A_Brief_History_Of_Chesterfield

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					Title:
A Brief History Of Chesterfield

Word Count:
589

Summary:
Chesterfield started out as a Roman fort and was built approximately 70
AD. The Romans probably settled here because the area was extremely rich
in natural minerals like tin, lead and coal. The Roman fort later was
discovered to have also been built on an old iron-age fort. It is
believed that by the early 2nd century the Romans had no longer a need
for the fort and moved on leaving it abandoned.

The town was later named by the Saxons. Their name for a Roman fort was
caest...


Keywords:
chesterfield,chesterfield history,chesterfield town,brief history
chesterfield


Article Body:
Chesterfield started out as a Roman fort and was built approximately 70
AD. The Romans probably settled here because the area was extremely rich
in natural minerals like tin, lead and coal. The Roman fort later was
discovered to have also been built on an old iron-age fort. It is
believed that by the early 2nd century the Romans had no longer a need
for the fort and moved on leaving it abandoned.

The town was later named by the Saxons. Their name for a Roman fort was
caester and they called the wide open fields where cattle grazed a Feld.
So when the Saxons arrived and settled they called the area Caester Feld
which by the 10th Century was changed to Chesterfield. By now though, the
small settlement had swiftly grown into a thriving village. It took two
centuries for Chesterfield to become a thriving town. A Charter granted
by King John in 1204 gave the Lord of The Manor the right to hold regular
markets and even a fair, which lasted for 8 days during September, once a
year.

In 2004 Chesterfield’s “Open Air Market” celebrated it’s 800th
Anniversary of it’s official opening.

As time went on life was not always perfect in Chesterfield. It’s main
industry in the middle ages was the making of wool although leather was
prominent too with plenty of Skinners, Tanners, Glovers and Saddlers. The
wool industry thrived until the 17th Century before dying out but the
leather work continued to prosper until the 18th Century.

None of this was to help with the many diseases that were around though.
Leprosy hit the area so bad that a Leper hostel dedicated to St Leonard
had to be built. Then just like everywhere else in the sixteenth century
the Black Death struck. There was a severe outbreak in 1586-1587and
unluckily, Chesterfield was hit again in 1608.

Chesterfield was slightly oblivious to the industrial revolution of the
18th Century but slowly continued to grow with the help of better
communications helped by the building of “TurnPike “roads, the
chesterfield canal and the arrival of rail, courtesy of George
Stephenson, who lived at Tapton House from 1838 – 1848 and is now buried
in the Holy Trinity Church.
In 1892 the boundary of the borough was changed and the nearby settlement
of Brampton became part of Chesterfield. This was the first of many
changes and a sign that Chesterfield was a thriving and growing town. By
this time it had its own independent police force and fire brigade.

Many more changes were soon to come along starting with the introduction
of Electric street lights and trams, which were soon ditched, as
Chesterfield finally caught up with it’s neighbouring towns and joined in
with the industrial revolution. The 20th Century had arrived.

With the introduction of Council houses in the 20’s and 30’s, the further
boundary changes bringing Hasland and Newbold into the folds of
Chesterfield and the building of the new Town Hall(1938),Pomegranate
Theatre ( 1949) and The Nth Derbyshire Royal Hospital (1984),
Chesterfield started to look much the same as it does today.

To date Chesterfield boasts, as well as it’s traditional markets, a
Shopping centre opened in 1981 as well as an even newer Shopping centre
opened in 2000 as tourism of the peak district and the retail industry
have taken precedent over the failing manufacturing industry.

So there you have it a brief history of Chesterfield.
One now wonders what will the current hi tech world of computers and the
internet have in store for this Historic Market Town.