1 UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE MINAS GERAIS FACULDADE DE LETRAS ESPECIALIZAÇÃO EM ENSINO DE LÍNGUA INGLESA Discipline: AVALIAÇÃO DA APRENDIZAGEM DA LINGUA INGLESA Professor: Maralice de Souza Neves Module: III – Jan 2007 Group members: Alexandre Bistene Gleice Andrade Maria Elisa Orsini Mariane Tosta 2 STUDENT’S GUIDE UNIT 1 YUMMY!!! 3 GETTING STARTED PRE-READING ACTIVITY I. Warm up Discussion on food II. Vocabulary building Below, there is a food pyramid, which was created for people to understand how to eat healthily. It divides the different kinds of foods into different categories. In groups of 3, fit the pictures of food on the next page in the correct category of the pyramid. 1 Fats, Oils and Sweets (Use occasionally) 2 Milk group (2 servings) 3 Meat group (2 servings) 4 Vegetables 5 Fruits (3-5 servings) (2-4 servings) 7 Breads and Cereals group (6 or more servings) A HAMBURGER AND H YOGURT O CHEESE 4 FRIED POTATOES B NUTS I BREAD P CHERRY C BROWNIE J BUTTER Q PASTA D BEANS K MEAT R EGGS E MUFFIN L PIZZA S PASSION FRUIT M FISH T RICE F PAPAYA N CEREAL U POULTRY G MILK III. Discussion 5 1. Take a look at this new version of a food pyramid. 2. In groups, discuss the following questions: What expression is normally used to describe the type of food above? What’s the main difference between the two kinds of food pyramids presented? Do you think it was a doctor who designed this pyramid? Why/Why now? Which one would you consider healthier? Why? Thinking about your own diet, which pyramid would better represent your eating habits? Can lack of time affect people’s eating habits? What do you think people can do to have a healthier diet ? FURTHER ACTIVITY: Check the following website in your house and learn much more about the food pyramid! You can also play games related to it! http://www.kidskonnect.com/FoodPyramid/FoodPyramidHome.html LET’S READ! 6 1. Read texts 1+2 or 3+4, according to the group you are in! Check glossary on page 7! 1. Cooking tips for busy people Australians spend about one third of their household budget on convenience foods such as takeaway and supermarket ready-to-eat meals. There are many reasons why people are cooking less often. People’s lives are busier; the two-income household can mean that neither partner has the time or energy to cook every night. There are also more people living alone, who often don’t want to cook for themselves. However, convenience foods are expensive and some are high in fat and salt. If you don’t have the time or motivation to cook, the following suggestions may be helpful. 2. Your pantry You may be tempted to order takeaway if your pantry is bare and you can’t face the thought of going to the supermarket. The secret is to stock long-life ingredients that can be combined in any number of ways to create interesting dishes. Suggestions include: Buy extra of long-lasting vegetables like potatoes, carrots and onions, which can form the basis of soups. Stock plenty of dried pasta, such as spaghetti, fettuccine, macaroni and varieties. Keep a selection of other long-life carbohydrates like rice, Asian-type dry noodles and lentils. Use canned tomatoes, tomato paste, tinned corn and other vegetables. Stock a range of canned meats including tuna, salmon, sardines, beef and chicken. Include canned and packet soups. Have a stock of oils and vinegars including olive oil, sesame oil, balsamic vinegar and red wine vinegar for making a wide range of salad dressings with these ingredients if you include herbs and lemon juice. Useful condiments include tomato sauce, mustard, mayonnaise, relish, oregano help. Store a variety of nuts - these are a great meat alternative, especially in pasta or rice dishes. 7 3. Your freezer and fridge Keep your fridge and freezer stocked with handy healthy food. For example: Buy frozen vegetables. Contrary to popular belief, these products retain a high proportion of their nutrients. Citrus fruits like oranges have a long life when refrigerated. Fresh lemon and lime juice can be bought in bottles and stored in the fridge. Grated cheese can be sealed and stored in the freezer to increase its shelf life. Buy red meat and chicken already sliced or marinated. When buying fresh meat, choose de-boned varieties. Divide the quantities into meal- sized portions and freeze separately. Buy bread in bulk and keep it in the freezer until needed. Bake-at-home rolls can also be kept in the freezer to have as an accompaniment to many different meals. 4. Time saving suggestions Make extra portions - while you’re making your pasta sauce or soup, make double (or even quadruple) the quantity you need. Freeze the remainder in meal portions, and you have ready- made meals for later in the week or month. Double up on tasks - you can save time if you do two things at once. For example, prepare your pasta sauce while your spaghetti is cooking. Prepare easy meals - one-pot meals (such as soups, risottos, stews, curries and casseroles) save on washing up. Use a microwave - it’s easier and faster to microwave foods than cook them in the oven or on the cooker. Use small, thin chunks of food - they cook faster than big chunks. Don’t throw out leftovers - store them appropriately (such as refrigerated or frozen) for a quick meal the next day. Or reinvent the leftovers in a creative way; for example, pasta sauce can make the base for a pie filling. Cook the night before - for example, cook in the evening (when any children have gone to bed) and ask your partner, if you have one, to help you with the preparation like chopping vegetables. This will speed up the process and make it more fun. This means time-consuming recipes like soups or casseroles can cook while you relax in the evening. Adapted from: http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Cooking_tips_for_busy_people?OpenDo cument GLOSSARY: 8 1. Cooking tips for busy people BUDGET the amount of money a family has to spend TAKEAWAY food you buy at a shop to eat at your house TWO-INCOME HOUSEHOLD when husband and wife have to work and both have salaries FAT a substance that is stored under the skin of people and animals, that helps to keep them warm 2. Your pantry PANTRY a very small room in a house where food is kept BARE empty, or a very small amount of something LONG-LIFE INGREDIENTS ingredients that last for a long time STOCK to buy a lot of something in order to keep it for when you need to use it later CANNED food preserved in a can, that is a round metal container WIDE RANGE big variety NUTS 3. Your freezer and fridge HANDY near and easy to reach GRATED CHEESE cheese that has been broken into small pieces SEALED shut or protected with something that prevents air, water etc from getting in or out SHELF LIFE the length of time that a product can be kept in a shop before it becomes old DE-BONED without bones BULK a big mass of something BAKE-AT-HOME ROLLS bread made in your house 4. Time saving suggestion SAUCE a thick cooked liquid that is served with food. e.g: sugo sauce, bolognesa sauce, cheese sauce… MEAL PORTION a small portion for only one person CHUNKS a big block, a large thick piece of something LEFTOVERS food that has not been eaten at the end of a meal FILLING food that you put inside a pie, cake, sandwich etc CHOP to cut something into very small pieces 2. In groups, discuss the most important points from the texts you read. Try to 9 memorize as much information they can, to exchange with a friend from the other group. 3. Change pairs and exchange information again, for fixing the ideas! 4. Get with a person who read the other two texts and exchange information you read. Then, do the exercise below: Answer the sentences by marking if they are true or false. a. ( ) Australians spend over half of their household budget on convenience foods. b. ( ) Frozen vegetables do not retain a high proportion of their nutrients. c. ( ) We can stock plenty of dried pasta, tinned tomatoes and canned meats. d. ( ) It is difficult to freeze home-made bread. e. ( ) Citrus fruits have a long life when refrigerated. f. ( ) Nuts are a great meat alternative. PRE-LISTENING ACTIVITY Discussion about previous text. Tell your teacher and classmates your opinions! FURTHER ACTIVITIES * Next class we’ll continue talking about food. For that, there is a very important homework you have to do before it! Pay attention to you teacher’s explanation! 10 LISTENING ACTIVITY I (EXTENSIVE LISTENING) Target: revising vocabulary items on food/kitchen objects and focusing on pronunciation. 1. Enter the sites below (or listen to the audio CD) and do the following exercise: FRUIT: http://www.learnenglish.de/vocabulary/foodfruit.htm (select 5) VEGETABLES: http://www.learnenglish.de/vocabulary/foodveg.htm (select 5) MEAT AND FISH: http://www.learnenglish.de/vocabulary/foodmeat.htm (select 3) SUNDRY: http://www.learnenglish.de/vocabulary/foodsundry.htm (select 3) OTHER FOOD: http://www.learnenglish.de/vocabulary/foodother.htm (select 5) KITCHEN OBJECTS: http://www.learnenglish.de/vocabulary/roomskitchen.htm (“ 5) - select 3 or 5 items of their preference (in each topic) from the lists. - click over the selected items to listen to their pronunciation and repeat after the man to practice your pronunciation! - write the item you selected on the list below. FRUIT VEGETABLES MEAT SUNDRY (miscellany) OTHER FOOD KITCHEN OBJECTS 11 POST-LISTENING ACTIVITY Tell a partner about the vocabulary items you selected at your house and why you selected them. GAME Miming game on different types of food and kitchen objects. “I do not like broccoli. And I haven't liked it since I was a little kid and my mother made me eat it. I am President of the United States, and I'm NOT going to eat any more broccoli.” George Bush st 41 President of the USA LISTENING II 12 (INTENSIVE LISTENING) PRE-LISTENING ACTIVITY 1. Discussion on cooking and food in different nationalities. 2. Look at the people’s pictures below and answer: Source: http://www.elllo.org/PagesMixer/58-MX-Cooking.htm - What are their countries and nationalities? SKIP: The USA / American ADRIENNE: The USA / American MATT: The USA / American PETER: Sweden / Swedish PHIL: England / English LISA: Canada / Canadian - What type of food they imagine those people like – considering their nationalities? 13 LISTENING ACTIVITY II (EXTENSIVE LISTENING) Source: http://www.elllo.org/PagesMixer/58-MX-Cooking.htm In groups of 3 or 4, read and answer the questions below. LISTENING PAPER SHEET SKIP 1. What does Skip like to cook? 2. He likes cooking a type of ____________ (nationality) dish very much. 3. What are the 2 advantages of cooking chahan? ADRIENNE 1. Where did she learn to cook green curry? 2. Is it her favourite dish of all? MATT 1. Where does he like to eat? 2. Say at least 2 things he likes to put in his lasagna. PETER 1. What’s his absolutely favourite dish? 2. What characteristics must a person have to cook it? PHIL 1. Where’s Phil from? 2. How well can he cook? 3. What kind of microwave food does he make? LISA 1. What can she cook well? 2. What things does she normally use in her dips? 14 FURTHER ACTIVITIES: Here are some more ideas for studying about this topic in your house. You can find different types of games, quizzes, dialogues, etc. Enjoy! 1. Browse the pages below for further vocabulary practice. http://www.kidskonnect.com/FoodPyramid/FoodPyramidHome.html http://www.languageguide.org/im/food/eng/ http://www.languageguide.org/im/food/eng/index2.jsp 2. Take free vocabulary quizzes on food! http://www.englishclub.com/esl-quizzes/vocabulary-1-food.htm http://www.manythings.org/vq/ma-food.html 3. Get some more listening practice by listening to different dialogues about food (read transcripts and listen to the audio) http://www.elllo.org/Text0351/398-Mike-FastFood.htm http://www.elllo.org/Pages0601/625M-Tom-Lunch.htm http://www.elllo.org/Pages0651/684M-AJ-Lunch.htm 4. Listening about British food habits: http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/radio/specials/163_entertainment _ex/page7.shtml http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/radio/specials/163_entertainment _ex/page7.shtml 15 PRE-WRITING ACTIVITY 1. Group discussion about your class cooking abilities! 2. Read the recipe of banana muffins below. BANANA MUFFINS Ingredients: 2 cups all-purpose flour 3/4 cup sugar 2 tsp baking powder 1/2 tsp baking soda Pinch of salt 1/2 tsp cinnamon 1/8 tsp nutmeg 1/4 cup canola oil 2/3 cup nonfat milk 1 egg lightly beaten 1 tsp vanilla 2 small ripe (not green) bananas, mashed *Tsp: teaspoon 3. Yummy! Discover how to prepare the muffins on the next page. 16 PREPARATION: Preheat oven to 350 degrees. In a large bowl, stir flour , sugar , baking powder , salt and cinnamon together. In a medium bowl combine milk , egg and vanilla , followed by mashed bananas . Mix the contents of both bowls together in the large one and combine them. Stir with a wooden spoon . Fill muffin cups two-thirds full. Bake for 18-22 minutes. Adapted from http://lowfatcooking.about.com/od/bakedgoods/r/bananamuffins.htm 4. What do you think the underlined words mean? Discuss with a partner. 5. Do the exercise on page 16 to practice the verbs you found on above recipe. 17 PRACTICING VERBS RELATED TO COOKING! Match the verbs on the left to the actions on the right, according to the example. TO ADD/POUR TO BOIL TO CHOP TO GRATE TO FILL TO HEAT TO PEEL TO SEASON TO STIR 18 WRITING ACTIVITY 1. Get in groups of 3 or 4 and choose a recipe of your preference from the two options below. Then, choose the verbs from the boxes to complete the recipe you selected. Some of the verbs will be used more than once. OPTION 1 Vegetable and meat soup Cooking time: 30 minutes serves: 4 people Ingredients: 04 potatoes 03 carrots broccoli 200 grams meat 1 liter water Salt to taste Garlic to taste Oil to taste PREPARATION: ________ a bit of oil into a pan and ________ salt and garlic to taste. Let it gold for a while. ________ the water in that same pan and wait a few minutes for it to ________. While you are waiting, ________ the potatoes and carrots and then ________ them together with the broccoli. When the water gets hot, put some olive oil and the vegetables in the pan to ________. In a smaller pan, prepare the meat and ________ it to the taste. ________ the meat to the vegetables. Wait for 15 more minutes and it is ready! Dig in! COOK ADD BOIL CHOP POUR PUT SEASON PEEL 19 OPTION 2 Chocolate Brownies Source: http://southernfood.about.com/od/brownies/r/bl60417e.htm Cooking time: 25 minutes serves: 5 people Ingredients: 6 tablespoons butter 2 ounces unsweetened chocolate 1/2 teaspoon vanilla 1 cup granulated sugar 2 large eggs 3/4 cup all-purpose flour 1/4 teaspoon baking powder 1/4 teaspoon salt 1/2 cup chopped pecans or walnuts PREPARATION: _______ oven to 325°. _______ and _______ an 8-inch square baking pan. In a saucepan over low heat, _______ the butter and chocolate, stirring constantly. _______ from heat and let cool. With a whisk, _______ in the vanilla and sugar. _______ in eggs, one at a time, beating well after each addition. _______ flour, measure into a small bowl, and _______ in the baking powder and salt, blending well. With a wooden spoon, _______ the flour mixture into the first mixture. _______ in the chopped nuts, blending well. Spoon into the prepared pan and _______ evenly. _______ the brownies for about 25 minutes. WHISK REMOVE BAKE SPREAD GREASE HEAT MELT BEAT STIR FLOUR 20 FURTHER ACTIVITIES: Below, there are many possibilities for further practice on recipes. It is an opportunity for you to… 1. expand your knowledge of cooking facts; 2. go deeper on how to prepare many dishes that cater for all tastes; 3. start practicing for our food festival; … by browsing the following pages for recipes and sending your friends e-mails telling them the recipes you have liked he most. http://www.jamieoliver.com/recipes http://www.kidshealth.org/kid/recipes/index.html http://allrecipes.com/ http://www.epicurious.com/ http://recipes2.alastra.com/ http://www.maria-brazil.org/brazilian_recipes.htm Listening – how to make baked apples: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=en90Jsknky4 Listening – how to make an apple pie http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=erXZj5yXXiU&NR Enter Jamie Oliver’s page and get any recipe you want to share with your friends. http://www.jamieoliver.com/recipes/whichbook/listen Listening – food for thought http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hOQkBP5nioY&mode=related&search For extra vocabulary, check: http://www.elllo.org/Text0351/398-Mike-FastFood.htm http://www.elllo.org/Pages0601/625M-Tom-Lunch.htm http://www.elllo.org/Pages0651/684M-AJ-Lunch.htm 21 SPEAKING ACTIVITY PARTY TIME! (FOOD FESTIVAL) PARTY TIME! We invite you to take part in our “end-of-the-unit party”, which will take place on the __ of __, 200__. Get your aprons, hats and neckerchiefs ready… cause we’ll do some cooking!!! Instructions: WEEK 1 o select a recipe of your preference o buy the necessary ingredients o give your teacher a copy of the recipe you have chosen to cook. WEEK 2 o rehearse how to cook it, to explain it to your friends on party day! (ingredients used and complete preparation) o Get ready to prepare your dish for real (you can count on your parents’ help, as long as you can explain how to make it)! BEFORE THE PARTY o prepare your dish at home. AT THE PARTY o serve your food to the people at the party and explain to them how it was made. Your teacher will evaluate you on how good your explanation is. Have fun! 22 Y U M M Y ! ! !