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California State University_ Sacramento


									                                                                                                CRJ 181J: Criminal Law
                                                                                                           Spring 2010
                                                                                                         Prof. Panneton

California State University, Sacramento                                             Criminal Justice Division

                                CRJ 181B: WHITE COLLAR CRIME
                                          SPRING 2010

     Course: CRJ 181J-01, Douglas Hall 107                   Phone: (916) 278-6387; (916) 996-2821
     MW 5:30-6:45 pm                                         E-mail:
     Office: Alpine Hall, Room 107                           Website: Accessible via the CSUS-Faculty
     Office Hours: MW 12-1:30 pm                             Websites or the Criminal Justice Division -
                                                             Faculty links.

                                                Required Text

1.        White Collar Crime: Cases, Materials And Problems, 2ND Edition, by J. Kelly Strader and Sandra
          D. Jordan

                                             Required Readings

          Students will also be responsible for various outside readings that have been designated in the
          syllabus and which may be obtained online. Additional readings may be required as the course

                                             Course Description

          “CRJ 181B. White Collar Crime. This course will introduce students to a variety of white collar
          crime issues, including definitional complexities, the causes, frequency and impact of economic
          crime, and victim and offender profiles. Governmental corruption, organizational fraud, consumer
          and environmental offenses, anti-trust violations and international schemes will be covered.
          Students will also become familiar with the methods used to investigate, prosecute and sentence
          white collar offenders. Policy considerations will be discussed for controlling national and
          international white collar crime.

                                            Goals and Objectives

          By the conclusion of this course, students will:

1.        Be able to define white collar crime, distinguish it from other types of crime and be familiar with
          the difficulty in measuring the occurrence of these offenses and their associated costs.
2.        Understand the types of conduct constituting white collar offenses by exploring various historical
3.        Be familiar with various theories for the causes of white collar crime on both the individual and
          organizational levels.
4.        Analyze the complexities of investigating and prosecuting white collar offenders by examining
          hypothetical fraud and corruption schemes.
5.        Understand the far ranging impact of white collar crime, particularly with reference to
          globalization, international monetary markets and state-corporate complicity in illegal conduct.
6.        Describe various policy and legislative initiatives for combating white collar crime and the
          resulting ethical considerations flowing from the initiatives.

                                                 Page 1 of 7
                                          Course Methodology

         This course will be taught in a seminar format with extensive class discussion, reliance on case
studies, outside reading and contemporary cases of white collar crime interest. Lectures may include the
use of power-point presentations. Guest speakers will provide students with practical realities regarding
the investigation and prosecution of white collar crime.

                                  Undergraduate Student Evaluation

         Students will be graded on the basis of their participation in classroom discussions, their written
responses to questions presented by the case studies and a final exam as well as maintenance of a white
collar crime journal.

A.      Students will be required to prepare written responses to questions posed from three different case
studies during the semester. The typed responses must be approximately 750 words and double spaced.
Additional research to answer the questions is encouraged, but outside sources must be properly cited.

B.      Students will be required to keep a weekly journal, consisting of an article covering any aspect of
white collar crime from a newspaper or magazine. Students must also type a written reaction to the article
of between 250 and 500 words. The student’s reaction may address issues, concepts and principles of
white collar crime that are addressed in the course. The article selected may include stories about
offenders, crimes, prosecutions and/or sanctions. The reaction papers should not merely summarize the
content of the article, but instead should be personalized responses from the student.

         Each week, two students will be selected in the class to review their weekly white collar journal
entries. All students will be required to report on their journal entries at least once during the semester.
The journal should be maintained in a binder which contains the articles and the student reactions for each
week of class. The journal will be collected at the end of the semester for grading purposes.

                                      Graduate Student Evaluation

         Students will be required to maintain a journal in the same format as described above for the
undergraduate students. However, graduate students will be expected to write a research paper
(approximately 20 pages) on an assigned topic. The student will present a paper, in class (without reading
verbatim) and the presentation should be approximately 25-30 minutes. The student must prepare an
outline for the paper, to be distributed to all members of the class prior to the presentation. Power Point
presentations are encouraged. The paper must be prepared with proper references and citations. The paper
will represent 30% of the student’s grade and will substitute for the written reaction papers described
above, which have been assigned to undergraduate students.

                                     Attendance and Participation

        This course will involve a great deal of class discussion. As such, attendance and participation in
class will represent a portion of your grade. I expect all students to be prepared to discuss each assigned
reading prior to class.


                    1. Class Participation                                 20%

                    3. Final Exam                                          20%

                    3. White Collar Crime Journal                          30%

                                               Page 2 of 7
                    4. Case Studies Assignments (3)(undergraduates)         30%

                    Total:                                                  100%

                                              Grading Scale

A:    93-100% of total points        B-:   80-82%                          D+: 67-69%
A-:   90-92%                         C+:   77-79%                          D: 63-66%
B+:   87-89%                         C:    73-76%                          D-: 60-62%
B:    83-86%                         C-:   70-72%


        There will be one exam. Students will be given a White Collar case, which has been in the news,
to review prior to the test. Questions will focus on a comprehensive review of the issues we have
discussed in class during the semester, as they relate to this case. Students will be permitted to bring
outside materials, including notes, to answer the questions.

        There will be NO make-up exam except for extraordinary and documented reasons.

        The exam will be during the week of May 17, 2010 (exact time to be announced).

                                       Disability Accommodation

       If you have a disability and require accommodation, you need to provide disability documentation
to SSWD, Lassen Hall, Room 1008, telephone (916) 278-6955. Please discuss your accommodation needs
with me after class or during my office hours early in the semester.

                                           Academic Dishonesty

         If you engage in any form of academic dishonesty, including but not limited to, copying,
plagiarism, cheating, or any other form of misrepresentation, you will receive zero points for that
assignment and other sanctions as deemed appropriate by the professor, including but not limited to,
deduction of points from the final course grade or a grade of F in the course.


Content/Analysis: 80% of the total score
Organization/Grammar/Spelling: 20% of the total score

A-      Excellent Answer:
        •       Accurately addresses the question.
        •       Demonstrates an excellent understanding of the issues.
        •       Incorporates all applicable case law and legal principles in the discussion.
        •       Demonstrates coherent organization.
        •       Contains no grammatical or spelling errors.

B-      Strong Answer:
        •      Accurately addresses the question.
        •      Demonstrates a good understanding of the issues.
        •      Incorporates some of the applicable case law and legal principles in the discussion.
        •      Demonstrates coherent organization.

                                               Page 3 of 7
             •       Contains minimal grammatical or spelling errors.

C-           Adequate Answer
             •      Adequately addresses the question.
             •      Demonstrates an adequate understanding of the issues.
             •      Incorporates several of the applicable case law and legal principles in the discussion.
             •      Demonstrates coherent organization.
             •      Contains several grammatical or spelling errors.

D-           Seriously Flawed Answer
             •       Partially addresses the question.
             •       Demonstrates a superficial understanding of the issues.
             •       Incorporates few of the applicable case law and legal principles in the discussion.
             •       Lacks organization.
             •       Contains several grammatical or spelling errors.

F-           Fundamentally Flawed Answer
             •     Fails to address the question.
             •     Demonstrates a total lack of understanding of the issues.
             •     Fails to incorporate any of the applicable case law and legal principles in the discussion.
             •     Lacks organization.
             •     Contains many grammatical or spelling errors.

The grading rubric assumes that your writing on the exams is legible. Please make sure that your writing
is indeed legible.

                                           READING ASSIGNMENTS

     Dates                  Text Pages And Reading        Topics
     Week of 1/25/10        Chapters 1 & 2, Pp 1-50:      Introduction to White Collar Crime (WCC),
                            Cynthia Barnett, The          defining and comparing WCC offenses, offenders;
                            Measurement of White          common elements of WCC such as trust and deceit:
                            Collar Crime Using            common issues including criminalization,
                            Uniform Crime (UCR)           federalism, prosecutorial discretion and
                            Data: Green, The Concept      organizational vs. individual liability
                            of White Collar Crime in
                            Law and Legal Theory, 8
                            Buffalo Criminal Law
                            Review 1 (2005)

     Week of 2/1/10         Chapters 16 & 17, Pp          Grand Jury investigations, scope of powers, secrecy,
                            523-575: United States        document production and immunity procedures and
                            Department of Justice,        decisions
                            United States Attorneys’
                            Manual Title 9 re: Grand
                            Jury and Immunity

     Week of 2/8/10         Chapters 15 & 18, Pp          Internal investigations and compliance programs:

                                                    Page 4 of 7
                  497-522, 577-611               parallel proceedings and regulatory concerns,
                                                 alternative remedies for similar conduct
                  Article: “Fire in Hamlet:
                  A Case Study of a State-
                                                 Guest speaker (WCC defense attorney)
                  Corporate Crime” by
                  Judy Root Aulette &
                  Raymond Michalowski,
                  1993 - 6 pp

                  Case Study on Unsafe
                  Food: Chinese imports
Week of 2/15/10   Chapter 3, Pp 51-82            Advantages of conspiracy charges to prosecution,
                                                 vicarious liability of participants
                  Articles: “Corporations,
                  Organized Crime and the
                                                 Graduate student presentation on Ford Pinto
                  Disposal of Hazardous
                  Waste” by Andrew Szasz,
                  Criminology Vol. 24,
                  1986, No. 1, pp 1-24

Week of 2/22/10   Chapter 4, Pp 83-138:          Mail and wire fraud statutes, intangible property
                  Financial Crisis 2007-         rights, vagueness and due process considerations for
                  2010, found at wikipedia       statutory construction
                  (Make sure you read the
                  entire article, with special
                                                 Guest speaker on Mortgage Fraud
                  emphasis on the housing

                  First Case Study Due

Week of 3/2/10    Chapter 5, Pp 139-193:         Civil and criminal enforcement, securities laws,
                  Geoffrey P. Miller,            including insider trading and misrepresentation of
                  Catastrophic Financial         financial documents
                  Failures: Enron and
                  More, 89 Cornell Law
                                                 Graduate student presentation on Martha
                  Review 423 (2004)
                                                 Stewart prosecution
                  Second Case Study:
                  “Risky Business
                  Revisited: White Collar
                  Crime and the Orange
                  County Bankruptcy” in
                  Current Perspectives, pp

                                            Page 5 of 7

                                               Scope of computer crimes, identity theft, challenges
Week of 3/9/10    Chapter 6, Pp 195-220:
                                               to evidence gathering and international implications
                  Countering the Cyber
                  Crime Threat, Yang, 43
                  American Criminal Law        Graduate student presentation on “ghost net”
                  Review 201 (Spring
                  2006): George Dilworth,
                                               Guest speaker on prosecution and defending
                  The Economic Espionage
                                               computer crime
                  Act of 1996: An
                  Overview, U.S. Justice
                  Department, United
                  States Attorneys’ Bulletin
                  (2001): Intellectual
                  Property - An
                  Introduction: Computer
                  Crime and Intellectual
                  Property Section, U.S.
                  Department of Justice,

Week of 3/16/10   Chapters 7 & 8, Pp 221-      Distinguishing bribery from extortion: issues of
                  274: Rod Blagojevich         federalism, state involvement in corruption
                  indictment (found online)    prosecutions, campaign contributions

                                               Graduate student preservation on Ted Stevens

                                               Guest speaker on public corruption
Week of 3/23/10   Chapter 9, Pp 275-304        False statements to governmental agencies,
                                               including bank institutions, materiality

                                               Graduate student presentation on Eli Lilly
Week of 4/5/10    Chapters 10 & 11, Pp         Perjury and false declarations, the two witness rule,
                  305-356                      ethical considerations for lawyers, obstruction of
                  W.R. Grace prosecution,
                  UM Grace Case blog of
                                               Graduate student presentation on the
                  University of Montana
                                               Libby/Plame case

                  Third case study,

                                          Page 6 of 7
                  prosecution of attorney
                  Richard Scruggs (in
                  wikipedia, along with
                  external links and

Week of 4/12/10   Chapters 12, Pp 357-388       Tax crimes, including evasion and failing to file

                  Article: “The Limits of
                                                Graduate student presentation on UBS case
                  Coercion and the Case of
                  I-Gaming Self-
                  Regulation” by Martin D.      Guest speaker on tax matters
                  Owens, Jr., at Gaming
                  Law Review &
                  Economics, Vol. 12, #2,
                  2008, pp 93-100, at

Week of 4/19/10   Chapter 13, Pp 389-434        Money laundering and related financial crimes,
                                                including bank fraud: currency transaction reporting
                                                and structuring laws: attorney-client privilege issues

                                                Graduate student presentation on E.F. Hutton

                                                Guest speaker from banking institution
Week of 4/26/10   Chapters 14 & 20, Pp          Racketeering in both criminal and civil litigation
                  435-495, 665-668
                                                Graduate student presentation on the tobacco
Week of 5/3/10    Research case involving
                  Getty Museum curator          Graduate student presentation on A.Q.Khan
                  and alleged theft of
                  Italian artifacts

                  Research ongoing
                  investigation of Peanut
                  Corporation of America
                  Chapter 19, Pp 613-663        Issues surrounding sentencing of WCC offenders,
Week of 5/10/10
                  WCC Journals Due              including organizations and sentencing guidelines
Week of 5/17/10                                 Final Exam

                                            Page 7 of 7

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