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LSE Aspects and Impacts

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					                                       2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register


      Area                                          Aspect



Construction and
refurbishment      Ground investigation - drilling / trial pitting




Construction and
refurbishment      Site clearance




Construction and
refurbishment      Foundation excavations




Construction and
refurbishment      Drainage excavations


Construction and
refurbishment      Foundations - concreting




Construction and
refurbishment      Drainage installation


Construction and
refurbishment      Use of unsustainable materials in construction



Construction and
refurbishment      Presence of asbestos on site
                                       2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register




Construction and
refurbishment      Demolition of existing buildings

Construction and
refurbishment      Use of renewable materials during construction


Construction and
refurbishment      Recycling of materials during construction

Construction and
refurbishment      Installation of energy efficient lighting


Construction and
refurbishment      Paint used by contractors for external and internal decoration


Water              Water consumption


Water              Rain water run off to ground water




                   Effluent disposal (use of municipal water - bathrooms / cleaners,
Water              discharge of effluent to sewers)




Waste              Production of hazardous waste




Waste              Disposal of hazardous waste




Waste              Storage of hazardous waste
                          2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register




        WEEE waste production and disposal Examples:Computer
        Monitors, Fridges & Freezers, TV’s, Paints, Adhesives,
        Fluorescent Tubes, Chemicals, Clinical, Oil, Fuel, Oily Rags,
Waste   Batteries, Inks.




Waste   Management of waste administration / consignment notes


Waste   Coding of hazardous waste




Waste   Management and usage of waste contractors




Waste   Production of food waste




Waste   Disposal of food waste



Waste   Recycling / reuse of food waste (composting)


        Production of paper waste (including envelopes, cardboard,
        coloured paper, greaseproof/plasticised paper, books, yellow
Waste   pages, etc)



        Disposal of paper waste (including envelopes, cardboard, coloured
Waste   paper, greaseproof/plasticised paper, books, yellow pages, etc)


        Paper recycling (including envelopes, cardboard, coloured paper,
Waste   greaseproof/plasticised paper, books, yellow pages, etc)




Waste   Production of glass waste




Waste   Disposal of glass waste
                           2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register




Waste    recycling of glass waste




Waste    Damaged parts and equipment, NON WEEE waste.




Waste    Disposal of confidential waste




         On site electricity generation through the use of Combined Heat
Energy   and Power




         Reduction in electricity consumption (from National Grid) through
Energy   electrical energy efficiency improvement projects

         Reduction in gas consumption through gas energy effiency
Energy   improvement projects




         Use of electricity derived from renewable sources via Green
Energy   Electricity contracts
                               2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register




Energy      Diesel combustion by portable machinery




            Electricity use by electrical equipment, supplied by the National
Energy      Grid




Energy      Gas use by combustion engines




Energy      Gas use for Combined Heat and Power
            Noise Generation (by oil fired generators and portable gardening
Energy      equipment)
            Odour Generation (by oil fired generators and portable gardening
Energy      equipment)




Energy      Oil use by combustion installations




Transport   Use of fossil fuel in transport
                                     2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register




Transport         transport emissions to air (land)

                  Promotion of cycle use - on site cycle maintenance, salary
Transport         sacrifice, business mileage, showers for cyclists




Transport         Car parking on-site



Emissions &
Discharges        Emissions from work related travel



Emissions &
Discharges        Emissions from commuting

Emissions &       Extinguishants emissions from fire protection equipment -
Discharges        accidental leakage, test, disposal or use


Emissions &
Discharges        Air conditioning usage

Emissions &       Refrigerant leakage from air conditioning units and redundant
Discharges        refrigerators.

Emissions &
Discharges        Emissions from cleaning activities

Emissions &       Emissions from Print Shop activities including Solvent and VOC
Discharges        emissions



Health, W&S and
EMS&Community     Implementation of Environmental Policy



Health, W&S and
EMS&Community     Implementation of environmental objectives and targets
                                    2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register




Health, W&S and
EMS&Community     Implementation of environmental legislation register




Health, W&S and   Implementation of environmental training programme, including
EMS&Community     environmental incidents and emergencies



Health, W&S and   Education for sustainable development - transmission of
EMS&Community     knowledge to students



Health, W&S and
EMS&Community     Environmental Management system in place
Health, W&S and   Creation of new green spaces / improvement of existing green
EMS&Community     spaces
Health, W&S and
EMS&Community     Partnerships wiht local environmental groups
Health, W&S and
EMS&Community     Biodiversity projects in the local community

Health, W&S and
EMS&Community     Consulting with local community

Health, W&S and   Promotion of environmental activity through press releases to local
EMS&Community     papers

Purchasing        Use of hardwood from non-sustainable forests


                  Purchase of IT consumables (e.g. printer cartridges, floppy discs,
Purchasing        CDs) used in offices throughout the organisation.




Purchasing        Buying non-sustainable products


                  University Purchasing Policy including Environmental and
Purchasing        Sustainability policy
                               2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register




Purchasing   Procurement of 'Green goods and services'
             Buying recycled paper and stationery for from sustainably
Purchasing   managed sources


             Procurement of waste management services (focus on reycling
Purchasing   and waste minimisation efforts)


Purchasing   Buying locally sourced / fair trade products


             Supplier engagement (evaluating supplier environmental
Purchasing   credentials)
                                       2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register


                             Impact                                 Normal    Abnormal   Emergency

The identification of environmental aspects requiring mitigation
within the proposal, e.g. presence of contaminants, methane,
groundwater etc, Will require controls for disposal of
contaminated spoil and protection of groundwater.                   1 (N/A)   2 (Neg)    2 (Neg)
Loss of habitat resulting in reduced localised species diversity.
Contamination of groundwater with petrol, diesel, oil, salt and
heavy metals such as lead and platinum. Loss of ground water
as a resource. Possible entry of the above into drinking water
supplies – damaging human health. Possible entry into
freshwater and soil ecosystems leading to reduction in species
diversity.                                                          7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)    3 (Neg)

Disturbance of habitats and ground water leading to loss of
habitat and therefore resulting in reduced localised species
diversity. Contamination of groundwater with petrol, diesel, oil,
salt and heavy metals such as lead and platinum. Disturbance
of contaminated ground which will require controls for disposal of
contaminated spoil and protection of groundwater.                  7 (Neg)    7 (Neg)    7 (Neg)

Disturbance of habitats and ground water leading to loss of
habitat and therefore resulting in reduced localised species
diversity. Contamination of groundwater with petrol, diesel, oil,
salt and heavy metals such as lead and platinum. Possible entry
of the above into drinking water supplies – damaging human
health. Possible entry into freshwater and soil ecosystems
leading to reduction in species diversity. Disturbance of
contaminated ground which will require controls for disposal of
contaminated spoil and protection of groundwater.                 7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)    7 (Neg)

Depletion of natural resources. Contribution to global warming
through transport emissions and emissions during construction
resulting from the release of CO² into atmosphere.                  7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)    7 (Neg)

Depletion of natural resources. Contribution to global warming
through transport emissions and emissions during construction
resulting from the release of CO² into atmosphere. Disturbance
of habitats and ground water leading to loss of habitat and
therefore resulting in reduced localised species diversity.
Contamination of groundwater with petrol, diesel, oil, salt and
heavy metals such as lead and platinum. Possible entry of the
above into drinking water supplies – damaging human health.
Possible entry into freshwater and soil ecosystems leading to
reduction in species diversity. Disturbance of contaminated
ground which will require controls for disposal of contaminated
spoil and protection of groundwater                                 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)    7 (Neg)

Depletion of natural resources. Contribution to global warming
through transport emissions and emissions during construction
resulting from the release of CO² into atmosphere.                 7 (Neg)    7 (Neg)    7 (Neg)
Potential release of asbestos fibres into the atmosphere resulting
in potential damage to human health. Potential waste disposal
issues leading to global warming through landfill gas or
incinerator emissions resulting from the release of CO² into
atmosphere                                                         7 (Neg)    7 (Neg)    7 (Neg)
                                        2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register


Release of contaminants into the atmosphere resulting in
potential damage to human health and localised species.
Contribution to global warming through transport emissions and
emissions during construction resulting from the release of CO²
into atmosphere.                                                      7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Conservation of finite resources therefore lessening CO2
emissions into the atmosphere which contributes to global
warming.                                                              5 (Pos)   4 (Pos)   5 (Pos)
Conservation of finite resources therefore lessening CO2
emissions into the atmosphere which contributes to global
warming. Reduces waste to land fill therefore reducing methane
emission which contribute to global warming.                          2 (Pos)   2 (Pos)   4 (Pos)
Increased energy efficiency ultimately leading to decreased
global warming through decreased burning of fossil fuels to
generate power and heat.                                              7 (Pos)   7 (Pos)   7 (Pos)

Impact generated early in product life-cycle. Solvent based
paints emit VOCs during use, aggravating local air quality. Paint
is also harmful to human health                                       7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Water resource depletion
Use of chlorine / ozone in treatment and potential risk of damage
to human health and ecosystems.                                       7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Potential release of nitrates, phosphates and organic elements to
local watercourses, leading to fish death and reduced species
diversity.                                                            7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Possible breaches of disposal agreements. • Human health and
safety issues, potential for spillage into the surrounding
environment. Inadequate storage/containment leading to
increased risk of pollution to local and wider environment. •
Pollution through emissions/effluent to air, land or water from
production process, production related energy usage which
releases emissions and discharges to land, water or air causing
pollution to the environment. • Increased risk of damaging bio-
diversity at a local and national level. Potential release of
nitrates, phosphates and organic effluents to local watercourses,
leading to fish death and reduced species diversity. Loss of
water as a natural resource use of chlorine / ozone in treatment
and potential risk of damage to human health and ecosystems •
Aesthetics, nuisance                                                  7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
•Depletion of natural resources. Contribution to global warming
through production of materials using finite resources resulting
from CO² emissions into atmosphere. Pollution from
emissions/effluent to air, land or water from production process,
production                                                            7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and
incineration) Habitat loss and reduced biodiversity. Potential
contamination of land i.e. eco-toxicity (soil contamination due to
use as landfill), air (odour) and water (leachate), with associated
                                                                     7 (Neg)    7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Potential spillage or leakage could contribute to ecotoxicity (toxic
liquid chemicals) resulting in damage to local bio-diversity, global
warming (HFCs, CFCs, HCFCs), harm to human health
(hazardous substances), local air quality (VOCs), ozone
depletion                                                            7 (Neg)    7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                                        2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register


• Breaches of environmental legislation. • Human environment,
health and safety issues, potential for spillage into the
surrounding environment leading to pollution to land or water.
Inadequate storage/containment leading to increased risk of
pollution                                                             6 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Reduced risk of pollution to the local environment through
improvement of waste management facilities e.g. correct
disposal, storage and promotion of waste reduction through
education and awareness training. This should lead to reduced
waste treatment proces                                                7 (Pos)   7 (Pos)   7 (Pos)
 Reduce fly-tipping - unauthorised disposal of waste resulting in
damage to the local and national biodiversity. •Reducing risk of
any breachs of legislation.                                           4 (Pos)   7 (Pos)   7 (Pos)
Increased transport on site and to and from site leading to
emissions of CO² and other gasses to air and impact on bio-
diversity from increased traffic. Nuisance through noise
pollution. Potential fly-tipping - unauthorised disposal of waste
resulting in pollution                                                7 (Pos)   7 (Pos)   7 (Pos)
Contribution to global warming through production processes
using finite resources resulting from CO² emissions into
atmosphere. Potential of deforestation, loss of soil productivity
and pollution from intensive farming and food miles may lead to
increase                                                              7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and
incineration) Habitat loss and reduced biodiversity. Potential
contamination of land i.e. eco-toxicity (soil contamination due to
use as landfill), air (odour) and water (leachate), with associated
                                                                      7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Reduces waste to land fill, Reduced methane emission,
Produces organic fertilisers which can enhance soil productivity

                                                                      4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)   3 (Pos)
Contribution to global warming through production processes
using finite resources resulting from CO² emissions into
atmosphere. Deforestation - Habitat loss and reduced
biodiversity. (extent of negative impacts lessened if paper is
sourced from sustainable sources or is recycled paper)                7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Energy and resource use from waste treatment processes
(landfill and incineration) Habitat loss and reduced biodiversity,
Contamination of land, air (odour) and water (leachate). Global
warming due to the production of methane (or 'landfill') gas.
Negative impact on local air quality                                  7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Reduced waste to landfill. Reduced deforestation and erosion,
and loss of habitat. Global warming due to the emission of C02
and resource use from transport and recycling processes.
                                                                      5 (Pos)   4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)
Contribution to global warming through production processes
using finite resources resulting from CO² emissions into
atmosphere. Resource extraction (sand, soda ash, limestone,
dolomite and feldspar). Habitat loss and reduced biodiversity
                                                                      7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and
incineration) Habitat loss and reduced biodiversity. Potential
contamination of land, air (odour) and water (leachate). Global
warming due to the production of methane (or 'landfill') gas.
Poor lo                                                               7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                                         2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register


Reduced waste to landfill. Reduced deforestation and erosion,
and loss of habitat. Global warming due to the emission of C02
and resource use from transport and recycling processes.

                                                                        4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)
Most waste is landfilled, with associated impacts including: eco-
toxicity (soil contamination due to use as landfill); global warming
due to the production of methane (or 'landfill') gas; water
pollution from landfill 'leachate'; and nuisance (e.g. odour)
                                                                        7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and
incineration). Habitat loss and reduced biodiversity
Contamination of land, air (odour) and water (leachate) Global
warming due to the production of methane (or 'landfill') gas. Poor
local air quality leading to potential human health risks
                                                                        7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Reduction of CO2 emissions reducing the contribution to climate
change and global warming.Reduction of nitrogen oxide
emission reducing the production of photochemical smog and
associated reudction in air quality. More efficient use of finite gas
and oil resources, through improved combustion
efficiency.Reduction of sulphur dioxide generation, reducing the
damage to human respiratory health and formation of acid rain
and asosciated forest decline and lake acidification.
                                                                        5 (Pos)   4 (Pos)   5 (Pos)
Reduction of CO2 emissions reducing the contribution to climate
change and global warming.Reduction of nitrogen oxide
emission reducing the production of photochemical smog and
associated reudction in air quality. More efficient use of finite gas
and oil resources, through improved combustion
efficiency.Reduction of sulphur dioxide generation, reducing the
damage to human respiratory health and formation of acid rain
and asosciated forest decline and lake acidification.
                                                                7 (Pos)           7 (Pos)   7 (Pos)
Conservation of finite gas and oil resources. Reduction of CO2
emissions reducing the contribution to climate change, global
warming and quality of life and biodiversity.                   7 (Pos)           7 (Pos)   7 (Pos)
Reduction of CO2 emissions reducing the contribution to climate
change and global warming.Reduction of nitrogen oxide
emission reducing the production of photochemical smog and
associated reudction in air quality. This reduces the damage to
human health, damage to plants and reduction of biodiversity.
Reduction of sulphur dioxide generation, reducing the damage to
human respiratory health and formation of acid rain and
asosciated forest decline and lake acidification.
                                                                6 (Pos)           4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)
                                        2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register


Production of CO2 leading to climate change and global warming
resulting in sea level rise, changing weather patterns, increased
incidence of pest / diseases, damage to human health / quality of
life and biodiversity. Production of oxides of nitrogen leading to
photochemical smog formation, resulting in damage to human
health, damage to plants and reduction of biodiversity.Production
of sulphur dioxide leading to damage to human respiratory health
and formation of acid rain resulting in forest decline and lake
acidification.Production of carbon monoxide and volatile organic
carbons resulting in damage to human respiratory health.
Production of PM (particulate measure) 10 and PM2.5
particulates resulting in damage to human respiratory
health.Depletion of finite gas and oil resources.
                                                                      3 (Neg)   4 (Neg)   5 (Neg)
Production of CO2 leading to climate change and global warming
resulting in sea level rise, changing weather patterns, increased
incidence of pest / diseases, damage to human health / quality of
life and biodiversity. Depletion of finite gas and oil
resources.Production of oxides of nitrogen leading to
photochemical smog formation, resulting in damage to human
health, damage to plants and reduction of biodiversity.Production
of sulphur dioxide leading to damage to human respiratory health
and formation of acid rain resulting in forest decline and lake
acidification.                                                        6 (Neg)   5 (Neg)   5 (Neg)
Depletion of finite gas and oil resources.Production of CO2
leading to climate change and global warming resulting in sea
level rise, changing weather patterns, increased incidence of
pest / diseases, damage to human health / quality of life and
biodiversity.                                                         5 (Neg)   6 (Neg)   5 (Neg)
Depletion of finite gas and oil resources.Production of CO2
leading to climate change and global warming resulting in sea
level rise, changing weather patterns, increased incidence of
pest / diseases, damage to human health / quality of life and
biodiversity.                                                         5 (Neg)   4 (Neg)   3 (Neg)
Generation of nuisance in the local environment including
distrubance to neighbours and habitats.                               2 (Neg)   2 (Neg)   2 (Neg)
Generation of nuisance in the local environment including
distrubance to neighbours.                                            2 (Neg)   2 (Neg)   3 (Neg)
Production of CO2 leading to climate change and global
warming. Depletion of finite oil resources. Production of oxides of
nitrogen leading to photochemical smog formation.Production of
sulphur dioxide leading to damage to human respiratory health
and formation of acid rain resulting in forest decline and lake
acidification. Production of PM10 and PM2.5 particulates
resulting in damage to human respiratory health.
                                                                      3 (Neg)   2 (Neg)   2 (Neg)
Production of CO2 leading to climate change and global
warming. Depletion of finite oil resources. Production of oxides of
nitrogen leading to photochemical smog formation.Production of
sulphur dioxide leading to damage to human respiratory health
and formation of acid rain resulting in forest decline and lake
acidification. Production of PM10 and PM2.5 particulates
resulting in damage to human respiratory health.
                                                                      5 (Neg)   4 (Neg)   2 (Neg)
                                        2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register



Local air quality reduction due to emissions of VOCs,
SOx and Nox (carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons,
particulates, nitrogen oxides, CFCs from a/c units)
Impact on human health due to increasing likelihood of
photochemical smog damage to plants and reduction of
biodiversity                                                          4 (Neg)   3 (Neg)   2 (Neg)
Reduction of emissions of CO2, SOx and NOx and a reduced
impact on local air quality, human health, damage to plants, and
biodiversity.                                                         3 (Pos)   3 (Pos)   2 (Pos)
Loss of habitat resulting in reduced localised species diversity.
Contamination of groundwater with petrol, diesel, oil, salt and
heavy metals such as lead and platinum. Possible entry of the
above into drinking water supplies – damaging human health.
Possible entry into freshwater and soil ecosystems leading to
reduction in species diversity.                                       2 (Neg)   1 (Neg)   2 (Neg)
Local air quality reduction due to emissions of VOCs, SOx and
Nox (carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons, particulates, nitrogen
oxides). Impact on human health due to increasing likelihood of
photochemical smog damage to plants and reduction of
biodiversity.                                                         4 (Neg)   3 (Neg)   3 (Neg)
Local air quality reduction due to emissions of VOCs, SOx and
Nox (carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons, particulates, nitrogen oxides)
Impact on human health due to increasing likelihood of
photochemical smog damage to plants and reduction of
biodiversity.                                                         5 (Neg)   6 (Neg)   2 (Neg)
Contribute to ozone depletion (e.g. halon) and global warming
(e.g. CO2), If misused they also pose a risk of harm to human
health (e.g. through suffocation, burns, etc.).                       7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Production of CO2 leading to climate change and global
warming. Depletion of finite oil resources. Production of oxides of
nitrogen leading to photochemical smog formation. Noise: Noise
pollution can cause human health problems.                            2 (Neg)   2 (Neg)   1 (Neg)

Release of ozone depleting substances (CFCs or HCFCs) and
greenhouse gases. Ozone depletion and global warming.                 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Release of solvents and chemicals can lead to various health
problems. Damage can also occur to the local ecosystems and
food chains                                                           7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Release of solvents and chemicals can lead to various health
problems. Damage can also occur to the local ecosystems and
food chains                                                           7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
Clear statement of environmental intent likely to lead to a
reduction in environmental impacts including: Climate change,
natural resource loss, air, land and water pollution, water
abstraction. Improved biodiversity and sustainable purchasing.
                                                                      5 (Pos)   5 (Pos)   3 (Pos)
Continual environmental improvement likely to lead to a
reduction in environmental impacts including: Climate change,
natural resource loss, air, land and water pollution, water
abstraction. Improved biodiversity and sustainable purchasing.
                                                                      5 (Pos)   5 (Pos)   4 (Pos)
                                        2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register



Compliance with environmental legislation leading to reduced
environmental liability. Likely to lead to a reduction in
environmental impacts including: Climate change, natural
resource loss, air, land and water pollution, water abstraction.
Improved biodiversity and sustainable purchasing.
                                                                     4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)
Increased awareness of environmental issues likely to lead to
reduction impacts including: Climate change, natural resource
loss, air, land and water pollution, water abstraction. Improved
biodiversity and sustainable purchasing. Likelihood and severity
of environmental pollution reduced
                                                                     4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)
Increased awareness of environmental issues likely to lead to
reduction impacts including: Climate change, natural resource
loss, air, land and water pollution, water abstraction. Improved
biodiversity and sustainable purchasing.
                                                                     4 (Pos)   2 (Pos)   2 (Pos)
Continual improvement in environmental performance likely to
lead to reduced environmental impacts including: Climate
change, natural resource loss, air, land and water pollution,
water use. Improved biodiversity and sustainable purchasing.
                                                                     5 (Pos)   5 (Pos)   5 (Pos)
Improved biodiversity, health and well being benefits
                                                                     1 (Pos)   1 (Pos)   1 (Pos)
Greater leverage for local environmental improvement
                                                                     3 (Pos)   3 (Pos)   3 (Pos)
Increase in local biodiversity
                                                                     2 (Pos)   2 (Pos)   2 (Pos)
Increase in environmental awareness in the local community,
support for environmental projects has a positive impact on local
habitats and biodiversity.                                           3 (Pos)   4 (Pos)   3 (Pos)
Increase in environmental awareness in the local community,
support for environmental projects has a positive impact on local
habitats and biodiversity.                                           3 (Pos)   5 (Pos)   4 (Pos)
Erosion – loss of habitat – global warming – reduction of species
diversity                                                            4 (Neg)   2 (Neg)   4 (Neg)
Impacts generated in early stage of product life-cycle but
additional scope to manage impact on human health through
complying with applicable legislation (COSHH) concerning
handling of hazardous substances (e.g. toner).                       5 (Neg)   3 (Neg)   5 (Neg)
Natural resource depletion, CO2 emissions, and Waste
generation.Possible low cost could indicate poor quality resulting
in high repair costs – increased waste, frequent replacement –
increased waste. Cheap raw materials or components could
mean no attention has been paid to difficulty of waste disposal
(e.g. Hazardous or WEEE waste thus increasing environmental
risk). In the case of Electrical and Electronic Equipment cheaper
product may have higher energy consumption.
                                                                     5 (Neg)   3 (Neg)   6 (Neg)
Compliance and proactive approach to legislation, e.g.
Hazardous waste. Recommend positive purchasing policies that
encourage positive effects on environmental and sustainability.
                                                                     5 (Pos)   5 (Pos)   3 (Pos)
                                       2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register


Reduction in waste to landfill. Potential reduction in CO2
emissions, in terms of materials used and waste disposal.
Reduction of natural resource depletion. Reduction in packaging
and /or supplier take back schemes                                 5 (Pos)   3 (Pos)   3 (Pos)
Reduction in waste to landfill. Reduction in damage to
biodiversity both locally and wider.                               4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)   3 (Pos)
Compliance with Waste legislation. Reduction in waste to landfill
and incineration. Reduction in CO2 emissions and contribution to
global warming. Reduction in resource depletion
                                                                   4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)
Reduction in food miles leading to reduction in carbon dioxide re:
transportation, refrigeration, global warming. Improvement to
working conditions                                                 4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)   2 (Pos)
Suppliers with active EMS and Environmental policies will have
considered their own impact upon the environment, by using
them their goods and service will have a lower negative impact
on the environment.                                                5 (Pos)   5 (Pos)   4 (Pos)
           2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register


Comments
                                      2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register




There is scope to influence or control this aspect by
specifying water-based paints, or those with a reduced
VOC content.
2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register
2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register
2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register
2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register
2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register
2.2.2 Aspects Impacts Register
                                                                                                                        2.2.3 LSE Ranked Aspects Impacts




                                                                                                                                                                                            Environmental Impact in different
Ranking H /                                                                                                                                                                                          conditions
   M/L                    Area                             Aspect                                                           Impact description                                            Normal   Abnormal     Emergency                           Comments

                                                                                     Disturbance of habitats and ground water leading to loss of habitat and therefore resulting in
                                                                                     reduced localised species diversity. Contamination of groundwater with petrol, diesel, oil, salt
              Construction and                                                       and heavy metals such as lead and platinum. Disturbance of contaminated ground which will                                                  Although this aspect has a high impact, it is carried
High          refurbishment            Foundation excavations                        require controls for disposal of contaminated spoil and protection of groundwater.                   7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)        out infrequently at LSE

                                                                                     Disturbance of habitats and ground water leading to loss of habitat and therefore resulting in
                                                                                     reduced localised species diversity. Contamination of groundwater with petrol, diesel, oil, salt
                                                                                     and heavy metals such as lead and platinum. Possible entry of the above into drinking water
                                                                                     supplies – damaging human health. Possible entry into freshwater and soil ecosystems leading
              Construction and                                                       to reduction in species diversity. Disturbance of contaminated ground which will require controls
High          refurbishment            Drainage excavations                          for disposal of contaminated spoil and protection of groundwater.                                 7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)

              Construction and                                                       Depletion of natural resources. Contribution to global warming through transport emissions and
High          refurbishment            Foundations - concreting                      emissions during construction resulting from the release of CO² into atmosphere.               7 (Neg)         7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)

                                                                                     Depletion of natural resources. Contribution to global warming through transport emissions and
                                                                                     emissions during construction resulting from the release of CO² into atmosphere. Disturbance
                                                                                     of habitats and ground water leading to loss of habitat and therefore resulting in reduced
                                                                                     localised species diversity. Contamination of groundwater with petrol, diesel, oil, salt and heavy
                                                                                     metals such as lead and platinum. Possible entry of the above into drinking water supplies –
                                                                                     damaging human health. Possible entry into freshwater and soil ecosystems leading to
              Construction and                                                       reduction in species diversity. Disturbance of contaminated ground which will require controls
High          refurbishment            Drainage installation                         for disposal of contaminated spoil and protection of groundwater                                   7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)

              Construction and         Use of unsustainable materials in             Depletion of natural resources. Contribution to global warming through transport emissions and
High          refurbishment            construction                                  emissions during construction resulting from the release of CO² into atmosphere.                7 (Neg)        7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                     Potential release of asbestos fibres into the atmosphere resulting in potential damage to human
              Construction and                                                       health. Potential waste disposal issues leading to global warming through landfill gas or
High          refurbishment            Presence of asbestos on site                  incinerator emissions resulting from the release of CO² into atmosphere                         7 (Neg)        7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                     Release of contaminants into the atmosphere resulting in potential damage to human health
              Construction and                                                       and localised species. Contribution to global warming through transport emissions and
High          refurbishment            Demolition of existing buildings              emissions during construction resulting from the release of CO² into atmosphere.                7 (Neg)        7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                There is scope to influence or control this aspect
              Construction and         Paint used by contractors for external and    Impact generated early in product life-cycle. Solvent based paints emit VOCs during use,                                                   by specifying water-based paints, or those with a
High          refurbishment            internal decoration                           aggravating local air quality. Paint is also harmful to human health                                 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)        reduced VOC content.
              Construction and                                                       Increased energy efficiency ultimately leading to decreased global warming through decreased
High          refurbishment            Installation of energy efficient lighting     burning of fossil fuels to generate power and heat.                                                  7 (Pos)   7 (Pos)      7 (Pos)
                                                                                     Water resource depletion
                                                                                     Use of chlorine / ozone in treatment and potential risk of damage to human health and
High          Water                    Water consumption                             ecosystems.                                                                                          7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                     Potential release of nitrates, phosphates and organic elements to local watercourses, leading to
High          Water                    Rain water run off to ground water            fish death and reduced species diversity.                                                            7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                     Possible breaches of disposal agreements. • Human health and safety issues, potential for
                                                                                     spillage into the surrounding environment. Inadequate storage/containment leading to
                                                                                     increased risk of pollution to local and wider environment. • Pollution through emissions/effluent
                                                                                     to air, land or water from production process, production related energy usage which releases
                                                                                     emissions and discharges to land, water or air causing pollution to the environment. •
                                                                                     Increased risk of damaging bio-diversity at a local and national level. Potential release of
                                                                                     nitrates, phosphates and organic effluents to local watercourses, leading to fish death and
                                       Effluent disposal (use of municipal water -   reduced species diversity. Loss of water as a natural resource use of chlorine / ozone in
                                       bathrooms / cleaners, discharge of effluent   treatment and potential risk of damage to human health and ecosystems • Aesthetics, nuisance
High          Water                    to sewers)                                                                                                                                       7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                    •Depletion of natural resources. Contribution to global warming through production of materials
                                                                                    using finite resources resulting from CO² emissions into atmosphere. Pollution from
High          Waste                    Production of hazardous waste                emissions/effluent to air, land or water from production process, production                        7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                    Resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and incineration) Habitat loss and
                                                                                    reduced biodiversity. Potential contamination of land i.e. eco-toxicity (soil contamination due to
High          Waste                    Disposal of hazardous waste                  use as landfill), air (odour) and water (leachate), with associated                                 7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                    Potential spillage or leakage could contribute to ecotoxicity (toxic liquid chemicals) resulting in
                                                                                    damage to local bio-diversity, global warming (HFCs, CFCs, HCFCs), harm to human health
High          Waste                    Storage of hazardous waste                   (hazardous substances), local air quality (VOCs), ozone depletion                                   7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                    Reduced risk of pollution to the local environment through improvement of waste management
                                                                                    facilities e.g. correct disposal, storage and promotion of waste reduction through education and
                                       Management of waste administration /         awareness training. This should lead to reduced waste treatment proces
High          Waste                    consignment notes                                                                                                                                7 (Pos)     7 (Pos)      7 (Pos)
                                                                                    Increased transport on site and to and from site leading to emissions of CO² and other gasses
                                       Management and usage of waste                to air and impact on bio-diversity from increased traffic. Nuisance through noise pollution.
High          Waste                    contractors                                  Potential fly-tipping - unauthorised disposal of waste resulting in pollution                       7 (Pos)     7 (Pos)      7 (Pos)
                                                                                    Contribution to global warming through production processes using finite resources resulting
                                                                                    from CO² emissions into atmosphere. Potential of deforestation, loss of soil productivity and
High          Waste                    Production of food waste                     pollution from intensive farming and food miles may lead to increase                                7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                    Resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and incineration) Habitat loss and
                                                                                    reduced biodiversity. Potential contamination of land i.e. eco-toxicity (soil contamination due to
High          Waste                    Disposal of food waste                       use as landfill), air (odour) and water (leachate), with associated                                 7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                       Production of paper waste (including         Contribution to global warming through production processes using finite resources resulting
                                       envelopes, cardboard, coloured paper,        from CO² emissions into atmosphere. Deforestation - Habitat loss and reduced biodiversity.
                                       greaseproof/plasticised paper, books,        (extent of negative impacts lessened if paper is sourced from sustainable sources or is recycled
High          Waste                    yellow pages, etc)                           paper)                                                                                              7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                       Disposal of paper waste (including           Energy and resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and incineration) Habitat loss
                                       envelopes, cardboard, coloured paper,        and reduced biodiversity, Contamination of land, air (odour) and water (leachate). Global
                                       greaseproof/plasticised paper, books,        warming due to the production of methane (or 'landfill') gas. Negative impact on local air quality
High          Waste                    yellow pages, etc)                                                                                                                               7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                    Contribution to global warming through production processes using finite resources resulting
                                                                                    from CO² emissions into atmosphere. Resource extraction (sand, soda ash, limestone,
High          Waste                    Production of glass waste                    dolomite and feldspar). Habitat loss and reduced biodiversity                                       7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                    Resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and incineration) Habitat loss and
                                                                                    reduced biodiversity. Potential contamination of land, air (odour) and water (leachate). Global
High          Waste                    Disposal of glass waste                      warming due to the production of methane (or 'landfill') gas. Poor lo                               7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                    Most waste is landfilled, with associated impacts including: eco-toxicity (soil contamination due
                                       Damaged parts and equipment, NON             to use as landfill); global warming due to the production of methane (or 'landfill') gas; water
High          Waste                    WEEE waste.                                  pollution from landfill 'leachate'; and nuisance (e.g. odour)                                       7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                    Resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and incineration). Habitat loss and
                                                                                    reduced biodiversity Contamination of land, air (odour) and water (leachate) Global warming
                                                                                    due to the production of methane (or 'landfill') gas. Poor local air quality leading to potential
High          Waste                    Disposal of confidential waste               human health risks                                                                                  7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                    Reduction of CO2 emissions reducing the contribution to climate change and global
                                                                                    warming.Reduction of nitrogen oxide emission reducing the production of photochemical smog
                                                                                    and associated reudction in air quality. More efficient use of finite gas and oil resources,
                                       Reduction in electricity consumption (from through improved combustion efficiency.Reduction of sulphur dioxide generation, reducing the
High                                   National Grid) through electrical energy     damage to human respiratory health and formation of acid rain and asosciated forest decline
(positive)    Energy                   efficiency improvement projects              and lake acidification.                                                                             7 (Pos)     7 (Pos)      7 (Pos)
                                                                                    Conservation of finite gas and oil resources. Reduction of CO2 emissions reducing the
                                       Reduction in gas consumption through gas contribution to climate change, global warming and quality of life and biodiversity.
High          Energy                   energy effiency improvement projects                                                                                                             7 (Pos)     7 (Pos)      7 (Pos)
                                       Extinguishants emissions from fire
                                       protection equipment - accidental leakage, Contribute to ozone depletion (e.g. halon) and global warming (e.g. CO2), If misused they also
High          Emissions & Discharges   test, disposal or use                        pose a risk of harm to human health (e.g. through suffocation, burns, etc.).                        7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                       Refrigerant leakage from air conditioning    Release of ozone depleting substances (CFCs or HCFCs) and greenhouse gases. Ozone
High          Emissions & Discharges   units and redundant refrigerators.           depletion and global warming.                                                                       7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                    Release of solvents and chemicals can lead to various health problems. Damage can also
High          Emissions & Discharges   Emissions from cleaning activities           occur to the local ecosystems and food chains                                                       7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                       Emissions from Print Shop activities         Release of solvents and chemicals can lead to various health problems. Damage can also
High          Emissions & Discharges   including Solvent and VOC emissions          occur to the local ecosystems and food chains                                                       7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                    Loss of habitat resulting in reduced localised species diversity. Contamination of groundwater
                                                                                    with petrol, diesel, oil, salt and heavy metals such as lead and platinum. Loss of ground water
                                                                                    as a resource. Possible entry of the above into drinking water supplies – damaging human
              Construction and                                                      health. Possible entry into freshwater and soil ecosystems leading to reduction in species
              refurbishment            Site clearance                               diversity.                                                                                          7 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      3 (Neg)
                                       WEEE waste production and disposal
                                       Examples:Computer Monitors, Fridges &
                                       Freezers, TV’s, Paints, Adhesives,           • Breaches of environmental legislation. • Human environment, health and safety issues,
                                       Fluorescent Tubes, Chemicals, Clinical, Oil, potential for spillage into the surrounding environment leading to pollution to land or water.
              Waste                    Fuel, Oily Rags, Batteries, Inks.            Inadequate storage/containment leading to increased risk of pollution                               6 (Neg)     7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)
                                                                                    Production of CO2 leading to climate change and global warming resulting in sea level rise,
                                                                                    changing weather patterns, increased incidence of pest / diseases, damage to human health /
                                                                                    quality of life and biodiversity. Depletion of finite gas and oil resources.Production of oxides of
                                                                                    nitrogen leading to photochemical smog formation, resulting in damage to human health,
                                                                                    damage to plants and reduction of biodiversity.Production of sulphur dioxide leading to damage
                                       Electricity use by electrical equipment,     to human respiratory health and formation of acid rain resulting in forest decline and lake
              Energy                   supplied by the National Grid                acidification.                                                                                      6 (Neg)     5 (Neg)      5 (Neg)
                                                                                    Reduction of CO2 emissions reducing the contribution to climate change and global
                                                                                    warming.Reduction of nitrogen oxide emission reducing the production of photochemical smog
                                                                                    and associated reudction in air quality. This reduces the damage to human health, damage to
                                                                                    plants and reduction of biodiversity. Reduction of sulphur dioxide generation, reducing the
                                       Use of electricity derived from renewable    damage to human respiratory health and formation of acid rain and asosciated forest decline
              Energy                   sources via Green Electricity contracts      and lake acidification.                                                                             6 (Pos)     4 (Pos)      4 (Pos)
                                                                                    Depletion of finite gas and oil resources.Production of CO2 leading to climate change and
                                                                                    global warming resulting in sea level rise, changing weather patterns, increased incidence of
              Energy                   Gas use by combustion engines                pest / diseases, damage to human health / quality of life and biodiversity.                         5 (Neg)     6 (Neg)      5 (Neg)
                                                                                    Local air quality reduction due to emissions of VOCs, SOx and Nox (carbon dioxide,
                                                                                    hydrocarbons, particulates, nitrogen oxides) Impact on human health due to increasing
              Emissions & Discharges   Emissions from commuting                     likelihood of photochemical smog damage to plants and reduction of biodiversity.                    5 (Neg)     6 (Neg)      2 (Neg)
                                                                                                                         2.2.3 LSE Ranked Aspects Impacts




                                                                                                                                                                                            Environmental Impact in different
Ranking H /                                                                                                                                                                                          conditions
   M/L                     Area                          Aspect                                                            Impact description                                             Normal   Abnormal     Emergency       Comments
                                                                                  Depletion of finite gas and oil resources.Production of CO2 leading to climate change and
                                                                                  global warming resulting in sea level rise, changing weather patterns, increased incidence of
              Energy                   Gas use for Combined Heat and Power        pest / diseases, damage to human health / quality of life and biodiversity.                             5 (Neg)   4 (Neg)      3 (Neg)
                                                                                  Reduction of CO2 emissions reducing the contribution to climate change and global
                                                                                  warming.Reduction of nitrogen oxide emission reducing the production of photochemical smog
                                                                                  and associated reudction in air quality. More efficient use of finite gas and oil resources,
                                                                                  through improved combustion efficiency.Reduction of sulphur dioxide generation, reducing the
                                       On site electricity generation through the damage to human respiratory health and formation of acid rain and asosciated forest decline
              Energy                   use of Combined Heat and Power             and lake acidification.                                                                                 5 (Pos)   4 (Pos)      5 (Pos)
                                                                                  Production of CO2 leading to climate change and global warming. Depletion of finite oil
                                                                                  resources. Production of oxides of nitrogen leading to photochemical smog
                                                                                  formation.Production of sulphur dioxide leading to damage to human respiratory health and
                                                                                  formation of acid rain resulting in forest decline and lake acidification. Production of PM10 and
              Transport                Use of fossil fuel in transport            PM2.5 particulates resulting in damage to human respiratory health.                                     5 (Neg)   4 (Neg)      2 (Neg)
                                                                                  Continual environmental improvement likely to lead to a reduction in environmental impacts
              Health, W&S and          Implementation of environmental objectives including: Climate change, natural resource loss, air, land and water pollution, water
              EMS&Community            and targets                                abstraction. Improved biodiversity and sustainable purchasing.                                          5 (Pos)   5 (Pos)      4 (Pos)
                                       Purchase of IT consumables (e.g. printer   Impacts generated in early stage of product life-cycle but additional scope to manage impact on
                                       cartridges, floppy discs, CDs) used in     human health through complying with applicable legislation (COSHH) concerning handling of
              Purchasing               offices throughout the organisation.       hazardous substances (e.g. toner).                                                                      5 (Neg)   3 (Neg)      5 (Neg)
                                                                                  Natural resource depletion, CO2 emissions, and Waste generation.Possible low cost could
                                                                                  indicate poor quality resulting in high repair costs – increased waste, frequent replacement –
                                                                                  increased waste. Cheap raw materials or components could mean no attention has been paid
                                                                                  to difficulty of waste disposal (e.g. Hazardous or WEEE waste thus increasing environmental
                                                                                  risk). In the case of Electrical and Electronic Equipment cheaper product may have higher
              Purchasing               Buying non-sustainable products            energy consumption.                                                                                     5 (Neg)   3 (Neg)      6 (Neg)
                                                                                  Continual improvement in environmental performance likely to lead to reduced environmental
              Health, W&S and          Environmental Management system in         impacts including: Climate change, natural resource loss, air, land and water pollution, water
              EMS&Community            place                                      use. Improved biodiversity and sustainable purchasing.                                                  5 (Pos)   5 (Pos)      5 (Pos)
              Construction and         Use of renewable materials during          Conservation of finite resources therefore lessening CO2 emissions into the atmosphere which
              refurbishment            construction                               contributes to global warming.                                                                          5 (Pos)   4 (Pos)      5 (Pos)
                                       Paper recycling (including envelopes,      Reduced waste to landfill. Reduced deforestation and erosion, and loss of habitat. Global
                                       cardboard, coloured paper,                 warming due to the emission of C02 and resource use from transport and recycling processes.
                                       greaseproof/plasticised paper, books,
              Waste                    yellow pages, etc)                                                                                                                                 5 (Pos)   4 (Pos)      4 (Pos)
                                                                                  Clear statement of environmental intent likely to lead to a reduction in environmental impacts
              Health, W&S and                                                     including: Climate change, natural resource loss, air, land and water pollution, water
              EMS&Community            Implementation of Environmental Policy     abstraction. Improved biodiversity and sustainable purchasing.                                          5 (Pos)   5 (Pos)      3 (Pos)
                                                                                  Compliance and proactive approach to legislation, e.g. Hazardous waste. Recommend positive
                                       University Purchasing Policy including     purchasing policies that encourage positive effects on environmental and sustainability.
              Purchasing               Environmental and Sustainability policy                                                                                                            5 (Pos)   5 (Pos)      3 (Pos)
                                                                                  Suppliers with active EMS and Environmental policies will have considered their own impact
                                       Supplier engagement (evaluating supplier upon the environment, by using them their goods and service will have a lower negative impact
              Purchasing               environmental credentials)                 on the environment.                                                                                     5 (Pos)   5 (Pos)      4 (Pos)
                                                                                  Reduction in waste to landfill. Potential reduction in CO2 emissions, in terms of materials used
                                                                                  and waste disposal. Reduction of natural resource depletion. Reduction in packaging and /or
              Purchasing               Procurement of 'Green goods and services' supplier take back schemes                                                                               5 (Pos)   3 (Pos)      3 (Pos)
                                                                                   Reduce fly-tipping - unauthorised disposal of waste resulting in damage to the local and
              Waste                    Coding of hazardous waste                  national biodiversity. •Reducing risk of any breachs of legislation.                                    4 (Pos)   7 (Pos)      7 (Pos)
                                                                                  Reduced waste to landfill. Reduced deforestation and erosion, and loss of habitat. Global
                                                                                  warming due to the emission of C02 and resource use from transport and recycling processes.

              Waste                    recycling of glass waste                                                                                                                           4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)      4 (Pos)
                                       Buying recycled paper and stationery for       Reduction in waste to landfill. Reduction in damage to biodiversity both locally and wider.
              Purchasing               from sustainably managed sources                                                                                                                   4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)      3 (Pos)
                                       Procurement of waste management                Compliance with Waste legislation. Reduction in waste to landfill and incineration. Reduction in
                                       services (focus on reycling and waste          CO2 emissions and contribution to global warming. Reduction in resource depletion
              Purchasing               minimisation efforts)                                                                                                                              4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)      4 (Pos)
                                                                                      Reduction in food miles leading to reduction in carbon dioxide re: transportation, refrigeration,
              Purchasing               Buying locally sourced / fair trade products   global warming. Improvement to working conditions                                                   4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)      2 (Pos)
                                                                                      Reduces waste to land fill, Reduced methane emission, Produces organic fertilisers which can
                                       Recycling / reuse of food waste                enhance soil productivity
              Waste                    (composting)                                                                                                                                       4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)      3 (Pos)
                                                                                   Local air quality reduction due to emissions of VOCs, SOx and Nox (carbon dioxide,
                                                                                   hydrocarbons, particulates, nitrogen oxides). Impact on human health due to increasing
              Emissions & Discharges   Emissions from work related travel          likelihood of photochemical smog damage to plants and reduction of biodiversity.                       4 (Neg)   3 (Neg)      3 (Neg)
                                                                                   Compliance with environmental legislation leading to reduced environmental liability. Likely to
                                                                                   lead to a reduction in environmental impacts including: Climate change, natural resource loss,
              Health, W&S and          Implementation of environmental legislation air, land and water pollution, water abstraction. Improved biodiversity and sustainable
              EMS&Community            register                                    purchasing.                                                                                            4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)      4 (Pos)
                                                                                   Increased awareness of environmental issues likely to lead to reduction impacts including:
                                       Implementation of environmental training    Climate change, natural resource loss, air, land and water pollution, water abstraction.
              Health, W&S and          programme, including environmental          Improved biodiversity and sustainable purchasing. Likelihood and severity of environmental
              EMS&Community            incidents and emergencies                   pollution reduced                                                                                      4 (Pos)   4 (Pos)      4 (Pos)
                                                                                   Local air quality reduction due to emissions of VOCs, SOx and Nox (carbon dioxide,
                                                                                   hydrocarbons, particulates, nitrogen oxides, CFCs from a/c units) Impact on
                                                                                   human health due to increasing likelihood of photochemical smog damage to plants
              Transport                transport emissions to air (land)           and reduction of biodiversity                                                                          4 (Neg)   3 (Neg)      2 (Neg)
                                       Use of hardwood from non-sustainable        Erosion – loss of habitat – global warming – reduction of species diversity
              Purchasing               forests                                                                                                                                            4 (Neg)   2 (Neg)      4 (Neg)
                                                                                   Increased awareness of environmental issues likely to lead to reduction impacts including:
              Health, W&S and          Education for sustainable development -     Climate change, natural resource loss, air, land and water pollution, water abstraction.
              EMS&Community            transmission of knowledge to students       Improved biodiversity and sustainable purchasing.                                                      4 (Pos)   2 (Pos)      2 (Pos)
                                                                                   Production of CO2 leading to climate change and global warming resulting in sea level rise,
                                                                                   changing weather patterns, increased incidence of pest / diseases, damage to human health /
                                                                                   quality of life and biodiversity. Production of oxides of nitrogen leading to photochemical smog
                                                                                   formation, resulting in damage to human health, damage to plants and reduction of
                                                                                   biodiversity.Production of sulphur dioxide leading to damage to human respiratory health and
                                                                                   formation of acid rain resulting in forest decline and lake acidification.Production of carbon
                                                                                   monoxide and volatile organic carbons resulting in damage to human respiratory health.
                                                                                   Production of PM (particulate measure) 10 and PM2.5 particulates resulting in damage to
                                                                                   human respiratory health.Depletion of finite gas and oil resources.
              Energy                   Diesel combustion by portable machinery                                                                                                            3 (Neg)   4 (Neg)      5 (Neg)
                                                                                   Production of CO2 leading to climate change and global warming. Depletion of finite oil
                                                                                   resources. Production of oxides of nitrogen leading to photochemical smog
                                                                                   formation.Production of sulphur dioxide leading to damage to human respiratory health and
                                                                                   formation of acid rain resulting in forest decline and lake acidification. Production of PM10 and
              Energy                   Oil use by combustion installations         PM2.5 particulates resulting in damage to human respiratory health.                                    3 (Neg)   2 (Neg)      2 (Neg)
              Health, W&S and                                                      Increase in environmental awareness in the local community, support for environmental
              EMS&Community            Consulting with local community             projects has a positive impact on local habitats and biodiversity.                                     3 (Pos)   4 (Pos)      3 (Pos)
              Health, W&S and          Promotion of environmental activity through Increase in environmental awareness in the local community, support for environmental
              EMS&Community            press releases to local papers              projects has a positive impact on local habitats and biodiversity.                                     3 (Pos)   5 (Pos)      4 (Pos)
                                       Promotion of cycle use - on site cycle      Reduction of emissions of CO2, SOx and NOx and a reduced impact on local air quality, human
                                       maintenance, salary sacrifice, business     health, damage to plants, and biodiversity.
              Transport                mileage, showers for cyclists                                                                                                                      3 (Pos)   3 (Pos)      2 (Pos)
              Health, W&S and          Partnerships with local environmental
                                                                                   Greater leverage for local environmental improvement
              EMS&Community            groups                                                                                                                                             3 (Pos)   3 (Pos)      3 (Pos)
                                                                                   Conservation of finite resources therefore lessening CO2 emissions into the atmosphere which
              Construction and                                                     contributes to global warming. Reduces waste to land fill therefore reducing methane emission
              refurbishment            Recycling of materials during construction which contribute to global warming.                                                                     2 (Pos)   2 (Pos)      4 (Pos)
                                       Noise Generation (by oil fired generators   Generation of nuisance in the local environment including distrubance to neighbours and
              Energy                   and portable gardening equipment)           habitats.                                                                                              2 (Neg)   2 (Neg)      2 (Neg)
                                       Odour Generation (by oil fired generators   Generation of nuisance in the local environment including distrubance to neighbours.
              Energy                   and portable gardening equipment)                                                                                                                  2 (Neg)   2 (Neg)      3 (Neg)
                                                                                   Loss of habitat resulting in reduced localised species diversity. Contamination of groundwater
                                                                                   with petrol, diesel, oil, salt and heavy metals such as lead and platinum. Possible entry of the
                                                                                   above into drinking water supplies – damaging human health. Possible entry into freshwater
                                                                                   and soil ecosystems leading to reduction in species diversity.
              Transport                Car parking on-site                                                                                                                                2 (Neg)   1 (Neg)      2 (Neg)
                                                                                   Production of CO2 leading to climate change and global warming. Depletion of finite oil
                                                                                   resources. Production of oxides of nitrogen leading to photochemical smog formation. Noise:
              Emissions & Discharges   Air conditioning usage                      Noise pollution can cause human health problems.                                                       2 (Neg)   2 (Neg)      1 (Neg)
              Health, W&S and
                                                                                      Increase in local biodiversity
              EMS&Community            Biodiversity projects in the local community                                                                                                       2 (Pos)   2 (Pos)      2 (Pos)
              Health, W&S and          Creation of new green spaces /
                                                                                       Improved biodiversity, health and well being benefits
              EMS&Community            improvement of existing green spaces                                                                                                               1 (Pos)   1 (Pos)      1 (Pos)
                                                                                       The identification of environmental aspects requiring mitigation within the proposal, e.g.
              Construction and                                                         presence of contaminants, methane, groundwater etc, Will require controls for disposal of
              refurbishment            Ground investigation - drilling / trial pitting contaminated spoil and protection of groundwater.                                                  1 (N/A)   2 (Neg)      2 (Neg)
                                                                                  LSE Significant Aspects Impacts



                                                                                                                                          Environmental Impact in
Ranking H                                                                                                                                   different conditions
  /M/L              Area                  Aspect                                       Impact description                              Normal Abnormal Emergency              Comments

                                                              Disturbance of habitats and ground water leading to loss of
                                                              habitat and therefore resulting in reduced localised species
                                                              diversity. Contamination of groundwater with petrol, diesel, oil,
                                                              salt and heavy metals such as lead and platinum. Disturbance of
            Construction and                                  contaminated ground which will require controls for disposal of
High        refurbishment      Foundation excavations         contaminated spoil and protection of groundwater.                 7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)          7 (Neg)

                                                              Disturbance of habitats and ground water leading to loss of
                                                              habitat and therefore resulting in reduced localised species
                                                              diversity. Contamination of groundwater with petrol, diesel, oil,
                                                              salt and heavy metals such as lead and platinum. Possible entry
                                                              of the above into drinking water supplies – damaging human
                                                              health. Possible entry into freshwater and soil ecosystems
                                                              leading to reduction in species diversity. Disturbance of
            Construction and                                  contaminated ground which will require controls for disposal of
High        refurbishment      Drainage excavations           contaminated spoil and protection of groundwater.                        7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)

                                                              Depletion of natural resources. Contribution to global warming
            Construction and                                  through transport emissions and emissions during construction
High        refurbishment      Foundations - concreting       resulting from the release of CO² into atmosphere.                       7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)

                                                              Depletion of natural resources. Contribution to global warming
                                                              through transport emissions and emissions during construction
                                                              resulting from the release of CO² into atmosphere. Disturbance
                                                              of habitats and ground water leading to loss of habitat and
                                                              therefore resulting in reduced localised species diversity.
                                                              Contamination of groundwater with petrol, diesel, oil, salt and
                                                              heavy metals such as lead and platinum. Possible entry of the
                                                              above into drinking water supplies – damaging human health.
                                                              Possible entry into freshwater and soil ecosystems leading to
                                                              reduction in species diversity. Disturbance of contaminated
            Construction and                                  ground which will require controls for disposal of contaminated
High        refurbishment      Drainage installation          spoil and protection of groundwater                                      7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)

                                                            Depletion of natural resources. Contribution to global warming
            Construction and   Use of unsustainable         through transport emissions and emissions during construction
High        refurbishment      materials in construction    resulting from the release of CO² into atmosphere.                 7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)           7 (Neg)
                                                            Potential release of asbestos fibres into the atmosphere resulting
                                                            in potential damage to human health. Potential waste disposal
                                                            issues leading to global warming through landfill gas or
            Construction and                                incinerator emissions resulting from the release of CO² into
High        refurbishment      Presence of asbestos on site atmosphere                                                         7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)           7 (Neg)
                                                            Release of contaminants into the atmosphere resulting in
                                                            potential damage to human health and localised species.
                                                            Contribution to global warming through transport emissions and
            Construction and   Demolition of existing       emissions during construction resulting from the release of CO²
High        refurbishment      buildings                    into atmosphere.                                                   7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)           7 (Neg)

                                                                                                                                                                    There is scope to influence or
                               Paint used by contractors for Impact generated early in product life-cycle. Solvent based paints                                     control this aspect by specifying
            Construction and   external and internal            emit VOCs during use, aggravating local air quality. Paint is also                                  water-based paints, or those with
High        refurbishment      decoration                       harmful to human health                                                7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)    a reduced VOC content.
                                                                Increased energy efficiency ultimately leading to decreased
            Construction and   Installation of energy efficient global warming through decreased burning of fossil fuels to
High        refurbishment      lighting                         generate power and heat.                                               7 (Pos) 7 (Pos)   7 (Pos)
                                                                Water resource depletion
                                                                Use of chlorine / ozone in treatment and potential risk of damage
High        Water              Water consumption                to human health and ecosystems.                                        7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                                                                Potential release of nitrates, phosphates and organic elements to
                               Rain water run off to ground local watercourses, leading to fish death and reduced species
High        Water              water                            diversity.                                                             7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                                                                Possible breaches of disposal agreements. • Human health and
                                                                safety issues, potential for spillage into the surrounding
                                                                environment. Inadequate storage/containment leading to
                                                                increased risk of pollution to local and wider environment. •
                                                                Pollution through emissions/effluent to air, land or water from
                                                                production process, production related energy usage which
                                                                releases emissions and discharges to land, water or air causing
                                                                pollution to the environment. • Increased risk of damaging bio-
                                                                diversity at a local and national level. Potential release of
                                                                nitrates, phosphates and organic effluents to local watercourses,
                               Effluent disposal (use of        leading to fish death and reduced species diversity. Loss of
                               municipal water - bathrooms water as a natural resource use of chlorine / ozone in treatment
                               / cleaners, discharge of         and potential risk of damage to human health and ecosystems •
High        Water              effluent to sewers)              Aesthetics, nuisance                                                   7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                                                                •Depletion of natural resources. Contribution to global warming
                                                                through production of materials using finite resources resulting
                                                                from CO² emissions into atmosphere. Pollution from
                               Production of hazardous          emissions/effluent to air, land or water from production process,
High        Waste              waste                            production                                                             7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                                                                Resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and
                                                                incineration) Habitat loss and reduced biodiversity. Potential
                                                                contamination of land i.e. eco-toxicity (soil contamination due to
                                                                use as landfill), air (odour) and water (leachate), with associated
High        Waste              Disposal of hazardous waste                                                                             7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                                                                Potential spillage or leakage could contribute to ecotoxicity (toxic
                                                                liquid chemicals) resulting in damage to local bio-diversity, global
                                                                warming (HFCs, CFCs, HCFCs), harm to human health
                                                                (hazardous substances), local air quality (VOCs), ozone depletion
High        Waste              Storage of hazardous waste                                                                              7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                                                                Reduced risk of pollution to the local environment through
                                                                improvement of waste management facilities e.g. correct
                               Management of waste              disposal, storage and promotion of waste reduction through
                               administration / consignment education and awareness training. This should lead to reduced
High        Waste              notes                            waste treatment proces                                                 7 (Pos) 7 (Pos)   7 (Pos)
                                                                Increased transport on site and to and from site leading to
                                                                emissions of CO² and other gasses to air and impact on bio-
                                                                diversity from increased traffic. Nuisance through noise pollution.
                               Management and usage of          Potential fly-tipping - unauthorised disposal of waste resulting in
High        Waste              waste contractors                pollution                                                              7 (Pos) 7 (Pos)   7 (Pos)
                                                                                 LSE Significant Aspects Impacts



                                                                                                                                       Environmental Impact in
Ranking H                                                                                                                                different conditions
  /M/L                Area              Aspect                                          Impact description                          Normal Abnormal Emergency    Comments
                                                              Contribution to global warming through production processes
                                                              using finite resources resulting from CO² emissions into
                                                              atmosphere. Potential of deforestation, loss of soil productivity
                                                              and pollution from intensive farming and food miles may lead to
High         Waste           Production of food waste         increase                                                              7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                                                              Resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and
                                                              incineration) Habitat loss and reduced biodiversity. Potential
                                                              contamination of land i.e. eco-toxicity (soil contamination due to
                                                              use as landfill), air (odour) and water (leachate), with associated
High         Waste           Disposal of food waste                                                                                 7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                             Production of paper waste        Contribution to global warming through production processes
                             (including envelopes,            using finite resources resulting from CO² emissions into
                             cardboard, coloured paper,       atmosphere. Deforestation - Habitat loss and reduced
                             greaseproof/plasticised          biodiversity. (extent of negative impacts lessened if paper is
                             paper, books, yellow pages,      sourced from sustainable sources or is recycled paper)
High         Waste           etc)                                                                                                   7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                             Disposal of paper waste          Energy and resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill
                             (including envelopes,            and incineration) Habitat loss and reduced biodiversity,
                             cardboard, coloured paper,       Contamination of land, air (odour) and water (leachate). Global
                             greaseproof/plasticised          warming due to the production of methane (or 'landfill') gas.
                             paper, books, yellow pages,      Negative impact on local air quality
High         Waste           etc)                                                                                              7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                                                         Contribution to global warming through production processes
                                                         using finite resources resulting from CO² emissions into
                                                         atmosphere. Resource extraction (sand, soda ash, limestone,
High         Waste           Production of glass waste   dolomite and feldspar). Habitat loss and reduced biodiversity         7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                                                         Resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and
                                                         incineration) Habitat loss and reduced biodiversity. Potential
                                                         contamination of land, air (odour) and water (leachate). Global
                                                         warming due to the production of methane (or 'landfill') gas. Poor
High         Waste           Disposal of glass waste     lo                                                                    7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                                                         Most waste is landfilled, with associated impacts including: eco-
                                                         toxicity (soil contamination due to use as landfill); global warming
                             Damaged parts and           due to the production of methane (or 'landfill') gas; water pollution
                             equipment, NON WEEE         from landfill 'leachate'; and nuisance (e.g. odour)
High         Waste           waste.                                                                                            7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                                                         Resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and
                                                         incineration). Habitat loss and reduced biodiversity
                                                         Contamination of land, air (odour) and water (leachate) Global
                             Disposal of confidential    warming due to the production of methane (or 'landfill') gas. Poor
High         Waste           waste                       local air quality leading to potential human health risks             7 (Neg)      7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                                                         Reduction of CO2 emissions reducing the contribution to climate
                                                         change and global warming.Reduction of nitrogen oxide emission
                                                         reducing the production of photochemical smog and associated
                             Reduction in electricity    reudction in air quality. More efficient use of finite gas and oil
                             consumption (from National resources, through improved combustion efficiency.Reduction of
                             Grid) through electrical    sulphur dioxide generation, reducing the damage to human
High                         energy efficiency           respiratory health and formation of acid rain and asosciated forest
(positive)   Energy          improvement projects        decline and lake acidification.                                       7 (Pos)      7 (Pos)   7 (Pos)
                             Reduction in gas            Conservation of finite gas and oil resources. Reduction of CO2
                             consumption through gas     emissions reducing the contribution to climate change, global
High                         energy effiency improvement warming and quality of life and biodiversity.
(positive)   Energy          projects                                                                                          7 (Pos)      7 (Pos)   7 (Pos)

                             Extinguishants emissions
                             from fire protection             Contribute to ozone depletion (e.g. halon) and global warming
             Emissions &     equipment - accidental           (e.g. CO2), If misused they also pose a risk of harm to human
High         Discharges      leakage, test, disposal or use   health (e.g. through suffocation, burns, etc.).                       7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                             Refrigerant leakage from air
             Emissions &     conditioning units and           Release of ozone depleting substances (CFCs or HCFCs) and
High         Discharges      redundant refrigerators.         greenhouse gases. Ozone depletion and global warming.                 7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                                                              Release of solvents and chemicals can lead to various health
             Emissions &     Emissions from cleaning          problems. Damage can also occur to the local ecosystems and
High         Discharges      activities                       food chains                                                           7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)
                             Emissions from Print Shop        Release of solvents and chemicals can lead to various health
             Emissions &     activities including Solvent     problems. Damage can also occur to the local ecosystems and
High         Discharges      and VOC emissions                food chains                                                           7 (Neg) 7 (Neg)   7 (Neg)

				
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