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History of Output Devices

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					History of Output Devices
Monitor and Printer Technologies
          1980-2005
                                 Major Development Timeline
                               In Computer Output Technology
                                                             1994              1998         2001
    Related developments                                     Apple           Microsoft    Microsoft
                                                         First digital      Windows 98   Windows XP
                                                         still camera




                                               1991
                                         IBM and Toshiba
                                       develop active matrix
                                           LCD Display




    1981                   1984                 1991
                                                                     Mid-to-late 1990s
IBM introduces       HP introduces        HP introduces
                                                                      VESA develops
 CGA graphics        first consumer      first inexpensive
                                                                      SXGA standard
                       laser printer        inkjet printer
  Impact of Early Technologies
• 1980-1990
• Development of CGA graphics provided
  industry standard graphic support for
  Personal Computer monitors.
• Laser printers
  improved graphic
  capability of printers
   The Digital Photo Revolution
                    The 1990s

• Announcement of Inkjet Printers allows photo
  quality printing
• SXGA video allows photo reproduction on
  computer monitors
• Digital camera, Adobe
  Photoshop, SXGA graphics,
  and 6 colour inkjet printer
  create the digital darkroom
  in the late 1990s
   LCD Transform Computing
• Laptops go mainstream with active matrix
  LCD screens in 1990s
• Quality of laptop display matches desktop
• LCD screens on desktops
  mean lower power, less
  eyestrain, no emissions
    Between 2003 and 2004…
• Digital camera sales exceed film
• LCD screen sales exceed CRT
• Laptop sales exceed desktops

				
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