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Closing the Achievement Gap

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					Closing the Achievement Gap




                          1
      Statewide
Summer Reading Program




                         2
Library Summer Reading Program
 • State Library sponsors a Summer
   Reading Program for children and
   teens.
 • Research shows students in high
   need areas lose ground in summer
   with school out.
 • These losses add up each year.
 • This year’s summer reading program
   is called…
                                        3
4
5
6
7
8
    www.nysl.nysed.gov

Point To Statewide Summer Reading


                                    9
   www.nysl.nysed.gov

Point to Find Your Public Library




                                10
Students with Disabilities
       June 2007


                             11
      Achievement Is Up
• Achievement is up in grades 3-8
  English and math.
• Fewer students are educated in
  separate settings.
• More are taking and passing
  Regents Exams each year.
• More are graduating each year.
• More are earning Regents Diplomas.
• More are going to college than a
  decade ago.                     12
     But Problems Remain
• Black students are
  disproportionately classified in
  special education.
• Still, not enough students are in
  general education programs,
  especially in the Big 5 Cities.
• Overall, achievement is still too low,
  and the graduation rate is still low.
                                     13
Here are the Details




                       14
The special education classification rate is highest for
Black and American Indian students. Asian students are
very significantly underrepresented compared with all
other groups.
              Statewide Classification Rates of Students with Disabilities by Race/Ethnicity 2005. For
20%           example, this shows 15.1% of Black students are classified in special education, etc.
18%                                                                               16.6%
16%                        15.1%
                                              13.7%
14%
           11.7%                                                                                     12.3%
12%

10%

 8%

 6%                                                              4.7%
 4%

 2%

 0%

           White            Black           Hispanic            Asian           American           Statewide
      N:   214,661         94,263            85,300              10,307          Indian             Average
                                                                                    2,469           407,000
                                                  Classification Rate
                                                                                                         15
School-Age Integration




                         16
A decade ago, more students with disabilities were educated
in separate settings.

     Less than 2% in Separate Sites (122)

     2 to 4.3% (123)
     4.4 to 7% (124)
     More than 7% (325)




      Map shows 1996-97, by school district


                                                      17
    Less than 2% in Separate Sites (278)

    2 to 4.3% (183)
    4.4 to 7% (134)
    More than 7% (89)




Over the past decade, there has been a
significant reduction in the number of
districts placing more than 7% of students
with disabilities in separate settings. In 1997,
325 districts did so. Now 89 do.
                                                   18
                                                        6/6/07
Much larger percentages of students with disabilities are provided
special education services in separate classes and in separate settings
in the Big 5 Cities, compared to rest of State.
         Percent of School-Age Students with Disabilities (Ages 6-21) by Types of
                             Educational Settings, 2006-07
100%

 90%

 80%
           49.7%                                                 53.1%                      53.6%
 70%                                  56.4%

 60%

 50%        4.8%
 40%                                                             12.9%
                                      19.4%                                                 25.8%
 30%       33.5%
 20%                                                             24.6%
                                      17.9%
 10%                                                                                        16.6%
            9.0%                      4.3%                       6.8%
                   3.1%                       2.0%                       2.6%               4.0%
 0%
       Big Five Cities        Rest of State (Public)         NYS 2006-07          National 2005-06 (Other
                                                                                  Setting Data Are Not Yet
                                                                                         Available)
        In General Education Programs 80% or more of the School Day
        In General Education Programs between 40% and 79% of the School Day
        In General Education Programs less than 40% of the School Day
        Separate Settings
        In Other Settings (incarcerated, home-schooled and parentally placed in nonpublic schools)
                                                                                                     19
Grade 3-8 English




                    20
The percentage of students with disabilities
meeting the standards increased in 2007,
although results remained low.
          Percentage of Students                           Number Tested            2006           2007
         Scoring at Levels 3 and 4                                   Grade 3 = 23,811               26,692
                                                                     Grade 4 = 26,474               28,281
                                                                     Grade 5 = 28,987               29,985
                                                                     Grade 6 = 28,883               29,055
                                                                     Grade 7 = 29,237               29,842
                                                                     Grade 8 = 29,119               29,514
                                                                     Grades 3-8= 166,511           173,369
                                          29.1%
          28.0%




                          27.6%
 26.6%




                  26.5%




                                  26.6%




                                                                                                                       22.8%
                                                                                                               20.2%
                                                           19.7%




                                                                                  17.3%
                                                   16.8%




                                                                          16.1%




                                                                                                   15.6%
                                                                                           10.5%
 Grade 3          Grade 4         Grade 5          Grade 6                Grade 7          Grade 8           Grades 3-8


                                                  2006             2007
                                                                                                                               21
In every grade, fewer students with
disabilities showed serious academic
problems.
                                                   Percentage of Students Scoring at Levels 1
                 38.6%




                                                                                         38.5%
 37.3%

         34.8%




                                                                                                          34.6%
                         33.2%




                                                        33.0%




                                                                         32.9%
                                 28.0%




                                                                                                 25.4%




                                                                                                                  25.1%
                                                                                 24.3%
                                         21.5%




                                                                 12.4%




 Grade 3         Grade 4         Grade 5                Grade 6          Grade 7         Grade 8         Grades 3-8

                                                 2006           2007
                                                                                                                    22
In most categories, more students with disabilities met the
standards. Results varied widely among need/resource
categories. Students with disabilities in Low Need Districts
were much more likely to meet the standards.




                                                                                                      44.5%
    Percentage of Students Scoring at Level 3 and 4




                                                                                              40.3%
                                                                                      26.0%




                                                                                                                        22.8%
                                                                              22.6%




                                                                                                                20.2%
             17.5%




                                               17.1%




                                                                      17.0%
     15.2%




                                       15.1%




                                                              13.5%
                      12.6%

                              10.6%




  New York City      Large City        Urban-                   Rural         Average            Low          Total Public
                                      Suburban

                                                       2006           2007

                                                                                                                                23
The percentage of students with disabilities
showing serious academic problems
decreased in every need/resource category.

                                                      Percentage of Students Scoring at Level 1
                   45.8%
   40.8%




                                      40.8%




                                                          40.4%
                           39.2%




                                                                                                            34.6%
           30.6%




                                              30.3%




                                                                            28.5%
                                                                  27.2%




                                                                                                                    25.1%
                                                                                    19.3%



                                                                                            14.5%

                                                                                                    9.7%
 New York City     Large City      Urban-Suburban            Rural          Average             Low        Total Public

                                                       2006          2007
                                                                                                                    24
Grade 3-8 Math




                 25
The percentage of students with disabilities
meeting the math standards increased in 2007,
although the results overall are still far too low.
                                                             Number Tested 2006                  2007
    Percentage of Students                                        Grade 3 = 27,045               26,780
                                                                  Grade 4 = 29,043               28,327
   Scoring at Levels 3 and 4
                                                                  Grade 5 = 30,290               29,960
                                                                  Grade 6 = 30,077               29,040
                                                                  Grade 7 = 29,791               29,659
                                                                  Grade 8 = 29,539               29,305
                                                                  Grades 3-8= 175,785           173,071
            57.1%
    50.0%




                            47.2%
                    44.8%




                                            41.7%




                                                                                                                    37.2%
                                                             31.9%
                                    31.6%




                                                                                                            30.2%
                                                                                26.8%
                                                     21.6%




                                                                                                20.7%
                                                                        18.0%




                                                                                        17.1%
   Grade 3          Grade 4         Grade 5         Grade 6             Grade 7         Grade 8           Grades 3-8

                                                    2006             2007                                           26
In every grade, a smaller percentage of students
with disabilities showed serious academic
problems this year.
                                                  Percentage of Students Scoring at Level 1




                                                   44.4%




                                                                                          44.4%
                                                                          42.1%




                                                                                                  40.2%



                                                                                                           36.8%
                                  35.9%




                                                           33.5%
                  28.8%




                                                                                  28.6%




                                                                                                                   28.2%
                          24.8%
  23.7%




                                          23.7%
          17.5%




  Grade 3         Grade 4         Grade 5          Grade 6                Grade 7         Grade 8         Grades 3-8

                                                    2006           2007
                                                                                                                   27
Across grades 3-8, every need/resource
category improved. Students with disabilities
in Low Need Districts were 3 times as likely as
those in the Big 4 Cities to meet all the
standards.




                                                                                                   59.0%
                                        Percentage of Students
                                       Scoring at Levels 3 and 4




                                                                                           52.1%
                                                                                   41.1%




                                                                                                                     37.2%
                                                                           34.2%
           32.8%




                                                                31.2%




                                                                                                             30.2%
                                              28.9%
   24.8%




                                      24.7%




                                                        24.8%
                             18.1%
                     15.7%




New York City      Large City         Urban-             Rural             Average           Low           Total Public
                                     Suburban

                                                      2006          2007

                                                                                                                             28
Fewer students showed serious academic
problems across grades 3-8 in every
need/resource category. Students with
disabilities in the Big 4 Cities were about 4
times as likely as those in Low Need Districts
to show serious academic problems.
                     53.5%




                                                                        Percentage of Students
                             46.4%




                                                                          Scoring at Level 1
   43.7%




                                      42.0%




                                                        38.7%




                                                                                                             36.8%
                                              34.2%
           32.9%




                                                                29.9%



                                                                           29.7%




                                                                                                                     28.2%
                                                                                   23.0%



                                                                                           16.5%
                                                                                                   12.2%
New York City      Large City         Urban-             Rural             Average           Low           Total Public
                                     Suburban

                                                      2006          2007
                                                                                                                             29
Regents Examinations




                       30
Even with a tremendous increase in the number
of students with disabilities who take the Regents
English Exam each year, almost two-thirds pass
at 55.
                                                                                           20,081
                                                                                  18,949
                                                                        17,321
                                                         16,309
                                            15,366 14,101
                               13,518                                                      13,079
                     12,607                                                       12,144
                                                                         11,194
                               9,514        10,461            9,680                         9,767
                                                     8,606                         8,424
                                                                          8,305
                      7,545                 6,790
             5,647             4,969                            7,226
    4,419              4,154                          5,675
             4,175
    3,414   2,832
    2,499

      1997     1998     1999     2000    2001       2002     2003     2004       2005      2006

                                   Number with Score of 65-100
                                   Number with Score of 55-100
                                   Number Tested

                                                                                             31
  Even with a tremendous increase in the number
  of students with disabilities who take the Regents
  Math A Exam each year, 70% pass at 55.
                                                                                                                            24,483
                                                                                                                22,129

                                                                                                  19,015
                                            17,074                 18,468        16,826                                     17,127
                                                                           13,016                             15,000
                              13,304                                                               13,663                  12,284
                                                                                                   10,068        10,894
                                                     8,151                          7,709
                      8,327                                        8,267
                             6,773                                          4,867
          5,776       4,990                           6,039        5,736                   5,732
         3,421            4,028    4,871
                   2,675                                                        3,162


             1997        1998         1999        2000        2001        2002        2003        2004        2005        2006

                                                        Number with Score of 65-100
                                                        Number with Score of 55-100
                                                        Number Tested
*Results beginning in 1999 reflect students taking either of the two math examinations. Sequential Mathematics Course I examination
 was discontinued in 2002.
                                                                                                                                      32
Graduation vs. Dropping Out




                          33
More students with disabilities are
graduating, and more are earning Regents
Diplomas, even though they must pass
more challenging courses.




                                                                                                                11,790


                                                                                                                                 11,436


                                                                                                                                                  11,957
                                                                                               10,571
                                                               9,023


                                                                               9,031
                                               8,702
                               8,638
                 8,253
   7,699




                                                                                                                                                           5,366
                                                                                                                                          4,673
                                                                                                                         2,865
                                                                                                        2,257
                                                                                       1,839
                                                                       1,329
                                                       1,115
                                       864
                         774
           623




   1997          1998          1999            2000            2001            2002            2003             2004             2005             2006

                                             HS Graduates                      Regents Diplomas

           The increase in Regents diplomas in 2005 was especially large, because for the first time,
           students could earn a Regents Diploma passing 5 Regents Exams and an Advanced Regents
           Diploma with 8 Regents Exams.
                                                                                                                                                                   34
Students with disabilities graduate at lower rates than
general education students. Both groups benefit from a
fifth year of high school.
Student Group   Cohort       Regents/       IEP Diploma   Transfer to    Still      Dropout
                Enrollment   Local          & Other       GED            Enrolled
                             Diploma
                    All students who started 9th grade in 2001 after 4 years
Gen.Ed.         185,854      70.1%          0.0%          1.1%           14.8%      14.0%
Students
Students with   26,281       37.9%          14.2%         2.2%           20.3%      25.5%
Disabilities
                    All students who started 9th grade in 2001 after 5 years
Gen. Ed.        185,854      76.4%          0.1%          1.2%           4.7%       17.5%
Students
Students with   26,281       42.8%          18.8%         2.4%           7.3%       28.6%
Disabilities
                    All students who started 9th grade in 2002 after 4 years
Gen. Ed.        189,457      70.9%          0.1%          1.4%           14.7%      12.8%
Students
Students with   27,453       37.5%          14.8%         2.4%           23.1%      22.2%
Disabilities
                                                                                        35
Students with disabilities can succeed if they
have the needed resources. Five-year graduation
and dropout rates varied widely by need/resource
category.




                                                                                   79%
        Students who started 9th grade in 2001 after 5 years




                                                                     54%
                          48%




                                                                                               43%
         41%




                                     37%




                                                     37%
                                           30%




                                                                                                     29%
                                                           28%
                    26%




                                                                           21%
  20%




                                                                                         9%
   NYC           Large 4 Cities   Urban/Suburban Rural High Need   Average Need   Low Need    Total State




                                % High School Diploma              % Dropped Out
                                                                                                     36
The percentage of students with disabilities in
college in this State has increased modestly since
1997.
                    Number of Individuals with Disabilities and Percent of
                    Total Enrollment in NYS Institutions of Higher Education*
  45,000
                                                                       40,587   40,275
  40,000                                           37,793     38,027
                                         36,060                        3.6%      3.5%
  35,000                       34,041
                    30,593                3.4%      3.4%      3.4%
  30,000   28,174              3.3%
                    3.0%
  25,000   2.8%

  20,000
  15,000
  10,000
   5,000
      0
           1997     1999       2000       2001      2002      2003     2004     2005
                           *Data for 1998 are not available                             37
          Achievement Is Up
• Although overall achievement and graduation
  rates for students with disabilities are still too
  low –
• Achievement is up in grades 3-8 English and
  math.
• Fewer students are educated in separate
  settings.
• More are taking and passing Regents Exams
  each year.
• More are graduating each year.
• More are earning Regents Diplomas.
• More are going to college than a decade ago.
                                                  38
  But Serious Problems Remain

• Black students are disproportionately
  classified in special education.
• Still, not enough students are in general
  education programs, especially in the
  Big 5 Cities.
• Overall, achievement is still too low, and
  the graduation rate is still low.

                                         39
What the Regents and SED are Doing

• Targeting help to schools and
  districts that need it.
• Will identify successful schools
  and promote effective practices.
• Addressing needs in literacy,
  behavior, and inappropriate
  referrals.
                                     40
   Making Sure Students Can Read
• Difficulty in reading is a main reason students
  are classified in special education.
• To solve reading problems early, we use a
  “Response to Intervention” in reading in the
  early grades.
• Teachers use research-based strategies to teach
  all students to read, evaluate results, intensify
  instruction as needed– before they are classified
  in special education.
   – Included in proposed regulations
   – We will give guidance for schools on how to
     implement.
   – Will fund school-based RtI projects and State
     technical assistance center with $2 million in
     federal funds.                              41
     Solving Behavior Problems

• Behavior problems also cause unnecessary
  referrals to special education.
• To prevent that, we are using Positive
  Behavior Intervention and Supports (PBIS).
  Schools create clear schoolwide behavior
  policies, make the expectations clear to
  students, and intervene when they break the
  rules.
• Funding PBIS programs in districts that need
  it statewide -- $4 million.


                                           42
     Reducing Disproportionality
         By Race/Ethnicity
• To reduce disproportionate representation by
  race and ethnicity, we are trying to prevent
  inappropriate referrals to special education:
   – Funding a Statewide Technical Assistance
     Center on Disproportionality at New York
     University.
   – We require districts to review policies,
     procedures and practices if they have high
     rates of disproportionality.
                                            43
Students with Disabilities
       June 2007


                             44



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