BAHRIA UNIVERSITY_ ISLAMABAD by tyndale

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									                BAHRIA UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD
    FACULTY OF EARTH & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
                                    COURSE PACK

PROGRAM:                      BS Geology
SEMESTER:                     7th
COURSE TITLE:                 Engineering Geology
COURSE CODE:                  GEOL 410
CREDIT HOURS:                 3

WEEK NO.                          COURSE TITLE TO BE TAUGHT
       1.         Mass Movement
       2.         Mass Movement
       3.         Soil Mechanics – Physical properties
       4.         Soil Mechanics – Physical properties
       5.         Soil Mechanics – Physical properties
       6.         Soil Mechanics – Engineering properties
       7.         Soil Mechanics – Engineering properties
       8.         Soil Mechanics – Engineering properties
       9.         MID TERM EXAMINATION
       10.        Rock Mechanics – Physical properties
       11.        Rock Mechanics – Physical properties
       12.        Rock Mechanics – Engineering properties
       13.        Tunneling – Nomenclature & supports
       14.        Tunneling – Geological studies for tunnel route
       15.        Dam – Nomenclature & types
       16.        Dam – Geological studies for dam construction
       17.        Construction Material
       18.        FINAL EXAMINATION
BOOKS (Reference / Text)
        Principles of Engineering Geology & Geotechnics by Krynine & Judd,,
        Soil Mechanics for Transportation Engineers by Khan,
        Engineering Geology by Bell
        Earth Manual by US department of Interior.
                BAHRIA UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD
    FACULTY OF EARTH & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
                                    COURSE PACK

PROGRAM:                      BS Geophysics
SEMESTER:                     5th
COURSE TITLE:                 Geology of Pakistan
COURSE CODE:                  GEOL 310
CREDIT HOURS:                 3

WEEK NO.                          COURSE TITLE TO BE TAUGHT
       1.         Physio-geographic divisions of Pakistan
       2.         Stratigraphy of Kohat – Potwar basin (Paleozoic era)
       3.         Stratigraphy of Kohat – Potwar basin (Mesozoic era)
       4.         Stratigraphy of Kohat – Potwar basin (Cenozoic era)
       5.         Stratigraphy of Sulaiman basin (Mesozoic era)
       6.         Stratigraphy of Sulaiman basin (Cenozoic era)
       7.         Stratigraphy of Kirthar basin (Mesozoic era)
       8.         Stratigraphy of Kirthar basin (Cenozoic era)
       9.         MID TERM EXAMINATION
       10.        Stratigraphy of Baluchistan basin (Chagai Region)
       11.        Stratigraphy of Baluchistan basin (Makran Region)
       12.        Hazara Kashmir Syntaxis
       13.        Ophiolites of Pakistan
       14.        Kohistan Island Arc
       15.        Kohistan Island Arc
       16.        Chagai Magmatic Arc
       17.        Chagai Magmatic Arc
       18.        FINAL EXAMINATION
BOOKS (Reference / Text)
        Geology & Tectonics of Pakistan by Kazmi & Jan,
        Stratigraphy & Historical Geology of Pakistan by Kazmi & Abbassi,
        Stratigraphy of Pakistan by Ibrahim Shah
                BAHRIA UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD
    FACULTY OF EARTH & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
                                     COURSE PACK

PROGRAM:                       BS Geophysics
SEMESTER:                      3rd
COURSE TITLE:                  Stratigraphy & Geology of Pakistan
COURSE CODE:                   GEOL 215
CREDIT HOURS:                  3

WEEK NO.                  COURSE SUBJECT / TITLE TO BE TAUGHT
       1.         Origin of solar system
       2.         Physio-geographic divisions of Pakistan & Geological Time Scale
       3.         Geological historical event with respect to Paleozoic era
       4.         Geological historical event with respect to Mesozoic era
       5.         Geological historical event with respect to Cenozoic era
       6.         Stratigraphy of Kohat – Potwar basin (Paleozoic era)
       7.         Stratigraphy of Kohat – Potwar basin (Mesozoic era)
       8.         Stratigraphy of Kohat – Potwar basin (Cenozoic era)
       9.         MID TERM EXAMINATION
       10.        Laws & types of stratigraphy
       11.        Stratigraphy of Sulaiman basin (Mesozoic era)
       12.        Stratigraphy of Sulaiman basin (Cenozoic era)
       13.        Stratigraphy of Kirthar basin
       14.        Hazara Kashmir Syntaxis
       15.        Ophiolites of Pakistan
       16.        Kohistan Island Arc
       17.        Chagai Magmatic Arc
       18.        FINAL EXAMINATION
BOOKS (Reference / Text)
        Geology & Tectonics of Pakistan by Kazmi & Jan,
        Stratigraphy & Historical Geology of Pakistan by Kazmi & Abbassi,
        Stratigraphy of Pakistan by Ibrahim Shah
        Physical Geology by
           BAHRIA UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD
  FACULTY OF EARTH & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
                                COURSE PACK

PROGRAM:                 BS Geophysics
SEMESTER:                4th semester
COURSE TITLE:            Gravity and Magnetic Techniques
COURSE CODE:             GEOP-205
CREDIT HOURS:            3

WEEK NO.                       COURSE TITLE TO BE TAUGHT
   1.          Newton’s Law – Earth’s gravity field – Basic equations-Derivation of
               relation between gravity and density – Concept using different
               geological structures.

   2.       Gravity survey – Scope - Planning, factors influencing the planning
   3.       Types of survey on the basis of objective and nature – Accuracy
   4.       Acquisition of gravity data – Corrections applied to field data
   5.       Drift correction – Latitude correction and its mathematical derivation.
   6.       Practical problem – solution
   7.       Quiz – Practical
   8.       Interpretation of gravity data
   9.       MID TERM EXAMINATION
  10.       Regional residual separation – Techniques
  11.       Regional residual separation – Mathematical treatment
  12.       Magnetic methods – Basic theory
  13.       Magnetic properties of rocks – Quiz
  14.       Paleomagnetism
  15.       Planning – Data acquisition – Processing
  16.       Interpretation
  17.       Interpretation
  18.       FINAL EXAMINATION
           BAHRIA UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD
  FACULTY OF EARTH & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
                              COURSE PACK

PROGRAM:                 BS Geophysics
SEMESTER:                5th semester
COURSE TITLE:            Electrical and Radioactive Techniques
COURSE CODE:             GEOP-305
CREDIT HOURS:            3

WEEK NO.                     COURSE TITLE TO BE TAUGHT
   1.       Electrical methods – Basic theory

   2.       Electrical properties of rocks and minerals.
   3.       Self potential method – Basics

   4.       Self Potential method – field and interpretationSelf
   5.       Induce Polarization method – principles and theory.
   6.       IP method – field survey and interpretation – study of a case history
   7.       Resistivity method – basic theory

   8.       Electrical resistivity – relations and measurements
   9.       MID TERM EXAMINATION
  10.       Resistivity and Properties of materials
  11.       Practical and Quiz
  12.       Acquisition and Processing of Data
  13.       Interpretation
  14.       Quiz – Interpretation
  15.       Radioactive methods – Basic theory
  16.       Radioactive minerals and Survey
  17.       Interpretation
  18.       FINAL EXAMINATION
                                 Course Outline


Course Code          GEOP-405
Course Title         Seismic Exploration Techniques
Pre-requisite        GEOP-205, 305, 315, MAT-215
Credit Hours         04
                     Physical principles and basic theory of seismic methods as used in
                     hydrocarbon and mineral exploration programs; Seismic refraction
                     survey methodologies; Special emphasis on physical, instrumental
                     and field procedures; Processing and interpretation of seismic
                     data.



Week #01
      1. Overview of the Course, Books recommendation, Evaluation Criteria, Scope of
      Seismic Method, Occurrence of Oil/Gas Traps, Seismic helps in Structure detection
      2. Elementary theory of Seismic Method, Stress and Strain, Types of Strain

Week #02
      1. Seismic Constants and its Mathematics
      2. Seismic Constants and its Mathematics

Week #03
      1. Seismic Waves, Their Types and Propagation
      2. Attenuation, Refraction, Reflection and Diffraction of Elastic Waves

Week #04
      1. Snell’s Law, Huygen’s Principle, Absorption of Seismic Waves in Earth Materials,
      Ricker Wavelet
      2.QUIZ #1

Week #05
      1. Velocities of Seismic Waves in Rocks, Gardener’s Velocity-Density Relationship
      2.Different Seismic Sources and Recording Instruments

Week #06
      1. Seismic Refraction Method, Simple Two-layer case and its generalization
      2. Dipping layers and Fault Case, T-X Graph and determination of
      Velocities/thickness, Depth Model

Week #07
      1. Different GRM techniques
      2. QUIZ #2

Week #08
      1. Acquiring Seismic Reflection data on Land, Geometry
      2. CDP shooting

Week #09
      1. Seismic Section
      2. Revision
      3. QUIZ #3
       4. Revision

Week #10
      1.   Midterm Examinations
      2.   Midterm Examinations
      3.   Midterm Examinations
      4.   Midterm Examinations

Week #11
      1. Acquiring Seismic Reflection data in Water-Covered Areas
      2. Satellite Navigation, Integrated and Global Positioning System

Week #12
      1. QUIZ #4
      2. Common Pitfalls in Structural Interpretation

Week #13
      1. Practical #1
      2. Seismic Data Processing, Corrections, NMO

Week #14
      1. Practical #2
      2. QUIZ #5

Week #15
      1. Practical #3
      2. Migration

Week #16
      1. Migration
      2. Deconvolution
      3. STATICS
      4. The Convolution Model

Week #17
      1. Presentations on the given Topics
      2. Presentations on the given Topics
      3. Presentations on the given Topics
      4. Presentations on the given Topics

Week #18
      1. Seismic Data Interpretation
      2. Seismic Stratigraphy
      3. QUIZ #6

Week #19
      1.   Synthetic Seismograms,
      2.   Check-shot Survey, VSP
      4.   3D-Seismic Survey, their Design and Acquisition
      4.   Revision

Week #20
      1. Final Examinations
      2. Final Examinations
      3. Final Examinations
      4. Final Examinations
                       MINERAL DEPOSIT EVALUATION

                       Weekly Outline for Semester BS-8

Introduction: The subject course “Mineral Deposit Evaluation Techniques” is meant for
professional geologists having sound background of field geology, economic geology, mining
geology as well as mineralogy. Teaching this subject not only refreshes the students mind but
also make them professional geologists in advance. The recommended textbook “Mineral
Deposit Evaluation- A Practical Approach by Alwyn E. Annels” is too heavy for the students
to understand it fully, therefore, modifications have been made by integrating the subject with
other related books such as the “ore deposit models”, notes, and multimedia presentation
(power point as well as videos). This course will not only enhance the technical capabilities
of the students in more practical ways, but also benefit them in their professional career.
 Here is the weekly schedule of the course to be taught in the Spring Semester 2009.

Weekly schedule                               How to employ

Ist week                                      Representation of mine data (introduction to mineral
                                              deposits) that include mine nomenclature, mine
                                              nomenclature such as the definitions of ore bodies,
                                              access to ore bodies, e.g. shaft, stoping,
                                              underground mining, and open pits etc
2nd week                                      Gemstone mines of NWFP and Northern Areas,
                                              general geology of the area and mining geology
                                              (Video presentation). The gemstone mines are
                                              Topaz, Emerald, Aquamarine, Tourmaline and
                                              Ruby. Brain storming session.
3rd week                                      Mine sampling (introduction to sampling to ores
                                              and ore deposits; general over view);
                                              Characterization of mineral deposits for sampling
                                              purposes such as veins, stratiform deposits,
                                              sedimentary deposits, porphyry copper-
                                              molybdenum deposits, shear zone epithermal gold
                                              deposits, carbonate hosted stratabound/Mississippi
                                              Valley deposits, volcanogenic massive
                                              sulphides/exhalites. Sampling of ores (Chip
                                              sampling, Channel sampling, grab sampling,
                                              diamond drill sampling, prospect sampling (pitting,
                                              trenching etc. Sand and gravel sampling. Heavy
                                              mineral deposits.
4th week                                      Mineral Resources of Pakistan (power point
                                              presentation) and discussion/interaction; Heavy
                                              mineral deposits and gold exploration particularly in
                                              the placer deposits of Hunza River, Northern Areas
                                              of Pakistan (Power point
                                              presentation);discussion/interaction;Mineral
                                              dressing an over view; QUIZ = 5 MARKS (VIVA
                                              VOCE) and oral presentations
5th week    Mineral dressing (Heavy mineral separation using
            heavy liquids; magnetic mineral separator (iso
            dynamic mineral separator). Group discussion and
            practical work; The application of copper sensitive
            paints for exploration; Use of portable XRF; Power
            point presentation on XRF analysis of rocks; Group
            discussion; Technique of reserve calculations for the
            Nagarparkar granite of Pakistan (practical work).
6th week     Reserve calculations of the multi-coloured
            Nagarparker granites (practical work); Ore reserves
            by classical methods (introduction); classification of
            reserves and resources; mine deposit reserves by
            using computer soft wares (practical work)
7th week    QUIZ = 5 MARKS (oral presentation) and VIVA
            VOCE; USBM/USGS classification of resources
            and reserves. (practical work: use of bruton
            compass/clinometer in mapping; Brain storming
            session.
8th week    AIMM/AMIC classification of resources and
            reserves; coal resources and reserves.
            QUIZ = 5 MARKS; Group discussion
9th week    Mid Term Examination
10th week   Coal resources and reserves; coal resources of
            Pakistan; practical approach for reserve calculation,
            Thar coal province as a case study. Group
            discussion/interaction
11th week   Ore reserve calculation-worked example; ore
            evaluation case histories
12th week   Design and evaluation of open pit operation; Group
            discussion
13th week   Financing and financial evaluation of mining
            projects; Group discussion
14th week   Grade control, open pit operation and underground
            operation (some case histories); Group discussion
15th week   ASSIGNMENT= 20 MARKS; Case history-Bouly
            potash mine, Clevaland UK
16th week   Case history east ore zone, Teck-Corona gold mine,
            Hemlo Canada
17th week   Olympic dam Cu-Au deposits, Australia: case
            history; practical work for the identification of ore
            minerals.
18th week   General over view of the ore deposit models and ore
            deposit evaluation; Brain storming session
19th week   Final examination
                                 Course Outline

Course Code          GEOP-425
Course Title         Geophysical Data Processing
Pre-requisite        GEOP-405 & CSC-305
Credit Hours         04
                     Introduction; Basic principles with emphasis on mathematical
                     analysis; Review of Fourier transforms and matrices; Basic field
                     procedure; Computation fundamentals of interpretation techniques,
                     and application of the geophysical methods; Development of
                     theories of the discrete Fourier and z-transforms; Wavelets; Design
                     of digital filters (recursive, inverse); Convolution; Auto-correlation
                     and cross-correlation theorem; Deconvolution; transfer function;
                     Maximum, minimum and mixed delay wavelets; Application to
                     geophysical data.


Week #01
       Overview of the Course, Books recommendation, Evaluation Criteria
       Integrated Geophysical Methods
       Scope of different geophysical methods and specially Seismic Method

Week #02
       Gravity Basics and Gravity Data Acquisition
       Gravity Data Processing and Interpretation
       Gravity Lab

Week #03
       Magnetic Basics and Magnetic Data Acquisition
       Magnetic Data Processing and Interpretation
       Magnetic Lab

Week #04
       Electrical Basics and Electrical Data Acquisition
       Electrical Data Processing and Interpretation
       Electrical Lab

Week #05
          Radioactivity Basics, Acquisition, Processing and Interpretation
          Well Logging / Borehole Geophysics
          Quiz #1
Week #06
          Elementary theory of Seismic Method
          Stress and Strain, Types of Stress and Strain
          Seismic Constants and its Mathematics
          Seismic Waves, Their Types and Propagation
          Attenuation, Refraction, Reflection and Diffraction of Elastic Waves
          Snell’s Law, Huygen’s Principle
          Absorption of Seismic Waves in Earth Materials
          Velocities of Seismic Waves in Rocks
          Gardener’s Velocity-Density Relationship

Week #07
          Different Seismic Sources and Recording Instruments
          Seismic Refraction Method, Data Acquisition, Processing and Interpretation
          T-X Graph and determination of Velocities/thickness, Depth Model

Week #08
       Acquiring Seismic Reflection data on Land and Marine, Geometry, CDP shooting
       Anatomy of Seismic Sections, Noises and their types, Synthetic Seismograms,
         Check-shot Survey, VSP, Revision
       Quiz #2

Week #09
       Midterm Examinations
       Midterm Examinations
       Midterm Examinations

Week #10
       Seismic Data Processing – General Flowchart
       Seismic Attributes (Phase, Velocity, and Frequency etc.)
       Fresonal Zone, Resolution, Horizontal & Vertical Resolution

Week #11
       Seismic Processing Lab-1
       Seismic Processing Lab-2
       Seismic Processing Lab-3

Week #12
       Fundamentals of Signal Theory, Wave, Wavelet, Ricker Wavelet, Spike etc.
       Digital Recording and Field Data Recording
       Standard Tape Formats

Week #13
       Normal Move outs and CDP Stack
       Common Pitfalls in Structural Interpretation
       Fourier Analysis

Week #14
       Multiples
       Deconvolution
       Migration

Week #15
       Presentation-1 for case studies
       Correlation
       Convolution and its methods

Week #16
       Seismic Processing Lab-4 (Software)
       Seismic Processing Lab-5 (Software)
       Seismic Processing Lab-6 (Software)

Week #17
       Presentation-2 for case studies
       The Convolution Model
       Quiz #3

Week #18
          Presentation-3 for case studies
          Research Paper - 1
          Research Paper - 2

Week #19
          1. Presentations on the given Topics
          2. Presentations on the given Topics
          3. Presentations on the given Topics
          4. Presentations on the given Topics


Week #20
      1. Final Examinations
      2. Final Examinations
      3. Final Examinations
                                 Course Outline


Course Code          GEOP-425
Course Title         Geophysical Data Processing
Pre-requisite        GEOP-405 & CSC-305
Credit Hours         04
Instructor           Zia Ul Hasan Shah
                     Introduction; Basic principles with emphasis on mathematical
                     analysis; Review of Fourier transforms and matrices; Basic field
                     procedure; Computation fundamentals of interpretation techniques,
                     and application of the geophysical methods; Development of
                     theories of the discrete Fourier and z-transforms; Wavelets; Design
                     of digital filters (recursive, inverse); Convolution; Auto-correlation
                     and cross-correlation theorem; Deconvolution; transfer function;
                     Maximum, minimum and mixed delay wavelets; Application to
                     geophysical data.


Week #01
       Overview of the Course, Books recommendation, Evaluation Criteria
       Integrated Geophysical Methods
       Scope of different geophysical methods and specially Seismic Method

Week #02
       Gravity Basics and Gravity Data Acquisition
       Gravity Data Processing and Interpretation
       Gravity Lab

Week #03
       Magnetic Basics and Magnetic Data Acquisition
       Magnetic Data Processing and Interpretation
       Magnetic Lab

Week #04
       Electrical Basics and Electrical Data Acquisition
       Electrical Data Processing and Interpretation
       Electrical Lab

Week #05
          Radioactivity Basics, Acquisition, Processing and Interpretation
          Well Logging / Borehole Geophysics
          Quiz #1
Week #06
          Elementary theory of Seismic Method
          Stress and Strain, Types of Stress and Strain
          Seismic Constants and its Mathematics
          Seismic Waves, Their Types and Propagation
          Attenuation, Refraction, Reflection and Diffraction of Elastic Waves
          Snell’s Law, Huygen’s Principle
          Absorption of Seismic Waves in Earth Materials
          Velocities of Seismic Waves in Rocks
          Gardener’s Velocity-Density Relationship
Week #07
       Different Seismic Sources and Recording Instruments
       Seismic Refraction Method, Data Acquisition, Processing and Interpretation
       T-X Graph and determination of Velocities/thickness, Depth Model

Week #08
       Acquiring Seismic Reflection data on Land and Marine, Geometry, CDP shooting
       Anatomy of Seismic Sections, Noises and their types, Synthetic Seismograms,
         Check-shot Survey, VSP, Revision
       Quiz #2

Week #09
       Midterm Examinations
       Midterm Examinations
       Midterm Examinations

Week #10
       Seismic Data Processing – General Flowchart
       Seismic Attributes (Phase, Velocity, and Frequency etc.)
       Fresonal Zone, Resolution, Horizontal & Vertical Resolution

Week #11
       Seismic Processing Lab-1
       Seismic Processing Lab-2
       Seismic Processing Lab-3

Week #12
       Fundamentals of Signal Theory, Wave, Wavelet, Ricker Wavelet, Spike etc.
       Digital Recording and Field Data Recording
       Standard Tape Formats
Week #13
       Normal Move outs and CDP Stack
       Common Pitfalls in Structural Interpretation
       Fourier Analysis

Week #14
       Multiples
       Deconvolution
       Migration

Week #15
       Presentation-1 for case studies
       Correlation
       Convolution and its methods

Week #16
       Seismic Processing Lab-4 (Software)
       Seismic Processing Lab-5 (Software)
       Seismic Processing Lab-6 (Software)

Week #17
       Presentation-2 for case studies
       The Convolution Model
       Quiz #3

Week #18
       Presentation-3 for case studies
       Research Paper - 1
       Research Paper - 2

Week #19
       1. Final Examinations
       2. Final Examinations
       3. Final Examinations
Text Books
Seismic Data Processing - Investigations in Geophysics
Volume 2
by Ozdogan Yilmaz and Stephen M. Doherty

Introduction to Geophysical Prospecting
by Milton B. Dobrin and Carl H. Savit
4th Edition


Reference Books
Applied Geophysics
by W. M. Telford, L. P. Geldart, R. E. Sheriff
Paperback Edition

Basic Exploration Geophysics
by Edwin S. Robinson, Cahit Coruh
Paperback Edition

An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration
by P. Kearey, et al
Paperback Edition
                                 Course Outline


Course Code          GEOP-405
Course Title         Seismic Exploration Techniques
Pre-requisite        GEOP-205, 305, 315, MAT-215
Credit Hours         04
                     Physical principles and basic theory of seismic methods as used in
                     hydrocarbon and mineral exploration programs; Seismic refraction
                     survey methodologies; Special emphasis on physical, instrumental
                     and field procedures; Processing and interpretation of seismic
                     data.



Week #01
      1. Overview of the Course, Books recommendation, Evaluation Criteria, Scope of
      Seismic Method, Occurrence of Oil/Gas Traps, Seismic helps in Structure detection
      2. Elementary theory of Seismic Method, Stress and Strain, Types of Strain

Week #02
      1. Seismic Constants and its Mathematics
      2. Seismic Constants and its Mathematics

Week #03
      1. Seismic Waves, Their Types and Propagation
      2. Attenuation, Refraction, Reflection and Diffraction of Elastic Waves

Week #04
      1. Snell’s Law, Huygen’s Principle, Absorption of Seismic Waves in Earth Materials,
      Ricker Wavelet
      2.QUIZ #1

Week #05
      1. Velocities of Seismic Waves in Rocks, Gardener’s Velocity-Density Relationship
      2.Different Seismic Sources and Recording Instruments

Week #06
      1. Seismic Refraction Method, Simple Two-layer case and its generalization
      2. Dipping layers and Fault Case, T-X Graph and determination of
      Velocities/thickness, Depth Model

Week #07
      1. Different GRM techniques
      2. QUIZ #2

Week #08
      1. Acquiring Seismic Reflection data on Land, Geometry
      2. CDP shooting

Week #09
      1. Seismic Section
      2. Revision
      3. QUIZ #3
      4. Revision
Week #10
      4.   Midterm Examinations
      5.   Midterm Examinations
      6.   Midterm Examinations
      4.   Midterm Examinations

Week #11
      1. Acquiring Seismic Reflection data in Water-Covered Areas
      2. Satellite Navigation, Integrated and Global Positioning System

Week #12
      1. QUIZ #4
      2. Common Pitfalls in Structural Interpretation

Week #13
      1. Practical #1
      2. Seismic Data Processing, Corrections, NMO

Week #14
      1. Practical #2
      2. QUIZ #5

Week #15
      1. Practical #3
      2. Migration

Week #16
      1. Migration
      2. Deconvolution
      3. STATICS
      4. The Convolution Model

Week #17
      5. Seismic Data Interpretation
      6. Seismic Stratigraphy

Week #18
      3.   Synthetic Seismograms,
      4.   Check-shot Survey, VSP
      7.   3D-Seismic Survey, their Design and Acquisition
      4.   Revision

Week #19
      1. Final Examinations
      2. Final Examinations
      3. Final Examinations
      4. Final Examinations
Text Books
Introduction to Geophysical Prospecting
by Milton B. Dobrin and Carl H. Savit
4th Edition

Applied Geophysics
by W. M. Telford, L. P. Geldart, R. E. Sheriff
Paperback Edition


Reference Books
Basic Exploration Geophysics
by Edwin S. Robinson, Cahit Coruh
Paperback Edition

An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration
by P. Kearey, et al
Paperback Edition
              BAHRIA UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD
     FACULTY OF EARTH & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
                                    COURSE PACK

PROGRAM:                     BS Geophysics
SEMESTER:                    6th semester
COURSE TITLE: seismology
COURSE CODE:
CREDIT HOURS: 3
WEEK NO.                   COURSE TOPIC / TITLE TO BE TAUGHT
     1.         Snell’s law, travel times
     2.         Low velocity zone
     3.         Ray path for laterally homogeneous models
     4.         Stress and strain, Stress tensors
     5.         Anatomy of seismograms
     6.         Basic types and essential properties of seismic waves
     7.         Phases of seismic waves
     8.         Geology of earthquakes
     9.         MID TERM EXAMINATION
     10.
     11.
     12.
     13.
     14.
     15.
     16.
     17.
     18.        FINAL EXAMINATION


BOOKS (Reference / Text)
1)     Anatomy of seismogram
       By     O.Kulhonek, IASPEI Liberory
       ISBN: 0444883754

2)     Introduction to seismology
       Deter M.Sheares
       ISBN: 0521 660238
3)    The Meobenion of Earthquakes and Favlting by Christopher H.Scholz

      ISBN: 0521407605

4)    Geology of earthquakes
      By     report S. Yeasto

      Kerry sieh
      Clarence R.Allen
      ISBN : 0-19-507827-6

5)    Modern Global Seismology
      By      Thorne Lay
      Terry c. wallance

     ISBN : 0-12-732870
           BAHRIA UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD
  FACULTY OF EARTH & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
                             COURSE PACK

PROGRAM:                BS Geophysics
SEMESTER:               BS – 2
COURSE TITLE:           Introduction to Geophysics
COURSE CODE:            GEOP-105
CREDIT HOURS:           3
WEEK NO.              COURSE TOPIC / TITLE TO BE TAUGHT
   1. 1.    General introduction of the subject; brief overview of the course content
            Applications of various types of Geophysical Exploration Techniques;
            Introduction to Gravity Method – Basic Concepts, Newton’s Law of
            Gravitation; Formulas used in calculating Gravitational Acceleration;
            Reading Assignment no. 1

    2.      Questioning session on the reading assignment passage; Role of Density
            contrast in Gravitational Exploration; Introduction to Gravity Anomalies;
            Gravitational Effects over Sub-surface Bodies; Difference between
            Absolute and Relative gravity; Methods of measuring gravitational
            acceleration; Instruments used for gravity measurement; Variations in
            gravitational acceleration; Reading Assignment no. 2

    3.      Questioning session on the reading assignment passage; Corrections on
            variations in gravitational acceleration; Summary of Gravity Types;
            Gravity Anomalies over Bodies with Simple Shapes; Local and Regional
            Gravity Anomalies

    4.      Isostasy and its hypotheses; Quiz No. 1; Introduction to Magnetic
            Prospecting; Basic Concepts and Definitions Similarities and Differences
            between Gravity and Magnetic Techniques; Magnetism of the earth;
            Assignment no. 1

    5.      Magnetic Induction; Magnetic Susceptibility; Mechanism for induced
            magnetization; PaleoMagnetism; Remanent Magnetization; Reading
            Assignment no. 3

    6.      Questioning Session on the Reading Assignment; Magnetic Field
            Nomenclature; Earth’s Magnetic Field; Magnetics and Geology, Variations
            in Earth’s Magnetic Field

    7.      Magnetometers; Modes of Acquiring Magnetic Data; Magnetic Cleanliness;
            Magnetic anomalies over subsurface bodies

    8.      Quiz No. 2; Active and Passive Surveys; Introduction to Electrical
            Exploration Technique
     9.       MID TERM EXAMINATION
     10.      Various methods of electrical exploration; Ionization Potential,
              Spontaneous Potential, telluric and magneto-telluric, DC-resistivity;
              Reading Assignment no. 4

     11.      Questioning session on the reading assignment passage; DC- Resistivity
              Method; Basic concepts of current and potential lines; First estimate of
              resistivity; Apparent and true resistivities; Methods of measuring
              resistivity; Equipments; Depth of current penetration; Assignment no. 2

     12.      Current Flow in layered media; Variations of apparent resistivities in the
              subsurface; Resistivity soundings and profiles; Wenner and Schlumberger
              Array Advantages and disadvantages of Wenner and Schlumberger array;
              Sources of noise

     13.      Quiz no. 3; Introduction to Seismic Exploration Technique; Refraction and
              reflection Seismology; Advantages and disadvantages of seismic methods
              (refraction and reflection); Reading Assignment no. 5

     14.      Questioning session on the reading assignment passage; Elastic and
              seismic waves; Seismic wave velocity and rock properties; Equipment
              Overview; Seismic Sources

     15.      Seismic Refraction Method; Head waves; travel time curves; First arrivals;
              Determining Earth structure from travel-time curves; Derivation of Travel
              Time equations; Sources of Noise in Seismic Surveys

     16.      Seismic Reflection Method; Processing of Seismic Reflection Data;
              Interpretation of Seismic Reflection Data

     17.      Quiz No. 4; Introduction to Radioactive Exploration Technique and Well
              logging; Basic Concepts and Working

     18.      FINAL EXAMINATION


BOOKS (Reference / Text)
  1. Introduction to Geophysical Exploration (lecture notes of each module available at
     http://www.earthsci.unimelb.edu.au/ES304/index.html)

  2. Introduction to Geophysical Prospecting (Fourth Edition)
                                  Milton B. Dobrin
                                  Carl H. Savit
.Academic Program: BS, 7th Semester.

Course Title:         Seismic Stratigraphy

Course Code:          GEOP-410

Credit Hours:         3

Objective:            Seismic stratigraphic interpretation of carbonate and clastic
                      depositional systems, identification of reservoir, source and seal
                      deposits and their implication in hydrocarbon exploration.

Course Description:

Week 1:               Introduction, stratigraphy, depositional system, seismic stratigraphy.

Week 2:               Sequence stratigraphy, seismic sequence, well sequence, outcrop
                      sequence.

Week 3:               Historical background, role of seismic stratigraphy in hydrocarbon
                      exploration, exercises, geological significance of un-conformities.

Week 4:               Stratal surfaces, reflection configuration, reflection continuity,
                      reflection amplitude, reflection frequency, interval velocity, external
                      geometry.

Week 5:               Chronostratigraphic correlation, exercises, Quiz.

Week 6:               Seismic reflection and time stratigraphy. Interpretation of lithofacies,
                      un-conformities,     paleobathymetry,    isochronous      correlations,
                      subsidence and tilting history.

Week 7:               Facies change and general depositional history, seismic stratigraphic
                      approach, recognition of seismic sequence, seismic facies analysis.

Week 8:               Reflection character analysis, geological interpretation, play and
                      prospect evaluation.

Week 9:               Mid Term exam.

Week 10:              Recognition and discrimination of depositional sequences, exercises,
                      boundries of depositional sequences.

Week 11:              Factor for interpreting seismic facies, definition of seismic facies,
                      Principle type of seismic reflection configurations, Quiz.

Week 12:              Seismic facies type, parallel/divergent configurations, exercises.

Week 13:              Prograditional configurations, exercises.

Week 14:              Control of off lap styles, mound/drop configuration, exercises.

Week 15:              Mound/drop configurations cont. exercises.

Week 16:              Onlap fill configurations, exercises, Quiz.

Week 17:              Recognizing and evaluating un-conformities, exercises, factors
                      controlling deposition of cyclic sequences.
Week 18:            Final examination.

Reference Books

1.    Seismic stratigraphy-applications to hydrocarbon exploration, Edited by Charles E.
      Payton. AAPG, Memoir-26.

2.    Seismic stratigraphy II; an integrated approach to hydrocarbon exploration, Edited by
      Orville Roger Berg & Donald G. Woolverton, AAPG Memoir-39.

3.    Sequence stratigraphy, Edited by Dominic Emery and Keith Myers.

4.    Principles of sequence stratigraphy, Octavian Catuneany Department of Earth and
      Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Canada.
Academic Program:     BS, 8th Semester.

Course Title:         3D seismic interpretation

Course Code:          GEOP-420

Objective:            Interpretation of 3D seismic data to identify structural and stratigraphic
                      traps for hydrocarbon exploration.

Course Description:

Week 1:               Introduction, Primary job function of petroleum explorationist in
                      hydrocarbon exploration.

Week 2:               basin evaluation.

Week 3:               Significance of geological and geophysical interpretation.

Week 4:               2D and 3D seismic reflection methods, Quiz.

Week 5:               2D and 3D seismic reflection methods cont., exercises.

Week 6:               Commercial consideration of 3D seismic reflection data, practical
                      points in seismic interpretation.

Week 7:               Picking of reflections, Following a reflection, Mapping a reflection.

Week 8:               Reflection data over geological structures sought in oil exploration.

Week 9:               Mid term.

Week 10:              Interpretation of anticlinal structures, exercises.

Week 11:              Interpretation of fault patterns, exercises.

Week 12:              Interpretation of fault patterns cont. exercises.

Week 13:              Interpretation of salt domes and other diapiric structures, exercises,
                      Quiz.

Week 14:              Interpretation of basement structures, exercises.

Week 15:              Interpretation of un-conformities, interpretation of wedge-shaped layes
                      or pinch outs, exercises.

Week 16:              Interpretation of carbonate builds up and clastic mounds, exercises,
                      Quiz.

Week 17:              Interpretation of facies change, interpretation of channels-sand
                      deposits, exercises, pitfall of 3D seismic technology revolution.

Week 18:              Final examination.

Reference

1.     3-D seismic imaging by Gerald Gardner, Society of Exploration geophysics.
2.   Impact of 3-D seismic data on development drilling, in P.Weimer & T.L. David, eds.,
     AAPG studies 42 & SEG Geophysical development series 5.

3.   Digital mapping of 3-D structures of the Chimney rock fault system, central utab,
     Journal of structural geology. V. 23.
                              BAHRIA UNIVERSITY

GEOP – 210: Solid State Geophysics (3 CH)
Spring Semester 2009

Office: Earth & Environmental Science

Course Schedule                         Out Line Course Topics

Week 1(Feb 09-Feb 13)                   Introduction to Internal Structure of Earth

Week 2 (Feb 16-Feb 20)                  Internal Structure of Earth and Plate
                                        Boundaries

Week 3 (Feb 23-Feb 27)                  Heat flow Mechanisms within the Earth

Week 4 (Mar 2-Mar06)                    Relation of Earthquakes and Seismology
                                        Assignment - 1

Week 5 (Mar 09-Mar13)                   Earthquake source Mechanisms, their
                                        Occurrence, Earthquake Seismic waves

Week 6 (Mar16-Mar 20)                   Introduction to Geomagnetism, Magnetic
                                        Field of Earth, Reasons for the reversal of the
                                        Earth’s Magnetic Field

Week 7 (Mar 23-Mar27)                   Introduction to Paleo magnetism,
                                        Phenomena of Geodynamo and Paleo
                                        Magnetization, Magnetization of Rocks
                                        Quiz -1

Week 8(Mar 30-April 3)                  Phenomenon related to rotation and
                                        Revolution of the Earth

Week 9 (April 6-April 10)               Mid Term




Week 10 (April 13-April 17)              Kepler’s Law and solid – Earth Tides

Week 11 (April 20-April 24)              Gravity Anomalies, Their measurements
                                         Techniques and Gravity Surveys, Difference
                                         between Regional and Residual Anomalies



Week 12 (April27-May 01)                  Introduction to Isostacy, Principles of
                                          Isostacy, Different theories related with
                                          Isostacy
                                          Quiz - 2
Week 13 (May 04-May 08)      Shock Waves compression and their
                             Properties
                             Assignment - 2

Week 14 (May 11-May 15)      History of Geodesy, Modeling the Earth
                             (3D), Projecting of Earth from 3D to 2D

Week 15 (May 18-May 22)      Basic concepts of Coordinate Systems,
                             Projection Systems, Ellipsoid and Datum

Week16 (May 25-May 29)       Phenomena related to free Oscillation of
                             The Earth and their types

Week 17 (June 01-june 05)     Earth’s present and past thermal states
                              Quiz - 3

Week 18 (June 08- June 12)    Difference between Earthquakes,
                              Seismology and Geodesy. Concepts of
                              field acquisition, processing and
                              Interpretation

Week 19 (June 15- June 19)    Final Term
           BAHRIA UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD
   FACULTY OF EARTH & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
                               COURSE PACK

PROGRAM:                 BS Geophysics
SEMESTER:                BS-3
COURSE TITLE:            Programming fundamentals
COURSE CODE:             CSC-120
CREDIT HOURS:            3

WEEK NO.               COURSE SUBJECT / TITLE TO BE TAUGHT
   19.      Programinhg languages(low and high level languages)
   20.      Input and output functions
   21.      If_else statements
   22.      Switch statments
   23.      For loop
   24.      While loop
   25.      Do while loop
   26.      revision
   27.      MID TERM EXAMINATION
   28.      Functions
   29.      Structures
   30.      Arrays
   31.      Briefing of the project
   32.      Project
   33.      project
   34.      Project
   35.      revision
   36.      FINAL EXAMINATION

Book Recommended
                   C++ By example
           BAHRIA UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD
   FACULTY OF EARTH & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
                               COURSE PACK

PROGRAM:                 BS Geology
SEMESTER:                BS-3
COURSE TITLE:            Programming fundamentals
COURSE CODE:             CSC-120
CREDIT HOURS:            3

WEEK NO.               COURSE SUBJECT / TITLE TO BE TAUGHT
    1.      Programinhg languages(low and high level languages)
    2.      Input and output functions
    3.      If_else statements
    4.      Switch statements
    5.      For loop
    6.      While loop
    7.      Do while loop
    8.      Revision
    9.      MID TERM EXAMINATION
   10.      Functions
   11.      Structures
   12.      Arrays
   13.      Briefing of the project
   14.      Project
   15.      Project
   16.      Project
   17.      Revision
   18.      FINAL EXAMINATION

Book Recommended
                   C++ By example
                 BAHRIA UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD
      FACULTY OF EARTH SCIENCE & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
                         COURSE PACK
PROGRAM:                 BS 8
SEMESTER:                Spring 2009
COURSE TITLE:            GIS & Computer Image Processing
COURSE CODE:             GEOP-430
CREDIT HOURS:            4
WEEK NO        COURSE SUBJECT / TITLE TO BE TAUGHT
1              Introduction to GIS
2              Geospatial Technologies, Software
3              Hardware, Data, Geodetic Concepts, Resolution, Scale and Geospatial
               database
4              LAB
5              Digitizing with ArcGIS 9.x
6              GIS Data Models, Spatial Analysis, Assignment 1
7              Concepts of Remote Sensing, Types of Sensors, Remote Sensing Satellites
8              Quiz 1, Assignment 2, Interpretation Elements, Image Processing
9              MID TERM
10             ArcMAP Basics
11             Introduction to Desktop GIS, Exploring ArcMap and ArcCatalog (LAB)
12             ArcGIS Basics(Labeling features, Joining and Relating tables, querying data)
               Quiz 2 Assignment 3(LAB)
13             Digital Elevation Model, Digital Terrain Model
14             Geodatabase Concepts
15             Digitizing with ArcGIS 9.2 LAB, Assignment 4
16             Vector Data Analysis LAB
17             Map Design Basics, Map Layout, Color and Typography
18             FINAL EXAMINATION
              BAHRIA UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD
    FACULTY OF EARTH & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
                          COURSE PACK (Draft - A)

PROGRAM:                      BS Geophysics
SEMESTER:                     4th Semester
COURSE TITLE:                 Introduction to Development Studies
COURSE CODE:                  DS 101
CREDIT HOURS:                 3
WEEK NO.                  COURSE TOPIC / TITLE TO BE TAUGHT
    37.         Introduction to Development Studies
    38.         Definition of Development / Malthus’s Theory
    39.         Population and Development
    40.         Population and Development
    41.         Children and Development (Child Labour)
    42.         Women and Development (Domestic Violence) – Reading to be provided
                by Instructor
    43.         Women and Development
    44.         Review
    45.         MID TERM EXAMINATION
    46.         Poverty and Development
    47.         Poverty and Development
    48.         Theories of Development
    49.         Characteristics of Developing Countries
    50.         Case Study / Assignment
    51.         Sustainable Development (Documentary)
    52.         Other Topic
    53.         Review
    54.         FINAL EXAMINATION


BOOKS (Reference / Text)
     1. Economic Development, Todaro & Smith, Sixth Edition
     2. Selected Reports generated by Development Sector Organizations / Institutions
(Human Rights, Domestic Violence etc.)
     3. Poverty Net – World Bank www.worldbank.org/poverty/
                      BAHRIA UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD
               FACULTY OF EARTH & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
                              COURSE PACK
PROGRAM: BS Geophysics
SEMESTER: III
COURSE TITLE: Oral English
COURSE CODE: ENG-105
CREDIT HOURS: 3
 WEEK                      COURSE SUBJECT / TITLE TO BE TAUGHT
  NO.
    1    Introduction to Oral Communication; The OC Process
    2    How to Tackle Stress; Identifying OC Problems
    3    Strategies to Overcome Stage Fright
    4    Speeches by students, prepared on topics of their choice (marked)
    5    Nonverbal Communication; video clips
    6    Enunciation; Pronunciation; Voice Inflection; resource material
    7    Presentation Skills; How to Prepare for a Presentation
    8    Presentations
    9    MIDTERM EXAMINATION
   10    Listening Skills; Voice Quality; Intonation
   11    Recording a Story with Intonation; assignment
   12    Interview Skills; Preparing for an Interview
   13    Difficult Questions: What to Say; Great Beginnings
   14    Ending Meetings and Interviews: When and How
   15    Persuasive Speaking: Speaking to Convince
   16    Presentations
   17    Questions to Get Desired Effect; Open-ended Questions
   18    FINAL EXAMINATION

RECOMMENDED TEXT / REFERENCE BOOKS
   Business English and Communication, Sixth Edition, Steward Zimmer Clark.
   Study Speaking, Second Edition, Kenneth Anderson
   Develop Confidence, Influence People, Dale Carnegie
                              BAHRIA UNIVERSITY
                        ISLAMABAD CAMPUS
           FACULTY OF EARTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
                           (SPRING 2009)

Name of Faculty: Dr. I. U. Cheema       Program: _BS_     Semester:   8_
Section: A_     Course Name: Biostratigraphy_           Course Code: GEOL-435_
Credit Hours: 3_




 LECTURES                                      TOPICS
       1           An introduction to Biostratigraphy
       2           Rock stratigraphic Units and Biostratigraphic Units
       3           Correlation with fossils and Index fossils
       4           Principles of faunal succession
       5           Concept of stages and zones
       6           Principal categories of zones
       7           Changes in species through time
       8           Rates of Evolution
       9           Definitions and lithostratigraphic units
      10           Quiz
      11           Introduction to stratigraphic procedures
      12           Outcrop procedures and details
      13           Lithological sampling, fossil collecting and Measuring strata
      14           Biostratigraphy and fossil assemblages
      15           Procedures in biostratigraphy
      16           Use of biostratigraphy in different sediments
      17           Study of Biozones
      18           Diastems and unconformity

								
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