State Policies for Aquaculture Effluents and Solid Wastes in the

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State Policies for Aquaculture Effluents and Solid Wastes in the Powered By Docstoc
					                                                  C ONNECTICUT

Species Produced: Oysters, hard clams, trout, bait-            Copies of Current Standards: Connecticut Depart-
fish, salmon, largemouth bass and other species of             ment of Environmental Protection (DEP), Water
sportfish.                                                     Management Bureau, 79 Elm Street, Hartford, CT
Production Methods: Bottom culture, ponds, tanks               06106. There is no charge for copies of the standards.
and raceways.                                                  Waste Classification: Effluent — Industrial Waste;
Responsible Agency: Connecticut Department of                  Settleable Solids and Mortalities — Agricultural
Environmental Protection (DEP), 79 Elm Street,                 Waste or Solid Waste (See Land Application).
Hartford, CT 06106, Telephone: 203-566-7167, Fax:              Effluent Standards: Based upon maintaining the
203-566-8650. The Water Management Bureau has                  quality of receiving waters.
responsibility for regulating discharges to tidal and          NPDES Permit: Criteria—40 CFR Part 122.24;
non-tidal surface waters, and groundwater. The Solid           Permit Fee — See State Discharge Permit;
Waste Bureau regulates disposal of solid wastes.               Individual Permit Authority — Yes, 9/73; General
Water Classification: Surface waters are divided               Permit Authority — Yes, 3/92
into inland (Classes AA, A, B, C, D), lake trophic             State Discharge Permit: All discharges to waters of
classifications, and coastal and marine (SA, SB, SC,           the state are regulated under the state NPDES pro-
SD). Class AA is for existing or proposed drinking             gram. Permit applications are reviewed on a case-by-
water supply, fish and wildlife habitat, recreational          case basis. Permit fees (which are subject to change)
use, agricultural use, industrial supply; Class A is for       also are determined individually. Consultation with
fish and wildlife habitat, recreational use, agricultur-       the DEP is necessary to determine all applicable per-
al use, industrial supply, navigation and other uses;          mit requirements and fees for a specific project.
Class B is for recreational use, fish and wildlife habi-
                                                               Mixing Zone: (Referred to as a zone of influence in
tat, agricultural use, industrial supply, navigation and
                                                               Connecticut). Determined individually based upon
other uses; Class C is for certain fish and wildlife
                                                               characteristics of discharge and quality of receiving
habitat, certain recreational activities, agricultural
use, industrial supply, navigation and other uses;
Class D is for bathing or other recreational purposes,         Land Application: Settled solids (sludge) and mor-
certain fish and wildlife habitat, industrial supply,          talities that do not constitute a significant disposal
navigation and other uses. Lake trophic classifica-            problem and are suitable for beneficial reuse are
tions include: Oligotrophic, Mesotrophic, Eutrophic,           viewed as Agricultural Wastes, aquaculture facili-
and Highly Eutrophic. Class SA is for marine fish,             ties may be required to develop an agriculture waste
shellfish and wildlife habitat, shellfish harvesting for       management plan with the Soil Conservation
direct human consumption, recreation, navigation               Service. Waste management plans must be reviewed
and other uses; Class SB is for marine fish, shellfish         and approved by the DEP on a case-by-case basis.
and wildlife habitat, shellfish harvesting for depura-         Sludge and mortalities intended for off-site disposal
tion or relay, recreation, industrial supply, navigation       are regulated by the Solid Waste Bureau.
and other uses; Class SC waters may be suitable for            General Discharge Permit: Connecticut is currently
fish, shellfish and wildlife habitat, certain aquacul-         evaluating if there is sufficient justification to develop
ture operations, recreation, industrial supply, naviga-        a general NPDES permit for aquaculture facilities.
tion and other uses; Class D waters may be suitable
                                                               Other Information: Extensive bottom culture of
for bathing or other recreational purposes, certain
                                                               oysters and hard clams in Long Island Sound is reg-
fish and wildlife habitat, industrial supply, naviga-
                                                               ulated by the Connecticut Department of
tion and other uses. Surface waters classified as C,
                                                               Agriculture. Connecticut surface water standards
D, SC and SD are managed to achieve a minimum
                                                               allow for the designation of certain high quality
goal of Class B or SB respectively. groundwaters are
                                                               waters as Outstanding National Resource Waters
 subdivided into four classes, GAA, GA, GB and GC.
                                                               (ONRW). No such waters have been designated to
 Solid wastes are subdivided into hazardous and non-
 hazardous. Categories of solid wastes include
 municipal, industrial, construction and demolition,
 and agricultural.


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