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					Table of characteristics - Cherimoya

             N
             o. Characteristics   Description                            Measurement         State             Note Example variety             Remarks

01 1 Tree: vigor                  Length of shoot                        Observation         weak               3 Villapark, Big Sister
                                                                                             medium             5 Bay Ott, Honey Hart
Plant




                                                                                             strong             7 Mariella, White, Pierce
             2 Shoot: color       Middle part of medium                  Observation         grayish green      1 Big Sister, Chaffey
                                  sized one-year-old                                         gray               2 Bay Ott, Honey Hart
                                  dormant shoot                                              brown              3 African Pride, Feno de Jete
02 3 Leaf blade:                  Explained by leaf blade                Measurement         circular           1 Booth, Oakwood                Less than 150
               shape              index=length of leaf/                  and observation.    obate              2 Pierce, Ott, Miguel           Less than 150
Leaf blade




                                  width of leaf blade                    Refer to a figure   broad elliptic     3 Mariella, Big Sister          150~189
                                  ×100                                                       narrow elliptic    4 African Pride                 190~
                                  Average of 10 leaf size ( Length and
             4 Leaf blade:        Width) at                              Measurement         small              3 African Pride, Libby          Less than 160-200
                                  5-7th node of shoots. The
               size               measurement                            (πLB/4)             medium             5 Miguel, Ott, Spain            Less than 240-280
                                  is taken in September.                                     large              7 White, Chaffey                Less than 320-360
             5 Leaf blade:        Surface color of mature                Observation         light green        3 Mariella, Chaffey
               color              leaves at middle part of                                   green              5 White, Ell Bumpo
                                  vegetative shoot                                           dark green         7 Big Sister, Miguel
             6 Petiole: length    Petiole length of mature               Measurement         short              3 Honey Hart
                                  leaves at middle part of               (cm)                medium             5 Feno de Jete
                                  vegetative shoot                                           long               7 Big Sister
             7 Petiole:           Petiole thickness of mature            Measurement         thin               3 Libby, Villapark
               thickness          leaves at middle part of               (cm)                medium             5 Big Sister
                                  vegetative shoot                                           thick              7 Bays, Salmon
             8 Leaf blade:        Degree of marginal waving              Observation         absent             1 African Pride
               marginal waving in mature leaf blade                                          weak               3 Pierce
                                                                                             medium             5 White
                                                                                             strong             7 Big Sister



18/03/10
Table of characteristics - Cherimoya

         N
         o. Characteristics   Description                      Measurement         State             Note Example variety            Remarks

03 9 Petal: length            Length of petal at anthesis      Measurement         short              3 Bays, White, Pink's Mammoth Less than 29-32
                              (♂ stage)                        (mm)                medium             5 Ell Bumpo, Big Sister, Sabor Less than 35-37
                                                                                   long               7 Libby, Villapark             Less than 41-43
Flower




         10 Petal: width      Maximum width of petal           Measurement         narrow             3 Honey Hart, White            Less than 5.5-6.5
                                                                                                        Pink's Mammmoth, Miguel,
                              at anthesis (♂ stage)            (mm)                medium             5 Mariella, Campas             Less than 7.5-8.5
                                                                                   broad              7 Libby, Villapark             Less than 9.5-10.5
         11 Petal:            Maximum thickness of petal       Measurement         thin               3 Bays, Feno de Jete, Campas Less than 2.7-3.2
            thickness         at anthesis (♂ stage)            (mm)                medium             5 Big Sister, Honey Hart       Less than 3.7-4.2
                                                                                   thick              7 Libby, Sabor                 Less than 4.7-5.2
         12 Peduncle:         Length of peduncle               Measurement         short              3 Chaffey, Campas              Less than 17-21
                                                                                                        African Pride, Pink's
            length            at anthesis (♂ stage)            (mm)                medium             5 Mammoth                      Less than 25-29
                                                                                   long               7 Booth, Ell Bumpo             Less than 33-37
         13 Flower: color     Surface ground color of          Measurement         JHS color chart
                              petal at anthesis (♀ stage)                          No.
         14 Petal: twisting   Degree of twisting on petals     Observation         small              3 White
                              of a flower 2-3 days                                 medium             5 Big Sister
                              before anthesis                                      large              7 Villapark
         15 Petal: curving    Degree of curving on petals      Observation         small              3 Booth, Pierce
                              of a flower before anthesis                          medium             5 White
                              (♀ stage)                                            large              7 Chaffey
         16 Ovary: shape      Ovary shape index (transverse/   Measurement          broad cordate     1 Chaffey
                                                               transverse/longitudi
                              longitudinal diameter) at        nal                  cordate           2 Bays, Campas, Spain
                              anthesis (♂ stage):              diameter×100        narrow cordate     3 Villapark, Pierce, Booth




18/03/10
Table of characteristics - Cherimoya

        N
        o. Characteristics     Description                        Measurement         State               Note Example variety                  Remarks

04 17 Fruit: shape             Fruit shape in longitudinal        Observation         circular             1 Bay Ott, Chaffey
                                                                                                             Bays, White, Pierce, Honey
                               section                            Refer to a figure   cordate              2 Hart
                                                                                                             Ell Bumpo, Libby, Mariella,
Fruit




                                                                                      narrow conical       3 Villapark
                                                                                                             Booth, Campas, Fino,de Jete,
                                                                                      broad conical        4 Ott, Miguel
                                                                                      narrow elliptic      5 Big Sister
        18 Fruit: weight       Average fresh fruit weight         Measurement         light                3 Pierce, White, Bay Ott
                               of 10 mature normal fruits         (g)                 medium               5 Fino de Jete, Ott, Sabor
                                                                                      heavy                7 Salmon, Big Sister, Mariella
        19 Fruit: rind color   Ground color of fruit surface      Observation         pale yellow green    1 Pierce
                               at harvesting                                          pale green           2 Big Sister, Libby, Bays
                                                                                      grayish green        3 Sabor, Miguel, Campas
04 20 Fruit: thickness Rind hardiness after ripening              Evaluation by       thin                 3 Ell Bumpo
           of rind             (at softening) which is            finger touching     medium               5 Big Sister
Fruit




                               felt by finger touching            after softening     thick                7 Bay Ott
        21 Fruit: surface      Surface character of mature        Observation         mottled              1 Booth, Ott, Ell Bumpo
           character           fruit                                                  scaly                2 Bay Ott, Spain, Big Sister
        22 Fruit: swelling     Degree of swelling on mature       Observation         absent               1 White, Honey Hart
                                                                                                             Big Sister, Mariella, Villapark,
           on surface          fruit surface                                          small                3 Libby
                                                                                      medium               5 Ell Bumpo, Oakwood
                                                                                      large                7 Sabor, Miguel
        23 Fruit: color of     Fruit fresh color after riping     Observation         white                1 Pierce
           fresh               (when it gets soft)                                    cream                2 Villapark
        24 Fruit: texture      Fruit fresh texture after riping   Sensory by eating   soft                 3 Ell Bumpo
           of flesh            (when it gets soft)                                    medium               5 White
                                                                                                             African Pride, Pink's
                                                                                      firm                 7 Mammoth



18/03/10
Table of characteristics - Cherimoya

       N
       o. Characteristics   Description                        Measurement         State    Note Example variety              Remarks

       25 Fruit: amount     Amount of fiber around             Sensory by eating   few       3 Ell Bumpo, African Pride
                                                                                               Big Sister, Chaffey, Libby,
          of fiber          seed after ripening                                    medium    5 Miguel
                                                                                               White, Bay Ott, Honey Hart,
                                                                                   many      7 Mariella
                                                                                               Bay Ott, Honey Hart, Miguel,
       26 Fruit: amount     Amount of stone cell in fruit      Sensory by eating   few       3 white
          of stone cell     fresh after ripening                                   medium    5 Big Sister, Chaffey, Libby
                                                                                   many      7 Booth, Campas, Ott, Sabor
       27 Fruit: amount     Juiciness of fruit fresh           Sensory by eating   few       3 Chaffey, Pierce
                                                                                               Bay Ott, Big Sister, Honey
          of juice          after ripening                                         medium    5 Hart
                                                                                               Booth, Ell Bumpo, Mariella,
                                                                                   many      7 Oakwwood
       28 Fruit: sugar      Mean brix of two measurements at   Measurement         low       3 Ell Bumpo, Fino de Jete        16
                                                                                               Bays, Big Sister, Libby,
          content           the equatorial cross section of                        medium    5 Mariella                       18
                            each fruit after ripening                              high      7 White, Miguel, Bay Ott, Sabor 20-21
                                                                                               Big Sister, Fino de Jete,
       29 Fruit: acid       Juice acidity                      Measurement         low       3 Campas                        Less than 5.1-5.2
          content                                              (pH)                medium    5 Booth, Miguel                  Less than 4.8-4.9
                                                                                   high      7 Bays, Ell Bumpo                Less than 4.6-4.7
       30 Fruit: aroma      Degree of aroma in fruit fresh     Sensory by eating   few       3 Big Sister, Pierce
                            after ripening                                         medium    5 Bays, Bay Ott, Ell Bumpo
                                                                                               Booth, White, Honey Hart,
                                                                                   many      7 Sabor
                                                               Measurement
05 31 Seed: shape           Shape of seed at the equator       (transverse         narrow    3 Sabor, Bays                    Less than 49-52
                                                               /longitudinal
Seed




                            of fruit                           diameter            medium    5 Salmon, Libby, White           Less than 55-58
                                                               ×100) Refer to a
                                                               figure              broad     7 Booth, Mariella                Less than 61-64




18/03/10
Table of characteristics - Cherimoya

                            N
                            o. Characteristics   Description                            Measurement      State              Note Example variety           Remarks

                            32 Seed: size        Fresh weight of fully developped       Measurement      small               3 Campas, Ell Bumpo           Less than 0.4-0.45
                                                 seed at the equator of fruit                            medium              5 Pierce, Libby, Villapark    Less than 0.5-0.55
                                                                                                         large               7 Miguel                      Less than 0.6-0.65
                            33 Seed:             Gloss of dried seed surface            Observation      absent              1 Big Sister, White
                                                                                                                               African Pride, Pink's
                               glossiness                                                                present             9 Mammoth, Spain


06 34 Maturation                                 Maturation period of a fruit which     Observation      early               3 White, Ell Bumpo
                               period            was pollinated in the middle part                       medium              5 Pierce, Mariella, Chaffey
                                                 of May                                                  late                7 Big Sister, African Pride
Ecological charactristics




                            35 Uniformity of     Uniformity of the maturation period    Observation      not uniform         1
                               the maturation    in the fruits produced at middle                        slightly uniform    2 Big Sister
                               period            part of the canopy                                      uniform             3 White
                            36 Flower            Number of flowers produced on a        Observation or   few                 3 Ott
                               production        shoot                                  measurement      medium              5 White
                                                                                                         many                7 Big Sister
                            37 Early fruit       Period required for the first fruit-   Observation      early               3 Big Sister
                               production        set after a grafting                                    medium              5 White
                                                                                                         late                7 Ott
                            38 Fruit ripening    Days required for the ripening at      Observation or   easy                3 Ell Bumpo
                               speed             25℃ after harvesting                   measurement      medium              5 Chaffey
                                                                                                         difficult           7 Big Sister
                            39 Storability       Storage period under a traditional     Observation      low                 3 Ell Bumpo
                                                 storage condition( 10℃,90%                              medium              5 White
                                                 R.H.)                                                   high                7 Big Sister
                            40 Resining on       Frequency of resining on the fruit     Observation      low                 3 Ell Bumpo, White
                               young fruit       skin during the early fruit growth                      medium              5 Big Sister, Mariella
                                                 period                                                  high                7 Booth, Ott, Oakwood


18/03/10
Table of characteristics - Cherimoya

                            N
                            o. Characteristics   Description                            Measurement        State    Note Example variety       Remarks

06 41 Radial cracking Frequency of the radial cracking                                  Observation        few       3 Big Sister, Ell Bumpo
                                                 from the fruit stalk at fruit                             medium    5 White, Bay Ott
                                                 maturation                                                many      7 Bays
Ecological charactristics




                            42 Zigzag cracking Zigzag cracking on the fruit             Observation        few       3 White
                                                 surface at fruit maturity                                 medium    5 Chaffey
                                                                                                           many      7 Big Sister
                            43 Physiological     Frequency of the physiological fruit   Observation        few       3 White
                              fruit drop         drop during the early fruit growth                        medium    5 Pierce
                                                   2
                                                 1~ months after the anthesis                              many      7 Sabor
                                                                                                                       African Pride, Pink's
                            44 Cold hardiness    Cold tolerance of the tree             Observation or     weak      3 Mammoth
                              of tree                                                   measurement        medium    5 Big Sister
                                                                                                           strong    7 White
                            45 Heat hardiness Heat tolerance of the tree                Observation        weak      3 Big Sister
                              of tree                                                                      medium    5 White
                                                                                                                       African Pride, Pink's
                                                                                                           strong    7 Mammoth
                            46 Anthoracnose      Anthoracnose resistance of the         Observation        weak      3 Pierce
                              resistance         fruit                                                     medium    5 Big Sister
                                                                                                           strong    7 White
                            47 Mites             Mites infestation resistance of        Observation        weak      3 Mariella
                              infestation        the leaf and fruit                                        medium    5 White
                              resistance                                                                   strong    7 Chaffey
07 48 Graft                                      Success rate of the grafting           Comparison with    low       3
                              compatibility      compare with ‘White’ seedling          ‘White’ seedling   medium    5 White
                                                 rootstock                              rootstock          high      7
Rootstock




                            49 Growth            Growth uniformity of the               Observation        poor      3
                              uniformity of      seedlings after the sawing                                medium    5 White
                              seedlings                                                                    good      7


18/03/10
Table of characteristics - Cherimoya

    N
    o. Characteristics   Description                          Measurement        State    Note Example variety   Remarks

   50 Tree vigor         Shoot elongation and expansion       Comparison with    weak      3
       after the         of the tree canopy volume            ‘White’ seedling   medium    5 White
       grafting                                               rootstock          strong    7
   51 Root growth of     Root development after the           Comparison with    few       3
       the rootstock     grafting and the root growth after   ‘White’ seedling   medium    5 White
                         planting the grafted tree            rootstock          many      7
   52 Drought            Tree growth under a drought          Observation        weak      3
       resistance        condition                                               medium    5 White
                                                                                 strong    7
   53 Excess water       Tree growth under an excessive       Observation        weak      3
       tolerance         water condition at a poor                               medium    5 White
                         drainage soil                                           strong    7




18/03/10

				
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