HOW WE USE ICT IN MEDICINE ICT IN MEDICINE Medical Equipment Web-based Diagnosis/Support Patient Medical Records Communication Research MEDICAL EQUIPMENT Computers are being increasingly used in medicine. They assist in many different aspects of the medical world. From things like operation equipment to filing systems. Some equipment reply on computers, With the help of computers because they change the data into a machines may help to determine format we can read. Some examples the diagnosis and treatment of of these are CAT and MRI scanners patients, but they have defects and imaging devices. and can break down. Therefore Computers are also used in operations. it can be a danger that patients Computer guided lasers have been completely rely on computer used in the operating theatre, and they controlled equipment are used in the removal of brain tumours as well. One case of this is when three patients died in Support devices are controlled by America when radiation microprocessors. Pacemakers are therapy machines an example of this, they are used to accidentally gave patients maintain a patients heartbeat with radiation overdoses. the use of a computer. WEB-BASED DIAGNOSIS/SUPPORT You can find a lot of helpful information from the internet. Some of these include; Access to medical journals/research Symptom diagnosis how want to identify their problem without having to go to a doctor Details and information about any Information about any possible side treatments or alternative therapies effects There is access to some support Diagnosis is aided by expert groups for people who have certain systems problems WEB-BASED DIAGNOSIS/SUPPORT Although there are a lot of advantages of using web-based diagnosis and support, not all of the are reliable and trustworthy. This can lead to false information about diagnosis and/or treatments, which could cause anxiety and false complacency. PATIENT MEDICAL RECORDS Over a period of time, all patient medical records are gradually being stored in a digital format. This is helpful because; The data will be stored in a The writing will be clearer better way/system, and it will and easy to read. take up much less storage space. With the help of computer It will be quicker to access technology the transfer rate required files and data of any and all records between hospitals and GPs will be a lot quicker. Medical conditions can be determined by the examination and analysis of any relevant data. PATIENT MEDICAL RECORDS It may be helpful to store all these records in a digital format, but there are some problems with doing this. These include; Having confidential data will require security systems to protect them. Different codes will have to be agreed for different conditions, treatments, body parts, etc. An enormous amount of data will have to be input from previous paper-based records. There could be disputes about who gets the right to look and at share different information, for example between private companies and the NHS. COMMUNICATION Hospitals can keep in touch with With the help of wireless transmission. This helps teleconferencing, the medical personnel and the surgeons, for example, transport workers, and help them in one country have all to stay in touch with the hospital helped other surgeons in as well. This is also known as Field another country. Care. An example of how this is Teleconferencing is a use is that each injured patient has good and reliable way to a PIC around their neck, which share expertise. monitors them, and personnel have hand-held PDA‟s with which they enter information about the patient and their condition and injuries. This helps to get an accurate record of the patient and their symptoms/condition. COMMUNICATION So far investment in ICT in medicine has been about getting patients into hospital, but it can also be used to treat ill people at home. This is more convenient for some people, while it‟s not for others. Helping people take control of Using everything from a telephone call their health is another promising to video-conferencing, it covers any development of this. For example, arrangement of treating and diagnosing studies have shown that people disease remotely. Conditions such as who monitor their blood pressure skin cancer can be seen remotely on a are healthier than people who consultant‟s screen, while data from have had it done in the consulting heart monitors and x-ray images can room. The incidence of „white coat be assessed thousands of miles away hypertension‟ is reduced by doing from the patient. it at home. One very positive and promising uses of telecare is that it allows the elderly The national NHS programme for and more vulnerable people to be ICT represents a “unique treated and cared for without them opportunity to provide the vehicle for having to go into a residential home, equality of acre and support to the and they get to stay within their own public in adopting cost-saving, life- home. enhancing self-care.” RESEARCH The method of trial and error is how most drugs are developed, but now drugs can be designed to do a specific job. This involves analysing the atomic structure of the target, and developing the drugs to attack a specific compound structure. This is possible by the use of advanced computer technology. A better and more The treatment of efficient way of patients running hospitals IN MEDICINE, ICT HAS HELPED WITH; The diagnosis of A more accurate and patients legible record of data, which doesn‟t take up as much storage space as well.