ENVIRONMENT AGENCY STATEMENT ON SHREDDER RESIDUES by kaj11697

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									January 2010 Version 40
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[This Version replaces and revokes all previously issued Low Risk Guidance]


ENVIRONMENT AGENCY GUIDANCE ON LOW RISK WASTE ACTIVITIES

Introduction
This guidance sets out the Environment Agency’s regulatory position on the low risk waste activities in Appendix A to
this document. The guidance applies only to waste arising in and activities carried on in England and Wales. Advice in
relation to Scotland can be obtained from the Scottish Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA). This guidance must
be read alongside the Environment Agency’s published Enforcement and Prosecution Policy.

Summary
Having considered the risks posed by the activities set out in Appendix A to this document we do not believe it is in the
public interest to expect the operators of those activities to obtain an Environmental Permit to operate a regulated
facility for a waste operation not carried out at an installation i.e. those activities that previously required a waste
management licence. This guidance only applies for the purpose of waste operations and the Duty of Care. This
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guidance applies to waste arising in and the activities as described in England and Wales . We may amend or revoke
this statement at any time and will continue to consider enforcement in all circumstances where an activity has or is
likely to cause pollution or harm to health.

Background
We recognise the need for regulation to be proportionate to the environmental risk posed by a particular activity. The
Environment Agency’s resources are better focused on those activities that have potential to cause greater risk to the
environment. We also need to ensure that similar activities in different sectors are dealt with equally.

Accordingly we will not expect an Environment Permit to be obtained in certain specified circumstances, where it is
considered that an exemption from permitting could be developed. In such circumstances low risk positions will provide
potential new exemptions in subsequent waste exemption reviews.Encouraging wiser, sustainable use of natural
resources is a key aim for us and our low risk approach may help promote the use of waste as a resource.

Solutions – we call for
We consider that low risk waste recovery activities should be regulated through exemptions from Environmental
Permits. Our risk based approach has been developed to ensure that such activities are regulated in a manner
proportionate to the risks..
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A new waste exemption system is being implemented from 6 April 2010. As a result some of the existing low
risk positions will be retracted. The majority of these positions will be retracted on the 6th April 2010.

We will continue to work with Government to encourage the development of proportionate legislation that reflects risk
and encourages reuse and recovery of waste. This guidance may be reviewed. The fact that we have issued this
guidance does not mean that an exemption will be made. It is the Government that determines whether an exemption
from Environmental Permitting should be made.
Important Note
Where any activity has the capacity to store or treat >10 tonnes of hazardous waste for disposal or for some specified
operations for recovery, the activity may be a Schedule 1 activity under The Environmental Permitting (England and
Wales) Regulations 2007 or may be a Directly Associated Activity, so will not benefit from this Low Risk policy.




1
 The Duty of Care applies to everyone involved in handling the waste, from the person who produces it, to the person who finally
disposes of it, or recovers it. It also applies if you act as a registered waste broker when arranging waste disposal.

If you give waste to someone else, you must be sure they are authorised to take it and can transport, recycle or dispose of it safely.
The Duty of Care requires records to be kept by those who produce, transport, treat or dispose of waste.


2
 Generally, imports of waste are not covered by this guidance. Where waste that has been exported is required to be repatriated
and returned to England and Wales, we will decide on a case by case basis whether the return to a low risk site should be allowed.
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IMPORTANT

This guidance will be subject to regular review with any revised guidance available on the Environment Agency web site.

Waste activities must not be carried out in a manner that causes or is likely to cause pollution or harm to human health. If we consider
that an activity is or is likely to pollute or cause harm we will consider legal action, irrespective of whether the activity is listed in
Appendix A.

Where use is allowed in the low risk position the quantity permitted is the minimum required for that use. Further where no quantity is
specified in Appendix A this should normally be read as a limit of 1000 tonnes, if an activity will involve more than 1000 tonnes of waste
we must be consulted before any waste activity begins to check that this guidance still applies. Following the Low Risk Waste Activities
guidance and not causing pollution or harm to health may nevertheless lead to some operators having to limit activities below 1000
tonnes.

This guidance and the approach it sets out apply only to matters concerning Environmental Permitting and the duty of care. Low risk
positions do not remove your obligation to comply with other legislation. For example the requirement for a consent to discharge to
controlled water, planning permission where appropriate, provisions of the TFS Regulations, Clean Air Act etc.

Where associated activities are not detailed in the low risk position, e.g. storage, and these are covered by relevant waste exemptions,
the restrictions of those exemptions (including quantities and timescales) apply.

If the associated activities aren’t detailed in the low risk position and are not covered by waste exemptions then separate permission is
required for these.

If you have any doubts you should contact your nearest Environment Agency Office, or telephone our general enquires number, which is
08708 506 506 (Mon-Fri 8-6)


This guidance does not apply to waste arising or activities carried on outside England and Wales.




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Appendix A - Low Risk Waste Activities

Definition of secure: For the purpose of Appendix A a container, building or place is secure in relation to
waste kept in it if all reasonable precautions are taken to ensure that the waste cannot escape from it and
members of the public are unable to gain access to the waste.



Contents            Use these links to move directly to the section you need:


                    Animals and animal waste
                    Clinical waste
                    Clothing
                    Construction and demolition waste/dredging waste/aggregates/soils
                    (including construction and manufacturing activities involving these waste
                    types)
                    Effluent and sludge (including wastewater and water treatment sludges
                    and other process sludges)
                    Electrical equipment (including constituent parts and accessories)
                    Food (from retailers and producers including former foodstuffs)
                    Furniture and household items
                    Hazardous waste
                    Industrial waste
                    Landspreading
                    Manure
                    Miscellaneous
                    Oil (mineral, lubricating, fuel and vegetable)
                    Paint
                    Recyclables
                    Road sweepings
                    Storage
                    Transport/vehicles/vehicle parts/metal
                    Tyres/rubber/plastic
                    Wood and plant matter




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  NOTE: It is no longer possible to publish the proformas on the Easinet. If you need a copy of one
  please contact Julie Tate.
Ref. No.   Date       Activity Description


ANIMALS AND ANIMAL WASTE

LRW 154    05/09/06   Secure storage, for up to 6 months, in a freezer of 5m3 of dead pets collected from highways
           Reviewed
           17/07/07


LRW 164    17/10/06   Secure storage of 5m3 of lion faeces.
           Reviewed   The treatment of lion faeces by diluting with water which is then absorbed by clay pellets to make a cat
           17/07/07   deterrent.


                      The collection and storage at a veterinary practice, pending disposal elsewhere, of animal healthcare
LRW 217    27/6/07    waste, including hazardous animal healthcare waste and animal medicines classified under 20 01 31*
           Reviewed   (cytotoxic and cytostatic medicines), and 20 01 32 (medicines other than those mentioned in 20 01 31),
           17/07/07   not produced in the course of carrying on that practice.
                      The quantities of waste stored and duration of storage is included within the limits of paragraph 39 of
                      Schedule 3.
CLINICAL WASTE

LRW 002    11/03/05   The treatment by laboratory Autoclave of containment level 1-3 microbiological laboratory waste on the
                      premises it is produced.
           Reviewed
           17/07/07
LRW 023    23/09/05   The secure storage of waste sharps pending disposal.
           03/08/06   - at a pharmacy returned from households and individuals, or,
LRW 025
                      - as a result of operational work by local authorities, public bodies, emergency services, utility and
LRW 098               transport companies.
           Revised
           15/1/07    The quantities of waste stored and duration of storage is included within the limits of paragraph 39 of
                      Schedule 3.
           Reviewed
           17/07/07   The following activities on any healthcare premises (including pharmacies, care homes and nursing
                      homes?) or any premises where waste controlled drugs are produced or stored prior to disposal (for
                      example police stations):

                      - the storage and unpacking/sorting of hazardous and non-hazardous medicines returned from
                      households and by individuals, and
                      - the denaturing of controlled drugs
CLOTHING

LRW 008    11/03/05   The secure storage and manual sorting of waste footwear destined for recovery.
           Reviewed
           17/07/07
LRW 043    17/08/05   The secure storage of waste coathangers or their constituent parts destined for recovery.
           Reviewed   The sorting and segregation of waste coathangers into their constituent parts.
           17/07/07
CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION WASTE/ DREDGING WASTE/ AGGREGATES/ SOILS (INCLUDING CONSTRUCTION AND
MANUFACTURING ACTIVITIES INVOLVING THESE WASTE TYPES)
                                                     3
LRW 011    17/08/05   The storage of a maximum of 50m waste bricks to be subjected to manual cleaning destined for reuse.
           Reviewed   The manual cleaning of waste bricks destined for reuse.
           17/07/07

                                                              4
LRW 014   01/11/05   The use of waste sewage sludge incinerator bottom ash as a substitute for aggregate in manufacture of
                     concrete where the manufacture is carried out in a contained manner.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 042   17/08/05   The sorting and deconstruction of a maximum of 50m3 of waste windows and doors for the purpose of
                     recovery.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 046   17/08/05   The secure storage and manual treatment of waste stone and timber destined for reuse.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 128   24/4/07    Storage of waste road chippings (NOT planings) pending their recovery at a place that is neither the
          Reviewed   place of production nor the place of recovery.
          17/07/07
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LRW 136   03/08/06   The secure storage of up to 30m of soils derived from cleaning fruit and vegetables pending reuse of
                     that soil.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 139   05/09/06   The recovery of waste clay by de-watering flocculated clay based effluent from ceramic manufacturers.
          Reviewed   The secure storage pending use of recovered clay in the manufacture of clay based products.
          17/07/07
LRW 150   16/08/06   The use of waste timbers, metals, plastics, paper, card and bricks by the entertainment industry or
                     educational establishments, for building sets, demonstrations and educational installations. Any waste
          Reviewed   should be recycled or disposed of appropriately at the end of use.
          17/07/07
                     You should note that the beneficial use of some wastes is exempt from the need for a waste
                     management licence under paragraph 15 of schedule 3 to the Waste Management Licensing
                     Regulations 1994. This can include using one of the permitted wastes in art displays, for example. This
                     low risk position has been taken because paragraph 15 can not apply to construction activities since
                     these are covered by Paragraph 19A.
LRW 153   05/09/06   The secure storage of 5,000 tonnes; not at the site of production, of road planings containing coal tars,
                     pending recovery at an authorised facility.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 155   14/12/06   The use, on the site where they are produced, of up to 150 tonnes of crushed concrete bricks, soil and
                     stone that have been crushed using a minicrusher.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 172   16/11/06   The use of clean river gravel for maintenance of existing tracks and footpaths.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
                     Leaving redundant pipes and ducts within the excavation following pipe and duct replacement, provided
LRW 173   14/12/06   that the utility company maintains its own records on decommissioned pipework and supplies these
          Reviewed   records on request.
          17/07/07
LRW 188   27/2/07    The secure storage of up to 30 cubic metres of uncontaminated clay pending reuse.
          Revised
          14/08/07
LRW 189   27/2/07    The secure storage of up to 30 cubic metres of uncontaminated sand pending reuse.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07

LRW 198   27/2/07    The use of waste concrete sleepers for maintenance of tracks and roads.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07




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LRW 202   27/2/07      Storage and treatment of the hardwood frame from waste lock gates, pending recovery.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 251   27/09/07     The secure storage and disposal of non-hazardous dredgings in a lagoon at the site of production.

LRW333    18/03/09     The recovery of inert waste by leaving a road in-situ, where that inert waste is utilised as a defined
                       engineering operation.
LRW339    18/03/09     Secure storage of up to 20 tonnes of waste plasterboard and gypsum wallboard for up to one month in a
                       sealed weatherproof container pending recovery.
LRW 188   27/02/07     The secure storage of up to 30 cubic metres of uncontaminated clay pending reuse.
          Revised
          14/08/09


          18/03/09
LRW 337                The secure storage of uncontaminated waste clay pending recovery.
          Reviewed
          25/06/09     Use of un-contaminated waste clay to construct an earth banked slurry lagoon.
                       The uncontaminated waste clay must be tested by a qualified engineer to be suitable for use in
                       constructing the earth bund slurry lagoon. Notification and construction of the lagoon must be
                       in accordance with Control of Pollution (Silage, Slurry and Agricultural Fuel Oil0 Regulations
                       1991. (SSAFO )
                       Note: This position is an interim position pending the implementation of the revised exemption that will
                       cover this activity.
LRW 386   20/01/2010   The secure storage and dismantling of temporary classrooms for the purposes of recovery that DO NOT
                       contain hazardous waste, providing the operations are carried out on an impermeable surface with
                       sealed drainage.
                       A maximum of 10 classrooms a year to be dismantled.
EFFLUENT AND SLUDGE (INCLUDING WASTEWATER AND WATER TREATMENT SLUDGES AND OTHER PROCESS
SLUDGES)

LRW 012   01/06/05     Secure storage of a maximum of 5,000 litres of sewage effluent from portable conveniences by their
                       supplier.
LRW 013   Reviewed
          17/07/07


LRW 064   01/11/05     The blending of water treatment work sludges with suitable quarry wastes to a recognised British
                       Standard.
                       The use of top-soil made from blending water treatment work sludges and quarry by-products in the
                       final restoration layer of the quarry of where it is produced.
LRW 085   05/04/06     The treatment of non-hazardous pesticide wash waters using Sentinel Units (carbon filter technology)
                       prior to disposal on the site of production under a groundwater authorisation.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 094   02/02/06     The receipt and introduction at the head of a waste water treatment works of tankered in Return
                       Activated Sludge (RAS) needed for re-seeding the waste water treatment works.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 116   13/06/06     The secure storage of septic tank sludge pending spreading under the Sludge (Use in Agriculture)
                       Regulations 1989.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07     This will be reviewed following the revision of these Regulations.
LRW 192   27/2/07      The testing for two weeks by the manufacturer, of sewage treatment equipment (aerated membrane
                       bioreactor) to be deployed with the Army to remote locations, using raw sewage from Royal Navy ships.
          Reviewed     To be discharged to sewer under a consent from the relevant sewerage undertaker.
          17/07/07




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LRW 208   27/3/07      Treatment of up to 2 tonnes of used Organo-phosphate sheep-dip per day in a secure sheep-dip bath
                       using Landguard enzyme treatment. The treatment must be carried out according to the manufacturers’
          Reviewed     instructions. This position only relates to actual treatment of the used sheep-dip and not the
          17/07/07     subsequent spreading/disposal of the treated material.


LRW 239   14/08/07     The use of final effluent to jet out highway soakaways.
                       The effluent and sludge produced must be removed and taken to a suitably authorised facility.


LRW 299   22/04/08     The dewatering of STW grit washings on impermeable pavement with sealed drainage within the
                       curtilage of a STW.
                       The cleaning of STW grit washings pending use for construction and restoration works on sites owned
          Reviewed     or occupied by the sewage undertaker.
          19/05/09

                       Note: STW grit can be used under a Para 9a exemption for land reclamation or land improvement off
                       site.
LRW 378   20/01/2010   The treatment of a maximum of 100,000 cubic metres in any 12 month period of septic tank liquor at
                       Sewage Treatment Works other than at the site where the septic tank sludge is dewatered.


                       Note: If the activity is at the site where the septic tank sludge is dewatered then this is covered under a
                       Paragraph 10 exemption. Note that this will be replaced by exemption T21 in April 2010.
ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT (INCLUDING CONSTITUENT PARTS AND ACCESSORIES)


LRW 006   11/04/05     The secure storage of 80 kg of dry cell batteries (e.g. mobile phone batteries, torch batteries but not car
                       batteries) destined for recovery.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 007   11/03/05     The secure storage and manual sorting of waste toner (printer and ink) cartridges destined for recovery.
          Reviewed     The dismantling, cleaning and refilling of waste toner (printer and ink) cartridges in a secure building.
          17/07/07
LRW 119   13/06/06     The testing by the manufacturer of equipment which separates cathode ray tubes units from televisions
                       using waste televisions.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 149   05/09/06     The removal of computer chips from printed circuit boards and the secure storage of printed circuit
                       boards and computer chips at that place.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 156   27/2/07      Storage of 50m3 of used single- use cameras pending recovery.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 263   19/12/07     The shredding of computer hard drives, at a place other than the place of production, for the purposes
                       of data destruction, where the resulting material is destined for recovery at an authorised treatment
                       facility; and
                       The secure storage of the shredded material prior to recovery.
LRW310    17/06/08     The use as an aggregate replacement of crushed waste glass that has come from cathode ray tubes
                       which have been treated at a suitably permitted facility to remove any dangerous substances.
LRW 346   01/07/09     The secure storage and mechanical treatment of domestic gas meters. The total number of gas meter
                       units to be stored prior to dismantling is limited to 5,000. With a maximum throughput of 12,000 meters
                       a week.
LRW 370   20/10/09     The secure storage and dismantling of electronic franking machines for the purpose of re-using franking
                       machine parts. The storage and dismantling is undertaken within a building.
                       The maximum throughput is 60 machines /week with a maximum of 100 machines stored for
                       dismantling.
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FOOD (FROM RETAILERS AND PRODUCERS INCLUDING FORMER FOODSTUFFS)

LRW 005   11/03/05     The spreading of waste coffee grounds, originating from commercial premises, by households on their
                       gardens.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 071   05/04/06     The burning on the site on which it is produced of waste tomato haulme and associated plastic supports
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 132   03/08/06     The secure storage of out of date waste packaging and dry food.
          Reviewed     The un-packing of waste dry food and
          17/07/07
                       -   bulking up and secure storage of the waste packaging pending recovery or disposal.
                       -   bulking up and secure storage of the waste dry food where the food is to be sent for use as animal
                           feed or to the manufacturer of animal feed.
LRW 204   27/3/07      Emptying containers and bulking up of out of date milk pending recovery, at the dairy.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 246   14/08/07     Use of mollusc or crustacean shells from which the flesh has been completely removed, for: (i) the
                       production of aggregates; (ii) use in gardens as a substitute for lime; (iii) construction, e.g. gabions, lime
                       plasters etc, (iv) construction, maintenance and repair of footpaths; (v) use in land drainage or (vi)
                       ornamental use, following suitable treatment under the Animal By-products Regulations agreed with the
                       competent authority.


FURNITURE AND HOUSEHOLD ITEMS

LRW 079   07/12/05     The storage, repair, and manual sorting and segregation into their constituent parts, of waste furniture.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 095   02/02/06     The secure storage, sorting and repair of non-mechanical garden tools
          Reviewed
          17/07/07

LRW 177 14/12/06       The manual treatment and storage of waste mattresses and mattress material.
LRW 178 Reviewed       Up to 5 tonnes of clean mattresses or mattress material to be stored in a building for recovery. No
          17/07/07     mattresses or mattress material to be stored for longer than one month.
LRW 243   14/08/07     The treatment of metal domestic items at civic amenity sites by removing non-metal parts, for the
                       purpose of recycling.


LRW341    18/03/09     The treatment of waste carpet and carpet tiles by shredding/granulation of up to 2 tonnes/hr within an
                       enclosed building with no emissions.
LRW343    18/03/09     The secure storage of 1000 tonnes of carpet waste pending recovery for use in equestrian surfacing
                       applications.
LRW 342   20/01/2010   The secure storage and then recovery of cropper dust from the manufacture of new wool rich carpets by
                       incorporation into growing media for turf growing or green roofs.
HAZARDOUS WASTE

LRW 108   05/04/06     The secure storage of up to 500kg of mixed dental amalgam.

          Reviewed
          17/07/07




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LRW 224     14/08/07     The secure storage of segregated hazardous waste generated as a result of emergency roadside
                         breakdown activities.

                         The duration of storage is limited to a maximum of 3 months.

                         NOTE: The storage of non-hazardous waste produced by these activities is permitted under Paragraph
                         50 of The Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2007.

INDUSTRIAL WASTE (see Important Note on page 1)

LRW 083    02/02/06
                         The secure storage of up to 3000 tonnes of electric arc furnace dust at a dockside pending
           revised       export for recovery, where the dust is contained in sealed, waterproof and properly labelled
           14/12/06      bags and stored within a building.
           Reviewed
           17/07/07
LRW 160    24/4/07       The use and associated storage (at the effluent treatment plant) of Aluminium Hydroxide/ Caustic
LRW 163    Reviewed      Solution from the Aluminium treatment industry, and Ferrous Chloride from the wire drawing industry as
           17/07/07      coagulants or neutralisation agents in effluent treatment plants.


                         The use of cement manufactured under an Environmental Permit from the blending of waste by-past
LRW 307    20/05/08      dust, waste basic oxygen slag and waste plasterboard gypsum.
                         Secure storage of a maximum of 100 tonnes of solid waste wax for treatment to remove physical
LRW 332    18/03/09      contaminants prior to recovery.

                         Physical treatment of waste wax by heating, filtering and centrifuging to remove contaminants prior to
                         reuse. The treatment is limited to a maximum of 10 tonnes per batch.



LANDSPREADING

LRW 019    11/04/05      The secure storage and spreading on land as a fertiliser of treated ash from the incineration of poultry
                         litter, feathers and straw only where the treated ash has a dioxin content of less than 20ng/kg in any one
           Reviewed      load and the treatment ensures an average dioxin content of less than 10ng/kg. Spreading should be
           17/07/07      undertaken in accordance with Codes of Good Agricultural Practice.
Sept 08
                         The secure storage in a building of up to 3000 tonnes at a dockside or 1000 tonnes elsewhere of
                         treated poultry litter ash pending transport to agricultural land for recovery. This position applies to both
                         imported ash and ash produced in the UK.
LRW 347    19/05/09      The secure storage (at the site of production or where it is to be spread) and spreading of spent
                         mushroom compost for use in landscaping and private gardens.

           Reviewed
           25/06/09
LRW 364    01/07/09      The secure storage and spreading of compost (produced under LRW 363) on agricultural land for the
                         purposes of agricultural benefit. Total quantity to be spread should not exceed 50 tonnes per hectare in
                         12 months.
                         Note: This position is an interim position and will be reviewed following implementation of the revised
                         exemption legislation.


MANURE
                         The spreading of farmyard manure that has been contaminated with shredded paper.
LRW 203    27/2/07
           Reviewed      The secure storage and subsequent spreading on land of farmyard manure as a fertiliser where
           17/07/07      uncontaminated shredded paper has been used as bedding instead of straw. Spreading should be
                         undertaken in accordance with Codes of Good Agricultural Practice.
                         This position only applies to farmyard manure (i.e. faeces and urine) that includes incidental
                         amounts of bedding (paper or straw). It does not mean that lightly soiled paper bedding can be
                         spread to land; such paper must first be composted.
                                                               9
LRW 353   19/05/09     The secure storage (at the site of production or where it is to be spread) and spreading of zoo manure
                       on agricultural land for agricultural benefit. The zoo manure is to be sourced from herbivorous
                       sources only.
          Reviewed
          25/06/09
                       The secure storage and spreading of zoo manure at the site of production on land to confer benefit. The
LRW 392   20/01/2010   zoo manure is to be sourced only from herbivores.

MISCELLANEOUS

LRW 147   05/09/06     Use of a steamer on contaminated vegetation, at the site of production, to kill Phytopthora.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 282   22/01/08     Use at secure fire service premises of clean pallets, paper and cardboard by the fire service for training
                       purposes.
LRW 280   19/02/08     The secure storage for up to three months of up to 50 cubic metres of non-liquid hazardous and non-
                       hazardous waste at a site controlled by the producer of the waste pending its collection and onward
                       transport to an appropriately authorised site.
                       This position does not apply where the producer is providing a waste management service or
                       when the waste is asbestos or has a flash point of less than 21 degrees Celsius.
                       This position does not remove obligations under the Hazardous Waste Regulations to register
                       as a hazardous waste producer or to consign the hazardous waste where necessary.
LRW 327                The bottling of wash water used to flush through the bottling machines for fabric conditioner, washing
                       machine detergent, disinfectant and bleach for the purposes of recovery.


LRW 348   19/05/09     The secure storage of empty used gun cartridges collected from agricultural sites pending treatment
                       and recovery
                       The treatment of empty used gun cartridges collected from agricultural sites by segregating and
                       shredding metal and plastic components pending recovery.


LRW 363   01/07/09     The production of compost in a wormery from biodegradable waste that originates from a
                       kitchen/canteen. The total quantity of waste treated must not exceed 6 tonnes in any 12 month period.
                       The waste is stored for no longer than 1 month before composting.
                       The use of the compost is covered under LRW 364
                       Note: This position is an interim position and will be reviewed following implementation of the revised
                       exemption legislation.


LRW 258   01/07/09     The recovery of silver from waste developing and fixing solutions using a metafix unit.

                       Any subsequent discharge to foul sewer must be done in accordance with the conditions of a
                       trade effluent discharge consent issued by statutory sewage undertaker. You should contact
                       your local consenting department to determine whether a consent is needed.


LRW 373   20/10/09     Secure and weatherproof storage of up to 50 cubic metres of Spent Mushroom Compost
                       (SMC) prior to bagging; providing the operations are carried out on an impermeable surface with
                       sealed drainage and the bagging is undertaken within a building.

                       Prior to bagging the SMC can be stored for no more than 7 days from date of delivery. Bagged SMC
                       can be stored for no more than 7 days from date of bagging.




                                                            10
OIL (MINERAL, LUBRICATING, FUEL AND VEGETABLE)

LRW 003   07/12/05     The secure storage of up to 5000 litres of waste cooking oil (purified fat of plant or animal origin)
                       destined for recovery.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07     The secure storage of waste derived biodiesel (a fuel derived from the treatment of waste cooking oil or
                       animal fat).
                       The recovery of waste derived biodiesel as a fuel in motor vehicles.
                       The treatment of up to 250 litres at anytime of waste cooking oil to produce biodiesel.
LRW 175   25/1/07      Secure storage of waste cleaning solution containing 2% sodium metasilicate and 1-2% waste oil at a
                       site other than where produced. Maximum of 3 tonnes at any one time and up to 50 tonnes per year
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 228   19/6/07      The filtering of heating oil using a simple cartridge type filter.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 099   27/09/07     The secure storage of:
          27/09/07         1)   Booms, pillows, oil absorbent cloth, wood fibre, and granulated carbon contaminated with
                                hydrocarbons from pollution incidents;
LRW 134
                       in containers incorporating a built-in sump and air vents and a maximum storage capacity of 205 litres,
                       for a maximum of 3 months.
                           2)   Purge water containing waste oil and contaminated groundwater from pollution incidents;
                       in a bunded tank with a maximum capacity of 1200 litres, for a maximum of 3 months.


PAINT

LRW 180   14/12/06      Treatment of water-based paint wash-waters using flocculants. Up to 450 litres may be treated within
                        a secure container.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 170   25/1/07       The bulking up of paint residues, at a site other than where produced, prior to recovery. Maximum of
                        two 205 litre drums at any one time to be kept securely in a building.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 214   22/5/07       Storage of aqueous paint related waste, generated from the cleaning of spray guns, pending recovery
          Reviewed      elsewhere.
          17/07/07
                        - The storage up to 5m3 of returned waste paint in sealed waste paint tins at the store
LRW 315   14/07/08
                        where they were purchased.

                        - The sorting of waste paint in sealed waste paint tins pending collection and recovery
                        elsewhere.

                        The secure storage of non-hazardous paint pending recovery.
LRW 340   19/05/09
                        The treatment of up to 5 tonnes a week of non-hazardous paint for re-use as full
                        specification paint.
RECYCLABLES

LRW 041   17/08/05      The manual sorting of uncontaminated glass, cans, cardboard, paper, textiles, plastics, waste food
                        and drink cartons at the site of production, pending collection for recovery.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 250   21/08/07      The pulverising of confidential paper waste prior to recovery.


                                                               11
LRW 252   09/10/07      Manual sorting and storage of uncontaminated metal, wood, plastic and paper by the waste producer
                        at a site other than where it is produced.
                        Storage must be carried out in secure containers in a building. Maximum storage of 8 cubic metres.
LRW 289   19/02/08      The secure storage and skimming of CDs prior to recovery of the plastic.

LRW 329   13/12/08      The granulation of waste CDs and cassette tapes on the site of production

LRW 354   19/05/09      The secure storage of up to 500 tonnes of segregated uncontaminated plastics of EWC 19 12 04.
                        Storage of other plastics has to comply with the requirements of a Paragraph 17 exemption.
ROAD SWEEPINGS

STORAGE

LRW 037   12/07/05      Secure storage of waste samples that have been subjected to testing or analysis.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 109   05/04/06      The secure storage of leather off cuts prior to processing into products.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 181   14/12/06      Secure storage of waste wine bottle corks in a 40 yd bin pending recovery.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
TRANSPORT/ VEHICLES/ VEHICLE PARTS/ METAL

LRW 033   12/07/05      The making safe and secure storage, prior to recovery of empty waste LPG and similar cylinders in
                        accordance with Health and Safety Guidance.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07


LRW 044   17/08/05      The secure storage of non-hazardous heavy and light duty waste armoured cable.
          Reviewed      The mechanical or manual stripping within a secure purpose built sealed container or building of non-
          17/07/07      hazardous heavy and light duty waste armoured cable destined for recovery.
          Reviewed
          20/10/09
LRW 061   03/08/06      The manual crushing of a single type* of aerosol cans at the place of production using equipment
                        which ensures:
LRW 102
                            •    the collection and secure storage of the cans for recycling;
                            •    the collection and secure storage of resides for disposal or recycling; and
                            •    the filtering of gas and solvents through carbon filters which are approved to a suitable British
                                 standard.
                        NOTE: the storage of the cans prior to treatment is likely to be covered by Paragraph 41 of
                        Schedule 3 to the Waste Management Licensing Regulations 1994. The treatment quantity is
                        therefore limited to the amount that can be stored under that exemption.

                        * ‘a single type’ of can refers to the can contents and propellants. All the contents and propellants of
                        all the cans crushed must be the same to ensure incompatible contents are not mixed.


LRW 063   01/11/05      The secure storage up to one cubic metre of small sealed lead acid batteries in a sealed battery box
                        destined for recovery.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07


                                                           12
LRW 110   05/04/06   The secure storage, sorting and repair of bicycles.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 117   13/06/06   The secure storage at airports of waste fluids resulting from the de-icing of aircraft.
          Reviewed   The recovery at airports of monopropylene glycol from waste fluids collected during de-icing of aircraft.
          17/07/07
LRW 144   16/08/06   The storage of waste oil filters in a secure container with a capacity not exceeding 3 cubic metres
                     pending recovery elsewhere.
                     The storage of oily rags in a secure container with a capacity not exceeding 1 cubic metre pending
          09/10/07   recovery elsewhere.
LRW 261


LRW 186   27/2/07    The secure storage in sealed drums or bags of solder metal, skimmings, ashes and residues, pending
                     recovery. Up to 30 tonnes to be stored at any one time.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 190   27/2/07    Crushing of vehicle oil filters pending recovery, at the site where they are produced, provided the
                     crushing is undertaken on an impermeable surface.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 193   27/7/07    The removal of aluminium, pending recovery, from waste telegraph poles.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 316   17/07/08   The secure storage of up to one waste accumulator or actuator pending treatment for recovery
                     The treatment of a waste accumulator or actuator in a manner which prevents spillage of any oils
                     (Any drained waste oil must be stored in accordance with a Paragraph 18 exemption)


LRW 138   15/10/08   The dismantling of discharged vehicle airbags pending recovery of the constituent parts.

LRW 360   25/06/09   The collection, secure storage and recovery of waste air conditioning gas via a sealed mobile pump
                     system at End of Life Vehicle Authorised Treatment Facilities.


LRW 362   01/07/09   The secure storage, sorting and dismantling of motor vehicle catalytic converters, providing the
                     operations are carried out within a building and on an impermeable pavement.
                     A maximum of 10 tonnes of whole and treated catalytic converters can be stored at any one time.
                     A maximum of 10 tonnes/week of whole catalytic converters can be processed.


LRW 369   20/10/09   The secure storage and dismantling of end of life touring and static caravans, providing the operations
                     are carried out within a building on an impermeable surface with sealed drainage.
                     A maximum of 5 caravans to be stored at anyone time.
                     A maximum of 30 caravans a year to be dismantled.


LRW 382   20/01/10   The secure storage and burning of de-polluted end of life vehicles at Fire and Rescue Training
                     facilities for the purpose of testing new fire fighting equipment and products.


                     A maximum of 5 vehicles per year to be stored and burnt. The vehicles must be obtained from an
                     Authorised Treatment Facility (ATF) and stored prior to burning on hardstanding. The burning must
                     take place on an impermeable pad with sealed drainage. The burnt out vehicle must be returned to an
                     ATF for appropriate recovery.



                                                         13
TYRES, RUBBER AND PLASTIC

LRW 034   23/09/05    The baling of waste tyres pending recovery.
          Reviewed    The use of waste tyre bales produced in accordance with BSI PAS 108 in above ground construction
LRW 035
          22/01/08    works.
                      NOTE: The storage of waste tyres, whether whole or baled, is covered by Paragraph 17 of
                      schedule 3 to the Waste Management Licensing Regulations 1994 so the quantity of tyres that
                      can be on site is limited to a maximum of 1,000 tyres in total.
                      The position above will cease on 31 May 2008. On this date the following will take effect.


                      1. The baling of waste tyres in accordance with BSI PAS 108, pending recovery.
                         The storage of waste tyres, whether whole or baled, is covered by Paragraph 17 of schedule 3 to
                         The Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2007 so the quantity of tyres that
                         can be on site is limited to a maximum of 1,000 tyres in total.
                      2. The use of a maximum of 500 tonnes of waste tyre bales produced in accordance with BSI PAS 108
                         in above ground construction works.
                         Up to 90 bales can be stored prior to use for a maximum of 1 month.


LRW 062   07/12/05    The recovery of shredded waste tyres in underground construction works including drainage and
                      insulation.
          Reviewed
LRW 084
          22/01/08    The secure storage of a maximum of 1,000 shredded waste tyres destined for recovery.
                      The use of waste tyres in the construction of fish habitats.
                      The position above will cease on 31 May 2008.


LRW 076   07/12/05    The secure storage of waste vinyl wall paper and waste plastisol. The manufacture of plastic from waste
                      vinyl wall paper and waste plastisol in a secure building.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 148   16/08/06    The bulking up and secure storage of waste photographic x-ray film, litho film and any associated
                      packaging in a secure building pending recovery.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW152    25/1/07     Treatment of off-specification latex to control viscosity pending reuse.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW167    25/1/07     Peeling and shaving of solid tyres and subsequent production of terrasofta under a Part B authorisation.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 184   14/12/06    Separation of fly-tipped tyres from their rims by Local Authorities or their agents, pending recovery. A
                      maximum of 1000 tyres may be stored at any one time.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 244   14/08/07    Separation of a maximum of 50 tyres a month from their rims, pending recovery or re-use.
                      This activity to be carried out on tyres and rims collected from scrap yards/ELV sites and suitable for
                      recovery or re-use.


LRW296    22/04/08    The secure storage of waste rubber conveyor belts prior to treatment.
                      The manual treatment by cutting of waste rubber conveyor belts prior to reuse without further treatment.




                                                            14
LRW 322   16/09/08   The use of waste rubber off-cuts as an aggregate replacement and improve drainage during
                     construction activities involving waste tyre bales.
LRW345    19/05/09   The secure storage pending recovery of up to 32 tyre bales at the place where they are produced
                     (Any tyre bales for use in construction must have been baled in accordance with PAS108.)
WOOD AND PLANT MATTER

LRW 028   17/08/05   The secure storage, manual sorting, dismantling and/or repair of waste wooden pallets destined for
                     recovery.
          Reviewed
LRW 052
          17/07/07


LRW 059   01/11/05   The storage and sale of uncontaminated wood-chip waste/bark and soil at garden centres.
          Reviewed   Use of uncontaminated wood-chip waste/bark and soil in domestic gardens and public open spaces.
          17/07/07
LRW 074   07/12/05   Use of untreated wood peelings to create or maintain woodland or forest roads or paths.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 113   05/04/06   The secure storage of woodchip at a dock pending recovery.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 221   22/5/07    Spreading uncontaminated woodchips or sawdust on a moto-cross track to improve the track.
          Reviewed
          17/07/07
LRW 276   22/01/08   The secure storage of a maximum of 40 tonnes of clean uncontaminated waste wood pending recovery
                     elsewhere.
LRW 281   22/01/08   The recovery of waste wooden telegraph and electricity poles, including poles that are hazardous
                     waste, by using them as fencing.
                     The cutting up of the poles to enable their use as fencing and the secure storage of the poles prior to
                     use.


LRW 298   22/04/08   The secure storage of waste railway sleepers pending use in the construction of flower beds.
                     The use of waste railway sleepers in the construction of flower beds.


                     NOTE: The Hazardous Waste Regulations requirements must still be complied with for poles
                     that are hazardous waste.
                     LRW 193 provides for the removal of the metal fittings from the poles.




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