Docstoc

Agriculture and health linkages

Document Sample
Agriculture and health linkages Powered By Docstoc
					Agriculture and health Linkages: Towards Improved Coordination
Historical overview of IFPRI’s work on agriculture-health linkages Goals, structure, expected outcomes of workshop
Marie Ruel, Director, Food Consumption and Nutrition Division, IFPRI
INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

IFPRI and the CG - Mission
 IFPRI’s mission is:

“To provide policy solutions to cut hunger and malnutrition” reduce poverty in developing countries through scientific research and researchrelated activities in the fields of agriculture, livestock, forestry, fisheries, policy, and natural management”

 The CGIAR mission is: “To achieve sustainable food security and

INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Agriculture – Nutrition Linkages at IFPRI
 Over three decades of research Over 3 decades of research

INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Agriculture and Nutrition – (80’s)
 Nutritional Consequences of Agricultural Projects (PinstrupAnderson 1981)  International Agricultural Research and Human Nutrition (Pinstrup-Anderson, Berg and Forman 1984) IFPRI/ACC/SCN
[FAO: Integrating nutrition into agriculture/rural development projects] [ACC/SCN: Introducing ….]
INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Conceptual framework (80’s)
D E T E R M I N A N T S

Food availability Food access HH choices and use Individual utilization

P O L I C I E S

Nutritional Status (PEM)

INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Highlights (80’s)
 Agriculture affects nutrition via its effects on income, prices, demand for labor, time allocation, energy expenditure  Recommendations:
• Create nutrition units (to coordinate, build nutrition goals into agriculture projects) • Strengthen national capacity • Develop models to assess impact of agriculture on nutrition
INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Agriculture and Nutrition (90’s)
 Linkages Ag/Nutrition and policy implications (Kennedy and Bouis, 1993-94)  Agriculture commercialization, economic development and nutrition (Von Braun and Kennedy 1994)  Export crop production and human nutrition (Pinstrup-Andersen and Biswas 1995)

INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Highlights (90’s)
 Importance of health as an input into nutrition (infectious diseases) recognized  Health and agriculture (irrigation and malaria, schisto, river blindness)  Impact of commercialization:
• Larger effect on food expenditure than energy intakes (doubling of income in Kenya and Philippines  4-7% energy intake of preschoolers • Relatively small elasticity for nutrition

 Importance of policy context, economic, environmental, geographical, social, farming system factors in determining impacts
INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Agriculture and Nutrition (2000) Highlights -1  Workshop IFPRI/IRRI on “Improving human nutrition through agricultural research” –1999
• Emphasis on micronutrient malnutrition • Role of plant breeding to improve micronutrient content of staple foods • Other approaches to increase supply of micronutrient-rich foods (e.g. fruits/vegetables, animal source foods) • Integrating agricultural interventions with existing micronutrient programs
INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Highlights (2000) - 2
 Review of impact of food-based approaches (production, home processing,

behavior change interventions, plant breeding) on vitamin A and iron nutrition (Ruel 2001)

 The Agriculture Nutrition Advantage Project (TANA) (T. Benson) (USAIDfunded)
• Joint project with ICRW to promote greater investment in gender-focused strategies that link agriculture and nutrition, and create a policy dialogue around linked strategies
INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Highlights (2000) - 3  Launch of Harvest Plus: Breeding crops for better nutrition (Challenge Program) (H. Bouis)
• Uses agriculture as a public health intervention • Focuses on hard-to-reach populations in sustainable way, at low cost • Multi-disciplinary alliance of institutions: North/South, public/private/NGO, with the CGIAR at the nexus
INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Highlights (2000) - 4
 New research program on “Diet Changes and Diet Quality of the Poor” (Hawkes)

• Focuses on the diet, nutrition and health transitions – which result from economic growth, globalization, urbanization, changes in lifestyle • Focuses on how food and agriculture policies can help re-direct the transition – by affecting incentives to produce specific foods, which in turn affect the environment in which people make food choices

“Member States need to take healthy nutrition into account in their agricultural policies”

WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health

INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Highlights (2000) - 5
 RENEWAL: Regional Network on HIV/AIDS, Rural Livelihoods and Food Security:
• Focuses on bi-directional links between agriculture, rural livelihoods, food & nutrition security and HIV/AIDS • Successful Conference in Durban (200 participants)

INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Emerging health/agriculture projects/ideas (2000) - 5
 Health impacts of climate change  Food and water quality impacts  Interactions between major illnesses (including HIV/AIDS) and economic growth, poverty reduction and equity under varying development scenarios, with a focus on agriculture  Linking demand for dietary diversity with commercialization of underutilized crop species and varieties important to the rural poor  Integrating micro-nutrient intake and socio-economic classes into the IMPACT model (a Harvest Plus project)  Examining market channels for medicinal plants

INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Where are we?
 Building from our expertise in agriculturenutrition linkages  Expanding to global health issues  Exploring new partnerships with health and coordination/collaboration with other CG centers  Developing a set of policy briefs on agriculture and health  Convening this roundtable workshop
INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Goals of Roundtable
 Discuss conceptual framework of linkages between agriculture and health  Review current knowledge and research on linkages (agriculture  health)  Take stock of current and emerging research in the CG on agriculture and health linkages  Draft an action plan and time frame for the development of a systemwide initiative
INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Structure of Roundtable
 Day 1: Identifying and conceptualizing linkages
• • • • Conceptual framework Core health issues associated with agriculture Environment/ecosystem perspective Stock taking on CG work on agriculture/health

 Day 2: Strengthening coordination to achieve greater impact on the poor: the way forward
• Taking advantage of synergies • Examples of coordination between CG and health • Way forward
INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Outputs
 Workshop Proceedings  Action Plan for Development of system wide initiative  CGIAR Agriculture-Health resource guide  State-of-the art bibliography on AgricultureHealth Linkages  Sub-committee formed to take initiative forward

INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE


				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags: Serious
Stats:
views:96
posted:1/22/2008
language:English
pages:18