Dixie County Emergency Management Services
What Is A Heat Wave?
A heat wave is an extended time interval of abnormally and uncomfortably hot and unusually humid weather.
To be a "heat wave" such a period should last at least one day, but conventionally it lasts from several days to
What Is The Heat Index?
The heat index is the "apparent temperature" that describes the combined effect of high air temperature and
high humidity. The higher this combination, the more difficult it is for the body to cool itself. If you work
outdoors, it is critical that you remain aware of the heat index and take the appropriate precautions.
Symptoms include painful spasms usually in leg and abdominal muscles, and heavy sweating, First Aid
measures include firm pressure on cramping muscles or gentle massage to relieve spasm. Give sips of water.
If nausea occurs, discontinue.
‚ Infants and children up to four years of age
‚ People 65 years of age or older
‚ People who are overweight
‚ People who overexert during work or exercise
‚ People who are ill or on certain medications
Heavy sweating, weakness, skin cold, pale and clammy. Weak pulse. Normal temperature
possible. Fainting, vomiting.
Get victim to lie down in a cool place. Loosen clothing. Apply cool, wet cloths. Fan or move
First Aid: victim to air-conditioned place. Give sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue. If vomiting
occurs, seek immediate medical attention
Condition Symptoms First Aid
Sunburn Skin redness and pain, possible Take a shower using soap to remove oils that may
swelling, blisters, fever, headaches. block pores, preventing the body from cooling naturally.
Apply dry, sterile dressings to any blisters, and get
Heat Cramps Painful spasms, usually in leg and Get the victim to a cooler location.
abdominal muscles; heavy sweating.
Lightly stretch and gently massage affected muscles to
Give sips of up to a half glass of cool water every 15
minutes. (Do not give liquids with caffeine or alcohol.)
Discontinue liquids, if victim is nauseated.
Heat Exhaustion Heavy sweating but skin may be cool, Get victim to lie down in a cool place.
pale, or flushed. Weak pulse. Normal
body temperature is possible, but Loosen or remove clothing.
temperature will likely rise. Fainting or
dizziness, nausea, vomiting, Apply cool, wet clothes.
exhaustion, and headaches are
possible. Fan or move victim to air-conditioned place.
Give sips of water if victim is conscious.
Be sure water is consumed slowly.
Give half glass of cool water every 15 minutes.
Discontinue water if victim is nauseated.
Seek immediate medical attention if vomiting occurs.
Heat Stroke High body temperature (105+); hot, Call 9-1-1 or emergency medical services, or get the
( a severe medical red, dry skin; rapid, weak pulse; and victim to a hospital immediately. Delay can be fatal.
emergency) rapid shallow breathing. Victim will
probably not sweat unless victim was Move victim to a cooler environment.
sweating from recent strenuous
activity. Possible unconsciousness. Removing clothing
Try a cool bath, sponging, or wet sheet to reduce body
Watch for breathing problems.
Use extreme caution.
Use fans and air conditioners.