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					Category of Practice     Candidate Best Practice (BP)-Brief Description
                         (describe as an action)

Administrative Process
                         Consider using Kaizen: a collaborative analysis
                         process (used by the Japanese) which brings
                         together all the stakeholders in a particular area to
                         analyze their processes and to determine how to
                         make those processes more efficient.

                         A Kaizen team meets for an entire week with a final
                         presentation Friday. Unlike making
                         recommendations at the end of the process, the
                         Kaizen approach is action oriented. Implementation
                         begins immediately. A Kaizen team is made up of
                         people who do the work, customers and outsiders.
                         This ensures the team has the process expertise,
                         input from the people being served by the process,
                         and a fresh perspective from those with no process
                         knowledge. These events are facilitated by people
                         steeped and experienced in this methodology,
                         empowering a team to come up with their own
                         recommendations by the end of the week.
                         Implementation begins the following week.
Administrative Process   Early consultation with appropriate (e.g. federal,
                         state and/or local) resource management agencies
                         to determine if there are any resources of special
                         concern in the area under consideration.




Administrative Process   Provide information for possible future project
                         expansions to the degree possible. Expanded
                         projects may involve impacts not specifically
                         addressed during the initial project.


Administrative Process   Regulations should outline the application and
                         hearing process and should specify, in some detail,
                         the type of information that will be requested as part
                         of the application for a wind energy development.
Administrative Process   Include site plan with sufficient detail to describe the
                         nature and scope of the proposed project, the
                         attributes of the specific location, as well as any
                         potential issues or questions relating to the site
                         chosen. This should include identifying land
                         development constraints that may influence the
                         location of proposed facilities. These can be both
                         regulated constraints as well as guidelines
                         suggested by the community or developer. Some of
                         these constraints include:
                         ����Environmental constraints (identified in an Env.
                         Assessment)
                         ����Setback requirements
                         ����Floodplain issues
                         ����Height restrictions
                         ����Zoning constraints
Administrative Process   Environmental assessments, part of the overall site
                         plan, should include:
                         a) wildlife and habitat;
                         b) noise impacts (identified by state & local
                         standards);
                         c) soil erosion and dust;
                         d) safety issues;
                         e) water quality and quantity;
                         f) historic, cultural, and archeological impacts;
                         g) fire risks (e.g., grassland fires at site); and
                         h) other impacts of local importance.

Administrative Process   Identify the appropriate federal, state, and/or local
                         regulations, the regulating agencies, the required
                         permits and approvals, licenses and the steps
                         necessary to obtain such approvals, including:
                         studies, duration, cost, and the level of certainty that
                         each approval may be required for the specific
                         project.

                         Establish a centralized point of contact in the
                         jurisdiction for obtaining information regarding the
                         required permits and approvals, licenses and the
                         steps necessary to obtain such approvals, including:
                         studies, duration, cost, and the level of certainty that
                         each approval may be required for the specific
                         project.
Administrative Process   In developing environmental and other site
                         background information, utilize the latest and most
                         comprehensive information available. Communicate
                         this information with all afftected stakeholders.
Implementer   Name of Team             BP Name of Document/Publication
              Member/Staff who         and URL
              Nominated
Regulator     Maureen Brennan, Baker   http://governor.ohio.gov/LeanOhio/Wh
              Hostetler LLP, BP        atisLeanSixSigmaandKaizen.aspx
              workgroup member




Developer     John Hummer              Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                                       Projects in Kansas:
                                       http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                                       nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf
                                       MAY ALSO BE IN THE FWS
                                       GUIDELINES

Developer     John Hummer              Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                                       Projects in Kansas:
                                       http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                                       nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf


Regulator     John Hummer              Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                                       Projects in Kansas:
                                       http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                                       nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf
Developer               John Hummer   Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                                      Projects in Kansas:
                                      http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                                      nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf and
                                      AWEA Siting Handbook - Chapter 3:
                                      Critical Environmental Issues
                                      Analysis:
                                      http://www.awea.org/sitinghandbook/d
                                      ownloads/Chapter_3_Critical_Environ
                                      mental_Issues_Analysis.pdf




Developer               John Hummer   Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                                      Projects in Kansas:
                                      http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                                      nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf




Developer               John Hummer   AWEA Siting Handbook - Chapter 3:
                                      Critical Environmental Issues
                                      Analysis:
                                      http://www.awea.org/sitinghandbook/d
                                      ownloads/Chapter_3_Critical_Environ
                                      mental_Issues_Analysis.pdf



State or local agency
Developer   John Hummer   Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                          Projects in Kansas:
                          http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                          nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf
1. Administratively   2. Cost-Effective   3. Engages Public   4. Environmentally &    5. Scientifically
Efficient                                                     Culturally Protective   Sound
6. Preferential to   7. Creates &/or   8. Encourages          9. Respectful of      10. Adaptable
Clean Energy         Maintains Jobs    Proactive Approaches   Landowner &
Sources                                                       Community Interests
11. Coordinative
& Collaborative
Category of Practice       Candidate Best Practice (BP)-Brief Description
                           (describe as an action)


Construction-Engineering   Ensure that construction minimizes or eliminates the
                           potential for nesting or perching.



Construction-Engineering




Construction-Engineering   When possible, initiate and complete construction and
                           conduct maintenance when the ground is frozen or
                           when soils are dry and the native vegetation is dormant.
Implementer   Name of Team    BP Name of                          1. Administratively
              Member/Staff    Document/Publication and URL        Efficient
              who Nominated

Developer     John Hummer     Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                              Projects in Kansas:
                              http://www.kansasenergy.org/docum
                              ents/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf

              John Hummer     Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                              Projects in Kansas:
                              http://www.kansasenergy.org/docum
                              ents/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf


Developer     John Hummer     Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                              Projects in Kansas:
                              http://www.kansasenergy.org/docum
                              ents/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf
2. Cost-Effective   3. Engages Public 4. Environmentally & 5. Scientifically   6. Preferential to
                                      Culturally Protective Sound              Clean Energy
                                                                               Sources
7. Creates &/or   8. Encourages   9. Respectful of   10. Adaptable   11. Coordinative &
Maintains Jobs    Proactive       Landowner &                        Collaborative
                  Approaches      Community
                                  Interests
Category of Practice   Candidate Best Practice (BP)-Brief Description
                       (describe as an action)


Cultural               As part of the site assessment, conduct a cultural
                       resource assessment, and use to inform development
                       decisions.

Cultural               Identify community facilities such as churches, parks and
                       recreational areas, and other details that can provide a
                       better picture of the community in the area of the
                       proposed project and its character.


Cultural               Identify archaeological and historical resources through a
                       desktop analysis using readily available resources such
                       as the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP)
                       maintained by the National Parks Service (NPS).


Cultural-Historic      Consult with the State Historical Society and qualified
                       professional specialists familiar with cultural and fossil
                       resources in the project development area and document
                       them in the project site plan.
Cultural-Historic      Design project site plans to avoid sensitive cultural or
                       historical resources. Respect Native American sensitive
                       resources and their confidentiality and plan to work
                       closely with tribal/First Nation representatives to avoid
                       disruption of these resources.


Cultural-Historic      Monitor and mitigate cultural and historic resources that
                       may have been degraded during construction and
                       operation of the project.
Implementer                  Name of Team     BP Name of Document/Publication
                             Member/Staff who and URL
                             Nominated

Developer                    John Hummer      Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                                              Projects in Kansas:
                                              http://www.kansasenergy.org/documen
                                              ts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf
Developer and local agency   John Hummer      AWEA Siting Handbook - Chapter 3:
                                              Critical Environmental Issues Analysis:
                                              http://www.awea.org/sitinghandbook/do
                                              wnloads/Chapter_3_Critical_Environm
                                              ental_Issues_Analysis.pdf

Developer                    John Hummer      AWEA Siting Handbook - Chapter 3:
                                              Critical Environmental Issues Analysis:
                                              http://www.awea.org/sitinghandbook/do
                                              wnloads/Chapter_3_Critical_Environm
                                              ental_Issues_Analysis.pdf

Developer                    John Hummer      Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                                              Projects in Kansas:
                                              http://www.kansasenergy.org/documen
                                              ts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf
Developer                    John Hummer      Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                                              Projects in Kansas:
                                              http://www.kansasenergy.org/documen
                                              ts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf



Developer                    John Hummer      Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                                              Projects in Kansas:
                                              http://www.kansasenergy.org/documen
                                              ts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf
1. Administratively   2. Cost-Effective   3. Engages Public 4. Environmentally & 5. Scientifically
Efficient                                                   Culturally Protective Sound
6. Preferential to   7. Creates &/or   8. Encourages   9. Respectful of   10. Adaptable
Clean Energy         Maintains Jobs    Proactive       Landowner &
Sources                                Approaches      Community
                                                       Interests
11. Coordinative &
Collaborative
Category of Practice   Candidate Best Practice (BP)-Brief Description             Implementer
                       (describe as an action)


Decommissioning        Develop provisions for future site decommissioning Developer
                       and reclamation. Decommissioning and reclamation
                       plan should include:
                       a) when and under what circumstances
                       decommissioning and reclamation occurs;
                       b) the expected end of the project life; and
                       c) how the decommissioning and reclamation plan is
                       secured (e.g., bonds, contract).


                       LOOK AT STATE & PROVINCIAL PROFILES -
                       SEARCH FOR "DECOMMISSIONING" - ALSO
                       LOOK AT OFFSHORE PP DOC
Decommissioning        As part of the permit application, the developer must      Local or
                       submit a decommissioning plan. The plan shall              state/provincial
                       include: 1) the anticipated life of the project, 2) the    regulatory agency,
                       estimated decommissioning costs net of salvage             municipal
                       value in current dollars, 3) the method of ensuring        owner/operator
                       that funds will be available for decommissioning and
                       restoration, and 4) the anticipated manner in which
                       the project will be decommissioned and the site
                       restored including procedures for
                       equipment/building, dismantling and demolition, site
                       restoration and final residue disposal.




Decommissioning        For offshore wind projects, decommissioning and            Developer
                       removal of turbine components including blades,
                       nacelle, tower, and containerized transformer, is
                       anticipated to be largely a reversal of the installation
                       process and should be subject to the same
                       constraints. Operational wastes associated with
                       routine maintenance, repair, upgrades, and/or
                       decommissioning must be properly handled, stored,
                       transported, and disposed of at a licensed facility
                       that complies with applicable regulations.
Name of Team     BP Name of Document/Publication 1. Administratively   2. Cost-Effective
Member/Staff who and URL                         Efficient
Nominated

John Hummer        Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                   Projects in Kansas:
                   http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                   nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf




Commission Staff   Koppendrayer, LeRoy, David C.
                   Boyd, Thomas Pugh, and Phyllis A.
                   Reha. Minnesota. Public Utility
                   Commission. Order Establishing
                   General Wind Permit Standards. 11
                   Jan. 2008.
                   <http://energyfacilities.puc.state.mn.u
                   s/documents/19302/PUC%20Order%
                   20Standards%20and%20Setbacks.p
                   df> Michigan Bureau of Energy
                   Systems. Department of Energy,
                   Labor & Economic Growth. Sample
                   Zoning for Wind Energy Systems. 16
                   Apr. 2008.
                   <http://www.michigan.gov/documents
                   /dleg/WindEnergySampleZoning_236
                   105_7.pdf>.
Commission Staff   Offshore Siting Principles and
                   Guidelines for Wind Development on
                   the Great Lakes
                   http://www.glc.org/energy/wind/pdf/Of
                   fshore-Siting-Principles-and-
                   Guidelines-for-Wind-Development-
                   on-the-Great-Lakes_FINAL.pdf
3. Engages Public 4. Environmentally & 5. Scientifically   6. Preferential to   7. Creates &/or
                  Culturally Protective Sound              Clean Energy         Maintains Jobs
                                                           Sources
8. Encourages   9. Respectful of   10. Adaptable   11. Coordinative &
Proactive       Landowner &                        Collaborative
Approaches      Community
                Interests
Category of Practice   Candidate Best Practice (BP)-Brief Description             Implementer
                       (describe as an action)


Economic-Financial     Wind Energy Production Tax : Wind energy                   State agency
                       projects are exempt from property taxes and are
                       required to pay local taxing districts a direct payment
                       based on the electricity production from the wind
                       turbines. The tax is on a sliding-scale based on the
                       size of the wind energy project.

                       For the state of Minnesota, the tax scale is as follows:
                       -Large Scale Wind Energy Conversion System -
                       nameplate capacity of more than 12 megawatts.
                       Payment of 0.12 cents per kilowatt hour.
                       -Medium Scale Wind Energy Conversion System -
                       nameplate capacity of between two and 12
                       megawatts. Payment of 0.036 cents per kilowatt
                       hour.
                       -Small scale Wind Energy Conversion System -
                       nameplate capacity of between two megawatts and
                       more than 250 kilowatts. Payment of 0.012 cents per
                       kilowatt hour.
                       -Small Scale Wind Energy Conversion systems with
                       a capacity of 250 kilowatts or less and small scale
                       systems owned by a political subdivision would be
                       exempt from the production tax.

                       The bulk of the tax revenue (80%) goes to the
                       county, the remaining 20% goes to the city/township
                       and school district.


Economic-Workforce     Governments should provide incentives to                   State and local
Development            developers to hire local labor.                            agencies



Economic               Economic assessments, part of the overall project    Developer
                       plan, should include:
                       a) tax revenues and public infrastructure
                       enhancements required;
                       b) business and job generation;
                       c) impact on tourism;
                       d) impacts on community services (fire & safety) and
                       d) other economic impacts.
Economic-Workforce   Domestic content requirements, which would ensure State agencies
Development          at percentage of wind projects be produced in a
                     state/province -- requirements for solar will increase
                     by January 1, 2011 and wind will increase by January
                     1, 2012.
Economic-Financial   Landowners adjacent to turbine placement receive       Developer
                     easement agreements and payments, e.g.,
                     Wisconsin Webco project: landowners within one-
                     third mile of a turbine receive $500 per year.
Name of Team         BP Name of Document/Publication           1. Administratively   2. Cost-Effective
Member/Staff who     and URL                                   Efficient
Nominated

Larry Hartman,       http://www.newrules.org/energy/rules/wi
Minnesota DNR, BP    nd-energy-taxation/wind-energy-
workgroup co-chair   taxation-minnesota




Staff                Eric Lantz and Suzanne Tegan, 2008.
                     “Variables affecting economic
                     development of wind energy. “
                     NREL/CP-0500-43506. Presented at
                     Windpower 2008.
John Hummer          Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                     Projects in Kansas:
                     http://www.kansasenergy.org/document
                     s/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf
Staff             http://www.news.ontario.ca/opo/en/200
                  9/09/green-energy-act-will-attract-
                  investment-create-jobs.html


Mike Vickerman,
Renew Wisconsin
3. Engages Public 4. Environmentally & 5. Scientifically   6. Preferential to   7. Creates &/or
                  Culturally Protective Sound              Clean Energy         Maintains Jobs
                                                           Sources
8. Encourages   9. Respectful of   10. Adaptable   11. Coordinative &
Proactive       Landowner &                        Collaborative
Approaches      Community
                Interests
Category of Practice   Candidate Best Practice (BP)-Brief Description
                       (describe as an action)


Energy Policy          Implement wind programs and incentives to help
                       achieve RPS standards, including "carve-outs" for
                       wind. (Illinois example)
                       Enact feed-in tariffs (Ex: Ontario Green Energy Act) -
                       Used as a policy tool, a FIT encourages the
                       development of renewable energy sources by
                       guaranteeing grid access, long-term contracts for the
                       electricity produced and purchase prices based on
                       the cost of development and operation. Ontario FIT
                       prices vary for different renewable technologies and
                       project sizes. For example, offshore wind energy is
                       priced at 19 cents per kilowatt, and onshore wind
                       energy is priced at $13.5 cents per kilowatt.
                       Furthermore, the FIT Program enshrines the “take or
                       pay” principle, so generators are paid for all the
                       energy they produce thereby making renewables a
                       top priority for the province.
Energy Policy
Energy Policy          Production Tax Credit
Energy Policy          Investment Tax Credit
Energy Policy          Accelerated Depreciation
Implementer         Name of Team       BP Name of                          1. Administratively
                    Member/Staff       Document/Publication and URL        Efficient
                    who Nominated

State Legislature   Victoria Pebbles



State/Province                         Look at presentation by Kevin
                                       Edwards from ED and Offshore
                                       Webinars

                                       A FIT Bill was introduced in the
                                       Indiana Legislator in Jan 2010:
                                       http://www.wind-
                                       works.org/FeedLaws/USA/IndianaL
                                       egislatorIntroducesFeed-
                                       inTariffBill.html




Federal             Staff              Cross reference with CESA docs on financial policies
Federal             Staff              Cross reference with CESA docs
Federal             Staff              Cross reference with CESA docs
2. Cost-Effective   3. Engages Public 4. Environmentally & 5. Scientifically   6. Preferential to
                                      Culturally Protective Sound              Clean Energy
                                                                               Sources
7. Creates &/or   8. Encourages   9. Respectful of   10. Adaptable   11. Coordinative &
Maintains Jobs    Proactive       Landowner &                        Collaborative
                  Approaches      Community
                                  Interests
Category of Practice            Candidate Best Practice (BP)-Brief Description (describe as an
                                action)


Environment-Siting Guidelines   Regulators and developers should employ the Interim Guidelines to
                                Avoid and Minimize Wildlife Impacts from Wind Turbines , especially
                                where states or localities do not have their own siting regulations.

                                The Interim Guidelines include:
                                - Methods for pre-development site evaluations, e.g., the Potential
                                Impact Index (PII) to identify relative risks (and potential impacts) to
                                wildlife from the proposed project
                                - Recommendations for site development, turbine design and
                                operation.
                                - Federal wildlife laws relevant to wind power development projects
                                (ex., Endangered Species Act; Migratory Bird Treaty Act; and Bald
                                and Golden Eagle Protection Act among others).

Environment-Siting Guidelines   Identify setback constraints (using a "constraints map"). These
                                setback constraints may include:
                                • Setbacks from sensitive buildings such as residences, schools,
                                hospitals and churches
                                • Setbacks from outbuildings such as barns, garages and hunting
                                camps
                                • Setbacks from roads, trails and recreational areas
                                • Setbacks from electric transmission lines; oil and gas wells; oil and
                                gas transmission, gathering, and service lines; sub-surface mining
                                operations; and other such infrastructure/facilities
                                • Setbacks from non-participating parcel boundaries
                                • Wetlands, surface waters, drinking water supplies, and any
                                regulatory buffers surrounding them
                                • Sensitive cultural resources and any regulatory boundaries
                                surrounding them
                                • Locations of special-status wildlife or vegetation species and/or
                                critical habitat
                                • Areas of known geotechnical instability
                                • Fresnel zones and other communication/radar-related constraints
                                • Areas impacted by air traffic (both civilian and military)
                                • Any other environmental and land use constraints identified for the
                                site
Environment-Monitoring
Protocols                       Where compulsory regulations do not exist, establish State-Industry
                                Cooperative Agreements for Environmental Studies to provide
                                guidance and consistency for development of wind turbines site.

                                The agreement standardizes wildlife monitoring and impact review
                                procedures for primarily migrating raptors - particularly eagles and
                                bats. Additionally, it focuses on direct and indirect impacts of wind
                                project sites to state-listed 'priority' breeding wild birds. But if
                                problems for other, more common, species arise, the protocols
                                should identify them.
                                NEED TO FIND MORE DETAILS OF ANY REGULATORY
                                INCENTIVES FOR DEVELOPING VOLUNTARY AGREEMENTS
Environment-Monitoring          Regulatory agencies should require developers to implement a
Protocols                       standardized environmental survey protocol for both pre- and post-
                                construction monitoring. such as those included in the California
                                Energy Commission's Voluntary California Guidelines for Reducing
                                Impacts to Birds and Bats from Wind Energy Development, which
                                includes methods to assess bird and bat activity at proposed wind
                                energy sites; design pre-permitting and operations monitoring plans;
                                and develop impact avoidance, minimization, and mitigation
                                measures.
Environment-Pre-construction    When conducting an environmental assessment and making
Assessment                      mitigation decisions, consider potential cumulative regional impacts
                                from multiple wind energy projects. Failure to consider multiple
                                projects will prevent analysis at a scale that could potentially yield a
                                much different picture.
Environment-Pre-construction    Reach out to local conservation groups and landowners for additional
Assessment                      information that can inform the environmental assessment.



Environment-Pre-construction    When conducting an environmental assessment, areas where legally
Assessment-Wildlife & Habitat   protected wildlife, such as threatened and endangered species, are
                                present or potentially present should be noted. Recognize that other
                                seriously declining or vulnerable species that have no legal protection
                                may also be present. Wildlife issues should be thoroughly researched
                                at a potential wind development site to understand how a wind energy
                                project might impact individual species of concern.

Environment-Pre-construction    When conducting an environmental assessment, identify known
Assessment-Wildlife & Habitat   locations of wetlands and other protected areas using available
                                information such as the National Wetlands Inventory (NWI) Program,
                                and other state-specific data.


Environment-Pre-construction    As part of the environmental assessment, develop soil erosion and
Assessment-Water Quality        sediment control plans in erosive areas.
Environmental-Habitat/Species- Avoid placing turbines or infrastructure in the following forest areas:
Site-Specific                  (1) large intact forests (>5,000 acres) surrounded by agricultural or
                               urban landscapes,
                               (2) in landscapes (based on areas 5 km sq. or more with <20%
                               natural cover) avoid placing turbines and associated infrastructure in
                               remaining natural cover,
                               (3) in intact forest landscapes to ensure that turbine placement and
                               infrastructure does not reduce forest or natural cover to <70%.

Environmental-Habitat/Species- Grasslands with declining/endangered species that particularly
Site-Specific                  depend on large-scale habitats and Conservation Reserve Program
                               (CRP) lands should be avoided.

                                 Patches larger than 1,000 ha should be treated with the highest level
                                 of sensitivity. Given the scarcity of large grasslands in the Great
                                 Lakes region, construction should be minimized within grassland
                                 patches >200 ha.

                                 Wind turbines should be placed > 1 mile from grassland supporting
                                 Greater Prairie-Chicken nesting and brood-rearing activities. At sites
                                 where gallinaceous birds are lacking, turbines should be placed >0.5
                                 miles from grassland edge in order to minimize area avoidance by
                                 passerines. This buffer should be held, too, in the case of emergent
                                 wetlands in order to avoid impacts on breeding/migratory shorebirds
                                 and waterfowl.

Environmental-Habitat/Species- Infrastructure needed for wind turbines and access to wind turbines
Site-Specific                  should best be ½ mile away from wetland complexes with either
                               permanent bodies of water or vernal pools.

                               Infrastructure development and wind turbine placement should not
                               fragment nesting areas from non-breeding habitat.
Environmental-Habitat/Species- Smaller to moderate riparian corridors, especially in highly
Site-Specific                  fragmented landscapes, should maintain a protective buffer of at
                               least ¼-mile, to maintain stopover habitat and sites for semi-aquatic
                               species. Wind energy developments should be avoided within a ½-
                               mile buffer of major rivers that are migratory corridors for birds (e.g.,
                               Ohio River).

Environmental-Habitat/Species- Within agricultural areas,
Site-Specific                  1) Avoid placing turbines and infrastructure in remaining patches of
                               natural cover as much as possible;

                                 2) Agricultural lands that still retain a relatively high ratio of natural
                                 landcover, then, should be avoided, or construction should be at least
                                 minimized to retain this forest threshold, with construction buffers
                                 enforced to abate direct mortality; and

                                 3) A 2-3 mile buffer should be observed around Important Birding
                                 Areas; this distance conforms to several states’ (e.g., Ohio and
                                 Michigan) voluntary regulations for highly-sensitive sites but does not
                                 further evaluation.
Environmental-Habitat/Species- Install no turbines in near shore areas within 3-5 miles of land.
Site-Specific

Environmental-Habitat/Species- For offshore projects, ensure lake trout, walleye, and other critical fish
Site-Specific                  spawning areas not disturbed, including potential modification of
                               substrate and/or currents which could modify lake bottom
                               depositional areas.

                                 Avoid placement of turbines on islands, especially those with high
                                 biodiversity value and with nesting colonial waterbirds.
Environmental-Habitat/Species- Native vegetation of local ecotypes should be used when reseeding
Site-Specific                  disturbed areas. Wildlife and plant composition should be considered
                               in determining the frequency and timing of mowing near turbines.


Environmental-Habitat/Species- Restore habitat to the greatest extent possible in construction zones
Site-Specific                  and staging areas after construction. Implement mitigation measures
                               where habitat cannot be restored to its original state.
Implementer                Name of Team       BP Name of                              1. Administratively
                           Member/Staff who   Document/Publication and URL            Efficient
                           Nominated

State and local agencies                      Interim Guidelines to Avoid and
and Developer                                 Minimize Wildlife Impacts from Wind
                                              Turbines:
                                              http://www.fws.gov/habitatconservatio
                                              n/Service%20Interim%20Guidelines.p
                                              df




Regulator                  John Hummer        AWEA Siting Handbook - Chapter 3:
                                              Critical Environmental Issues
                                              Analysis:
                                              http://www.awea.org/sitinghandbook/
                                              downloads/Chapter_3_Critical_Enviro
                                              nmental_Issues_Analysis.pdf
State agencies and                      http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/se
Developer                               rver.pt?open=514&objID=622430&mo
                                        de=2




Regulatory agencies                     http://www.dnr.state.oh.us/LinkClick.a
                                        spx?fileticket=loJTSEwL2uE%3d&tab
                                        id=21467 and
                                        http://www.energy.ca.gov/2007publica
                                        tions/CEC-700-2007-008/CEC-700-
                                        2007-008-CMF_MINUS_AP-E.PDF



Developer                 John Hummer   Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                                        Projects in Kansas:
                                        http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                                        nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf

Developer                 John Hummer   Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                                        Projects in Kansas:
                                        http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                                        nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf
Developer                 John Hummer   Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                                        Projects in Kansas:
                                        http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                                        nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf




Regulator and Developer   John Hummer   AWEA Siting Handbook - Chapter 3:
                                        Critical Environmental Issues
                                        Analysis:
                                        http://www.awea.org/sitinghandbook/
                                        downloads/Chapter_3_Critical_Enviro
                                        nmental_Issues_Analysis.pdf
Developer                 John Hummer   Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                                        Projects in Kansas:
                                        http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                                        nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf
Developer   Dave Ewert, The    Wind Energy: Recommendations for
            Nature Conservancy Siting Wind Turbines in the Great
                               Lakes Region




Developer   Dave Ewert, The    Wind Energy: Recommendations for
            Nature Conservancy Siting Wind Turbines in the Great
                               Lakes Region




Developer   Dave Ewert, The    Wind Energy: Recommendations for
            Nature Conservancy Siting Wind Turbines in the Great
                               Lakes Region



Developer   Dave Ewert, The    Wind Energy: Recommendations for
            Nature Conservancy Siting Wind Turbines in the Great
                               Lakes Region




Developer   Dave Ewert, The    Wind Energy: Recommendations for
            Nature Conservancy Siting Wind Turbines in the Great
                               Lakes Region
Developer   Dave Ewert, The    Wind Energy: Recommendations for
            Nature Conservancy Siting Wind Turbines in the Great
                               Lakes Region
Developer   Dave Ewert, The    Wind Energy: Recommendations for
            Nature Conservancy Siting Wind Turbines in the Great
                               Lakes Region




Developer   John Hummer        Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                               Projects in Kansas:
                               http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                               nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf

Developer                      Matt Buffington, IN DNR; John
                               Hummer
2. Cost-Effective   3. Engages Public 4. Environmentally & 5. Scientifically   6. Preferential to
                                      Culturally Protective Sound              Clean Energy
                                                                               Sources
7. Creates &/or   8. Encourages   9. Respectful of   10. Adaptable   11. Coordinative &
Maintains Jobs    Proactive       Landowner &                        Collaborative
                  Approaches      Community
                                  Interests
Category of Practice   Candidate Best Practice (BP)-Brief Description
                       (describe as an action)



Infrastructure         Projects should make efficient use of land through
                       the consolidation of necessary infrastructure
                       wherever possible.

Infrastructure         Plan the project’s operation and construction to
                       avoid or minimize potential impacts on existing
                       community infrastructure (e.g. telecommunications,
                       water and sewer, etc.).
Infrastructure-Roads   Minimize the footprint of and fragmentation due to
                       roads and other infrastructure. Improved roads and
                       construction staging areas should be kept to a
                       minimum, and care should be given to avoid
                       sensitive habitats. CROSS-REF W/ ENV TAB
Infrastructure-        Early in the planning process, identify known
Telecommunications     community infrastructure that may be impacted by
                       the project (e.g. telecommunications transmissions
                       and microwave paths, etc.).
Implementer   Name of Team       BP Name of                            1. Administratively
              Member/Staff who   Document/Publication and URL          Efficient
              Nominated


Developer     John Hummer        Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                                 Projects in Kansas:
                                 http://www.kansasenergy.org/docum
                                 ents/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf
Developer     John Hummer        Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                                 Projects in Kansas:
                                 http://www.kansasenergy.org/docum
                                 ents/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf
Developer     John Hummer        Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                                 Projects in Kansas:
                                 http://www.kansasenergy.org/docum
                                 ents/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf

Developer     John Hummer        AWEA Siting Handbook - Chapter 3:
                                 Critical Environmental Issues
                                 Analysis:
                                 http://www.awea.org/sitinghandbook/
                                 downloads/Chapter_3_Critical_Envir
                                 onmental_Issues_Analysis.pdf
2. Cost-Effective   3. Engages Public 4. Environmentally & 5. Scientifically   6. Preferential to
                                      Culturally Protective Sound              Clean Energy
                                                                               Sources
7. Creates &/or   8. Encourages   9. Respectful of   10. Adaptable   11. Coordinative &
Maintains Jobs    Proactive       Landowner &                        Collaborative
                  Approaches      Community
                                  Interests
Category of Practice   Candidate Best Practice (BP)-Brief Description       Implementer
                       (describe as an action)


Public Outreach        Incorporate public involvement in a project early on Developer
                       in the planning process through meetings and public
                       forums.

Public Outreach        Conduct public outreach on the benefits and trade-   Developer
                       offs of a wind project.
Name of Team     BP Name of                          1. Administratively   2. Cost-Effective
Member/Staff who Document/Publication and URL        Efficient
Nominated

John Hummer      Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                 Projects in Kansas:
                 http://www.kansasenergy.org/docum
                 ents/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf
John Hummer      Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                 Projects in Kansas:
                 http://www.kansasenergy.org/docum
                 ents/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf
3. Engages Public 4. Environmentally & 5. Scientifically   6. Preferential to   7. Creates &/or
                  Culturally Protective Sound              Clean Energy         Maintains Jobs
                                                           Sources
8. Encourages   9. Respectful of   10. Adaptable   11. Coordinative &
Proactive       Landowner &                        Collaborative
Approaches      Community
                Interests
Category of Practice    Candidate Best Practice (BP)-Brief Description            Implementer
                        (describe as an action)


Social-Safety           Consider safety setbacks when evaluating specific         Local agencies and
                        parcels for development. Ensure sufficient spacing        developer
                        from public access points, other public structures,
                        and particularly from residential areas.



Social-Safety           Account for ice throw (ice build-up that is thrown by     Developer
                        the spinning blades).




Social-Visual Impacts   Evaluate the impact of a project on the quality of the    Developer
                        surrounding landscape and viewsheds, especially in
                        areas with high aesthetic qualities and where
                        neighboring property may be impacted by the siting.

Social-Visual Impacts   Conduct a visual impact assessment that will provide Developer
                        a simulation of how the project will look from various
                        vantage points. Utilize visual representations,
                        including visual simulations and viewshed analyses,
                        to give the public a sense of a project's visual impact.


Social-Visual Impacts   Identify visually sensitive areas, such as designated     Developer
                        scenic vistas, parks, and residences that may be
                        affected and conduct an analysis of the potential
                        visual impacts to these resources. Design projects to
                        minimize visual exposure from visually sensitive
                        areas.




Social-Visual Impacts   Regulators should consider establishing                   Local agencies
                        requirements pertaining to tower color and tower
                        layout uniformity; maximum height requirements;
                        blade glint; buffer zones; ridge line versus lower land
                        areas; and lighting requirements on towers.
Social-Visual Impacts       While wind turbines cannot generally be screened          Developer
                            from view, topographic and vegetative screening
                            should be utilized where possible to reduce visibility
                            of other project components, e.g. buildings, roads,
                            transmission components including substations.

Social-Visual Impacts       Obstruction lighting on wind turbines should be           Developer
                            limited to that which meets the minimum Federal
                            Aviation Administration requirements.




Social-Visual Impacts       Security and other non-obstruction lighting should be     Developer
                            minimized. Wind projects should utilize downward-
                            pointing fixtures to minimize offsite illumination, and
                            utilize motion-activated sensors for restricting
                            unnecessary illumination where feasible.

Social-Visual Impacts       Non-reflective materials should be utilized for all       Developer
                            project components.




Social-Community Services   Ensure that adequate community services, such as          Developer
                            police and fire departments, are available to service
                            the project.
Social-Safety               Identify known airports, landing strips and other         Developer
                            aviation infrastructure near the project site. Further
                            coordination with the Federal Aviation Administration
                            should occur in the development process when
                            appropriate and/or required.
Name of Team    BP Name of Document/Publication 1. Administratively   2. Cost-Effective
Member/Staff    and URL                         Efficient
who Nominated

John Hummer     Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                Projects in Kansas:
                http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf



John Hummer     Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                Projects in Kansas:
                http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf



John Hummer     Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                Projects in Kansas:
                http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf

                Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                Projects in Kansas:
                http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf



John Hummer     Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                Projects in Kansas:
                http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf and
                AWEA Siting Handbook - Chapter 3:
                Critical Environmental Issues
                Analysis:
                http://www.awea.org/sitinghandbook/d
                ownloads/Chapter_3_Critical_Environ
                mental_Issues_Analysis.pdf




John Hummer     Siting Guidelines for Windpower
                Projects in Kansas:
                http://www.kansasenergy.org/docume
                nts/KREWGSitingGuidelines.pdf
Bob Sullivan,      National Research Council's
Argonne National   "Environmental Impacts of Wind
Laboratory         Projects"
                   http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?recor
                   d_id=11935

Bob Sullivan,
Argonne National
Laboratory




Bob Sullivan,
Argonne National
Laboratory




Bob Sullivan,      National Research Council's
Argonne National   "Environmental Impacts of Wind
Laboratory         Projects"
                   http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?recor
                   d_id=11935

Staff



John Hummer        http://www.awea.org/sitinghandbook/d
                   ownloads/Chapter_3_Critical_Environ
                   mental_Issues_Analysis.pdf
3. Engages Public 4. Environmentally & 5. Scientifically   6. Preferential to   7. Creates &/or
                  Culturally Protective Sound              Clean Energy         Maintains Jobs
                                                           Sources
8. Encourages   9. Respectful of   10. Adaptable   11. Coordinative &
Proactive       Landowner &                        Collaborative
Approaches      Community
                Interests