrity of supply chain security by offering expedited clearance to carriers and importers enrolled in C-TPAT or Canada’s Partners in
Protection (PIP). It’s designed to streamline and to integrate registration processes for drivers, carriers, and importers, minimizing paperwork and ensuring only low
risk participants are enrolled as members. The initiative seeks to expedite the clearance of cross-border shipments of compliant partners by reducing Customs
information requirements, dedicating lanes at major crossings to FAST participants, using common technology, and physically examining cargo transported by these
low-risk clients with minimal frequency. The program is a catalyst for both Customs administrations to participate in the enhanced technologies by using transponders,
which would make it easier to clear low risk shipments, and would mitigate the cost of program participation for FAST partners.

All three programs are voluntary.
                                 ELIGIBILITY                             BENEFITS                                           NOTES
                             You must be:                If you are approved to participate in        If eligible, you must complete the application
                                                         NEXUS, you will receive a membership         form (available online). Submit the application
                             A) a citizen or permanent   identification card to use when entering     form and photocopies of proof of citizenship to
                             resident of Canada or       Canada or the United States at all           your nearest enrolment center along with your
                             the United States           participating NEXUS air, land and marine     processing fee ($80CDN/$50USD). Only one
                                                         ports of entry.                              application per person. If you qualify, you will
                             AND                                                                      be invited to a processing center for an
                                                       Membership will allow you to save time         interview. Mandatory documents with proof of
                             B) have lived in one of   by:                                            citizenship will be required. When you report to
                             these countries            - crossing the border more quickly, using     an enrolment center, a further review of your
                             continuously for the last      automated NEXUS self-serve kiosks         information and a full interview will occur. The
                             three years.                   in designated areas at participating      officer will:
                                                            international airports;
                             Children under the age of - enjoying a quick and simplified entry        - review the information you provided on your
                             18 will need the consent       process while traveling back and               application form to make sure it is still
                             of a parent or legal           forth between Canada and the United            valid;
                             guardian to enroll in          States using dedicated lanes at the       - verify your identity, review original
                             NEXUS.                         land border; and,                              documents such as proof of citizenship,
        NEXUS                                           - reporting to border officials by phone in        residency, work permits and visas;
                             Both countries must            the marine mode.                          - finalize eligibility requirements for
                             approve your application                                                      membership; and
                             for you to become a                                                      - take your fingerprints.
joint CBP/CBSA program       member of NEXUS. If
                                                                                                      If you are accepted into NEXUS, the officer will:
                             you do not meet any of
 COST: $50USD/$80CDN         the requirements, we will                                                - explain the terms and conditions of NEXUS;
  Children under 18 are      deny your application.                                                   - take a digital photograph of your iris to verify
          free.                                                                                           your identity each time you enter Canada
                                                                                                          or the United States in the air mode using
http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cg                                                                                  the self-service kiosk;
ov/travel/frequent_travele                                                                            - take a digital photograph and issue your
                                                                                                          membership card;
 r/nexus_prog/nexus.xml
                                                                                                      - explain the Traveler Declaration Card
                                                                                                          process (for Canadians only); and
   http://www.cbsa-                                                                                   - show you how to use the NEXUS self-serve
asfc.gc.ca/travel/nexus/                                                                                  kiosks in air mode and explain how to clear
                                                                                                          the border in the land and marine modes.
                                  ELIGIBILITY                              BENEFITS                                         NOTES
                           To be eligible for C-        C-TPAT offers trade-related businesses         Businesses must apply to participate in C-
                           TPAT, a company must         the opportunity to participate in this first   TPAT. Participants complete an online
                           fall into one of the         worldwide supply chain security initiative.    electronic application on www.cbp.gov that
                           following categories:        Participant companies will ensure a more       includes submission of corporate information, a
                            - U.S. Importers of         secure and expeditious supply chain for        supply chain security profile, and an
                                 record                 their employees, suppliers and                 acknowledgement of an agreement to
                            - U .S./Canada Highway      customers. Beyond these essential              voluntarily participate. In completing the supply
                                 Carriers               security benefits, certain companies will      chain security profile, companies must conduct
                            - Rail Carriers             benefit from:                                  a comprehensive self-assessment of their
                            - Sea Carriers               - A reduced number of CBP inspections         supply chain security procedures using the C-
                            - Air Carriers                    (reduced border delay times)             TPAT security criteria or guidelines jointly
                            - U.S. Marine Port                                                         developed by CBP and the trade community for
                                                         - Priority processing for CBP inspections.
                                 Authority/Terminal                                                    their specific enrollment category. The criteria
                                                              (Front of the Line processing for
 CUSTOMS-TRADE                   Operators
                                                              inspections when possible.)              or guidelines, available for review on the CBP
                            - U.S. Air Freight                                                         website, encompass the following areas:
  PARTNERSHIP                    Consolidators,          - Assignment of a C-TPAT Supply Chain
                                                                                                       Business Partner Requirements, Procedural
 AGAINST TERROR                  Ocean                        Security Specialist (SCSS) who will
                                                                                                       Security, Physical Security, Personnel Security,
                                 Transportation               work with the company to validate &
                                                                                                       Education and Training, Access Controls,
                                 Intermediaries and           enhance security throughout the
                                                                                                       Manifest Procedures, Information Security, and
                                 Non-Vessel                   company’s international supply chain.
                                                                                                       Conveyance Security.
     CBP program                 Operating Common        - Potential eligibility for CBP Importer
                                 Carriers (NVOCC)             Self-Assessment program (ISA) with
                                                              an emphasis on self-policing, not        Depending on the type of company applying for
                            - Canadian
                                                              CBP audits.                              C-TPAT membership, the prerequisites change
http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cg         Manufacturers
                                                                                                       accordingly. More information on the
ov/import/commercial_enf    - Certain Invited Foreign    - Eligibility to attend C-TPAT supply
                                                                                                       prerequisites and security guidelines can be
      orcement/ctpat/            Manufacturers                chain security training seminars.
                                                                                                       found on the C-TPAT website
                            - Licensed U.S.
                                 Customs Brokers
                                        ELIGIBILITY                          BENEFITS                                        NOTES
                                There are three major         The benefits for those that are accepted   Application processes vary, depending on
                                participant groups in FAST:   into the FAST program include:             which participant group a company falls under
                                                               - Dedicated lanes (where available) for   as well as which direction a company is moving
                                 - drivers                         greater speed and efficiency in the   its goods.
                                 - carriers                        clearance of FAST Trans-border
                                 - importers                       shipments;                            For importing goods into the United States,
                                                               - Reduced number of examinations for      please visit:
FREE AND SECURE                 FAST is available to drivers       continued compliance with             http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/import/commercial
  TRADE (FAST)                  who have been jointly              Customs FAST requirements as          _enforcement/ctpat/fast/us_canada/
                                approved by Canada and the         well secondary priority processing;
                                United States.                 - A strong and ongoing partnership with   For importing goods into Canada, please visit:
                                                                   the Canadian Partners in Protection   http://www.cbsa-asfc.gc.ca/import/fast/menu-
     joint CBP/CBSA             To use FAST into the United        and Customs administrations;          e.html#eligible
          program               States, a company must be      - Enhanced supply chain security and
                                a C-TPAT member                    safety while protecting the
        COST:                   company. To use FAST into          economic prosperity of the United
    $50USD, $80CDN              Canada, a company must be          States, Mexico, and Canada; and,
                                authorized under the CBSA’s - For carrier participants, the
http://www.cbp.gov/xp/c         Customs Self Assessment            knowledge that they are
                                program AND a participant in       transporting shipments for a C-
gov/import/commercial_
                                the Partners In Protection         TPAT approved importer, and on
enforcement/ctpat/fast/         program.                           the southern border, a C-TPAT
                                                                   manufacturer.
   http://www.cbsa-             Each country must approve
asfc.gc.ca/import/fast/m        carriers and importers
      enu-e.html                separately. As a result, a
                                FAST importer and/or carrier
                                can choose to be approved
                                only into Canada or only into
                                the United States.

Sources: U.S. Customs & Border Protection, Canada Border Services Agency


For more information, please visit:
United States Customs & Border Protection (http://www.cbp.gov/)
Canada Border Services Agency (http://www.cbsa-asfc.gc.ca/)

C-TPAT (http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/import/commercial_enforcement/ctpat/)
Free and Secure Trade (http://www.cbsa-asfc.gc.ca/import/fast/menu-e.html) AND/OR
(http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/import/commercial_enforcement/ctpat/fast/)
NEXUS (http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/travel/frequent_traveler/nexus_prog/) AND/OR (http://www.cbsa-asfc.gc.ca/travel/nexus/) AND/OR
(http://getnexus.com/)
Partners in Protection (http://www.cbsa-asfc.gc.ca/general/enforcement/partners/menu-e.html)