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					Table of Indicators
Introduction:                                                                                                  Number of Appeals ...........................................................63
                                                                                                               Distribution of Variances, by Type ...................................63
Indicators provide an annual statistical snapshot of the County, a snapshot                                 Voter Participation, by Year and Election Type ......................64
which allows the County both to analyze positive and negative trends
and to review and update policies which may have an impact on the                                    Cultural Resources
trend’s movement. The indicators included in the preliminary databook
(chapter introductions) for the County were developed from indicator                                        Historic Preservation: Distribution of Historic Districts ........74
programs used in other jurisdictions, including the Raonoke Valley and                                      Tourism: Direct Travel Employment ......................................76
Blacksburg, and from the State of Virginia’s “Statewide Quality of Life                                        Direct Travel Payroll.........................................................76
Indicators” list.                                                                                              Direct Travel Spending .....................................................77
                                                                                                               Local Tax Revenue from Travel Spending .......................78
Land Use and Population:                                                                                       State Tax Revenue from Travel Spending ........................78
                                                                                                            Library: Circulation Rate, per Capita .....................................80
       Historical Population ..............................................................23                  Materials, per Capita.........................................................80
       Population Growth (1980-2000).............................................24                            Visits, per Capita...............................................................80
       Population Projections............................................................26                    Spending, per Capita.........................................................80
       Villages                                                                                                Operating Expenditures, Total ..........................................80
           Total Acreage ....................................................................28
           Number of Dwelling Units ...............................................28                Economic Resources
           Estimated Population ........................................................28
           Undeveloped Acreage .......................................................28                    Annual Employment...............................................................88
           Number of Undeveloped Lots...........................................28                             Distribution of Non-Farm Private Sector .........................88
                                                                                                               Annual Change, Non Farm, by Sector and Industry.........88
Planning                                                                                                       Annual Change in Manufacturing.....................................89
                                                                                                            Occupations, Distribution of...................................................91
       Rezonings, Number of............................................................57                   Income:
          Changes in Acreage ..........................................................58                      Wage Per Job.....................................................................95
          Land Use Distribution.......................................................58                       Median Household Income, by Jurisdiction .....................95
       Subdivisions:                                                                                           Median Family Income, by Jurisdiction ...........................95
          Major.................................................................................59             Per Capita Income, by Jurisdiction ...................................95
          Minor ................................................................................59             Per Capita Personal Income: Growth RAte ......................96
          Family ...............................................................................59             Median Age, by Block Group ...........................................97
          Number of Recorded Plats................................................59                           Median Family Income, by Block Group .........................97
          Number of New Lots ........................................................59                        Median Household Income, by Block Group ...................97
       Building Permits,                                                                                       Per Capita Income, by Block Group.................................97
          Number and Type of .........................................................61                       Percentage of 2-Income Families, by Block Group..........97
          New versus Replacement Manufactured Housing............61
          Distribution of Manufactured Housing.............................61                        Educational Resources
          Distribution of Building Permits.......................................61
       Special User Permits                                                                                 Educational Attainment ........................................................107
          Number of Special Use Permits, by Type: 1990-2002 .....62                                         Public Schools:
       Board of Zoning Appeals                                                                                 Program Capacity, by School..........................................109
          Number of Variances ........................................................63                       Age of School Facilities..................................................109
           Renovation/Addition to School Facilities.......................109                       Race ................................................................................166
           Number of Mobile Units.................................................109                   Total Minority Population, by Jurisdiction ...............166
           Square Feet Per Student..................................................109                 Percentage Minority Population, by Jurisdiction......166
           Fall Enrollment, by School .............................................110           Income
           Fall Membership, by Grade ............................................111                Median Family Income...................................................167
           Dropout Rate...................................................................112       Median Household Income.............................................167
           Accreditation Rate ..........................................................113         Per Capita Income.......................................................16777
           Funding Sources..............................................................114         Distribution of Households, by Income..........................167
           CIP School Related Funding...........................................114              Household/Family Characteristics, by Jurisdiction
           Average Teachers Salaries...............................................115           Number of Households.........................................................168
                                                                                                    Percentage of Households with Children Under 18........168
Environmental Resources                                                                             Percentage of Households with Married Couples...........168
                                                                                                    Percentage of Households with Female Householder,
      Climate:                                                                                          No Husband Present..................................................168
         Average Annual Temperature..........................................124                    Percentage of Households that are Non-Families...........168
         Average Annual Precipitation .........................................124                  Percentage of Households with Individuals,
         Average Maximum Temperature, by Month...................124                                    Living Alone .............................................................168
         Average Minimum Temperature, by Month ...................124                               Percentage of Households with Individuals, 65 or
         Average Precipitation, by Month ....................................124                        Older, Living Alone. ................................................168
      Average Snowfall, by Month................................................124              Social Support:
      Drought Conditions: 1998-2002...........................................125                   Child Care Capacity
      Air:                                                                                              Number of Slots ........................................................170
         Total Facility Emissions for Critical Air Pollutants........126                                Ratio to State Rate ....................................................170
         Point Sources of Pollutant Emissions .............................126                          Regional Share of Capacity, by Jurisdiction .............170
      Water:                                                                                        Natality:
         Miles of Impaired Streams..............................................127                     Total Number of Pregnancies....................................171
      Rare and Endangered Species...............................................128                     Five Year Infant Mortality Rate ................................171
      Agriculture:                                                                                      Percentage of Nonmarital Births...............................171
         Number of Working Farms .............................................130                       Birth Rate ..................................................................171
         Average Size of Farm .....................................................131                  Percentage Receiving Prenatal Care (1st Trimester).171
         Distribution of Farms, by Size........................................132                      Teenage Pregnancies: Childbearing Population,
         Number of Active Farms.................................................133                         by Age of Mother. ...............................................171
         Farm Acreage..................................................................133          Mortality
         Number of Acres Being Farmed .....................................134                          Mortality Rate, by Jurisdiction .................................172
         Change in Agricultural Acreage......................................134                        10 Leading Causes of Death, by Jurisdiction............172
         Annual Farm Income ......................................................135               Transfer Payments
         Per Acre Value ................................................................135             Total Transfer Payments............................................173
                                                                                                        Distribution of Transfer Payments, by Type .............173
Health and Human Services                                                                           Childhood Poverty
                                                                                                        Children Receiving AFDC/TANF.............................174
      Population: Percentage Increase 1970-2000.........................165                             Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Lunch,
      Demographics, Age Distribution, by Gender .......................166                                  by Jurisdiction .....................................................174
         Population .......................................................................166
         Ratio of Females to Males ..............................................166
         Median Age.....................................................................166
         Average Household Size .................................................166
Housing                                                                                             Public Safety
      Housing Affordability                                                                                Fire and Rescue:
          Local Median House Value: Ratio to State ....................183                                     Number and Median Age of Vehicles ............................195
          Median Monthly Costs, Owner Occupied, with                                                           Number of Personnel .....................................................195
             and without Mortgage ...............................................183                           Personnel, rate per 10,000 population............................195
          Median Montly Gross Rent............................................183
      Cost of Living                                                                                Recreation
          Overall............................................................................184
          Housing ..........................................................................184            Recreational Acreage, by Jurisdiction...................................203
          Food ...............................................................................184          Trails: Linear Miles, by Jurisdiction .....................................203
          Transportation ................................................................184               Distribution of Recreational Resources ................................203
          Utilities...........................................................................184          Recreational Levels of Service .............................................205
          Health Care ....................................................................184
          Miscellaneous.................................................................184         Transportation
      Cost of Housing
          Median House Cost ........................................................184                    Roads
          Rate of Appreciation ......................................................184                      Miles in County Road Network, by Type ......................212
      Property Tax Rate per $1,000................................................184                         Total Vehicle Miles per 24 Hours, by Type of Road ......213
          Home Cost Index ...........................................................184                      Average Traffic Per Mile of Road, 24 Hours .................215
      Housing Stock                                                                                           Regional Commuting Patterns .......................................216
          Age of Units ...................................................................185                 Commuting Time ...........................................................217
          Types and Distribution, by Jurisdiction .........................186
      Housing Tenure .....................................................................187