What is the World Bank doing
Why are gender equality issues important
in gender and mining?
in the mining sector?
The World Bank has reached out
The benefits and risks of extractive industries are often measured broadly to women in mining communities,
at the community level, but fail to distinguish the impact on men and and is using innovative
women. Evidence suggests that a gender bias exists in the distribution of approaches to mainstream gender
risks and benefits in mining projects. The risks fall more heavily on issues into the mining sector.
women, while men tend to accrue more of the benefits. The development
effectiveness and sustainability of mining projects could increase Papua New Guinea: A series of
significantly by taking into account how gender bias issues affect the World Bank supported
mining sector and how mining activities can benefit men and women conferences and workshops with
more equally. There are several common gender bias issues in mining women in mining communities
projects: has led to the identification of
actions to enhance the benefits
Poor distribution of mining benefits: Benefits from mining projects and reduce the risks of mining
projects on women. These actions
are mostly captured by men in the form of employment, income and
have formed the basis of a Five
Year 2006-2010 Women and
Social and family disruption: Risks from mining projects, such as Mining Action Plan at each of the
domestic violence, alcoholism, HIV/AIDS, increased prostitution, major mining communities.
loss of agricultural land and environmental damage including water These plans have been merged by
losses and pollution fall most heavily on women. a team from the Department of
Limited voice in decision-making: Women tend to have limited National Planning and Rural
voice in decision-making at the household and community levels, Development and the Department
and limited control over productive resources. of Mining into a National 2006-
2010 Women and Mining Action
What can be done? Plan which will be presented to
the National Economic Council
Through engagement with women-stakeholders in mining communities, for endorsement.
actions to address gender bias issues in the mining sector have been
identified. They include: Poland: The Polish Women in
Mining Project has helped train 24
Economic empowerment of women: Affirmative action initiatives women leaders from local
communities impacted by mining
to improve access to both direct and indirect employment
contraction who now provide
opportunities. Microfinance training programs, micro-credit
support to women in mining
schemes and business development programs. Improved benefits
communities on issues such as:
distribution mechanisms. Small Business Development,
Social empowerment of women: Equal representation of men and Employment Counseling, Public
women among community leaders and committees that negotiate on Relations, Legislation,
all stages of mine life and address community concerns. Psychology, Public Speaking, and
Appointment of a gender officer in mining companies to address the Entrepreneurship Basics.
concerns of women in the community and in the mine labor force.
Health and education: Improved health care services and Gender Bias Filter: A Gender
information campaigns to raise awareness on HIV/AIDS and other Bias Filter, which will provide
high risk diseases. Adult literacy programs, vocational and skills guidelines to task managers on
training program and equal access to education for boys and girls. how to mainstream gender bias
Safety and security: Community initiatives to promote women’s issues into mining and other
safety, reduce violence against women and provide counseling and extractive industries projects, is
assistance for victims of abuse. under preparation.