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Tabular compilation of responses by organizations to the questionnaire on SAICM implementation issued by the secretariat in preparation for the second session of the International Conference on Chemicals Management (ICCM) Responses were received from the following intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations: Armenian Woman for Health and Healthy Environment (AWHHE); Associated Labour Unions-Trade Union Congress of the Philippines (ALU-TUCP); Association pour la valorisation de l´environment et pour la promotion d´une gestión rationnelle des produits chimiques (AVEPGRC); COLNODO Red de Desarrollo Sostenible; Comisión Centroamericana de Ambiente y Desarrollo del Sistema de la Integración Centroamericana (CCAD); CropLife International; Federación Internacional de Sindicatos de Trabajadores de la Química, Energía, Minas e Industrias Diversas (ICEM); Informer, Sensibiliser et Eduquer Sur Les Pollutants Organiques Pesistantes (ISE-POP-CI); Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety (IFCS); International Council of Chemicals Associations (ICCA); Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD); Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC); Union for Defense of the Aral Sea and Amudarya (UDASA); United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO); United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR); University of Cape Town (UCT); World Health Organization (WHO). 1.- Coordination arrangements AWHHE (a) Has a SAICM Focal - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. Point (FP) been - Working group is organized with representatives from two departments: Environmental Health and Hygiene, and nominated? Environmental Risk, together with five representatives from national environmental non-governmental organizations. (b) In the case of large organizations, have ALU-TUCP inter-divisional - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. coordination arrangements been put AVEPGRC in place? - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. (c) If yes, please describe - Coordination is organized by a Bureau and its members, including several technical commissions. (e.g. composition of a coordinating COLNODO committee or working - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. group). - A youth working group has been established and receives advice from COLNODO and Gea Paz. CCAD - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. CropLife - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. - Regional coordination is organized through a virtual team. ICEM - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. ISE POP CI - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. - Coordination mechanisms are in place through the Réseau Ivoirien pour l’Environnement et le Développement network,which is constituted by four non-governmental organizations: ISE POP CL, IPROCEL, MACHI and Nature Verte. IFCS - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. - Forum Standing Committee serves as coordination group. ICCA - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. - National and regional associations as well as their member companies provide resources in support of the Strategic Approach, and through specific programmes such as the Responsible Care Global Charter (RCGC) and the Global Product Strategy (GPS). - Specific task groups meet and discuss key elements for contributions to the second session of the International Conference on Chemicals Management. OEHRU - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. OECD - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. - Coordination arrangements exist with representatives from all units in the chemicals field. SETAC - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. - Coordination Committee organizes Strategic Approach related activities and led several internal committees. Specific groups furthermore work to support scientific aspects, as well as conduct capacity building activities, workshops and relevant projects. UDASA - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. UNDP - Coordination arrangements are in place through the Ozone Depletion and Chemicals Unit, which provides advice to countries requesting support in the implementation of programmes on chemicals management. UNIDO - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. - Coordination arrangements are in place through the units on cleaner production, water management, and the Stockholm Convention, to address sound management of chemicals activities. UNITAR - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. UCT - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. WHO - A Strategic Approach focal point has been nominated. - WHO Member States are grouped in six regions and coordination mechanisms are undertaken on the area of chemicals safety between countries, regions and WHO Headquarters, together with focal points in WHO regional offices. 2.- Initial planning AWHHE (a) Has planning meeting - A regional conference on partnerships for achieving chemical safety in Armenia has been convened, with participation from or meetings of several stakeholders, including public sector and non-governmental orgnaizations. A Strategic Approach workshop has also stakeholders within taken place as a global initiative for international cooperation to protect human health and the environment. Members of your organization or international organizations, non-governmental organizations and national focal points participated. constituency been - Strategic Approach Implementation efforts are reflected through specific projects carried out by the organization. convened? (b) If yes, please elaborate ALU-TUCP (e.g. describe the - Coordination and networking meetings have taken place. nature of the - Strategic Approach efforts have focussed on training workshops for trade union workers from the agricultural sector. Trade meeting(s) and unions have also actively participated at the inter-agency meeting for discussions on asbestos under the Rotterdam indicate which Convention framework. stakeholders - Potential outcomes of contributions to Strategic Approach implementation include: global, regional and national networks to participated): share information and raise awareness; capacity building through education and training activities; persistent organic (c) Has work commenced pollutants management and prevention. on preparing a SAICM implementation plan AVEPGRC for your organization? - Preparatory meetings have been convened as well as seminars and sensibilization campaigns. These meetings are aimed to inform decision-makers and users on Strategic Approach objectives and priorities. (d) If yes, please elaborate - Representatives from the following groups have participated: Women’s groups; indigenous communities; departments of (e.g. indicate the strategies and perspectives; local councils; customs and police offices. timeframe for - Participation in the development of the national profile on chemicals management. Feedback has been provided on relevant preparing the plan and documents on chemical management issues, particularly on the weaknesses encountered in relation to enforcement and legal note its relationship, if mechanisms. any, to previous plans ; - Several priorities have been identified as relevant for inclusion in a country plan, including: soil pollution; management of obsolete stocks of chemical products; ecosystem and marine pollution; etc. describe the outcomes -To target identified priorities, a project on information and sensibilization of policy-makers has been elaborated. of any capacity needs assessment and COLNODO prioritization exercises - Informative meetings on the Strategic Approach have been held by the working group in schools, with the objective of undertaken): initiating projects with activities in accordance with the Global Plan of Action. - Promotion of the Strategic Approach is an ongoing activity and a working plan is expected to be developed in early 2009. CCAD - An inter-sectorial chemical committee for chemical safety, constituted by official representatives from eight countries (Central America and the Dominican Republic), has been held to discuss an operational plan on issues including: mercury, Pollutants Release and Transfer Registries, and priority-setting under the Strategic Approach framework. CropLife - Workshop on stewardship has been organized with participation from non-governmental organizations, intergovernmental organizations, public and private sectors. - Organizational policy towards the Strategic Approach is based on the implementation of the International Code of Conduct on the Distribution and responsible use of Pesticides. - Identified priorities include: integrated pest management; illegal trade and counterfeiting; management of container and obsolete stocks; stewardship vision 2010. ICEM - National consultations meetings have been convened with participation from trade unions, research scientists and public sector representatives from Labour, Health and Environment Departments. ISE POP CI - Meeting convened to report on chemicals management issues under the framework of the Strategic Approach. Participants included non-governmental organizations from the Réseau Ivoirien pour l’Environnement et le Développement network, women’s and consumer’s associations, among other non-governmental organizations. Main issue discussed concerned management of persistent organic pollutants. - Participates with the national focal point in the development of a Strategic Approach implementation plan. Identified priorities by the organization include: training of customs officers and non-governmental organizations; sensibilization; development of new regulation. IFCS - Meetings of the Forum Standing Committee (FSC) have taken place in 2006 and 2008, in which specific topics haven been discussed. - Progress on Strategic Approach issues are included in the reports of the FSC meetings. Specific areas or work for existing and emerging issues, include: Forum V: risk reduction activities related to certain heavy metals; toys and chemical safety; applying precaution on the context of chemical safety. Forum VI: nanotechnology and nanomaterials; substitution and alternatives; elimination of lead in paint; international actions to reduce risks from of cadmium and lead. - Discussions of the future of IFCS are ongoing, including its role as an open forum for discussion of issues of common interest and emerging issues, as well as its contributions as an advisory body to the International Conference on Chemicals Management and to the implementation of the Strategic Approach. ICCA - Annual global and regional meetings are conducted with participation of member companies and their personal to promote the voluntary Responsible Care (RC) programme, collect data and share information. - In alignment with the Strategic Approach, the implementation of the Responsible Care Global Charter will contribute to the Strategic Approach. Further work includes technical documentation produced by the task groups on issues such as providing data for risk assessments on a broad and cost effective basis. OECD - Meetings of Governments, industry, environmental non-governmental organizations, and trade unions. - Contributions to Strategic Approach implementation are included in the work programme 2009-2012. SETAC - Several meetings have been held to discuss Strategic Approach activities, particularly those relevant to scientific issues. - The organization’s implementation plan draws on its scientific programme, which includes workshops and regional meetings on state of the art science, as well as emerging chemicals management issues. The plan also incorporates capacity building efforts in developing countries. Furthermore, this plan promotes collaboration with other scientific bodies to ensure an independent and peer-reviewed contribution to the Strategic Approach process. UDASA - Initial planning is expected to occur in early 2009. Main activities will consider a review of regional problems and potential solutions, as well as identifying local organizations that may be able to participate in the process. UNDP - Staff members of the chemicals unit oversee the progress of related projects and programmes (e.g. Montreal Protocol, Strategic Approach, persistent organic pollutants) and meet through teleconferences on a weekly basis. UNIDO - Initial meeting of the environmental management branch consisted on presentation of activities within the framework of the Strategic Approach, and discussions on the role and function of the organization within the work of the Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals and the Quick Start Progrmme, as well as a preliminary planning phase before the second session of the International Conference on Chemicals Management. UNITAR N/A UCT The occupational and environmental health research unit at the UCT, promotes Strategic Approach implementation through electronic forums oriented to regulators and technical advisors from several organizations (FAO, WHO, UNEP, OECD) in the field of pesticides. WHO - At previous meetings, the World Health Assembly passed resolutions on the development and adoption of the Strategic Approach, respectively. Specific request has been made to facilitate implementation by the health-sector of the Strategic Approach, in relation to human health elements. - Contributions to Strategic Approach implementation are incorporated into WHO efforts and work plans, and guided by the health sector priorities. 3.- Assessment of progress AWHHE (a) Indicate, below, each of the five categories i. Educational campaigns on safe use of pesticides and training activities on alternative and organic farming are offered of objectives set out in to farmers; chemical analysis of breast milk is also performed to detect banned pesticides. the SAICM ii. Information and awareness raising campaigns on proper management of chemicals, environmental effects on human Overarching Policy health and introduction of international agreements. Media is also available on chemical pollution in the country. Strategy in which new iii. Pesticides control matters have been forwarded to the relevant authority in promotion of infrastructural changes. and/or extended iv. Field work has been carried out on hot spots with obsolete pesticides to determine alternatives for treatment and programmes, projects disposal. or activities been v. Information collected on illegal trade of pesticides has been forwarded to relevant authorities. undertaken by your organization as part of Additional work include projects with specific activities consisting of: the organization of Strategic Approach related SAICM workshops; disseminating information on the Strategic Approach and chemical safety issues; development of guidelines in implementation: local language with information on safety uses of pesticides in agriculture and precautionary measures. i. Risk reduction ALU-TUCP ii. Knowledge and The Organization makes mention of measures that need to be taken, as well as existing efforts to address each one of the five information categories: iii. Governance i. The need of reliable risk assessment to evaluate the extensive use of toxic pesticides in the country. iv. Capacity building and ii. Inventory of chemicals is available and supports commercial and trade matters. technical cooperation iii. The need to adopt multilateral environmental agreements on chemicals and the joint efforts required from stakeholders for their implementation. v. Illegal international iv. Capacity building needs to be strengthened in all sectors with responsibilities in chemicals management. traffic v. Raises concerns regarding the shift of chemicals production to developing countries and the need to improve (b) If desired, please reinforcement efforts. attach a breakdown of new and/or extended AVEPGRC programmes, projects and activities in i. Financing of information campaigns on the Strategic Approach. Partnership with national focal point and member of relation to the 36 work IPEN network. Participation in planning meetings convened by environmental authorities. areas set out in the ii. Promotes public information access to chemical safety and health related topics. Talks are offered on the health SAICM Global Plan of effects of pesticides, occupational safety and protection, among other topics. Assistance is provided for Action sensibilization of users and decision makers. iii. Works directly with national focal point on related issues. iv. Initiatives to promote and encourage the use of alternatives as well as less toxic products, such as biocides. v. Provides information to customs offices and encourages the use of Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals as a tool to reinforce capacities to control illegal traffic. The Organization further contributes to Strategic Approach related work by: - Providing input to the Quick Start Programme. - Proposing issues for discussion at UNEP, such a strategic programme for persistent organic pollutants surveillance in African countries. - Providing input to the IFCS discussions on chemicals management and substitution. COLNODO ii. Dissemination of the Strategic Approach is an ongoing process and it will be followed by a priority analysis phase within the working group. CCAD i. Initial study to review current and available infrastructure on legal, regulatory, technical and managerial issues for the pollutant release and transfer registries; organization of workshops for the implementation of the pollutant release and transfer registries in Central America and the Dominican Republic; mercury inventory development; initiative for a regional Strategic Approach implementation strategy. ii. Information sharing on Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals has taken place and this work area has been identified as a Strategic Approach priority. iii. Work on chemical products has been incorporated into a strategy on health and agro-environmental issues. iv. Sub-regional courses on handling of chemicals in cases of emergencies and accidents are offered to officials from environmental and emergency response authorities. v. A proposal of tariff codes for customs and trade, related to chemicals under regulation by multilateral environmental agreements, has been forwarded to relevant governmental authorities in the Latin American region. CropLife i. Training activities for farmers, retailers and agents on pesticide handling and management; program on stockpiles in Africa for disposal of obsolete pesticides. ii. Free electronic information is available on pesticide management guidelines; learning programme on the implementation of the Code of Conduct. iii. Global stewardship strategy to be promoted at the regional and national levels. iv. Training of users in partnership with relevant stakeholders. v. Programmes on awareness raising on regulatory matters; training of farmers on risks related to illegal products. ICEM ii. Joint coordination under the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR) framework, to carry out project to facilitate Strategic Approach implementation with participation of workers in their work place. Specific activities related to the above project include: assessment of capacity and needs at the organizational level in risk reduction and chemicals management issues. Other initiatives for sensibilization, information and training in the workplace are jointly coordinated with governmental inspection departments. ISE POP CI i. Sensibilization of workers on occupational health matters, such as the use of protection equipment; collection of empty containers of chemical products. ii. Distribution of pictogrammes; broadcasting of advertising spots on TV and radio; projection of films related to hospital and domestic losses. iii. Organization of workshops with representatives from relevant Ministries, for the dissemination and understanding of the Rotterdam, Basel and Stockholm Conventions. iv. Training of non-governmental organization members to report on persistent organic pollutant related issues to the national focal point; participation in workshops and seminars on persistent organic pollutants issues. v. Active participation to ensure proper labelling of persistent organic pollutants containers; visits to markets and sale points in low income areas to identify illegal trade. Other activities include sensibilization initiatives in communities and regions around the country; capacity building of non- governmental organization members and civil society through thematic conferences on persistent organic pollutants and pollution issues at the national level; collection and storage of empty containers. IFCS i. Recommendations for risk reduction activities have been included in the reports of the IFCS Forums V and VI, including topics such as: toys and chemical safety; mercury, lead and cadmium; substitution and alternatives; nanotechnology, and others. ii. Electronic and printed versions of meeting reports, and materials containing information related to chemical safety and topics discussed in the above mentioned forums, are widely available. iii. Relevant issues covered in final reports of the IFCS Forums V and VI iv. Relevant issues covered in final reports of the IFCS Forums V and VI v. The IFCS has submitted a draft decision on prevention of illegal traffic of hazardous chemicals to the UNEP Governing Council, which is expected to facilitate necessary activities to address this challenge. Work areas and activities within the Global Plan of Action of the Strategic Approach are thoroughly discussed in the reports of Forums V and VI. ICCA i. Activities through the Responsible Care Global Charter are expected to produce improvements in performance reporting, product stewardship and verification, as well as increasing best practices worldwide. Furthermore the Global Product Strategy contributes to risk reduction with tools such as: Guidelines for products stewardship; high production volume chemicals programme; information data base on risk exposure and hazard. ii. Development of tools and guidance for industry helps collecting information on health, safety, environment and product stewardship. Data is reported electronically on websites. iii. A Global Governance Process for Responsible Care has been approved by the Organization, and sets out specific obligations for implementation of the Responsible Care Global Charter. iv. Cooperation through the Responsible Care Global Charter supports initiatives for engagement of chemical producing areas. Further activities include training workshops for Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals implementation, basic product stewardship, etc. v. Security of production operations, warehousing and transportation activities have been under review to address illegal traffic. Specific work is focussed on reducing the spread chemical weapons. OECD ii. Assessment of existing chemicals; notification of new chemicals; harmonization of classification and labelling; exposure assessment; Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships application tool; safety of manufactured nanomaterials; IT tools. iii. Test guidelines; good laboratory practice and compliance monitoring; mutual acceptance of data and non-members. SETAC i. Workshop report on persistent organic pollutants and persistent bioaccumulative and toxic enhances knowledge of chemicals of interest to the Stockholm Convention. ii. Meeting reports provide a conceptual basis for further discussions on emerging issues. The organization’s scientific programme looks to further contribute to the Strategic Approach. iv. Planning includes a training workshop on risk assessment in Africa (2009), with future similar events to be held in other regions to reinforce this effort. Further training on life cycle topics is under development to engage key stakeholders. SETAC’s scientific programme identifies common interests with the Strategic Approach and therefore the organization is committed to contribute towards future issues on emerging chemicals management through its scientific expertise. UDASA ii. Several events have been organized and although without a direct link on the Strategic Approach, these have covered chemical management issues. Specific workshops and seminars have been held to inform local population on water pollution issues. A concept on water resource management has been offered to countries in the Central Asian region for consideration. iii. An assessment of current national laws has been performed. A report on this review has been submitted to authorities in Uzbekistan with suggestions on how to improve regulation, with specific emphasis on water resources. UNDP After the adoption of the Strategic Approach efforts have been launched to: - Develop projects in support of the Strategic Approach, directly aimed to achieve priorities B and C. - Increase coordination between activities related to the Montreal Protocol and persistent organic pollutants with other related to multilateral environmental agreements, integrating efforts to achieve synergies and coordination at the global and regional level. - Chemicals Proofing Guide to assist Global Environment Facility Focal Areas programmes and projects. - Overall, activities in the chemicals management field support various aspects of all five categories of the Overarching Policy Strategy. UNIDO i. Analysis of substances throughout their life cycle; identification and development of safer alternatives. ii. Information on the use of chemicals in industries is made available through methodologies and technologies aimed to reduce and control risk and hazards. iv. Activities in this work area include: Green industries initiative focused on promoting greater efficiency in the use of resources; implementation of programmes that promote cleaner technologies and preventive approaches; cleaner production programme through capacity building and dissemination activities; introduction of cleaner artisanal mining practices to reduce risk in relation to mercury; capacity building on persistent organic pollutants in the areas of best available techniques and best environmental practices; support for the implementation of projects funded under the Quick Start Programme in developing and transition countries. UNITAR Most work areas are covered through programmes and services to support initial capacity development in countries to implement the Strategic Approach. Main activities include: - Support for implementation of strategic priorities of the Quick Start Programme: advisory services and guidance to develop national profiles and capacity assessment activities. -Development and dissemination of guidance materials. - Organization of thematic workshops on the Strategic Approach, governance and multi-stakeholder participation. - Executing agency for 50-plus Quick Start Programme Trust Fund approved projects in developing and transition countries. - Offers specialized capacity building programmes in areas including: Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals, pollutant release and transfer registries, risk management for decision-making, mercury related activities, the Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions. UCT i. Several activities are geared towards reductions in risk and exposure, such as community interventions to reduce illegal use of pesticides, and promoting policy strategies to Government departments. ii. Electronic server for African pesticides regulators with general information on health effects, alternatives and risk reduction; production of pamphlets and policy briefs on pesticides issues; development of training material relevant to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals; production of risk communication materials on pesticide toxicity; conducts research on health and environmental effects of pesticides. iii. Efforts are ongoing to harmonize pesticides regulation in the African region. iv. Capacity building programme for pesticides regulators in Africa; development of e-learning programmes on pesticide management topics. v. Research on the use and sale of illegal pesticides in South Africa. WHO i. Developments of better methods to assess impacts of chemicals on health are aimed to set priorities for actions and monitoring of progress of the Strategic Approach. Work to promote safer alternatives to chemicals of concern. ii. Filling of gaps of scientific knowledge; development of harmonized methods for risk assessment; improve ability to access and apply scientific knowledge. iii. Facilitation of Strategic Approach implementation through the health sector. iv. Capacity building to address chemical incidents and events of poisoning. The WHO has a lead role in the Strategic Approach providing its expertise in health related issues. It is also the executing agency for several Quick Start Programme funded projects to support the strengthening of national capacities in several countries.
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