NACME-GEM DATA BOOK by wul12666

VIEWS: 9 PAGES: 21

									        NACME-GEM
        DATA BOOK
           A Resource for
   Engineering Collaborations:
Preparing Technology Talent for the
      Economic Turnaround
      The Intercontinental Hotel

           Houston, Texas
           May 28-31, 2003
   DIVERSITY WITHIN DIVERSITY
           Proportion of B.S. Degrees Earned
           Proportion of Bachelor's Degrees Earned by
            by Underrepresented Minorities,
           Underrepresented Minorities by Broad Field,
                                  Selected Years
                     By Broad Field, 1990-2000

 Social Sciences & Psychology

   Biological & Agric. Sciences

    Math & Computer Sciences

             Physical Sciences

                   Engineering

                     Total S&E

                              -           5.0          10.0     15.0          20.0


Source: CPST, data derived from National Science Foundation   1990     1995    2000
                 Contents

•   Purpose of the Data Book
•   Demographics & Enrollments
•   Degrees
•   Institutional Production
•   Workforce
           Purpose of the Data Book

• NACME and GEM are pleased to provide the data that
  follow as an authoritative understanding of the state of
  minority participation in engineering and science education
  and the workforce.
• The data derive from the Commission on Professionals in
  Science and Technology (www.cpst.org), a NACME
  contractor, based on Engineering Workforce Commission
  and National Science Foundation data sources.
• We have selected a sample of trends and snapshots to
  inform the discussions at our Engineering Collaborations
  conference in Houston. Please refer to them!
DEMOGRAPHICS

                                   U .S . Po pulatio n b y R ace/E thnicity, 2000
                80%                                                                                     Wh ite
                                             75 .1%
                70%
                                                                                                        His p a n ic
                60%
                                                                                                        B la c k o r Afric a n
                50%                                                                                     Am e ric a n
                                                                                                        As ia n & P a c ific
                40%
                                                                                                        Is la n d e r

                30%                                                                                     Am e ric a n In d ia n
                                                                                                        o r Ala s k a Na tiv e
                20%                          12.5%      12.3 %                                          T w o o r mor e
                                                                                        5.5%
                                                                                                        ra c e s
                10%                                         3.8 %            2 .4%
                                                                      0.9%                              S o m e O th e r Ra c e
                0%



                  Source: CPST, data derived from Census Bureau




      High School Completion Rates by
         Race/Ethnicity, 1975-2000
                1 0 0 .0


                 9 0 .0


                 8 0 .0


                 7 0 .0


                 6 0 .0
      Percent




                 5 0 .0


                 4 0 .0
                                                                                                 W h it e s

                 3 0 .0                                                                          A fr i c a n A m e r i c a n s

                                                                                                 H is p a n ic s
                 2 0 .0
                                                                                                 A s ians

                 1 0 .0


                   0 .0
                           19 75   76   78   79   80   82   84   86    88    90   92   93   94   95        96       97        98   99   2000




                Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports
Fastest Growing States, 2000-2010
        High school-age population
                       (in %)
 •   Nevada                     70
 •   Arizona                    48
 •   North Carolina             31
 •   Florida                    28
 •   Georgia                    23
 •   Connecticut                23
 •   California                 20
 •   Massachusetts              21

 Source: U.S. Census
Workforce Growth, by Group
        2000-2010
(Percent)
                  36                                    37
  40
  35
  30
  25                           17
  20
  15
                                            6
  10
   5
   0
              Latino   African American   White   Asian/other



       Source: Occupational Outlook Quarterly, Winter 2001-02
          The Road to Engineering
      The Under-tapped Minority Pool
600,000         532,000
500,000
400,000
300,000
200,000
100,000                      32,000      21,000     15,000       6,700
     0

              High school grads                Math/science achievement
              Engineering eligible             Admitted
              Engineering grads

           Rounded figures, derived from American Council of Education, and
           NACME analysis of Engineering Workforce Commission data. High school
           grad/engineering admits, 1996; Graduates, 2000. Excludes Puerto Rico.
ENROLLMENT


              Ch ang e in F reshm an En gineerin g E n rollm en t,
                                 1981-2001


     200.0%
                                                                183.7%
     180.0%
     160.0%
     140.0%
     120.0%
     100.0%
                              61.8%       60.9%
      80.0%
      60.0%
                   21.9%
      40.0%
                                                                   7.0%
      20.0%
       0.0%
                                                                          -7.9%
     -20.0%
                African    Hispanics    Native      Asians      W omen         Total
               Americans               Americans


     So urce: CP S T, Data de rived from E ngineering W o rkforce Commission
 DEGREES
                                       B.S. IN ENGINEERING BY GENDER,
                           MINORITY GROUP AND CITIZENSHIP, 1990-2000
                                                African                                                        Native           Foreign
                            Women             Americans             Hispanics             Asians            Americans         Nationals
Year      Total            No.      %          No.      %           No.      %          No.       %          No.      %       No.    %

1990      65,967       10,130     15.4       2,173     3.3        2,473     3.7       5,989      9.1         112      0.2    5,121   7.8
1991      63,986       10,016     15.7       2,304     3.6        2,663     4.2       6,305      9.9         146      0.2    4,540   7.1
1992      63,653         9,972    15.7       2,374     3.7        2,708     4.3       6,479     10.2         163      0.3    4,389   6.9
1993      65,001       10,453     16.1       2,637     4.1        2,845     4.4       6,764     10.4         175      0.3    4,604   7.1
1994      64,946       10,800     16.6       2,769     4.3        3,045     4.7       6,881     10.6         207      0.3    4,908   7.6
1995      64,749        11,303    17.5       2,897     4.5        3,409     5.3       7,056     10.9         230      0.4    4,893   7.6
1996      65,267        11,737    18.0       3,120     4.8        3,557     5.4       7,333     11.2         263      0.4    5,042   7.7
1997      65,091       12,160     18.7       3,203     4.9        4,005     6.2       7,625     11.7         265      0.4    5,017   7.7
1998      63,271        11,797    18.6       3,144     5.0        3,939     6.2       7,131     11.3         351      0.6    5,083   8.0
1999      62,500       12,360     19.8       3,171     5.1        4,073     6.5       7,226     11.6         328      0.5    5,052   8.1
2000      63,635       13,140     20.6       3,150     5.0        4,124     6.5       7,529     11.8         347      0.5    5,048   7.9
Total    708,066      123,868     17.5      30,942     4.4      36,841      5.2      76,318     10.8       2,587      0.4   53,697   7.6



 Source: CPST, data derived from Engineering Workforce Commission, Engineering and Technology Degrees 1990 through 2000.
DEGREES


      % of Engineering Baccalaureates Earned by
            Women & Minorities, 1980-2002
          2 5.0 %

                                     W om en                    Und e rre p re s e nte d M ino ritie s                       A sian


          2 0.0 %




                                                                                                                                                                     20.5%
                                                                                                                                             20.2%
                                                                                                                     20.6%
          1 5.0 %




                                                                                             17.5%
                                          14.8%




                                                                       15.4%




                                                                                                                                                                             11.6%
                                                                                                                                                     11.7%
          1 0.0 %




                                                                                                                             12.0%




                                                                                                                                                             12.8%




                                                                                                                                                                                     12.6%
                                                                                                     10.2%
                     9.7%




                                                                                                                                     11.8%
                                                                                      9.1%
                                                                               7.2%




                                                                                                             10.9%
           5.0 %
                                                         5.5%
                                                  5.4%
                            4.6%
                                   3.3%




           0.0 %

                    19 80                 19 85                        19 90                 1 995                   2 000                   2 001                   2 00 2

              Source: CPST, Data derived from EW C
DEGREES                                     B a ch e l o r's D eg re es i n t h e M o st P o p u la r
                                       E n g i n ee rin g D is c ip l in e s, w it h D em o g ra p h ic
                                                           B re a ko u t s, 2 00 2

                        16 ,00 0


                        14 ,00 0


                        12 ,00 0


                        10 ,00 0


                         8 ,00 0


                         6 ,00 0


                         4 ,00 0


                         2 ,00 0


                               0
                                         C he mica l             C o mp uter                   C ivil                 E lec tric al           M ec ha nic al

                       B lac k, Hisp a nic & A me rica n Ind ia n M en         A s ian M e n        Fo re ig n M en        A ll O ther M en       A ll W o me n

                       S o urc e : C P S T, d ata de rived from E n g in e eri n g & T e ch no l og y D eg ree s , 2 00 2




                             Bachelor's Degrees Awarded in Engineering and Computer
                                           Science by Gender, 1970-2000

           100,000
             90,000
             80,000
             70,000
             60,000
             50,000
                                                                                                                                          Women
             40,000                                                                                                                       Men
             30,000
             20,000
             10,000
                   0
                       1970                   1975                    1980                     1985                    1990                    1995               2000

          Source: CPST, data derived from National Science Foundation
DEGREES


                                 % of E ng in eering Masters Earned by
                                  W om en an d Minorities, 1980-2002

          25 .0%



          20 .0%




                                                                                                                                                        2 2 .0%




                                                                                                                                                                             2 2 .1%
                                                                                                                                 2 1 .1 %
          15 .0%




                                                                                                        1 6 .7 %
                                                                             14 .3 %
                                                1 1 .3 %




          10 .0%


                                                                                               8 .3 %
                                                                    6 .8 %




           5 .0%
                     6 .3 %




                                                                                                                                                                                       8 .8 %
                                                                                                                                                                                       5 .5 %
                                                                                                                                                                     8.7 %
                                                                                                                                               8 .6 %
                                       4 .8 %




                                                                                                                                                                  5 .3 %
                                                                                                                                            5 .7%
                                                                                                                    8 .8 %
                                                                                       3.6 %




                                                                                                                   4 .5 %
                                                           3 .1 %
                              2 .4 %




           0 .0%
                     1980                       19 85                        199 0                      1 995                     20 00                 2001                 2 002


              Source: C PST, data derived from EW C                                                                          W om en           Underrepresented M inorities                     A sian
DEGREES



                   % o f En g in eerin g D o cto rates Earn ed b y
                          W o m en an d M in o rities, 1980-2002

          18.0%              W omen
                             Und e rre p re s e nte d M ino ritie s
          16.0%
                             A s ian
          14.0%




                                                                                                                                             17.5%
                                                                                                                          16.9%
          12.0%




                                                                                                       15.8%
          10.0%




                                                                                 12.1%
           8.0%

                                                            9.1%
                                                     7.3%


           6.0%
                             5.6%




                                                                                                9.1%
                                       5.7%




           4.0%                                                           5.5%




                                                                                                                                                        6.8%
                                                                                                                   6.7%




                                                                                                                                      6.6%



                                                                                                                                                     3.7%
                                                                                                               3.2%
                      3.2%




           2.0%
                                              2.1%




                                                                                                                                  3.2%
                                                                                         2.1%
                     1.6%




                                                                   1.8%




           0.0%
                    1980               1985                 1990                 1995                  2000               2001               2002

             So urce: CPST, da ta de rive d from EWC
DEGREES


                                  PhDs in S&E by Gender, 1975-2001
                            (U.S. Citizens and Permanent Residents Only)
      14000

      12000
                                                        Men
      10000

        8000
                                                                   Women
        6000

        4000

        2000

            0
                1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001


     Source: CPST, data derived from National Science Foundation
INSTITUTIONAL PRODUCTION

                                                           BS Engineering Graduates in 2001

                                                            African              American
  Rank   School                         All     Women      American     Latino    Indian  Total URM   Non-URM
   1     Georgia Ins t of Tech          1,436        330         112        37             4   153      1,283
   2     Penn State Univers ity         1,337        249          19        21             0    40      1,297
   3     U Illinois - Urbana Cham pgn   1,213        210          26        36             1    63      1,150
   4     U Michigan - Ann Arbor         1,177        309          63        48             6   117      1,060
   5     Virginia Poly Ins titute       1,101        144          32        24             4    60      1,041
   6     Purdue Univers ity             1,093        215          20        16             1    37      1,056
   7     Texas A&M Univers ity            999        218          23        95             3   121        878
   8     NC State Univ - Raleigh          987        182          64        20             2    86        901
   9     U Cal - Berkeley                 877        222          12        39             1    52        825
   10    Cornell Univers ity              767        183          17        29             2    48        719
   11    U Texas - Aus tin                751        161          23        88             2   113        638
   12    U Florida                        726        137          24        86             5   115        611
   13    U Puerto Rico                    695        238           0       695             0   695          0
   14    Iowa State Univers ity           691        117           6         9             0    15        676
   15    Michigan Tech Univers ity        675        129           4         3             1     8        667
   16    Michigan State Univers ity       670        164          50         6             1    57        613
   17    Mas s Ins t of Technology        660        207          48        59            11   118        542
   18    Ohio State Univers ity           633        117          16        10             2    28        605
   19    U Was hington                    607        142          12        15             7    34        573
   20    U Wis cons in - Madis on         607        117           5         2             1     8        599
   21    U Cal - Davis                    583        136           9        21             1    31        552
   22    U Minnes ota                     580        105          12         7             3    22        558
   23    U Cal - San Diego                560        137          11        36             3    50        510
   24    Auburn Univers ity               560        134          43         4             2    49        511
   25    Cal Poly - San Luis Obis po      548         90           0         0             0     0        548
   26    Renns s elaer Polytechnic        547        125          22        24             1    47        500
   27    U Mis s ouri - Rolla             498         99          14         5             3    22        476
   28    Colorado School of Mines         496        109           5        27             3    35        461
   29    U Cal - Los Angeles              492        110          11        33             0    44        448
   30    Clem s on Univers ity            474         97          33         7             0    40        434
   31    U Colorado - Boulder             472        105           4        31             3    38        434
   32    Arizona State Univers ity        472         88           9        40             5    54        418
   33    U Maryland - College Park        459        106          51        14             2    67        392
   34    U Central Florida                459         84          20        60             4    84        375
   35    SUNY - Buffalo Cam pus           433         59           7         6             0    13        420
   36    Was hington State Univ           423         93           4         9             5    18        405
   37    San Jos e State Univers ity      420         92          10        31             0    41        379
   38    Cal Poly - Pom ona               420         52           5        82             1    88        332
   39    New Jers ey Ins t Tech           418         64          51        64             1   116        302
   40    U Arizona                        417         75           9        57             4    70        347




    Note: URM = Underrepresented Minorities – African American, Latino, American Indian
INSTITUTIONAL PRODUCTION
                                                                               Retention
   Retention Rates of Top 25 Producers of 2001 Native American BS Engineering Graduates Rates of Top 50 Producers of 2001 Women BS Engineering Graduates

            American                              Retention Rates                                                             Retention Rates
                                                                                        Women
     Rank    Indian             School                                         Rank                       School
                                                  American Indian                       Grads                                    Women
             Grads
      1        11      Mass Inst of Technology                                   1       330    Georgia Inst of Tech               78.6
      2        10      NM State University                                       2       309    U Michigan - Ann Arbor
      3        10      Oklahoma State Univ                                       3       249    Penn State University              65.4
      4        8       U Oklahoma                                                4       238    U Puerto Rico
      5        7       U New Mexico                                              5       222    U Cal - Berkeley
      6        7       U Washington                                             6        218    Texas A&M University               42.7
      7        7       Worcester Poly Institute                                 7        215    Purdue University
      8        6       U Michigan - Ann Arbor                                   8        210    U Illinois - Urbana Champgn
      9        5       Arizona State University                                 9        207    Mass Inst of Technology
      10       5       Northern Arizona Univ                                    10       183    Cornell University                 96.7
      11       5       Old Dominion                                             11       182    NC State Univ - Raleigh            53.2
      12       5       San Diego State Univ                                     12       164    Michigan State University          51.0
      13       5       U Alabama Huntsville                                     13       161    U Texas - Austin                   48.8
      14       5       U Florida                                                14       144    Virginia Poly Institute
      15       5       Washington State Univ                                    15       142    U Washington
      16       4       Georgia Inst of Tech            64.5                     16       137    U Cal - San Diego
      17       4       Montana State University                                 17       137    U Florida
      18       4       U Arizona                       43.6                     18       136    U Cal - Davis
      19       4       U Central Florida               62.3                     19       134    Auburn University                  52.1
      20       4       U Southwestern Louisiana        72.4                     20       129    Michigan Tech University
      21       4       Virginia Poly Institute                                  21       125    Rennsselaer Polytechnic
      22       3       Colorado School of Mines        37.9                     22       117    Iowa State University              41.8
      23       3       Florida Atlantic Univ                                    23       117    Ohio State University
      24       3       Kansas State University         15.8                     24       117    U Wisconsin - Madison              52.4
      25       3       Northwestern University         73.0                     25       115    U Virginia




            Note: Retention rates (0-100+%) computed for the 2001 graduating class as a percentage of
            the 1995 freshman class (including transfer students). No rate appears if freshman class is
            <10 students or institution failed to report data to EWC.
INSTITUTIONAL PRODUCTION

                                                                                   Retention Rates of Top Producers of 2001 Latino BS Engineering Graduates
  Retention Rates of Top 50 Producers of 2001 African American BS Engineering Graduates

            African                               Retention Rates                                                                  Retention Rates
                                                                                              Latino
    Rank   American              School               African                        Rank                        School
                                                                                              Grads                                    Latino
             Grads                                  American
     1        166     NC A&T State University                                          1       695     U Puerto Rico
     2        112     Georgia Inst of Tech             54.8                            2       311     Poly Univ of Puerto Rico
     3         97     Tennessee State Univ                                             3       137     U Texas - El Paso
     4         93     FAMU/FSU College of Engrg                                        4       118     Florida Intl University
     5         88     Morgan State University          37.0                            5       95      Texas A&M University             33.0
     6         79     Southern University              17.5                           6        88      U Texas - Austin                 40.6
     7         73     Prairie View A&M Univ                                           7        86      U Florida
     8         71     Tuskegee University                                             8        82      Cal Poly - Pomona
     9         64     NC State Univ - Raleigh          37.1                           9        65      Texas A&M U - Kingsville
     10        63     U Michigan - Ann Arbor                                          10       64      New Jersey Inst Tech
     11        61     Howard University                36.2                           11       62      NM State University
     12        51     New Jersey Inst Tech                                            12       60      U Central Florida                62.3
     13        51     U Maryland - College Park        36.2                           13       59      Mass Inst of Technology
     14        50     Michigan State University        23.4                           14       57      U Arizona                        43.6
     15        48     Mass Inst of Technology                                         15       49      U Texas - Pan American
     16        46     U South Carolina                 45.0                           16       48      U Michigan - Ann Arbor
     17        45     CCNY (City College, CUNY)                                       17       46      CCNY (City College, CUNY)
     18        43     Auburn University                37.6                           18       44      Cal State U - Long Beach
     19        37     U Southwestern Louisiana         51.6                           19       44      U Miami                          57.1
     20        36     Mississippi State Univ                                          20       40      Arizona State University
     21        34     Rutgers University               55.4                           21       40      U South Florida
     22        33     Clemson University               35.2                           22       40      U Texas - San Antonio
     23        32     Florida Intl University                                         23       39      U Cal - Berkeley
     24        32     U Pittsburgh                     91.4                           24       39      U New Mexico
     25        32     U South Florida                                                 25       37      Georgia Inst of Tech             64.5




              Note: Retention rates (0-100+%) computed for the 2001 graduating class as a percentage of
              the 1995 freshman class (including transfer students). No rate appears if freshman class is
              <10 students or institution failed to report data to EWC.
WORKFORCE

                          Education Level of S&T Workforce




                   Engineers


     Life & related scientists

       Earth scientists/
  geologists/oceanographers
          Physical & related
             scientists
  Computer & mathematical
        scientists

             Scientists, total


     Total S&T occupations


                             0.0   10.0   20.0      30.0   40.0         50.0     60.0     70.0


                                                           Bachelor's     Master's   Doctorate
      Source: National Science Foundation, SESTAT
WORKFORCE
                             Fastest Growing Occupations, 2000-2010

                                  Medical Assistants                     57%


                         Computer Systems Analysts                       60%


                      Personal and Home Care Aides                          62%


                             Database Adminstrators                          66%


                                 Desktop Publishers                          67%


            Network Systems & Data Comm. Analysts                                  77%


         Network & Computer Systems Administrators                                     82%


      Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software                                      90%


                       Computer Support Specialists                                           97%


           Computer Software Engineers, Applications                                           100%


                                                       0   20   40     60         80         100      120
                                                                     Percent
WORKFORCE                           Employed U.S. Scientists and Engineers
                                       by Sector of Employment, 1999
                                                                                         Sector of Employment
                        Occupations                                           Business/         Educational
                                                            Number             Industry         Institutions Government
            All Occupations                                10,981,600            68.8%              18.4%               12.8%
            S&T Occupations                                  3,540,800            70.1                17.2               12.7
             Computer/math scientists                        1,167,400            80.8                11.3                7.8
             Life/related scientists                           341,900            33.2                47.8               19.1
             Physical/related scientists                       297,900            54.1                27.7               18.2
             Social/related scientists                         166,400            23.6                62.8               13.6
             Psychologists                                     197,000            58.9                30.2               11.0
             Engineers                                       1,370,300            80.9                4.9                14.2
            Other occupations (non-S&T)                      7,440,800            68.2                19.0               12.8
            Source: CPST, data derived from National Science Foundation




                                       Faculty Status by Principal Field: 1992 and 1998
                                       Percentage
                                       Part Time                                 Percentage Full Time
                                                                                                                  No Tenure
                                                           Tenured/Tenure              Non-Tenure
                                                                                                                  System at
                                                               Track                     Track
                                                                                                                  Institution
                                      1992      1998       1992        1998         1992        1998         1992          1998
              Business                50.5       48.4       37.4         35.5         4.4          7.8          7.8           8.2
              Education               49.4       50.2       41.3         37.1         5.3          7.6          4.1           5.1
              Health Sci.             42.8       46.6       36.0         32.7        10.6         12.2         10.6           8.5
              Humanities              50.4       52.3       38.1         36.1         4.9          7.6          6.7           3.9
              Social Sci.             47.0       51.2       43.1         39.0         4.4          5.0          5.5           4.8
              Engineering             36.4       36.1       54.6         54.9         3.4          4.6          5.6           4.4
              Natural Sci.            33.0       32.2       58.0         55.3         3.7          7.3          5.3           5.2
              Adapted from Anderson, Eugene L. (2002) The New Professoriate: Characteristics, Contributions and Compensation. ACE
              Center for Policy Analysis
              Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Study on Postsecondary Faculty, 1999

								
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