Gender Equality in Health Care - PowerPoint

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					                 Gender Equality in Health Care

                    Prof. Emeritus Pensri Phijaisanit
                    President,
                    The Women’s Health Advocacy
                    Foundation (WHAF)

www.whaf.or.th
                 Gender Equality in Health Care

                 Women’s Health in Beijing Platform for
                  Action
                 Thailand and East Asian Countries
                 Women’s Health in Thailand: Progress
                  after ICPD 1994 and Beijing 1995



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                 Women’s Health in Beijing PoA

                 3rd critical area of concern: Inequalities and
                  inadequacies in and unequal access to
                  health care and related services
                 4th critical area of concern: Violence
                  against women



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                 Five Strategies towards
                 Women’s Health
                 Strategy 1: Increase women's access
                  throughout the life cycle to appropriate,
                  affordable and quality health care,
                  information and related services.
                 Strategy 2: Strengthen preventive
                  programmes that promote women's heath.

                  Source: 1995 Beijing Platform for Action

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                 Five Strategies towards
                 Women’s Health
                  Strategy 3: Undertake gender-sensitive initiatives
                   that address sexually transmitted diseases,
                   HIV/AIDS, and sexual and reproductive health
                   issues.
                  Strategy 4: Promote research and disseminate
                   information on women's health.
                  Strategy 5: Increase resources and monitor
                   follow-up for women's health.
                  Source: 1995 Beijing Platform for Action
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                 Thailand and East Asian
                 Countries

                 Reproductive Risk Index
                 (Population Action               26.4
                 International, 2005)
                                               21.7
                                           20.4
                                        17.9                  Thailand
                                 16.7                    Mongolia
                                                      South Korea
                            12.1                  North Korea
                                              China
www.whaf.or.th                             Japan
                 Women’s Health in Thailand:
                 Policy and legistrations
                  1997 national reproductive health policy: “All
                   Thai citizens at all ages, must have good
                   reproductive health throughout their entire lives”
                  Meaning of reproductive health as “a state of
                   complete reproductive processes and functions in
                   both men and women at every stage of life, that
                   bring about social well-being”

                  Source: Ministry of Public Health, 2003.

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                 Women’s Health in Thailand:
                 Policy and legistrations
                 2002 Drafted bill on national health
                   system, section 9 in Chapter on Health
                   Rights: the protection of women’s sexual
                   and reproductive health – deleted by a
                   special committee of the Council of State


                  Source: Health System Reform Office, 2005.

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                 Women’s Health in Thailand:
                 Policy and legistrations
                  2005 Drafted bill on the protection of
                   reproductive health
                    – Protection of reproductive rights of persons with non-
                      discrimination with regard to any ground but not
                      including sexual orientations
                    – Guaranteeing right to information, care, and decision
                      making
                    – Covering sex education, sexual health, contraception,
                      safe motherhood, menopause and aging, especially the
                      national committee on reproductive health
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                  Source: Women’s Health Advocacy Foundation, 2005.
                 Women’s Health in Thailand:
                 Policy and legistrations
                 Ministry of Public Health, Policy on One
                   Stop Crisis Center (OSCC) for victims of
                   violence in all provincial hospitals, 2004




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                  Source: Women’s Health Advocacy Foundation, 2005.
                 There is a long road to go…

                 45% of total pregnancies are unplanned
                   (Population Council, 2002)
                  16% of unplanned pregnancy resulted in
                  induced abortion (Population Council, 2002)
                  29% of women hospitalized as of unsafe
                  abortion have severe complications, 0.1%
                  died (Warakamin and Boonthai, 2002)

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                 There is a long road to go…

                 Trend of C-section is higher every year,
                   contrast to labor delivery (Mahidol University,
                   2005)
                 Most of sterilization each year done on
                  women (Health Department, 2000)
                  Women died from reproductive cancer 6.5
                  times compare to men (Chuprapawun, 2000)

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                 There is a long road to go…

                 41% of women in Bangkok and 47% of
                  women in other province experienced
                  either physical or sexual violence by an
                  intimate partner (Mahidol University, 2003)
                 50% of women in Bangkok and 44% of
                  women in other province had been injured
                  as a result of violence by their intimate
                  partner (Mahidol University, 2003)
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                 THANK YOU




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