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              UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE MINAS GERAIS
                           FACULDADE DE LETRAS




              ESPECIALIZAÇÃO EM ENSINO DE LÍNGUA INGLESA




                 Discipline: AVALIAÇÃO DA APRENDIZAGEM DA LINGUA INGLESA
                                           Professor: Maralice de Souza Neves
                                                        Module: III – Jan 2007




Group members:
Alexandre Bistene
Gleice Andrade
Maria Elisa Orsini
Mariane Tosta
                  2




STUDENT’S GUIDE




    UNIT 1
   YUMMY!!!
                                                                                                        3



                                        GETTING STARTED


                        PRE-READING ACTIVITY




I.        Warm up
          Discussion on food



II.       Vocabulary building
          Below, there is a food pyramid, which was created for people to understand how to
          eat healthily. It divides the different kinds of foods into different categories.
          In groups of 3, fit the pictures of food on the next page in the correct category of the
          pyramid.


                                                              1   Fats, Oils and Sweets
                                                                  (Use occasionally)



                 2     Milk group
                      (2 servings)                                           3   Meat group
                                                                                 (2 servings)




4    Vegetables                                                                         5   Fruits
     (3-5 servings)                                                                         (2-4 servings)




                                                7   Breads and Cereals group
                                                     (6 or more servings)
A HAMBURGER AND   H YOGURT      O CHEESE       4

FRIED POTATOES




    B NUTS        I BREAD       P CHERRY




   C BROWNIE      J BUTTER      Q PASTA




    D BEANS        K MEAT        R EGGS




   E MUFFIN       L PIZZA    S PASSION FRUIT




                   M FISH        T RICE
   F PAPAYA




                  N CEREAL     U POULTRY
    G MILK
III.   Discussion                                                                       5


1. Take a look at this new version of a food pyramid.




2. In groups, discuss the following questions:
   What expression is normally used to describe the type of food above?
   What’s the main difference between the two kinds of food pyramids presented?
   Do you think it was a doctor who designed this pyramid? Why/Why now?
   Which one would you consider healthier? Why?
   Thinking about your own diet, which pyramid would better represent your eating
    habits?
   Can lack of time affect people’s eating habits?
   What do you think people can do to have a healthier diet ?




                  FURTHER ACTIVITY:


                  Check the following website in your house and learn much more about
                  the food pyramid! You can also play games related to it!
                  http://www.kidskonnect.com/FoodPyramid/FoodPyramidHome.html
                                        LET’S READ!                                                6




1. Read texts 1+2 or 3+4, according to the group you are in! Check glossary on page 7!



                              1. Cooking tips for busy people

       Australians spend about one third of their household budget on convenience foods
such as takeaway and supermarket ready-to-eat meals. There are many reasons why people
are cooking less often. People’s lives are busier; the two-income household can mean that
neither partner has the time or energy to cook every night.

                                    There are also more people living alone, who often
                                    don’t want to cook for themselves.
                                    However, convenience foods are expensive and some
                                    are high in fat and salt. If you don’t have the time or
                                    motivation to cook, the following suggestions may be
                                    helpful.




   2. Your pantry


                                You may be tempted to order takeaway if your pantry is
                                bare and you can’t face the thought of going to the
                                supermarket. The secret is to stock long-life ingredients
                                that can be combined in any number of ways to create
                                interesting dishes. Suggestions include:
                                       Buy extra of long-lasting vegetables like potatoes,
                                        carrots and onions, which can form the basis of
                                        soups.
                                       Stock plenty of dried pasta, such as spaghetti,
                                        fettuccine, macaroni and varieties.


      Keep a selection of other long-life carbohydrates like rice, Asian-type dry noodles and
       lentils.
      Use canned tomatoes, tomato paste, tinned corn and other vegetables.
      Stock a range of canned meats including tuna, salmon, sardines, beef and chicken.
      Include canned and packet soups.
      Have a stock of oils and vinegars including olive oil, sesame oil, balsamic vinegar and
       red wine vinegar for making a wide range of salad dressings with these ingredients if
       you include herbs and lemon juice.
      Useful condiments include tomato sauce, mustard, mayonnaise, relish, oregano help.
      Store a variety of nuts - these are a great meat alternative, especially in pasta or rice
       dishes.
                                                                                                     7
       3. Your freezer and fridge

   Keep your fridge and freezer stocked with handy healthy food. For example:

             Buy frozen vegetables. Contrary to popular belief,
              these products retain a high proportion of their
              nutrients.
             Citrus fruits like oranges have a long life when
              refrigerated.
             Fresh lemon and lime juice can be bought in bottles
              and stored in the fridge.
             Grated cheese can be sealed and stored in the freezer
              to increase its shelf life.
             Buy red meat and chicken already sliced or marinated.


        When buying fresh meat, choose de-boned varieties. Divide the quantities into meal-
         sized portions and freeze separately.
        Buy bread in bulk and keep it in the freezer until needed. Bake-at-home rolls can also
         be kept in the freezer to have as an accompaniment to many different meals.




                                4. Time saving suggestions

        Make extra portions - while you’re making your pasta sauce or
         soup, make double (or even quadruple) the quantity you need.
         Freeze the remainder in meal portions, and you have ready-
         made meals for later in the week or month.
        Double up on tasks - you can save time if you do two things at
         once. For example, prepare your pasta sauce while your
         spaghetti is cooking.
        Prepare easy meals - one-pot meals (such as soups, risottos,
         stews, curries and casseroles) save on washing up.
        Use a microwave - it’s easier and faster to microwave foods than cook them in the
         oven or on the cooker.
        Use small, thin chunks of food - they cook faster than big chunks.
        Don’t throw out leftovers - store them appropriately (such as refrigerated or frozen)
         for a quick meal the next day. Or reinvent the leftovers in a creative way; for
         example, pasta sauce can make the base for a pie filling.
        Cook the night before - for example, cook in the evening (when any children have
         gone to bed) and ask your partner, if you have one, to help you with the preparation
         like chopping vegetables. This will speed up the process and make it more fun. This
         means time-consuming recipes like soups or casseroles can cook while you relax in
         the evening.




Adapted from:
http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Cooking_tips_for_busy_people?OpenDo
cument
GLOSSARY:                                                                                       8




1. Cooking tips for busy people
BUDGET                       the amount of money a family has to spend
TAKEAWAY                     food you buy at a shop to eat at your house
TWO-INCOME HOUSEHOLD         when husband and wife have to work and both have salaries
FAT                          a substance that is stored under the skin of people and
                             animals, that helps to keep them warm


2. Your pantry
PANTRY                       a very small room in a house where food is kept
BARE                         empty, or a very small amount of something
LONG-LIFE INGREDIENTS        ingredients that last for a long time
STOCK                        to buy a lot of something in order to keep it for when you need
                             to use it later
CANNED                       food preserved in a can, that is a round metal container
WIDE RANGE                   big variety
NUTS




3. Your freezer and fridge
HANDY                        near and easy to reach
GRATED CHEESE                cheese that has been broken into small pieces
SEALED                       shut or protected with something that prevents air, water etc
                             from getting in or out
SHELF LIFE                   the length of time that a product can be kept in a shop before
                             it becomes old
DE-BONED                     without bones
BULK                         a big mass of something
BAKE-AT-HOME ROLLS           bread made in your house


4. Time saving suggestion
SAUCE                        a thick cooked liquid that is served with food. e.g: sugo sauce,
                             bolognesa sauce, cheese sauce…
MEAL PORTION                 a small portion for only one person
CHUNKS                       a big block, a large thick piece of something
LEFTOVERS                    food that has not been eaten at the end of a meal
FILLING                      food that you put inside a pie, cake, sandwich etc
CHOP                         to cut something into very small pieces
    2. In groups, discuss the most important points from the texts you read. Try to           9

           memorize as much information they can, to exchange with a friend from the other
           group.


    3. Change pairs and exchange information again, for fixing the ideas!


    4. Get with a person who read the other two texts and exchange information you read.
           Then, do the exercise below:




    Answer the sentences by marking if they are true or false.

    a. (      ) Australians spend over half of their household budget on convenience foods.
    b. (      ) Frozen vegetables do not retain a high proportion of their nutrients.
    c. (     ) We can stock plenty of dried pasta, tinned tomatoes and canned meats.
    d. (      ) It is difficult to freeze home-made bread.
    e. (      ) Citrus fruits have a long life when refrigerated.
    f. (     ) Nuts are a great meat alternative.




                          PRE-LISTENING ACTIVITY




    Discussion about previous text. Tell your teacher and classmates your opinions!




                          FURTHER ACTIVITIES




*   Next class we’ll continue talking about food. For that, there is a very important
    homework you have to do before it!
    Pay attention to you teacher’s explanation!
                                                                                                  10

                                          LISTENING ACTIVITY I
                                            (EXTENSIVE LISTENING)




Target: revising vocabulary items on food/kitchen objects and focusing on pronunciation.


   1. Enter the sites below (or listen to the audio CD) and do the following exercise:

       FRUIT: http://www.learnenglish.de/vocabulary/foodfruit.htm                 (select 5)
       VEGETABLES: http://www.learnenglish.de/vocabulary/foodveg.htm              (select 5)
       MEAT AND FISH: http://www.learnenglish.de/vocabulary/foodmeat.htm (select 3)
       SUNDRY: http://www.learnenglish.de/vocabulary/foodsundry.htm               (select 3)
       OTHER FOOD: http://www.learnenglish.de/vocabulary/foodother.htm            (select 5)
       KITCHEN OBJECTS: http://www.learnenglish.de/vocabulary/roomskitchen.htm           (“ 5)

   -    select 3 or 5 items of their preference (in each topic) from the lists.
   -    click over the selected items to listen to their pronunciation and repeat after the man
        to practice your pronunciation!
   -    write the item you selected on the list below.


                    FRUIT                                         VEGETABLES




                    MEAT                                      SUNDRY (miscellany)




                OTHER FOOD                                     KITCHEN OBJECTS
                                                                                   11

                 POST-LISTENING ACTIVITY




Tell a partner about the vocabulary items you selected at your house and why you
selected them.




                 GAME




Miming game on different types of food and kitchen objects.




                           “I do not like broccoli. And I
                     haven't liked it since I was a little kid
                   and my mother made me eat it. I am
                   President of the United States, and I'm
                   NOT going to eat any more broccoli.”


                                     George Bush
                                st
                             41 President of the USA
                                      LISTENING II                                               12

                                  (INTENSIVE LISTENING)




                      PRE-LISTENING ACTIVITY




1. Discussion on cooking and food in different nationalities.



2. Look at the people’s pictures below and answer:




                      Source: http://www.elllo.org/PagesMixer/58-MX-Cooking.htm




       -   What are their countries and nationalities?
           SKIP: The USA / American
           ADRIENNE: The USA / American
           MATT: The USA / American
           PETER: Sweden / Swedish
           PHIL: England / English
           LISA: Canada / Canadian



       -   What type of food they imagine those people like – considering their nationalities?
                                                                               13

                            LISTENING ACTIVITY II
                               (EXTENSIVE LISTENING)


                 Source: http://www.elllo.org/PagesMixer/58-MX-Cooking.htm




In groups of 3 or 4, read and answer the questions below.




                                   LISTENING PAPER SHEET


SKIP
    1. What does Skip like to cook?
    2. He likes cooking a type of ____________ (nationality) dish very much.
    3. What are the 2 advantages of cooking chahan?



ADRIENNE
    1. Where did she learn to cook green curry?
    2. Is it her favourite dish of all?




MATT
    1. Where does he like to eat?
    2. Say at least 2 things he likes to put in his lasagna.



PETER
    1. What’s his absolutely favourite dish?
    2. What characteristics must a person have to cook it?




PHIL
    1. Where’s Phil from?
    2. How well can he cook?
    3. What kind of microwave food does he make?



LISA
    1. What can she cook well?
    2. What things does she normally use in her dips?
                                                                                               14



                        FURTHER ACTIVITIES:




Here are some more ideas for studying about this topic in your house. You can find different
types of games, quizzes, dialogues, etc. Enjoy!




   1. Browse the pages below for further vocabulary practice.
       http://www.kidskonnect.com/FoodPyramid/FoodPyramidHome.html
       http://www.languageguide.org/im/food/eng/
       http://www.languageguide.org/im/food/eng/index2.jsp




   2. Take free vocabulary quizzes on food!
       http://www.englishclub.com/esl-quizzes/vocabulary-1-food.htm
       http://www.manythings.org/vq/ma-food.html




   3. Get some more listening practice by listening to different dialogues about food (read
       transcripts and listen to the audio)
       http://www.elllo.org/Text0351/398-Mike-FastFood.htm
       http://www.elllo.org/Pages0601/625M-Tom-Lunch.htm
       http://www.elllo.org/Pages0651/684M-AJ-Lunch.htm




   4. Listening about British food habits:
       http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/radio/specials/163_entertainment
       _ex/page7.shtml
       http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/radio/specials/163_entertainment
       _ex/page7.shtml
                                                                  15


                        PRE-WRITING ACTIVITY




   1. Group discussion about your class cooking abilities!


   2. Read the recipe of banana muffins below.




                                  BANANA MUFFINS




   Ingredients:

      2 cups all-purpose flour
      3/4 cup sugar
      2 tsp baking powder
      1/2 tsp baking soda
      Pinch of salt
      1/2 tsp cinnamon
      1/8 tsp nutmeg
      1/4 cup canola oil
      2/3 cup nonfat milk
      1 egg lightly beaten
      1 tsp vanilla
      2 small ripe (not green) bananas, mashed


*Tsp: teaspoon




3. Yummy! Discover how to prepare the muffins on the next page.
                                                                                                 16



                                    PREPARATION:




   Preheat oven                  to 350 degrees.




   In a large bowl, stir flour                      ,   sugar             ,   baking powder




                   , salt           and cinnamon                       together.




   In a medium bowl combine milk                        ,   egg                   and vanilla




                    , followed by mashed bananas                   .


   Mix the contents of both bowls together in the large one and combine them.




   Stir with a wooden spoon               .




   Fill muffin cups              two-thirds full.


   Bake for 18-22 minutes.


    Adapted from http://lowfatcooking.about.com/od/bakedgoods/r/bananamuffins.htm




4. What do you think the underlined words mean? Discuss with a partner.
5. Do the exercise on page 16 to practice the verbs you found on above recipe.
                                                                                     17

PRACTICING VERBS RELATED TO COOKING!
Match the verbs on the left to the actions on the right, according to the example.




TO ADD/POUR




TO BOIL




TO CHOP




TO GRATE




TO FILL




TO HEAT




TO PEEL




TO SEASON




TO STIR
                                                                                                   18



                                  WRITING ACTIVITY




    1.   Get in groups of 3 or 4 and choose a recipe of your preference from the two options
         below. Then, choose the verbs from the boxes to complete the recipe you selected.
         Some of the verbs will be used more than once.




                                         OPTION 1



                           Vegetable and meat soup

Cooking time: 30 minutes      serves: 4 people
Ingredients:
        04 potatoes
        03 carrots
        broccoli
        200 grams meat
        1 liter water
        Salt to taste
        Garlic to taste
        Oil to taste




PREPARATION:

________ a bit of oil into a pan and ________ salt and garlic to taste. Let it gold for a while.
________ the water in that same pan and wait a few minutes for it to ________. While you
are waiting, ________ the potatoes and carrots and then ________ them together with the
broccoli.
When the water gets hot, put some olive oil and the vegetables in the pan to ________. In a
smaller pan, prepare the meat and ________ it to the taste.
________ the meat to the vegetables. Wait for 15 more minutes and it is ready! Dig in!




COOK                          ADD                           BOIL                          CHOP
POUR                          PUT                           SEASON                          PEEL   19



                                        OPTION 2




                              Chocolate Brownies
                Source: http://southernfood.about.com/od/brownies/r/bl60417e.htm




Cooking time: 25 minutes      serves: 5 people
Ingredients:
      6 tablespoons butter
      2 ounces unsweetened chocolate
      1/2 teaspoon vanilla
      1 cup granulated sugar
      2 large eggs
      3/4 cup all-purpose flour
      1/4 teaspoon baking powder
      1/4 teaspoon salt
      1/2 cup chopped pecans or walnuts




PREPARATION:

_______ oven to 325°. _______ and _______ an 8-inch square baking pan.
In a saucepan over low heat, _______ the butter and chocolate, stirring constantly. _______
from heat and let cool. With a whisk, _______ in the vanilla and sugar.
_______ in eggs, one at a time, beating well after each addition. _______ flour, measure into
a small bowl, and _______ in the baking powder and salt, blending well. With a wooden
spoon, _______ the flour mixture into the first mixture. _______ in the chopped nuts,
blending well. Spoon into the prepared pan and _______ evenly. _______ the brownies for
about 25 minutes.



   WHISK              REMOVE                BAKE                SPREAD             GREASE

   HEAT               MELT                  BEAT                STIR               FLOUR
                                                                                                    20




                           FURTHER ACTIVITIES:




Below, there are many possibilities for further practice on recipes. It is an opportunity for you
to…


      1. expand your knowledge of cooking facts;
      2. go deeper on how to prepare many dishes that cater for all tastes;
      3. start practicing for our food festival;


… by browsing the following pages for recipes and sending your friends e-mails telling them
the recipes you have liked he most.




http://www.jamieoliver.com/recipes
http://www.kidshealth.org/kid/recipes/index.html
http://allrecipes.com/
http://www.epicurious.com/
http://recipes2.alastra.com/
http://www.maria-brazil.org/brazilian_recipes.htm


Listening – how to make baked apples:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=en90Jsknky4


Listening – how to make an apple pie
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=erXZj5yXXiU&NR


Enter Jamie Oliver’s page and get any recipe you want to share with your friends.
http://www.jamieoliver.com/recipes/whichbook/listen


Listening – food for thought
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hOQkBP5nioY&mode=related&search


For extra vocabulary, check:
http://www.elllo.org/Text0351/398-Mike-FastFood.htm
http://www.elllo.org/Pages0601/625M-Tom-Lunch.htm
http://www.elllo.org/Pages0651/684M-AJ-Lunch.htm
                                                                      21



                  SPEAKING ACTIVITY


     PARTY TIME!
    (FOOD FESTIVAL)




                    PARTY TIME!

We invite you to take part in our “end-of-the-unit party”, which
will take place on the __ of __, 200__. Get your aprons, hats and
neckerchiefs ready… cause we’ll do some cooking!!!



Instructions:

WEEK 1
o   select a recipe of your preference
o   buy the necessary ingredients
o   give your teacher a copy of the recipe you have chosen to
    cook.


WEEK 2
o   rehearse how to cook it, to explain it to your friends
    on party day! (ingredients used and complete preparation)
o   Get ready to prepare your dish for real (you can count on
    your parents’ help, as long as you can explain how to make it)!


BEFORE THE PARTY
o   prepare your dish at home.


AT THE PARTY
o   serve your food to the people at the party and explain to them
    how it was made. Your teacher will evaluate you on how good
    your explanation is. Have fun!
                  22
Y U M M Y ! ! !

				
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