Developing a Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy by Levone

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									                         18 October 2006


National Platform a useful forum for Drought Disaster Risk Reduction



                          Martin Owor
                      Senior Regional Officer
                         UN//ISDR Africa


                                                     www.unisdr.org
1. UN/ISDR Mandate in Africa.
2. National Platforms and DRR in Africa
3. A Framework for disaster risk reduction
4. UN Resolutions on national platforms
5. Guiding principles for national platforms for
  disaster risk reduction
6. Progress made by National platforms in Africa
The mandate of UN/ISDR Secretariat


  Focal point in the UN system for the
   coordination of disaster reduction

   To enable all societies to become
   resilient to natural, technological
   and environmental hazards
The mandate of UN/ISDR Secretariat


  Also serves as an international platform
  for the implementation of the worldwide
   movement to build disaster resilient
   nations and communities by reducing or
   eliminating the conditions that promote
   vulnerability to natural, technological and
   environmental phenomena, which result
   in human, social, economic and
   environmental losses
Africa regional outreach office


  The UN/ISDR Secretariat
  established in October 2002 an
  Africa regional outreach office in
  Nairobi Kenya; to advance the
  disaster risk reduction process
  in Africa in partnership with
  major stakeholders in the region.
The UN/ISDR Secretariate Africa
       Outreach Office

    Provide Support to National (governments),
    sub-regional (e.g, ECOWAS, SADC, ECCAS,
    IGAD), regional (AU & NEPAD) and Thematic
    (ICPAC, DMCH, UNDP-DDC) stakeholders in
    four areas:
•   Policy and strategy development;
•   Advocacy and public awareness;
•   Information sharing knowledge exchange;
•   Networking and partnership building.
 Important initiatives on DRR


Following the renewed political
commitment from the 168 countries that
participated in the World Conference for
Disaster Reduction in January 2005,
several important initiatives are being
undertaken to implement the outcome “
the Hyogo Framework of Action (HFA)”.
Specific regional, sub-regional and
national policies, strategies and
legislation have been formulated.
 Important initiatives on DRR


A number of countries are revising their
national policies making sure that disaster risk
reduction approaches and criteria are
reflected. Some have established national
platforms for disaster risk reduction,
advocating among development sectors and
encouraging various stakeholders to
mainstream disaster risk reduction into their
respective programes. Some are making
progress in linking disaster risk reduction to
poverty reduction related strategies or policies.
 Important initiatives on DRR


Fifty five countries worldwide have established
focal points for reporting to the ISDR
secretariat on progress in the implementation
of the HFA. A further 40 countries have taken
concrete action to address disaster risk
reduction in the five priority areas. More than
30 countries have developed and established
national platforms to facilitate the process of
shifting from disaster response to disaster risk
reduction and mainstreaming disaster risk
reduction into sustainable development.
 What is a National Platform for
            DRR?
A national platform for DRR
is a mechanism to address
disaster risk reduction issues
through a coordinated,
participatory and interactive
process.
   Membership to the National
      Platform for DRR


It comprises representatives from
major line ministries, UN Agencies,
civil society organisations including
NGOs, the private sector and
academic institutions
   The two major aims of a national
            platform are:
• To increase national leadership and
  commitment for DRR
• To enhance collaboration and coordination
  among national stakeholders in order to
  increase levels of knowledge and skills on
  DRR.
       National Platform for DRR
• § National platforms for DRR undertake
  situation analysis, formulation of policy
  recommendations and reviews of disaster
  reduction activities. They manage the process
  toward disaster reduction objectives rather than
  produce a plan as an end product.
• § National platforms in some Countries are
  lead by the national disaster management or
  civil protection agency, in others by ministries of
  planning or environment.
 Basis for establishment of National
         Platforms for DRR
• The Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015:
  Building the Resilience of Nations and
  Communities to Disasters, adopted by 168
  Governments in January 2005, calls on all
  nations to “support the creation and
  strengthening of national integrated
  mechanisms, such as multisectoral national
  platforms” to ensure that disaster risk reduction
  is a national and a local priority.
     National Platforms for DRR

• National platforms provide forums for
  collaboration,identification of areas of
  synergies,corroborative reporting and
  communication, resource savings etc
       WHY NATIONAL PLATFORMS?


Disaster risk reduction is an issue of great
complexity that requires close cooperation
among stakeholders representing
comprehensive skills and knowledge
needed for disaster risk reduction and its
mainstreaming into development planning
and practice.
      UN RESOLUTION ON NATIONAL
              PLATFORMS

In 1999, the UN Economic and Social Council,
  Resolution 1999/63,
  “called on all Governments to maintain and
  strengthen established national and multi-
  sectoral platforms for natural disaster
  reduction in order to achieve sustainable
  development goals and objectives, with the
  full utilization of scientific and technical
  means.”
     UN RESOLUTION ON NATIONAL
            PLATFORMS
In 2005, the UN General Assembly, resolution
A/RES/59/231:
“called upon Governments to establish
national platforms or focal points for
disaster reduction, encourages government
to strengthen platforms where they have
already exist, urges United Nations system
to provide appropriate support to those
mechanisms…”
 UN RESOLUTION ON NATIONAL PLATFORMS

In 2005, the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building
    the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters
 One of the Framework strategic goals is the
 Development and strengthening of institutions,
 mechanisms and capacities to build resilience to
 hazards”. It calls on all nations to “Support the
 creation and strengthening of national integrated
 mechanisms, such as multisectoral national
 platforms” to ensure that disaster risk reduction is a
 national and a local priority. It also called upon all
 States to designate a national coordination
 mechanism for the implementation and follow-up
 to the Hyogo Framework and communicate the
 information to the UN/ISDR secretariat….raph 30).
        WHO ARE THE MEMBERS?




•Representatives from major line
ministries;
•Representatives from civil societies,
including NGOs, private sectors, media
and academic institutions.
     SCOPE OF NATIONAL PLATFORM


•A nationally-owned coordination
mechanism (adopting the form of a forum
or committee)
•A participatory process (different sectors’
perspectives and actions, and a multi-
stakeholder composition
MAJOR REQUIREMENTS FOR NATIONAL
          PLATFORMS

•Work towards clear and pragmatic vision of
disaster risk reduction at national and
community levels;
•Strong national ownership;
•Adequate consultation in identifying
problems and areas of priority;
•Strong individual and institutional
commitment.
OBJECTIVES OF A NATIONAL PLATFORM

•Increase national leadership and commitment to
the sustainability of disaster risk reduction and
implementation of the Hyogo Framework;
•Enhance collaboration and coordination among
national stakeholders in order to increase levels of
knowledge and skills on disaster risk reduction;
•Increase national commitment to help the most
vulnerable and at-risk population;
•Serve as national focal points in the ISDR system
and strengthen links with the ISDR secretariat and
Task Force.
SOME OUTCOMES OF EXISTING NATIONAL
PLATFORMS IN AFRICA IN SUPPORT OF DRR
Political commitment
Mainstreaming a disaster risk issues into the Poverty
Eradication Action Plan (PEAP) and prioritized disaster
risk management amongst its development efforts
(Uganda)
Development of National Strategy (Djibouti)
Integrating Disaster Risk Reduction into PRSP
(Senegal)
Finalizing Disaster Risk Reduction Policy (integration
of disaster risk reduction); finalizing Fire policy (Kenya)
Drafting of the National Land Policy (Kenya)
Finalizing Contingency plan (Comoros
Knowledge management
Capacity Building
 Training on disaster risk and management for decision
   makers (Madagascar)
 Training for Media (Senegal)
Information Management
 Establishment of information centre on disaster reduction
   initiatives (Uganda)


Risk Identification and Assessment
Vulnerability assessment
 Development of risk knowledge – Communal risk analysis
  Sheet in 3 out of 9 regions (Mali)
Resource mobilization:
• Secure percentage of funds from disaster response to
  disaster risk reduction (Madagascar)
• Secure budget for disaster reduction from national budget
  (Uganda)
• Secure fund from Donor to put in place the national structure
  (Djibouti)
• Secure fund for national platform from UN Agency
  (Madagascar)

Public awareness:
• Awareness on disaster on text book’s cover page for school
  children: (Mali)
• Weekly Radio programme on disaster risk reduction (Congo)
• Celebration of the International Day on Disaster Reduction
  (All ISDR National Platforms)

								
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