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					                      International Workshop on
                       ‘Urbanisation, Land Use,
            Land Degradation and Environment’ (ULE2009)
                            Denizli, Turkey
                   th
                 29 September to 1st October 2009

Introduction
Land degradation affects the earth's arability, thus reducing the wealth and
economic development of nations. It lowers the agricultural production and cancels
out gains advanced by improved crop yield. Food security is compromised and
competition for dwindling resources increases as the land resource base becomes
less productive. Thus a downward eco-social spiral is created when marginal lands
are nutrient depleted by unsustainable land management practices resulting in loss
of soil stability leading to permanent damage. The effects of land degradation often
have more significant impacts on receiving water courses (rivers, wetlands and
lakes). Land degradation therefore has potentially disastrous impacts on lakes and
reservoirs that are designed to alleviate flooding, provide irrigation and generate
hydro-power.
The causes of land degradation are mainly anthropogenic and agriculture related,
which include land clearance, deforestation, depletion of soil nutrients, urban
conversion, irrigation and pollution. Land degradation is affecting more than 1900
million hectares of land world-wide. The rate at which arable land is being lost is
increasing and the loss of potential productivity due to soil erosion world-wide is
estimated to be equivalent to some 20 million tons of grains per year.
In the developing and developed countries, the expansion of urban areas and
infrastructure is encroaching on productive land and natural habitats. The
environment, especially in urban areas, is so polluted that it often poses a danger
to human health. Resolution of land use conflicts is essential for sustainable
development. Identifying the causes of land-use change requires understanding
both how people make land-use decisions (decision-making processes) and how
specific environmental and social factors interact to influence these decisions
(decision-making context). It is also very important to understand that land use
decisions are made and influenced by social and environmental factors across a
wide range of spatial scales - from household level decisions that influence local
land use practices to policies and economic forces that can alter land use
regionally and even globally.
Major threats to soil quality and sustainable land use / management are direct or
indirect anthropogenic inputs. Consequently, soil being a resource of common
interest, is under increasing environmental pressure originating from or accelerated
by human activities. Land degradation / contamination in one region cannot be
encountered as an isolated problem and may have adverse impacts at
neighbouring regions, and also on water, nature, public health and biodiversity.
Thus for a sound and feasible environmental management and sustainable
development to be ensured by a consistent and efficient environmental quality
protection, protection of soils, prevention of threats and mitigation of related
adverse impacts as well as proper land use and management should be in
coordination with such mechanisms as integrated watershed management, water
resources management, water shortage and quantitative-qualitative assessment of
water sources (surface, groundwater etc.), water purification and wastewater
treatment practices, control of irrigation-related problems (nutrient loads, pesticides
etc.), water reclamation and reuse, desalination, solid waste management,
hazardous waste management, control of landfill sites, leachate treatment, etc.
In order to acquaint the scientists, researchers, academicians and policy makers
who are engaged in the work on land degradation, land use and environment, the
Centre for Science & Technology of the NAM and Other Developing Countries
(NAM S&T Centre) with the approval of its Governing Council announces the
organisation of an International Workshop on „Urbanisation, Land Use, Land
Degradation and Environment‟ at Denizli, Turkey during 29th September to 1st
October 2009 in association with Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey and the
Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) and invites
nominations for participation from the member countries of the NAM S&T Centre
and other developing countries.
Objectives
       The objectives of the Workshop are to:
          Facilitate the sharing of information on various aspects of land
           degradation.
          Exchange the country specific information about land degradation, land
           use decisions and environment.
          Seek possibilities for cross country projects among NAM members.
          Promote scientist-to-scientist contact and interactions.
Programme of the Workshop
The International Workshop will be held during 29th September – 1st October 2009.
The event is structured into two main sections, viz. “Workshop-I: Urbanisation,
Land Use, Land Degradation” and “Workshop-II: Environment” to provide an
international platform for exchanging information on several aspects of the issue,
that may lead to cross-country joint projects among NAM S&T Centre members
and other developing countries, and promoting scientist-to-scientist interactions on
various topics covered in the event.
A session wise programme would be sent to the participants in due course.
About NAM S&T Centre
The Centre for Science and Technology of the Non-Aligned and Other Developing
Countries (NAM S&T Centre; www.namstct.org) is an inter-governmental
organization with a membership of 44 countries spread over Asia, Africa, Middle
East and Latin America. The Centre was set up in 1989 in New Delhi, India in
pursuance of recommendations of various NAM Summit meetings for the
promotion of South-South and North-South cooperation in science and technology.
The Centre undertakes a variety of programmes, including organization of
workshops, symposiums, meetings and training courses and implementation of
collaborative projects and offers short-term research fellowships to the scientists
from the developing countries in association with various Centres of Excellence.
The Centre also brings out technical books and other scientific publications in
different subjects. These activities provide opportunity for scientist–to–scientist
contact and interaction; familiarizing participants on the latest developments and
techniques in the subject areas; identification of the requirements of training and
expert assistance; locating technologies for transfer between the members and
other developing countries, dissemination of S&T information etc. The Centre also
encourages academic-research-industry interaction in the developing countries
through its NAM S&T-Industry Network.
About Pamukkale University (www.pamukkale.edu.tr/)
Faculty of Science & Arts, Biology Department
The department's aim is to prepare students for a promising future in research, and
as a result, a large percentage of graduates pursue graduate studies in the country
and abroad. The goal of our department is to offer research and instructional
opportunities in the emerging important areas of biology while maintaining a
program rooted in the basics of disciplines. The Science of Biology, which is
claimed to be the Science of 21st century, is of vital importance for Turkey too,
because of the necessity to establish environmental policies, prevent the biological
richness, and activate sectors that use biotechnology.
Faculty of Engineering, Environmental Engineering Department
PAU Environmental Engineering Department (EED) was founded in 1994 under
the Engineering Faculty of Pamukkale University and started her educational
activities in 1995 by offering MSc degrees in "Environmental Engineering". With
regard to the vision of the department and to meet the needs of the era, a new
undergraduate program with 30% of the courses in English, has been initiated as
of fall 2008. The department currently houses two divisions, being "Environmental
Sciences" and "Environmental Technology". The mission of the Environmental
Engineering Department is to provide a premium and contemporary education to
prepare her graduates as professionals capable of identifying, evaluating, and
solving complex and multi-layered problems in the field of environmental science
and engineering, to conduct and encourage fundamental and applied research with
a focus of designing and implementing sound, feasible, and sustainable
engineering solutions to the environmental real-world issues, to build-up the
proficient expertise with a global, inter-disciplinary, and innovative perspective, to
be a competent actor coordinating with the public administration, the industry, and
the other local, national and, international bodies for implementation of the
generated sustainable solutions.
About TÜBİTAK
The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK;
http://www.tubitak.gov.tr/home.do?lang=en) is the leading agency established in
1963 for management, funding and conduct of research in Turkey. It is an
autonomous institution governed by a Scientific Board whose members are
selected from among prominent scholars from universities, industry and research
institutions. The Council is the highest S&T policy making body in Turkey
responsible for promoting, developing, organizing, conducting and coordinating
research and development in line with national targets and priorities. It has set its
vision to be an innovative, guiding, participating and cooperating institution in the
fields of science and technology, which serves for improvement of the life
standards of the society and sustainable development of Turkey. TÜBİTAK not
only supports innovation, academic and industrial R&D studies but also keeps in
line with national priorities, develops scientific and technological policies and
manages R&D institutes carrying out research, technology and development
studies. Furthermore, TÜBİTAK funds research projects carried out in universities
and other public and private organizations. It conducts research on strategic areas,
develops support programmes for public and private sectors, publishes scientific
journals, popular science magazines and books, organizes science and society
activities and supports undergraduate and graduate students through scholarships.
More than 1,500 researchers work in 15 different research institutes of TÜBİTAK
where contract research as well as targeted and nation-wide research is
conducted.
Participants
The workshop has been primarily designed for the specialists and professionals
and policy makers from the government departments, academic institutions and
private sectors in the developing countries with relevant scientific background and
from specific disciplines such as Land degradation, Soil Sciences & Soil Erosion
and related Environmental issues like Water quality, Resources & Management;
Pollution; Waste Management, Ecology Impact; Resistance Mechanism inside
Livings and Methods of Developing Resistant Strains etc.
The selection of the participants will be strictly based on merit and quality of the
extended abstract of the presentation material to be submitted along with the
completed Nomination Form. A pre-condition for participation in the workshop is
that the participants must submit the final manuscript of their papers at least a
fortnight     before      the     commencement            of     the    workshop.

English is the official language of the workshop.
Venue
The international workshop will be organized in The Richmond Pamukkale Thermal
Hotel at Denizli, Turkey.
Resource Persons
Resource persons for the workshop will comprise eminent experts from Turkey,
India and other countries.
Submission of Nominations
Applications for participation (excepting those from Turkey) are required to be
submitted in the prescribed form to the NAM S&T Centre as early as possible but
latest by 28th August 2009. The form should be completed in all respects and no
column should be left blank. Turkish scientists should send their applications directly
to the Turkish organizers.
The submitted application must contain an extended abstract of the paper proposed
to be presented in the workshop.
Presentation of Paper
Each selected participant will be required to present a country status report and/or a
research / scientific article on any of the themes appropriate to the workshop.
Publication of Proceedings
The country status reports, scientific/research papers and other study material
presented during the workshop will be compiled along with the articles from other
authors and will be published after peer-review. All applicants are required to
submit the extended abstracts of their papers proposed to be presented during the
workshop along with the completed nomination form. Those finally selected to
attend the workshop will be required to submit the full manuscript of their
papers/country reports as per the Centre‟s prescribed guidelines at least 15 days
before the commencement of the workshop i.e. by 11th September 2009.
Local Hospitality and Travel within Turkey
All foreign participants will be received at the Denizli-Çardak airport and will be
transported to the venue of the workshop. Local hospitality, including
accommodation, meals and local transport during 28 th September (1200 noon) to
2nd October (1200 noon) 2009 (i.e. commencing from one day before the workshop
and for an additional day after its conclusion) will be arranged by the Turkish
organisers. The participants will have to make their own arrangement of stay
beyond these days and therefore they should arrange their flight schedules
accordingly.
Financial Arrangements for Travel
This is being conveyed separately to each member country of the NAM S&T Centre
and other developing countries.

Entry Formalities, Immigration and Health
Participants of the workshop must be in possession of a current passport and valid
visa for entry into Turkey. The embassies / diplomatic mission of Turkey located in
the country of the participants should be approached for obtaining an entry visa. If a
particular country does not have a Turkish Mission, participants from that country
would be issued visa on arrival provided a specific request is made to the Turkish
organisers well in advance. The Turkish organisers will facilitate the issuance of a
visa by providing the participants with an official letter of invitation.
About Denizli and its Surroundings
Denizli is a growing industrial city in the eastern end of the alluvial valley formed by
the river Büyük Menderes. The city has a population of about 400,000 (2006
census) and is the capital city of Denizli Province. Denizli has achieved a
remarkable economic development in the last decades and that is why it is cited
along with a number of other Turkish cities, as one of the foremost examples of
„Anatolian Tigers‟ in reference to its rapid pace of development.
‘Denizli Rooster‟ is the symbol of Denizli and can easily be recognized with its
black eyes, grey/purple legs, big axe comb and red atrium with white spots.
The exact workshop venue is located at an authentic town of Karahayit, located 5
km north of Pamukkale (Cotton Palace). The town is famous for its thermal spas
and natural hot-springs with a special red colour. Pamukkale is a world-famous
natural treasure with its unique and beautiful travertine formations. It is adjacent to
the ancient city of Hierapolis, the outstanding archaeological and natural attraction
site included in UNESCO‟s “The World Heritage List”- and is also close to the other
two important archaeological sites of the region; Laodikeia and Tripolis.
Currency
Turkish Lira (TL) = 100 Kurus (kr)
Exchange Rate Indicators: £1.00 ≈ TL2.36, $1.00 ≈ TL1.58, €1.00 ≈ TL2.10
People and Culture:
Islam is the largest religion of Turkey with more than 99 percent followers.
Christianity and Judaism are the other religions in practice.
The culture of Turkey combines diversified elements derived from the Ottoman,
European and Middle Eastern traditions. This rich diversity is mostly owed to Turkey's
former status as a multiethnic empire because of which the Republic of Turkey is still
a transcontinental country that spans Europe and Asia.
Diversified cultural elements in Turkey are being reflected through various cultural
means. The music of Turkey includes elements of Central Asian folk music, Arabic,
Persian classical music, ancient Greco-Roman music and modern European and
American popular music. Turkish literature is the composition either in the Ottoman
form (poetry and prose) of Turkish language or in less exclusively literary forms as
spoken in the country nowadays. The traditional Turkish national sport has been the
„Yağlı güreş‟ (Oiled Wrestling). However the most popular sport today in Turkey is
football followed by basketball and volleyball as mainstream sports. Turkish cuisine is
also an Ottoman heritage which may be sensed as a fusion and refinement of
Turkish, Mediterranean,, Greek, Arabic, Armenian and Persian cuisines.
Other Useful Information
Standard Time: 3 hours ahead of GMT
Voltage: 220 volts 50 Hz
International Dialing code: +90
Internet Domain: .tr
Emergency Phone numbers: Ambulance-112, Police-155, Coast Guard-158, Fire-
110, Tourism Info.-170
Temperature is anticipated to be around 12°C min. and 24°C max. during the
workshop.
Note
      Individual participants or their governments / institutions will be required to
       bear the following costs:
        All expenses in the home country incidental to travel abroad, including
         expenditure for passport and visa, required medical examinations and
         vaccinations and miscellaneous expenses such as internal travel to/from
         the airport of departure in the home country.
        Salary and other related allowances for the participants during the event.
        Cost of medical insurance to cover the period of their participation in the
         Workshop.
      The organizers will not assume responsibility for the following expenditure in
       connection with the participant‟s attendance in the Workshop:
        Insurance, medical bills or hospitalisation fees.
        Compensation in the event of death, disability or illness of participants.
        Loss of personal belongings or compensation for damage caused by
         climatic or other conditions.
        Travel or other costs incurred by the dependents that might accompany
         the       participants,       or       because       of       overstay.
                                        Contact Details

NAM S&T CENTRE
Prof. Arun P. Kulshreshtha,
Director,
Centre for Science & Technology of the Non-Aligned and other Developing Countries (NAM
S&T Centre),
Zone-6A, 2ndFloor, India Habitat Centre, Lodhi Road,
New Delhi – 110003, INDIA
Tel: +91-11-24645134, 24644974; Fax: +91-11-24644973
E-mail: namstct@gmail.com, namstct@bol.net.in, apknam@gmail.com
Website: www.namstct.org
Mr. M. Bandyopadhyay,
Senior Expert & Administrative Officer
Address, Tel. and E-mail: (O) as above. Tel. (R) 91-11-29941203

PAMUKKALE UNIVERSITY
Kinikli 20070, Denizli, TURKEY
web: http://www.pau.edu.tr/
E-mail: ule2009@pau.edu.tr, hselcukpau@gmail.com

Assoc. Prof. Ali Çelik (Co-Chair)
Assist. Prof. Ali R. Alan (Co-Secretary)
Faculty of Science and Arts,
Biology Department
Tel: +90 258 296 3670
Fax: +90 258 296 3535

Assoc. Prof Hüseyin Selçuk (Co-Chair)
Assist. Prof. Ebru Dulekgurgen (Co-Secretary)
Faculty of Engineering
Environmental Engineering Department
Tel:+90 258 296 3172
Fax: :+90 258 296 3262

THE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF TURKEY
(TÜBİTAK)
Atatürk Bűlvarı No. 221, Kavaklıdere, 06100, Ankara, TURKEY
Prof. Dr. Omer ANLAGAN,
Vice President
Tel: +90-312-4685300; Fax: +90-312-4277483
E-mail: uidb@tubitak.gov.tr
In order to avoid confusion, interested scientists from countries other than Turkey may in the first
instance please correspond only with the NAM S&T Centre, and not with Pamukkale
University/TUBITAK, Turkey. All such applications will be initially processed by the NAM S&T
Centre.
Scientists from Turkey may however submit their requests to the Pamukkale University.
                          CENTRE FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF THE
                         NON-ALIGNED AND OTHER DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
                                     (NAM S&T CENTRE)
                                                   INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP
                                           ON
               URBANISATION, LAND USE, LAND DEGRADATION AND ENVIRONMENT
                        DENIZLI, TURKEY, 28TH SEPT. - 1ST OCT. 2009

NOMINATION FORM
(PLEASE TYPE OR USE BLOCK CAPITALS; NO COLUMN SHOULD
BE LEFT BLANK, OTHERWISE THE FORM WILL BE REJECTED)                                                                           Affix
                                                                                                                             Recent
SECTION –A                                                                                                                 Photograph
(To be filled in by the nominee)

1      Name (Dr/Mr/Mrs/Ms):........................................................................................
       (As mentioned in the Passport)

2      Designation (Position held):…………………………………………………………

3.     Nationality:...............................................................................................………..

4      Date of Birth:…………. Place of Birth (City) ……….….. (Country)……………….

5      Passport No: ....................Place of issue: ........................................

       Date of Issue: ............................... Valid up to: .................................................….

6      Name of the Parent Institution: ……………………………………………

       Full Address (Office):............................................…………………………………

       ..............................................................................................................................

       Phone: ........…................................. Mobile: ........................................................

       Fax: ............................................…. E-mail: .........................................................

7      Full Address (Home): ..........................................................................................

       ...............................................................................................................................

       Phone: ........…................................. Mobile: ........................................................

       Fax: ............................................…. E-mail: ..........................................................
8         Educational Qualifications: Highest Degree: ..............................................................

          Year of Award: ...................... University:...................................................................

          Field of Study: ...........................................................................................................

9         Brief Bio data: ………………………………………………………………………….
          (To be attached on separate sheet)

10        What in your opinion qualifies you for the participation in this Workshop?
          (To be attached on separate sheet)

11        Brief (1-2 page) Resume of your presentation in the Workshop.
          (To be attached on separate sheet)


          Date: .............................. Signature: .............................................................….

SECTION -B

ENDORSEMENT BY NOMINATING AUTHORITY

(The Applicant in a member country of the NAM S&T Centre may get the following endorsement
signed by the Focal Point of the Centre in his/her country, if he/she wishes to take advantages accrued
to the official nominee of the country. For the list of member countries and names/addresses of the Focal
Points please visit Centre’s website www.namstct.org)

Signature:...............…...............................................................

Name (in full): ...........................................................................

Designation:.......................…....................................................

Date:....................….......................………….............................


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