Helping Kids Learn by Mythri

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									                     Helping Kids Learn




Governor Rod R. Blagojevich   Governor Rod R. Blagojevich
                                               Improving Education
             Introduction
  • For more than 25 years, Illinois
    schools were chronically neglected
    and consistently underfunded.

  • But in the last four budgets, we’ve
    increased education funding by
    record levels, raised standards,
    expanded preschool and cut red
    tape.

  • Our reform plan will build on our
    successes from the last four years
    and boldly move forward.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich               Improving Education
             1976-2002:
            Neglected and
         Underfunded Schools


Governor Rod R. Blagojevich   Improving Education
                                   Education Funding: 1976-2002
           • After accounting for inflation, state funding
             only increased by an average of 0.5% each
             year between FY76 and FY03.
                                   $6,000
       ISBE Funding, in millions




                                   $5,000


                                   $4,000


                                   $3,000


                                   $2,000


                                   $1,000


                                      $0
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Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                                                                                                  Improving Education
             Years of Declining Funding

    • In fact, in four different years under all three
      previous governors, funding actually went down.



      FY83                    FY88       FY92       FY03
     -$148 mil                -$75 mil   -$28 mil   -$165 mil

     Thompson                 Thompson    Edgar        Ryan



Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                         Improving Education
             Where the Money Went
      • Instead of dedicating money to Illinois
        schools, previous governors wasted state
        taxpayer dollars on:

          – A bloated payroll of up to 70,000
            employees.

          – Corporate Loopholes costing our schools
            over $500 million a year.

          – Special Purpose Funds that put funds
            special interests ahead of funds for
            schools.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                     Improving Education
                 2003-2006
             Helping Kids Learn



Governor Rod R. Blagojevich   Improving Education
             Helping Kids Learn
     • By working together, Governor Blagojevich and
       the General Assembly have taken major steps to
       help our schools, including:

         – $3.8 billion in new funding for schools.

         – Higher graduation requirements for the first
           time in 21 years.

         – Launching “Preschool for All” so that every 3
           and 4 year old will be able to attend
           preschool.

Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                      Improving Education
                                               More Money for Schools
                                         • 4 Years: $3.8 billion in new funding
 New Education Funding, in billions




                                      $1,600
                                                                                    $1,534

                                      $1,200
                                                                       $1,119

                                       $800
                                                            $789

                                       $400
                                                 $400                                             $3.8
                                                        +          +            +            =   Billion
                                         $0
                                                 FY04       FY05        FY06         FY07

Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                                                            Improving Education
                                    Education Funding After 2002
                  • After adjusting for inflation, we’ve increased
                    spending six times faster than the previous
                    administrations.
                                   $7,000
       ISBE Funding, in millions




                                   $6,000

                                   $5,000

                                   $4,000

                                   $3,000

                                   $2,000

                                   $1,000

                                      $0
                                        76

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Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                                 Improving Education
             How Do We Compare

      • After four years, Governor Edgar had only
        increased education funding by 10%.

      • After four years, Governor Ryan had only
        increased education funding by 12%.

      • After four years, we have increased state
        education funding by 27%, dedicating more new
        money than any administration in Illinois
        history.

Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                   Improving Education
             Changing Priorities

     • We changed state priorities so the budget
       worked for our schools and our students.

         – The state payroll is 13,000 employees smaller,
           saving over $800 million a year.

         – We transferred more than $1 billion from
           Special Purpose Funds for schools without
           reducing their balance.

         – We closed corporate loopholes, generating
           hundred of millions of dollars.

Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                     Improving Education
             Preschool for All
  • We launched Preschool for All, increasing funding
    by $135 million since 2002 – a 75% increase in
    funding.

  • The program ultimately expands preschool to
    every 3 and 4-year-old in Illinois.




Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                 Improving Education
             Other Accomplishments
    • We raised high school graduation requirements
      for the first time in over two decades, requiring
      students to take more math, science, reading and
      writing intensive courses.

    • We raised the dropout age to 17 and reduced the
      dropout rate to its lowest level ever -- 4%.

    • We eliminated the teacher certification backlog
      and cut more than 500 pages of unneeded rules
      and red tape.

    • We expanded meal subsidies to 40,000 more
      children.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                   Improving Education
                    The Next Steps



Governor Rod R. Blagojevich          Improving Education
             The Next Steps

     •    To continue to improve our schools, we have
          to ask ourselves, “What does a child need to
          learn?” They need:
         1. A Good Place to Learn
         2. Strong Teachers and Administrators
         3. Quality Materials
         4. Enough Time to Learn
         5. The Financial Resources to Get It Done


Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                    Improving Education
             Performance Accountability
     • We're going to use some of the increase in state
       resources to target specific areas in our school
       system that have historically underperformed.

     • But these resources will not just be given away.

     • We’re going to target this funding towards
       services we know will make a difference for
       struggling kids.

     • And we're going to take over failing school
       districts that refuse to embrace reforms and
       make changes.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                   Improving Education
        A Good Place to Learn
             1. Fund School Construction
             2. Create Small Schools and Identity Schools
             3. Encourage District Consolidation




Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                        Improving Education
             Fund School Construction
         PROBLEM: Too many of our students are learning in
         old school buildings with overcrowded classrooms.

     • Our school construction program has a five-year
       waiting list of schools that need significant
       renovations or even full replacement.

     • We need to fund school
       construction to build
       new schools and repair
       those existing schools
       that can be repaired.

Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                      Improving Education
             Fund School Construction
      • Our plan proposes $1.5 billion in new school
        construction funding for schools across
        Illinois.

      • This money will help growing schools expand
        and help schools with outdated facilities
        upgrade.




Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                   Improving Education
             Small Schools
          PROBLEM: Different schools have different needs.
          Our schools need to be designed individually to
          help their students learn and perform better.

      • One emerging reform is “Small Schools,” where a
        larger school building is broken up into several
        independent schools operating within the larger
        building.

      • These small schools are designed to be more
        specialized and devote more personal attention to
        individual students. We would help school districts
        create “Small Schools” both financially and
        logistically.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                       Improving Education
             Identity Schools
   • We should also create “Identity Schools.”

   • “Identity Schools” are focused around a theme
     chosen by the school like arts, technology,
     language or agriculture. This gives students
     training and focus in specific areas.

   • The State would be there to provide
     the resources and funding that
     a school would need to
     successfully undergo this
     major transformation.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                  Improving Education
             District Consolidation
          PROBLEM: There are 875 districts around the state,
          each with its own curriculum. By the time many of
          those students come together for high school,
          teachers have a tough time getting them on the
          same page.

     • In some areas with multiple elementary districts,
       ninth grade teachers have to spend months just
       trying to figure out what preparation students had
       in their elementary schools.

     • Forming unit districts with one curriculum can
       help lead to more aligned learning.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                       Improving Education
             District Consolidation
      • Some districts can’t form unit districts under
        the new law because their property taxes are
        too high.

      • New funding incentives would be set up to
        help those school districts lower their
        property tax rates, and form unit districts.




Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                     Improving Education
           Strong Teachers and
              Administrators
                  1. Affording Special Ed Teachers
                  2. Educator Mentoring Programs
                  3. Improve Education Colleges
                  4. Performance Pay for Teachers


Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                          Improving Education
             Strong Teachers

     • Studies have consistently shown that,
       controlling for demographics, students with
       access to good, well-equipped teachers do
       better than students without.

                              • Teacher quality is
                                critical, and so is the
                                quality of the principals
                                providing
                                leadership in the
                                schools.

Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                      Improving Education
             Affording Special Ed Teachers
        PROBLEM: Schools are required by law to provide
        special education teachers, but they often don’t
        have enough funding to cover the cost.


                              • In the long term, our
                                investment in preschool
                                will help reduce special
                                education costs (preschool
                                reduces the need for
                                special education by 41%).


Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                      Improving Education
             Affording Special Ed Teachers
   • But in the short term, we need to keep increasing
     funding for the children who need it most.

   • Increasing state funding for mandated
     categoricals from 97% to 100%, and increasing
     the state's rate for personnel reimbursement by
     several thousand dollars, will help school
     districts across the state, including many
     suburban districts.

   • Schools are already required by federal law to
     provide these services. We need to give them the
     resources to help them afford it.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                  Improving Education
             Educator Mentoring Programs
       PROBLEM: Teachers and administrators need to
       stay up to speed on the best teaching techniques.

  • This year, Illinois started funding teacher and
    principal mentoring programs, and continued to
    fund the Grow Your Own teacher program.

  • More funding for those programs means better
    teachers and better student performance.

  • This plan requires better and stricter mentoring for
    school district superintendents, aligning them with
    requirements for teachers and principals.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                       Improving Education
             Improve Education Colleges
        PROBLEM: The colleges that teach our teachers are
        not training new teachers in the subjects our
        schools and our students need the most.

  • Right now there are teacher shortages in some
    areas and surpluses in others.

  • This plan provides incentives for
    colleges of education that produce
    graduates trained to teach in the
    areas our schools need.


Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                     Improving Education
             Performance Pay for Teachers
        PROBLEM: Teachers and schools are not rewarded
        for positive performance, so good teachers and bad
        teachers are compensated similarly.

      • We should be a national leader in offering
        performance pay for teachers.

                              • We must work with teacher
                                unions and management to
                                reward teachers and schools
                                whose students show academic
                                improvement.

Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                         Improving Education
                 Quality Materials
                   1. Improve Textbook Quality
                   2. Improve Technology
                   3. Improve School Libraries
                   4. Improve CTE Curriculum



Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                      Improving Education
             Improve Textbook Quality

      PROBLEM: 80% of school districts currently use
      books that are over 8 years old.

 • We will require districts to replace their
   textbooks on a six-year cycle.

 • We would provide an additional $40
   million to replace old textbooks on a
   shorter cycle.

 • We will distribute funds first to
   the districts that need new books the
   most.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                     Improving Education
             Improve Technology

      PROBLEM: Right now, many of our classrooms are
      out-of-date because many districts don’t have the
      resources to buy new technology that’s available.

     • By making a real commitment to providing
       cutting edge technology in classrooms serving
       low-performing students, we can help to reach
       kids in a whole new way.

     • We also need teachers trained to use the new
       equipment and technology.


Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                     Improving Education
             Improve Technology
     • For example, some internet services provide
       video on demand for a wide range of academic
       subject areas.

     • Others provide practice in
       reading and mathematics
       on a computerized program
       that provides continual
       feedback and progress reports.

     • Other programs allow parents to track
       assignments and news about the school.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                 Improving Education
             Improve School Libraries

      PROBLEM: Teachers need libraries with better
      materials and resources to help teach their students.

   • Students and teachers need school
     libraries with better materials and
     resources.

   • Funding can also be used to
     provide materials for programs like
     arts and education, band
     instruments, and other activities.
   • This plan provides resources for schools to
     upgrade their libraries and hire new librarians.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                       Improving Education
             Improve CTE Curriculum

      PROBLEM: Our state curriculum for most Career
      and Technical Education (CTE) is outdated.

   • Successful CTE programs help students learn
     job skills so they can go on to higher education
     and get jobs that pay well.

   • We’ve committed funding to update the
     curriculum, but we need to make sure schools
     have the resources to actually teach the new
     curriculum.

Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                    Improving Education
         Enough Time to Learn
                  1. Continue Preschool Funding
                  2. Offer Full-Day Kindergarten
                  3. Expand After-School Tutoring
                  4. Extend the School Year
                  5. Improve Parental Involvement

Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                         Improving Education
                                        Continue Preschool Funding
                                       We have increased pre-K funding by
                                       almost 75% over the last four years.
    State Early Childhood Spending,




                                      $350

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                                      $250
               in millions




                                      $200

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Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                                                   Improving Education
             Continue Preschool Funding
    • Illinois is already a national model for
      preschool, and one of the top states for
      providing preschool to at-risk kids.

    • We know that kids who attend preschool are
      better at reading and writing, less likely to be in
      special ed, more likely to graduate high school,
      and less likely to get in trouble.




Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                      Improving Education
             Continue Preschool Funding

      PROBLEM: There are still thousands of at-risk and
      middle class kids who don’t have preschool yet,
      especially three year olds who need a head start.

     • That’s why we need to continue
       funding Preschool for All until
       all 3- and 4-year-old children
       have the opportunity to enroll in
       a high-quality preschool
       program.



Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                      Improving Education
             Offer Full-Day Kindergarten
      PROBLEM: Even though some kids need more time
      to learn and develop, there are still schools that
      don’t offer full day kindergarten.

      • Illinois already funds full-day kindergarten
        better than most states in the country.

      • Full-day kindergarten
        students here are treated
        like any other full-time
        student in the K-12 system.


Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                      Improving Education
             Offer Full-Day Kindergarten
     • Some districts – particularly in Chicago and the
       collar counties – have a hard time making the
       transition to full-day kindergarten where they
       don’t have it.

     • The way the formula currently works, the
       district’s expenses increase two years before it
       gets the additional money from the state.

     • Transitional funding would help districts that
       don’t have full-day kindergarten begin providing
       it.

Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                    Improving Education
             Mandatory After School Tutoring
      PROBLEM: For some kids, the regular school day is
      not enough time to learn what they need to know.

   • After school tutoring has been proven to be
     effective, and helps students keep up through the
     school year.

   • No Child Left Behind requires tutoring, but doesn’t
     fund it.

   • We have to provide the funding and resources to
     offer more tutoring programs, and we have to
     ensure that students who need after school
     tutoring take advantage of it.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                     Improving Education
             Extend the School Year
      PROBLEM: Kids at risk of academic failure lose
      significant ground over the summer break.

 • By extending the school year and upgrading summer
   school programs, the state can make sure that kids
   don’t fall behind over the summer.

 • Summer school gives students a chance to learn
   subjects they’ve had problems with in smaller groups.

 • We will help underperforming districts extend their
   teacher contracts by at least a month, so that schools
   can plan for and implement a 10+ month school year.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                     Improving Education
             Improve Parental Involvement
      PROBLEM: If parents aren’t involved in their kids’
      education, it’s tougher for a child to do well in school.


     • Programs that train parents to advocate for
       their children, help create websites that assist
       parents in steering their kids through school,
       and help parents keep track of their kids’
       assignments and progress all help parents
       get involved.




Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                          Improving Education
             Improve Parental Involvement

     • By funding classes and programs at the
       school for parents to attend, the state can
       help schools get parents more involved in
       their kids’ education.

     • In addition, a statewide council on parent
       leadership could help parents share ideas
       and communicate with state and local
       education officials.



Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                    Improving Education
    The Financial Resources
      to Get the Job Done
                  1. Increase the Foundation Level
                  2. Reduce Administrative Costs
                  3. Funding Our Plan in Year One
                  4. Funding Our Plan Over Four Years


Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                          Improving Education
                           Increase the Foundation Level
                      • Over the last four budgets, we’ve increased the
                        foundation level by $774.
                      $5,600

                      $5,400

                      $5,200
   Foundation Level




                      $5,000

                      $4,800

                      $4,600

                      $4,400

                      $4,200

                      $4,000
                               FY00   FY01   FY02   FY03   FY04   FY05   FY06    FY07

Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                                               Improving Education
             Increase the Foundation Level
  • Increasing the foundation level is a necessity in
    any education reform plan to make sure that
      schools with the greatest needs receive the
      funding they require to operate.

  • Many schools have shown they can help their
    students succeed, and we need to help them
    cover rising costs with increased support.

  • But when students aren’t succeeding, we’re
    not just going to just give schools more
    money -- we’re going to target the money to
    programs that will make a difference.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                   Improving Education
             Reduce Administrative Costs
      PROBLEM: Districts need to cut their administrative
      costs to put more money into the classroom.

     • If a district cuts administrative costs, they can
       pass those savings on to taxpayers.

     • By consolidating procurement, health insurance,
       and construction, we can lower costs and put
       more money in the classroom.

     • We would also require districts to publish their
       spending on administrative costs directly onto
       property tax bills.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                      Improving Education
             Funding Our Plan in Year One
     •    In year one, we will invest $1 billion:

     1.   Increase the Foundation Level:            $250 million

     2.   Increase Special Education Funding:       $200 million

     3.   School Construction Debt Service:          $50 million

     4.   Preschool Expansion:                       $60 million

     5.   Programs for Underperforming Students:    $200 million

     6.   Textbook replacement:                      $40 million

     7.   Other reforms:                            $200 million

Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                          Improving Education
                                     Funding Our Plan Over Four Years
              • Over four years, we will provide $6 billion to
                fulfill this education reform plan (not counting
                total capital for school construction.)
                                     $2.50
        Total Funding, in billions




                                     $2.00
                                                                         $2.00


                                     $1.50                     $1.65

                                                      $1.35
                                     $1.00
                                             $1.00


                                     $0.50



                                     $0.00
                                             Year 1   Year 2   Year 3    Year 4
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                                             Improving Education
                  Moving Forward




Governor Rod R. Blagojevich    Improving Education
             Take Over Failing Districts

       • We will give the districts every resource and
         every opportunity to take advantage of these
         new programs and turn themselves around.

       • But we will not stand by if schools don’t use
         these resources and still don’t succeed. We
         will get tough on failure.

       • If that means aggressively taking over failing
         school districts, then that’s what the state
         must do.


Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                     Improving Education
             Take Over Failing Districts
     • Every district should know that the first time it
       hears from the state, the state will be offering help
       and advice.

     • We will bring in management teams to provide
       training and guidance to administrators in failing
       schools, and stay there until it’s done right.

     • But if the district turns down the help, and student
       performance still doesn’t improve, then the state
       will take over the district.

     • For example, in Calumet Park, the state is already
       stepping in to make sure special ed students get
       the teaching they need.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                       Improving Education
             Long-Term Planning

  • The state should create a truly meaningful council of
    elected officials, education, business, and community
    leaders to help shape long-term education policy.

  • The intent of the council is to develop a long term,
    comprehensive plan for education at every level in
    Illinois, p-16, for decades to come.

  • The council would build on the accomplishments and
    progress of the past four years and continue the
    process of ensuring that Illinois will lead the nation in
    the quality of education it offers its children.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                       Improving Education
             Moving Forward
     • There's no magic formula that fixes our schools
       and helps our kids learn.

     • But if we give our kids better places to learn,
       good teachers, better materials, and enough
       time and attention, odds are they'll improve.

     • That's what this plan attempts to do, through a
       combination of new ideas and doing a better
       job with the things we already know.

     • It will take hard work, cooperation, a tolerance
       for change, and time. But with enough of each,
       we can do it.
Governor Rod R. Blagojevich                       Improving Education

								
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